Loaders for various 3D model types. All are trivial wrappers around one of the many THREE.js loader classes.

  • gltf-model-legacy: Loader for glTF 1.0 format, removed from A-Frame core with v0.7.0 release. For glTF 2.0, use the gltf-model component that ships with A-Frame.
  • json-model: Loader for THREE.js .JSON format, generally containing a single mesh.
  • object-model: Loader for THREE.js .JSON format, generally containing multiple meshes or an entire scene.
  • ply-model: Loader for PLY format. Works well with occlusion and shadow baked models exported from MagicaVoxel.
  • fbx-model: Loader for FBX format.

Unsure whether to use json-model or object-model? Check the console for errors. See also: | THREE.js Export.


<!-- three.js JSON -->
<a-entity json-model="src: url(my-model.json);"></a-entity>

THREE.js models often need to be scaled down. Example:

<a-entity scale="0.5 0.5 0.5" object-model="src: url(my-model.json);">



Example by Joe Campbell (source).

glTF and three.js models also support animation, through the animation-mixer component. All animations will play by default, or you can specify an animation and its duration:

Property Default Description
clip * Name of the animation clip(s) to play. Accepts wildcards.
duration AUTO Duration of the animation, in seconds.
crossFadeDuration 0 Duration of cross-fades between clips, in seconds.
loop repeat once, repeat, or pingpong. In repeat and pingpong modes, the clip plays once plus the specified number of repetitions. For pingpong, every second clip plays in reverse.
repetitions Infinity Number of times to play the clip, in addition to the first play. Repetitions are ignored for loop: once.
timeScale 1 Scaling factor for playback speed. A value of 0 causes the animation to pause. Negative values cause the animation to play backwards.

A list of available animations can usually be found by inspecting the model file or its documentation. All animations will play by default. To play only a specific set of animations, use wildcards: animation-mixer="clip: run_*".

Animation Events

The animation-mixer component emits events at certain points in the animation cycle.

Event Details Description
animation-loop action, loopDelta Emitted when a single loop of the animation clip has finished.
animation-finished action, direction Emitted when all loops of an animation clip have finished.