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`docker-compose build` is saying that I'm out of memory, but `docker build .` works fine? #3775

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kminehart opened this Issue Jul 27, 2016 · 8 comments

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kminehart commented Jul 27, 2016

Bad title. Out of storage space, not memory. My bad!

It's a 10.4gb container, too.

My free space:

[I] ⋊> ~ on master ⨯ df -h                                                                      12:24:07
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
dev             3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /dev
run             3.9G  908K  3.9G   1% /run
/dev/sda4        27G  9.1G   17G  36% /
tmpfs           3.9G   53M  3.9G   2% /dev/shm
tmpfs           3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs           3.9G   68K  3.9G   1% /tmp
/dev/sda1        42G   16G   25G  39% /home
/dev/sda2        42G   20G   20G  50% /var
/dev/sda5       1.3G   32M  1.3G   3% /boot
tmpfs           790M   12K  790M   1% /run/user/1000

Docker version:

[I] ⋊> ~ on master ⨯ docker version                                                             12:26:12
Client:
 Version:      1.11.2
 API version:  1.23
 Go version:   go1.6.2
 Git commit:   b9f10c9
 Built:        Tue Jun 21 00:43:14 2016
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64

Server:
 Version:      1.11.2
 API version:  1.23
 Go version:   go1.6.2
 Git commit:   b9f10c9
 Built:        Tue Jun 21 00:43:14 2016
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64
[I] ⋊> ~ on master ⨯ docker info                                                                12:26:13
Containers: 1
 Running: 0
 Paused: 0
 Stopped: 1
Images: 19
Server Version: 1.11.2
Storage Driver: devicemapper
 Pool Name: docker-8:2-2359321-pool
 Pool Blocksize: 65.54 kB
 Base Device Size: 10.74 GB
 Backing Filesystem: xfs
 Data file: /dev/loop0
 Metadata file: /dev/loop1
 Data Space Used: 529.5 MB
 Data Space Total: 107.4 GB
 Data Space Available: 23.61 GB
 Metadata Space Used: 2.29 MB
 Metadata Space Total: 2.147 GB
 Metadata Space Available: 2.145 GB
 Udev Sync Supported: true
 Deferred Removal Enabled: false
 Deferred Deletion Enabled: false
 Deferred Deleted Device Count: 0
 Data loop file: /var/lib/docker/devicemapper/devicemapper/data
 WARNING: Usage of loopback devices is strongly discouraged for production use. Either use `--storage-opt dm.thinpooldev` or use `--storage-opt dm.no_warn_on_loop_devices=true` to suppress this warning.
 Metadata loop file: /var/lib/docker/devicemapper/devicemapper/metadata
 Library Version: 1.02.131 (2016-07-15)
Logging Driver: json-file
Cgroup Driver: cgroupfs
Plugins: 
 Volume: local
 Network: host bridge null
Kernel Version: 4.6.4-1-ARCH
Operating System: Arch Linux
OSType: linux
Architecture: x86_64
CPUs: 4
Total Memory: 7.706 GiB
Name: crockford
ID: HO2U:ELWR:LDB3:PMEY:5YOJ:D7YJ:2HJA:PVYG:45K2:J6KI:D6WO:4RUE
Docker Root Dir: /var/lib/docker
Debug mode (client): false
Debug mode (server): false
Registry: https://index.docker.io/v1/

docker-compose version:

[I] ⋊> ~ on master ⨯ docker-compose info                                                        12:26:15
No such command: info

Commands:
  build              Build or rebuild services
  config             Validate and view the compose file
  create             Create services
  down               Stop and remove containers, networks, images, and volumes
  events             Receive real time events from containers
  exec               Execute a command in a running container
  help               Get help on a command
  kill               Kill containers
  logs               View output from containers
  pause              Pause services
  port               Print the public port for a port binding
  ps                 List containers
  pull               Pulls service images
  restart            Restart services
  rm                 Remove stopped containers
  run                Run a one-off command
  scale              Set number of containers for a service
  start              Start services
  stop               Stop services
  unpause            Unpause services
  up                 Create and start containers
  version            Show the Docker-Compose version information
[I] ⋊> ~ on master ⨯ docker-compose version                                                     12:26:31
docker-compose version 1.7.1, build 6c29830
docker-py version: 1.8.1
CPython version: 3.5.2
OpenSSL version: OpenSSL 1.0.2h  3 May 2016
[I] ⋊> ~ on master ⨯                

Example error output:

[N] ⋊> ~/W/W/cocagne on master ⨯ docker build .         
Successfully built fe04178f1351
[N] ⋊> ~/W/W/cocagne on master ⨯ docker-compose build         
mysql uses an image, skipping
Building vitess
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/bin/docker-compose", line 9, in <module>
    load_entry_point('docker-compose==1.7.1', 'console_scripts', 'docker-compose')()
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/compose/cli/main.py", line 58, in main
    command()
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/compose/cli/main.py", line 109, in perform_command
    handler(command, command_options)
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/compose/cli/main.py", line 213, in build
    force_rm=bool(options.get('--force-rm', False)))
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/compose/project.py", line 300, in build
    service.build(no_cache, pull, force_rm)
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/compose/service.py", line 718, in build
    buildargs=build_opts.get('args', None),
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/docker/api/build.py", line 54, in build
    path, exclude=exclude, dockerfile=dockerfile, gzip=gzip
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/site-packages/docker/utils/utils.py", line 103, in tar
    t.add(os.path.join(root, path), arcname=path, recursive=False)
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/tarfile.py", line 1938, in add
    self.addfile(tarinfo, f)
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/tarfile.py", line 1966, in addfile
    copyfileobj(fileobj, self.fileobj, tarinfo.size)
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/tarfile.py", line 244, in copyfileobj
    dst.write(buf)
  File "/usr/lib/python3.5/tempfile.py", line 483, in func_wrapper
    return func(*args, **kwargs)
OSError: [Errno 28] No space left on device

So what ended up happening to me was:

  1. I was working with a fairly small root partition, so eventually, a docker-compose build filled up the last available bits of space on my root partition.
  2. I was forced to shrink my home partition, and create a separate /var partition, and copy and remove my old /var folder to my new partition.
  3. Now this happens, despite clearly having enough space.
@kminehart

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kminehart commented Jul 28, 2016

Another weird thing, when docker-conpose build is running, it completely eats all of my RAM now.

Edit: I think that the storage space it's referring to is my memory.

I did a watch -d -n 0.5 free -h, and it's pretty clear. I have 4GB free (8GB total), and as soon as I run docker-compose build, the free space just plummets. That's never happened before, I think something must have gotten screwed up when I messed with my partitions.

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kminehart commented Jul 29, 2016

Okay so, update on this issue:

Previously, docker-compose seemed to be running perfectly fine with larger images. After rebuilding my /var partition, some environment variables or something must have gotten borked, so Python's tempfile package was using /tmp, which according to df -h, is a tmpfs, which is a RAM-backed filesystem.

Adding a $TMPDIR variable pointing to a disk-based filesystem completely resolved my issue, which leads me to believe that docker-compose build was previously using a file on my disk, but stopped for some reason.

What made it stop?

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shin- commented Jul 29, 2016

@kminehart When you run docker-compose build, Compose needs to create a tarball of your build context to be sent to the engine. It does that in a temporary file. If your /tmp is a RAM filesystem and your build context is very large, that would effectively lead to the issue you're describing.

I hope that clarifies things!

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kminehart commented Jul 29, 2016

Right, @shin-, that's eventually what I figured out.

I'm curious why this wasn't happening before, though, even though my /tmp tempfs partition stayed the same size. Does docker-compose use a different location from an environment variable or something that somehow got scrapped when I rebuilt my /var partition?

Or maybe I'm just being ridiculous and my image size increased significantly and I'm just misassociating two things.

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shin- commented Jul 29, 2016

We use the tempfile.NamedTemporaryFile function (here). Unfortunately, I can't say for sure what happened for you to see the sudden change in behavior, but that's where I'd start dissecting.

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kminehart commented Aug 1, 2016

Okay, that makes a lot of sense.

I had a MySQL container with a mounted directory for /var/lib/mysql. I also had a large db dump being used by MySQL previously, so my build context was very large. I removed the MySQL container from docker-compose.yml and this was still happening, so I didn't think it was relevant. My mistake!

Does Docker Compose's build context include everything in the directory that docker-compose.yml? Or is this the use-case where I should be including a .dockerignore?

@aanand

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aanand commented Aug 1, 2016

This is exactly what .dockerignore is for, yes.

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kminehart commented Aug 1, 2016

I see. Today I learned, then.

@kminehart kminehart closed this Aug 1, 2016

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