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README.md

dokku mongo Build Status IRC Network

Official mongo plugin for dokku. Currently defaults to installing mongo 3.6.15.

Requirements

  • dokku 0.19.x+
  • docker 1.8.x

Installation

# on 0.19.x+
sudo dokku plugin:install https://github.com/dokku/dokku-mongo.git mongo

Commands

mongo:app-links <app>                              # list all mongo service links for a given app
mongo:backup <service> <bucket-name> [--use-iam]   # creates a backup of the mongo service to an existing s3 bucket
mongo:backup-auth <service> <aws-access-key-id> <aws-secret-access-key> <aws-default-region> <aws-signature-version> <endpoint-url> # sets up authentication for backups on the mongo service
mongo:backup-deauth <service>                      # removes backup authentication for the mongo service
mongo:backup-schedule <service> <schedule> <bucket-name> [--use-iam] # schedules a backup of the mongo service
mongo:backup-schedule-cat <service>                # cat the contents of the configured backup cronfile for the service
mongo:backup-set-encryption <service> <passphrase> # sets encryption for all future backups of mongo service
mongo:backup-unschedule <service>                  # unschedules the backup of the mongo service
mongo:backup-unset-encryption <service>            # unsets encryption for future backups of the mongo service
mongo:clone <service> <new-service> [--clone-flags...] # create container <new-name> then copy data from <name> into <new-name>
mongo:connect <service>                            # connect to the service via the mongo connection tool
mongo:connect-admin <service>                      # connect via mongo to a mongo service as admin user
mongo:create <service> [--create-flags...]         # create a mongo service
mongo:destroy <service> [-f|--force]               # delete the mongo service/data/container if there are no links left
mongo:enter <service>                              # enter or run a command in a running mongo service container
mongo:exists <service>                             # check if the mongo service exists
mongo:export <service>                             # export a dump of the mongo service database
mongo:expose <service> <ports...>                  # expose a mongo service on custom port if provided (random port otherwise)
mongo:import <service>                             # import a dump into the mongo service database
mongo:info <service> [--single-info-flag]          # print the service information
mongo:link <service> <app> [--link-flags...]       # link the mongo service to the app
mongo:linked <service> <app>                       # check if the mongo service is linked to an app
mongo:links <service>                              # list all apps linked to the mongo service
mongo:list                                         # list all mongo services
mongo:logs <service> [-t|--tail]                   # print the most recent log(s) for this service
mongo:promote <service> <app>                      # promote service <service> as MONGO_URL in <app>
mongo:restart <service>                            # graceful shutdown and restart of the mongo service container
mongo:start <service>                              # start a previously stopped mongo service
mongo:stop <service>                               # stop a running mongo service
mongo:unexpose <service>                           # unexpose a previously exposed mongo service
mongo:unlink <service> <app>                       # unlink the mongo service from the app
mongo:upgrade <service> [--upgrade-flags...]       # upgrade service <service> to the specified versions

Usage

Help for any commands can be displayed by specifying the command as an argument to mongo:help. Please consult the mongo:help command for any undocumented commands.

Basic Usage

create a mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:create <service> [--create-flags...]

flags:

  • -C|--custom-env "USER=alpha;HOST=beta": semi-colon delimited environment variables to start the service with
  • -i|--image IMAGE: the image name to start the service with
  • -I|--image-version IMAGE_VERSION: the image version to start the service with
  • -p|--password PASSWORD: override the user-level service password
  • -r|--root-password PASSWORD: override the root-level service password

Create a mongo service named lolipop:

dokku mongo:create lolipop

You can also specify the image and image version to use for the service. It must be compatible with the mongo image.

export MONGO_IMAGE="mongo"
export MONGO_IMAGE_VERSION="${PLUGIN_IMAGE_VERSION}"
dokku mongo:create lolipop

You can also specify custom environment variables to start the mongo service in semi-colon separated form.

export MONGO_CUSTOM_ENV="USER=alpha;HOST=beta"
dokku mongo:create lolipop

print the service information

# usage
dokku mongo:info <service> [--single-info-flag]

flags:

  • --config-dir: show the service configuration directory
  • --data-dir: show the service data directory
  • --dsn: show the service DSN
  • --exposed-ports: show service exposed ports
  • --id: show the service container id
  • --internal-ip: show the service internal ip
  • --links: show the service app links
  • --service-root: show the service root directory
  • --status: show the service running status
  • --version: show the service image version

Get connection information as follows:

dokku mongo:info lolipop

You can also retrieve a specific piece of service info via flags:

dokku mongo:info lolipop --config-dir
dokku mongo:info lolipop --data-dir
dokku mongo:info lolipop --dsn
dokku mongo:info lolipop --exposed-ports
dokku mongo:info lolipop --id
dokku mongo:info lolipop --internal-ip
dokku mongo:info lolipop --links
dokku mongo:info lolipop --service-root
dokku mongo:info lolipop --status
dokku mongo:info lolipop --version

list all mongo services

# usage
dokku mongo:list 

List all services:

dokku mongo:list

print the most recent log(s) for this service

# usage
dokku mongo:logs <service> [-t|--tail]

flags:

  • -t|--tail: do not stop when end of the logs are reached and wait for additional output

You can tail logs for a particular service:

dokku mongo:logs lolipop

By default, logs will not be tailed, but you can do this with the --tail flag:

dokku mongo:logs lolipop --tail

link the mongo service to the app

# usage
dokku mongo:link <service> <app> [--link-flags...]

flags:

  • -a|--alias "BLUE_DATABASE": an alternative alias to use for linking to an app via environment variable
  • -q|--querystring "pool=5": ampersand delimited querystring arguments to append to the service link

A mongo service can be linked to a container. This will use native docker links via the docker-options plugin. Here we link it to our 'playground' app.

NOTE: this will restart your app

dokku mongo:link lolipop playground

The following environment variables will be set automatically by docker (not on the app itself, so they won’t be listed when calling dokku config):

DOKKU_MONGO_LOLIPOP_NAME=/lolipop/DATABASE
DOKKU_MONGO_LOLIPOP_PORT=tcp://172.17.0.1:27017
DOKKU_MONGO_LOLIPOP_PORT_27017_TCP=tcp://172.17.0.1:27017
DOKKU_MONGO_LOLIPOP_PORT_27017_TCP_PROTO=tcp
DOKKU_MONGO_LOLIPOP_PORT_27017_TCP_PORT=27017
DOKKU_MONGO_LOLIPOP_PORT_27017_TCP_ADDR=172.17.0.1

The following will be set on the linked application by default:

MONGO_URL=mongodb://lolipop:SOME_PASSWORD@dokku-mongo-lolipop:27017/lolipop

The host exposed here only works internally in docker containers. If you want your container to be reachable from outside, you should use the 'expose' subcommand. Another service can be linked to your app:

dokku mongo:link other_service playground

It is possible to change the protocol for MONGO_URL by setting the environment variable MONGO_DATABASE_SCHEME on the app. Doing so will after linking will cause the plugin to think the service is not linked, and we advise you to unlink before proceeding.

dokku config:set playground MONGO_DATABASE_SCHEME=mongodb2
dokku mongo:link lolipop playground

This will cause MONGO_URL to be set as:

mongodb2://lolipop:SOME_PASSWORD@dokku-mongo-lolipop:27017/lolipop

unlink the mongo service from the app

# usage
dokku mongo:unlink <service> <app>

You can unlink a mongo service:

NOTE: this will restart your app and unset related environment variables

dokku mongo:unlink lolipop playground

Service Lifecycle

The lifecycle of each service can be managed through the following commands:

connect to the service via the mongo connection tool

# usage
dokku mongo:connect <service>

Connect to the service via the mongo connection tool:

dokku mongo:connect lolipop

enter or run a command in a running mongo service container

# usage
dokku mongo:enter <service>

A bash prompt can be opened against a running service. Filesystem changes will not be saved to disk.

dokku mongo:enter lolipop

You may also run a command directly against the service. Filesystem changes will not be saved to disk.

dokku mongo:enter lolipop touch /tmp/test

expose a mongo service on custom port if provided (random port otherwise)

# usage
dokku mongo:expose <service> <ports...>

Expose the service on the service's normal ports, allowing access to it from the public interface (0.0.0.0):

dokku mongo:expose lolipop 27017 27018 27019 28017

unexpose a previously exposed mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:unexpose <service>

Unexpose the service, removing access to it from the public interface (0.0.0.0):

dokku mongo:unexpose lolipop

promote service as MONGO_URL in

# usage
dokku mongo:promote <service> <app>

If you have a mongo service linked to an app and try to link another mongo service another link environment variable will be generated automatically:

DOKKU_MONGO_BLUE_URL=mongodb://other_service:ANOTHER_PASSWORD@dokku-mongo-other-service:27017/other_service

You can promote the new service to be the primary one:

NOTE: this will restart your app

dokku mongo:promote other_service playground

This will replace MONGO_URL with the url from other_service and generate another environment variable to hold the previous value if necessary. You could end up with the following for example:

MONGO_URL=mongodb://other_service:ANOTHER_PASSWORD@dokku-mongo-other-service:27017/other_service
DOKKU_MONGO_BLUE_URL=mongodb://other_service:ANOTHER_PASSWORD@dokku-mongo-other-service:27017/other_service
DOKKU_MONGO_SILVER_URL=mongodb://lolipop:SOME_PASSWORD@dokku-mongo-lolipop:27017/lolipop

start a previously stopped mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:start <service>

Start the service:

dokku mongo:start lolipop

stop a running mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:stop <service>

Stop the service and the running container:

dokku mongo:stop lolipop

graceful shutdown and restart of the mongo service container

# usage
dokku mongo:restart <service>

Restart the service:

dokku mongo:restart lolipop

upgrade service to the specified versions

# usage
dokku mongo:upgrade <service> [--upgrade-flags...]

flags:

  • -C|--custom-env "USER=alpha;HOST=beta": semi-colon delimited environment variables to start the service with
  • -i|--image IMAGE: the image name to start the service with
  • -I|--image-version IMAGE_VERSION: the image version to start the service with
  • -R|--restart-apps "true": whether to force an app restart

You can upgrade an existing service to a new image or image-version:

dokku mongo:upgrade lolipop

Service Automation

Service scripting can be executed using the following commands:

list all mongo service links for a given app

# usage
dokku mongo:app-links <app>

List all mongo services that are linked to the 'playground' app.

dokku mongo:app-links playground

create container then copy data from into

# usage
dokku mongo:clone <service> <new-service> [--clone-flags...]

flags:

  • -C|--custom-env "USER=alpha;HOST=beta": semi-colon delimited environment variables to start the service with
  • -i|--image IMAGE: the image name to start the service with
  • -I|--image-version IMAGE_VERSION: the image version to start the service with
  • -p|--password PASSWORD: override the user-level service password
  • -r|--root-password PASSWORD: override the root-level service password

You can clone an existing service to a new one:

dokku mongo:clone lolipop lolipop-2

check if the mongo service exists

# usage
dokku mongo:exists <service>

Here we check if the lolipop mongo service exists.

dokku mongo:exists lolipop

check if the mongo service is linked to an app

# usage
dokku mongo:linked <service> <app>

Here we check if the lolipop mongo service is linked to the 'playground' app.

dokku mongo:linked lolipop playground

list all apps linked to the mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:links <service>

List all apps linked to the 'lolipop' mongo service.

dokku mongo:links lolipop

Data Management

The underlying service data can be imported and exported with the following commands:

import a dump into the mongo service database

# usage
dokku mongo:import <service>

Import a datastore dump:

dokku mongo:import lolipop < database.dump

export a dump of the mongo service database

# usage
dokku mongo:export <service>

By default, datastore output is exported to stdout:

dokku mongo:export lolipop

You can redirect this output to a file:

dokku mongo:export lolipop > lolipop.dump

Backups

Datastore backups are supported via AWS S3 and S3 compatible services like minio.

You may skip the backup-auth step if your dokku install is running within EC2 and has access to the bucket via an IAM profile. In that case, use the --use-iam option with the backup command.

Backups can be performed using the backup commands:

sets up authentication for backups on the mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:backup-auth <service> <aws-access-key-id> <aws-secret-access-key> <aws-default-region> <aws-signature-version> <endpoint-url>

Setup s3 backup authentication:

dokku mongo:backup-auth lolipop AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY

Setup s3 backup authentication with different region:

dokku mongo:backup-auth lolipop AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY AWS_REGION

Setup s3 backup authentication with different signature version and endpoint:

dokku mongo:backup-auth lolipop AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY AWS_REGION AWS_SIGNATURE_VERSION ENDPOINT_URL

More specific example for minio auth:

dokku mongo:backup-auth lolipop MINIO_ACCESS_KEY_ID MINIO_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY us-east-1 s3v4 https://YOURMINIOSERVICE

removes backup authentication for the mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:backup-deauth <service>

Remove s3 authentication:

dokku mongo:backup-deauth lolipop

creates a backup of the mongo service to an existing s3 bucket

# usage
dokku mongo:backup <service> <bucket-name> [--use-iam]

flags:

  • -u|--use-iam: use the IAM profile associated with the current server

Backup the 'lolipop' service to the 'my-s3-bucket' bucket on ``AWS:

dokku mongo:backup lolipop my-s3-bucket --use-iam

sets encryption for all future backups of mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:backup-set-encryption <service> <passphrase>

Set the GPG-compatible passphrase for encrypting backups for backups:

dokku mongo:backup-set-encryption lolipop

unsets encryption for future backups of the mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:backup-unset-encryption <service>

Unset the GPG encryption passphrase for backups:

dokku mongo:backup-unset-encryption lolipop

schedules a backup of the mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:backup-schedule <service> <schedule> <bucket-name> [--use-iam]

flags:

  • -u|--use-iam: use the IAM profile associated with the current server

Schedule a backup:

'schedule' is a crontab expression, eg. "0 3 * * *" for each day at 3am

dokku mongo:backup-schedule lolipop "0 3 * * *" my-s3-bucket

Schedule a backup and authenticate via iam:

dokku mongo:backup-schedule lolipop "0 3 * * *" my-s3-bucket --use-iam

cat the contents of the configured backup cronfile for the service

# usage
dokku mongo:backup-schedule-cat <service>

Cat the contents of the configured backup cronfile for the service:

dokku mongo:backup-schedule-cat lolipop

unschedules the backup of the mongo service

# usage
dokku mongo:backup-unschedule <service>

Remove the scheduled backup from cron:

dokku mongo:backup-unschedule lolipop

Disabling docker pull calls

If you wish to disable the docker pull calls that the plugin triggers, you may set the MONGO_DISABLE_PULL environment variable to true. Once disabled, you will need to pull the service image you wish to deploy as shown in the stderr output.

Please ensure the proper images are in place when docker pull is disabled.