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Trac Installation Guide
Trac is a lightweight project management tool that is implemented as a
web-based application. Trac is written in the Python programming language and
can use SQLite, PostgreSQL or MySQL as database. For HTML rendering, Trac uses
the Genshi templating system.
Note that you should also read the trac/wiki/default-pages/TracInstall
documentation file present in the source distribution.
If you're upgrading an already installed environment, please also read
To install Trac, the following software packages must be installed:
* Python, version >= 2.4.
* setuptools, version >= 0.6
* Genshi, version >= 0.5
* Optionally, Subversion, version >= 1.1.x and the Subversion SWIG Python
bindings (not PySVN, that's something different).
* One of the following Python bindings, depending on the database used:
* pysqlite version 2.x for SQLite 3.x (is part of the standard library
starting with Python 2.5)
* psycopg2 version 2.0.x for the PostgreSQL database
* MySQLdb, version 1.2.2 for the MySQL database
* A web server capable of executing CGI/FastCGI scripts, or Apache HTTPD with
mod_python or mod_wsgi. (Trac also comes with a standalone server, tracd)
Any of the above python library can usually be installed using easy_install,
which itself can be installed using the following bootstrap script:
$ wget
$ python
After that, you can do for example: easy_install Genshi
If you're using Python 2.3 or 2.4 and need pysqlite, you can download from the Windows installers or the
tar.gz archive for building from source:
$ tar xvfz <version>.tar.gz
$ cd <version>
$ python build_static install
That way, the latest SQLite version will be downloaded and built into the
Installing Trac
The command:
$ python ./ install
will byte-compile the python source code and install it in the
site-packages directory of your python installation. The directories cgi-bin,
templates, htdocs and wiki-default are all copied to ``$prefix/share/trac/``.
The script will also install the trac-admin command-line tool, used to create
and maintain project environments. Trac-admin is the command center of Trac.
Note: you'll need root permissions or equivalent for this step.
To install Trac in a different location, or use other advanced installation
options, run:
$ python ./ --help
Installing Trac on Windows
If you downloaded the Trac installer (the .exe file), installing is simply a
matter of running the installer. After running the installer, configuration
and installation is the same as for other platforms.
Creating a Project Environment
A Trac environment is the backend storage format where Trac stores information
like wiki pages, tickets, reports, settings, etc. A Trac environment consists
of the environment configuration file (trac.ini), custom templates, log files,
and more.
A new Trac environment is created with trac-admin:
$ trac-admin /path/to/projectenv initenv
Note: The user account under which the web server is run needs write permission
to the environment directory and all the files inside.
trac-admin will prompt you for the name of the project, where your subversion
repository is located, what database you want to use, etc.
Running the Standalone Server
After having created a Trac environment, you can easily try the web interface
by running the standalone server tracd:
$ tracd --port 8000 /path/to/projectenv
Then, fire up a browser and visit http://localhost:8000/. You should get a
simple listing of all environments that tracd knows about. Follow the link
to the environment you just created, and you should see Trac in action.
Running Trac on a Web Server
Trac provides three options for connecting to a "real" web server: CGI, FastCGI
and mod_python. For decent performance, it is recommended that you use either
FastCGI or mod_python.
Please refer to the TracInstall page for details on these setups. You can find
it either in the wiki of the Trac project you just created, or on the main Trac
Using Trac
Once you have your Trac site up and running, you should be able to browse your
subversion repository, create tickets, view the timeline, etc.
Keep in mind that anonymous (not logged in) users can by default access most
but not all of the features. You will need to configure authentication and
grant additional permissions to authenticated users to see the full set of
For further documentation, see the TracGuide wiki page.
/The Trac Team
Please also consider joining the mailing list at
Visit the Trac open source project at <>
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