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import os
import shutil
import tempfile
import sys
__author__ = 'dnorton'
Utility script that can do a find/replace across a path
search_string = None
replacement_string = None
do_replace = True
ignore_list = None
def _replace(file):
"""replace any instance of search_string with replacement_string in file. Note: file must include the full path"""
assert os.path.exists(file),\
'the path %s does not exist' % file
reduced_ignore_list = [x for x in ignore_list if file.find(x) >= 0] if ignore_list is not None else None
if reduced_ignore_list is None or len(reduced_ignore_list) == 0:
preview_text = "PREVIEW - " if not do_replace else ""
print preview_text + "replacing string [%s] with string [%s] in %s" % (search_string, replacement_string, file)
if do_replace and \
(reduced_ignore_list is None or len(reduced_ignore_list) == 0):
t1 = tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile()
f1 = open(file, 'r')
text =, replacement_string)
# reopen the original file for the copy command
f1 = open (file, 'wb')
shutil.copyfileobj(t1, f1)
def _backup(filepath):
import datetime
backup_path = filepath + ".bak"
if os.path.exists(backup_path):
now =
shutil.copy(backup_path, backup_path + "." + now.strftime('%Y%m%d%H%M'))
shutil.copy(filepath, backup_path)
def search(filepath):
file_obj = open(filepath, 'r')
lines = file_obj.readlines()
res = [x for x in lines if x.find(search_string) > -1]
if len(res) > 0:
#copy the original file to .bak
if filepath.find('.bak') < 0:
if __name__ == "__main__":
# options = None
# args = None
import optparse
parser = optparse.OptionParser(usage="usage: %prog [options] 'search_string' 'replace_string' filepath (or dir)")
parser.add_option('-n', action="store_false", dest="replace", help="preview the replacement")
parser.add_option('-i', dest="ignore", help="pattern to ignore. Comma separated.")
(options, args) = parser.parse_args()
if len(args) >= 3:
search_string = args[0]
replacement_string = args[1]
file = args[2]
print parser.get_usage()
if options.replace is not None:
do_replace = options.replace
if options.ignore is not None:
ignore_list = options.ignore.split(',')
if os.path.exists(file):
if os.path.isdir(file):
for root, dirs, files in os.walk(file):
for f in files:
search(os.path.join(root, f))
print 'the file specified', file, 'does not exist'
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