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Kubent (Kube-No-Trouble) logo

Easily check your clusters for use of deprecated APIs

Kubernetes 1.16 is slowly starting to roll out, not only across various managed Kubernetes offerings, and with that come a lot of API deprecations1.

Kube No Trouble (kubent) is a simple tool to check whether you're using any of these API versions in your cluster and therefore should upgrade your workloads first, before upgrading your Kubernetes cluster.

This tool will be able to detect deprecated APIs depending on how you deploy your resources, as we need the original manifest to be stored somewhere. In particular following tools are supported:

  • file - local manifests in YAML or JSON
  • kubectl - uses the kubectl.kubernetes.io/last-applied-configuration annotation
  • Helm v2 - uses Tiller manifests stored in K8s Secrets or ConfigMaps
  • Helm v3 - uses Helm manifests stored as Secrets or ConfigMaps directly in individual namespaces

Additional resources:

Install

Run sh -c "$(curl -sSL https://git.io/install-kubent)".

(The script will download latest version and unpack to /usr/local/bin).

Or download the latest release for your platform and unpack manually.

Usage

Configure Kubectl's current context to point to your cluster, kubent will look for the kube .config file in standard locations (you can point it to custom location using the -k switch).

kubent will collect resources from your cluster and report on found issuses.

Please note that you need to have sufficient permissions to read Secrets in the cluster in order to use Helm* collectors.

$./kubent
6:25PM INF >>> Kube No Trouble `kubent` <<<
6:25PM INF Initializing collectors and retrieving data
6:25PM INF Retrieved 103 resources from collector name=Cluster
6:25PM INF Retrieved 132 resources from collector name="Helm v2"
6:25PM INF Retrieved 0 resources from collector name="Helm v3"
6:25PM INF Loaded ruleset name=deprecated-1-16.rego
6:25PM INF Loaded ruleset name=deprecated-1-20.rego
__________________________________________________________________________________________
>>> 1.16 Deprecated APIs <<<
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KIND         NAMESPACE     NAME                    API_VERSION
Deployment   default       nginx-deployment-old    apps/v1beta1
Deployment   kube-system   event-exporter-v0.2.5   apps/v1beta1
Deployment   kube-system   k8s-snapshots           extensions/v1beta1
Deployment   kube-system   kube-dns                extensions/v1beta1
__________________________________________________________________________________________
>>> 1.20 Deprecated APIs <<<
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KIND      NAMESPACE   NAME           API_VERSION
Ingress   default     test-ingress   extensions/v1beta1

Arguments

You can list all the configuration options available using --help switch:

$./kubent -h
Usage of ./kubent:
  -a, --additional-kind strings   additional kinds of resources to report in Kind.version.group.com format
  -c, --cluster                   enable Cluster collector (default true)
  -x, --context string            kubeconfig context
  -e, --exit-error                exit with non-zero code when issues are found
  -f, --filename strings          manifests to check, use - for stdin
      --helm2                     enable Helm v2 collector (default true)
      --helm3                     enable Helm v3 collector (default true)
  -k, --kubeconfig string         path to the kubeconfig file
  -l, --log-level string          set log level (trace, debug, info, warn, error, fatal, panic, disabled) (default "info")
  -o, --output string             output format - [text|json] (default "text")
  -t, --target-version string     target K8s version in SemVer format (autodetected by default)
  -v, --version                   prints the version of kubent and exits
  • -a, --additional-kind Tells kubent to flag additional custom resources when found in the specified version. The flag can be used multiple times. The expected format is full Kind.version.group.com form - e.g. -a ManagedCertificate.v1.networking.gke.io.

  • -x, --context Select context from kubeconfig file (current-context from the file is used by default).

  • k, --kubeconfig Path to kubeconfig file to use. This takes precedence over KUBECONFIG environemnt variable, which is also supported and can contain multiple paths, and default ~.kube/config.

  • -t, --target-version Kubent will try to detect K8S cluster version and display only relevant findings. This flag allows to override this version for scenarios like use in CI with the file collector only, when detection from an actual cluster is not possible. Expected format is major.minor[.patch], e.g. 1.16 or 1.16.3.

Use in CI

kubent will by default return 0 exit code if the program succeeds, even if it finds deprecated resources, and non-zero exit code if there is an error during runtime. Because all info output goes to stderr, it's easy to check in shell if any issues were found:

test -z "$(kubent)"                 # if stdout output is empty, means no issuse were found
                                    # equivalent to [ -z "$(kubent)" ]

It's actually better so split this into two steps, in order to differentiate between runtime error and found issues:

if ! OUTPUT="$(kubent)"; then       # check for non-zero return code first
  echo "kubent failed to run!"
elif [ -n "${OUTPUT}" ]; then       # check for empty stdout
  echo "Deprecated resources found"
fi

You can also use --exit-error (-e) flag, which will make kubent to exit with non-zero return code (200) in case any issues are found.

Alternatively, use the json output and smth. like jq to check if the result is empty:

kubent -o json | jq -e 'length == 0'

Development

The simplest way to build kubent is:

# Clone the repository
git clone https://github.com/doitintl/kube-no-trouble.git
cd kube-no-trouble/
# Build
go build -o bin/kubent cmd/kubent/main.go

Otherwise there's Makefile

$ make
make
all                            Cean, build and pack
help                           Prints list of tasks
build                          Build binary
generate                       Go generate
release-artifacts              Create release artifacts
clean                          Clean build artifacts

Commit messages

We enforce simple version of Conventional Commits in the form:

<type>: <summary>

[optional body]

[optional footer(s)]

Where type is one of:

  • build - Affects build and/or build system
  • chore - Other non-functional changes
  • ci - Affects CI (e.g. GitHub actions)
  • dep - Dependency update
  • docs - Documentation only change
  • feat - A new feature
  • fix - A bug fix
  • ref - Code refactoring without functinality change
  • style - Formatting changes
  • test - Adding/changing tests

Use imperative, present tense (Add, not Added), capitalize first letter of summary, no dot at the and. The body and footer are optional. Relevant GitHub issues should be referenced in the footer in the form Fixes #123, fixes #456.

Changelog

Changelog is generated automatically based on merged PRs using changelog-gen. Template can be found in scripts/changelog.tmpl.

PRs are categorized based on their labels, into following sections:

  • Announcements - announcement label
  • Breaking Changes - breaking-change label
  • Features - feature label
  • Changes - change label
  • Fixes - fix label
  • Internal/Other - everything else

PR can be excluded from changelog with no-release-note label. PR title is used by default, however, the copy can be customized by including following block in the PR body:

```release-note
This is an example release note!
```

Issues and Contributions

Please open any issues and/or PRs against github.com/doitintl/kube-no-trouble repository.

Feedback and contributions are always welcome!