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UNIX BUILD NOTES

Some notes on how to build Dogecoin in Unix.

Note

Always use absolute paths to configure and compile Dogecoin and the dependencies, for example, when specifying the the path of the dependency:

../dist/configure --enable-cxx --disable-shared --with-pic --prefix=$BDB_PREFIX

Here BDB_PREFIX must be an absolute path - it is defined using $(pwd) which ensures the usage of the absolute path.

To Build

./autogen.sh
./configure
make
make install # optional

This will build Dogecoin-Qt as well if the dependencies are met.

Dependencies

These dependencies are required:

Library Purpose Description
libssl SSL Support Secure communications
libboost Boost C++ Library

Optional dependencies:

Library Purpose Description
miniupnpc UPnP Support Firewall-jumping support
libdb5.1 Berkeley DB Wallet storage (only needed when wallet enabled)
qt GUI GUI toolkit (only needed when GUI enabled)
protobuf Payments in GUI Data interchange format used for payment protocol (only needed when GUI enabled)
libqrencode QR codes in GUI Optional for generating QR codes (only needed when GUI enabled)

For the versions used in the release, see release-process.md under Fetch and build inputs.

System requirements

C++ compilers are memory-hungry. It is recommended to have at least 1 GB of memory available when compiling Dogecoin Core. With 512MB of memory or less, compilation will take much longer due to swap thrashing.

Dependency Build Instructions: Ubuntu & Debian

Build requirements:

sudo apt-get install build-essential libtool autotools-dev autoconf pkg-config libssl-dev

for Ubuntu 12.04 and later or Debian 7 and later, libboost-all-dev has to be installed:

sudo apt-get install libboost-all-dev libdb5.1-dev libdb5.1++-dev

Note that if you have Berkeley DB 4.8 packages installed (i.e. for other
wallet software), they are incompatible with the packages for 5.1. You
will have to manually download 5.1 from
http://download.oracle.com/berkeley-db/db-5.1.29.NC.tar.gz and compile
it, install it to /usr/local where the configure script should locate it
automatically.

Optional:

sudo apt-get install libminiupnpc-dev (see --with-miniupnpc and --enable-upnp-default)

Dependencies for the GUI: Ubuntu & Debian

If you want to build Dogecoin-Qt, make sure that the required packages for Qt development are installed. Either Qt 4 or Qt 5 are necessary to build the GUI. If both Qt 4 and Qt 5 are installed, Qt 4 will be used. Pass --with-gui=qt5 to configure to choose Qt5. To build without GUI pass --without-gui.

To build with Qt 4, you need the following:

sudo apt-get install libqt4-dev libprotobuf-dev protobuf-compiler

For Qt 5, you need the following:

sudo apt-get install libqt5gui5 libqt5core5a libqt5dbus5 qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools libprotobuf-dev protobuf-compiler

libqrencode (optional) can be installed with:

sudo apt-get install libqrencode-dev

Once these are installed, they will be found by configure and a dogecoin-qt executable will be built by default.

Notes

The release is built with GCC and then "strip dogecoind" to strip the debug symbols, which reduces the executable size by about 90%.

miniupnpc

miniupnpc may be used for UPnP port mapping. It can be downloaded from here. UPnP support is compiled in and turned off by default. See the configure options for upnp behavior desired:

--without-miniupnpc      No UPnP support miniupnp not required
--disable-upnp-default   (the default) UPnP support turned off by default at runtime
--enable-upnp-default    UPnP support turned on by default at runtime

To build:

tar -xzvf miniupnpc-1.6.tar.gz
cd miniupnpc-1.6
make
sudo su
make install

Berkeley DB

It is recommended to use Berkeley DB 5.1. If you have to build it yourself:

BITCOIN_ROOT=$(pwd)

# Pick some path to install BDB to, here we create a directory within the dogecoin directory
BDB_PREFIX="${BITCOIN_ROOT}/db5"
mkdir -p $BDB_PREFIX

# Fetch the source and verify that it is not tampered with
wget 'http://download.oracle.com/berkeley-db/db-5.1.29.NC.tar.gz'
echo '08238e59736d1aacdd47cfb8e68684c695516c37f4fbe1b8267dde58dc3a576c db-5.1.29.NC.tar.gz' | sha256sum -c
# -> db-5.1.29.NC.tar.gz: OK
tar -xzvf db-5.1.29.NC.tar.gz

# Build the library and install to our prefix
cd db-5.1.29.NC/build_unix/
#  Note: Do a static build so that it can be embedded into the executable, instead of having to find a .so at runtime
../dist/configure --enable-cxx --disable-shared --with-pic --prefix=$BDB_PREFIX
make install

# Configure Dogecoin Core to use our own-built instance of BDB
cd $BITCOIN_ROOT
./configure (other args...) LDFLAGS="-L${BDB_PREFIX}/lib/" CPPFLAGS="-I${BDB_PREFIX}/include/"

Note: You only need Berkeley DB if the wallet is enabled (see the section Disable-Wallet mode below).

Boost

If you need to build Boost yourself:

sudo su
./bootstrap.sh
./bjam install

Security

To help make your Dogecoin installation more secure by making certain attacks impossible to exploit even if a vulnerability is found, binaries are hardened by default. This can be disabled with:

Hardening Flags:

./configure --enable-hardening
./configure --disable-hardening

Hardening enables the following features:

  • Position Independent Executable Build position independent code to take advantage of Address Space Layout Randomization offered by some kernels. Attackers who can cause execution of code at an arbitrary memory location are thwarted if they don't know where anything useful is located. The stack and heap are randomly located by default but this allows the code section to be randomly located as well.

    On an AMD64 processor where a library was not compiled with -fPIC, this will cause an error such as: "relocation R_X86_64_32 against `......' can not be used when making a shared object;"

    To test that you have built PIE executable, install scanelf, part of paxutils, and use:

    scanelf -e ./dogecoin
    

    The output should contain: TYPE ET_DYN

  • Non-executable Stack If the stack is executable, trivial stack-based buffer overflow exploits are possible if vulnerable buffers are found. By default, Dogecoin should be built with a non-executable stack, but if one of the libraries it uses asks for an executable stack or someone makes a mistake and uses a compiler extension which requires an executable stack, it will silently build an executable without the non-executable stack protection.

    To verify that the stack is non-executable after compiling, use: scanelf -e ./dogecoin

    the output should contain: STK/REL/PTL RW- R-- RW-

    The STK RW- means that the stack is readable and writeable, but not executable.

Disable-wallet mode

When the intention is to run only a P2P node without a wallet, Dogecoin may be compiled in disable-wallet mode with:

./configure --disable-wallet

In this case there is no dependency on Berkeley DB 4.8.

Mining is also possible in disable-wallet mode, but only using the getblocktemplate RPC call, not getwork.