Skip to content
Go to file

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time


DOI Build Status Coverage Status

GRNsight is an open source web application and service for visualizing models of small- to medium-scale gene regulatory networks. GRNsight is a joint project of the Loyola Marymount University Bioinformatics and Biomathematics Groups, headed by Dr. Kam Dahlquist, Dr. John David N. Dionisio, and Dr. Ben G. Fitzpatrick. Undergraduate students initiated the development of GRNsight in Spring 2014, including Britain Southwick (Computer Science, ’14) and Nicole Anguiano (Computer Science, ’16), with consultation from Katrina Sherbina (Biomathematics, ’14). For current contributors, please see our People page.

A gene regulatory network (GRN) consists of genes, transcription factors, and the regulatory connections between them, which govern the level of expression of mRNA and protein from those genes. GRNs can be mathematically modeled and simulated by applications such as GRNmap, a MATLAB program that estimates the parameters and performs forward simulations of a differential equations model of a GRN. Computer representations of GRNs, such as the models output by GRNmap, are in the form of a tabular spreadsheet (adjacency matrix) that is not easily interpretable. Ideally, GRNs should be displayed as diagrams (graphs) detailing the regulatory relationships (edges) between each gene (node) in the network. To address this need, we developed GRNsight.

GRNsight allows users to upload Excel workbooks generated by GRNmap (as well as Simple Interaction Format text files and GraphML XML files) and uses the network information to automatically create and display a graph of the GRN model. The application colors the edges and adjusts their thickness based on the sign (activation or repression) and the strength (magnitude) of the regulatory relationship, respectively. Finally, GRNsight then allows the user to modify the graph in order to define the best visual layout for the network. Most of GRNsight is written in JavaScript. HTTP requests are handled using Node.js and the Express framework. Graphs are generated through D3.js, a JavaScript data visualization library.

Although originally designed for gene regulatory networks, we believe that GRNsight has general applicability for displaying any small, unweighted or weighted network with directed edges for systems biology or other application domains.

Most users will want to access GRNsight through the web application at The source code is available for developers who wish to run their own instance of the GRNsight web service and/or web client.

Documentation on how to use GRNsight is found at, with additional information on the wiki here:

If you use GRNsight in your work, please cite:

Dahlquist, K.D., Dionisio, J.D.N., Fitzpatrick, B.G., Anguiano, N.A., Varshneya, A., Southwick, B.J., Samdarshi, M. (2016) GRNsight: a web application and service for visualizing models of small- to medium-scale gene regulatory networks. PeerJ Computer Science 2:e85. DOI: 10.7717/peerj-cs.85.

You can’t perform that action at this time.