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<?php
/*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
* "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
* A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
* OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
* SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
* LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
* DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
* THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
* (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
* OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*
* This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many individuals
* and is licensed under the LGPL. For more information, see
* <http://www.doctrine-project.org>.
*/


namespace Doctrine\DBAL;

use Doctrine\DBAL\Connection;

/**
* Utility class that parses sql statements with regard to types and parameters.
*
* @license http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-license.php LGPL
* @link www.doctrine-project.com
* @since 2.0
* @author Benjamin Eberlei <kontakt@beberlei.de>
*/
class SQLParserUtils
{
    /**
* Get an array of the placeholders in an sql statements as keys and their positions in the query string.
*
* Returns an integer => integer pair (indexed from zero) for a positional statement
* and a string => int[] pair for a named statement.
*
* @param string $statement
* @param bool $isPositional
* @return array
*/
    static public function getPlaceholderPositions($statement, $isPositional = true)
    {
        $match = ($isPositional) ? '?' : ':';
        if (strpos($statement, $match) === false) {
            return array();
        }
        
        $count = 0;
        $inLiteral = false; // a valid query never starts with quotes
        $stmtLen = strlen($statement);
        $paramMap = array();
        for ($i = 0; $i < $stmtLen; $i++) {
            if ($statement[$i] == $match && !$inLiteral) {
                // real positional parameter detected
                if ($isPositional) {
                    $paramMap[$count] = $i;
                } else {
                    $name = "";
                    // TODO: Something faster/better to match this than regex?
                    for ($j = $i; ($j < $stmtLen && preg_match('(([:a-zA-Z0-9]{1}))', $statement[$j])); $j++) {
                        $name .= $statement[$j];
                    }
                    $paramMap[$name][] = $i; // named parameters can be duplicated!
                    $i = $j;
                }
                ++$count;
            } else if ($statement[$i] == "'" || $statement[$i] == '"') {
                $inLiteral = ! $inLiteral; // switch state!
            }
        }

        return $paramMap;
    }
    
    /**
* For a positional query this method can rewrite the sql statement with regard to array parameters.
*
* @param string $query
* @param array $params
* @param array $types
*/
    static public function expandListParameters($query, $params, $types)
    {
        $isPositional = is_int(key($params));
        $arrayPositions = array();
        $bindIndex = -1;
        foreach ($types AS $name => $type) {
            ++$bindIndex;
            if ($type === Connection::PARAM_INT_ARRAY || $type == Connection::PARAM_STR_ARRAY) {
                if ($isPositional) {
                    $name = $bindIndex;
                }
                
                $arrayPositions[$name] = false;
            }
        }
        
        if (!$arrayPositions || count($params) != count($types)) {
            return array($query, $params, $types);
        }
        
        $paramPos = self::getPlaceholderPositions($query, $isPositional);
        if ($isPositional) {
            $paramOffset = 0;
            $queryOffset = 0;
            foreach ($paramPos AS $needle => $needlePos) {
                if (!isset($arrayPositions[$needle])) {
                    continue;
                }
                
                $needle += $paramOffset;
                $needlePos += $queryOffset;
                $len = count($params[$needle]);
                
                $params = array_merge(
                    array_slice($params, 0, $needle),
                    $params[$needle],
                    array_slice($params, $needle + 1)
                );
                
                $types = array_merge(
                    array_slice($types, 0, $needle),
                    array_fill(0, $len, $types[$needle] - Connection::ARRAY_PARAM_OFFSET), // array needles are at PDO::PARAM_* + 100
                    array_slice($types, $needle + 1)
                );
                
                $expandStr = implode(", ", array_fill(0, $len, "?"));
                $query = substr($query, 0, $needlePos) . $expandStr . substr($query, $needlePos + 1);
                
                $paramOffset += ($len - 1); // Grows larger by number of parameters minus the replaced needle.
                $queryOffset += (strlen($expandStr) - 1);
            }
        } else {
            throw new DBALException("Array parameters are not supported for named placeholders.");
        }
        
        return array($query, $params, $types);
    }
}
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