Data::Grid is yet another generic interface to tabular or grid-shaped data
Switch branches/tags
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Failed to load latest commit information.


    Data::Grid - Incremental read access to grid-based data

    Version 0.06

        use Data::Grid;

        # Have the parser guess the kind of file, using defaults.

        my $grid = Data::Grid->parse('arbitrary.xls');

        # or

        my $grid = Data::Grid->parse(
            source  => 'arbitrary.csv', # or xls, or xlsx, or filehandle...
            header  => 1,               # first line is a header everywhere
            columns => [qw(a b c)],     # override the header
            options => \%options,       # driver-specific options

        # Each object contains one or more tables.

        for my $table ($grid->tables) {

            # Each table has one or more rows.

            while (my $row = $table->next) {

                # The columns can be dereferenced as an array,

                my @cols = @$row; # or just $row->columns

                # or, if header is present or fields were named in the
                # constructor, as a hash.

                my %cols = %$row;

                # Now we can do stuff.

    Problem 1
        You have a mountain of data files from two decades of using MS
        Office (and other) products, and you want to collate their contents
        into someplace sane.

    Problem 2
        The files are in numerous different formats, and a consistent
        interface would really cut down on the effort of extracting them.

    Problem 3
        You've looked at Data::Table and Spreadsheet::Read, but deemed their
        table-at-a-time strategy to be inappropriate for your purposes.

    The goal of Data::Grid is to provide an extensible, uniform,
    object-oriented interface to all kinds of grid-shaped data. A key
    behaviour I'm after is to perform an incremental read over a potentially
    large data source, so as not to unnecessarily gobble up system

    Odds are I will probably decide to change the interface at some point
    before locking in, and I don't want to guarantee consistency yet. If I
    do, and you use this, your code will probably break.

    Suffice to say this module is ALPHA QUALITY at best.

  parse $FILE | %PARAMS
    The principal way to instantiate a Data::Grid object is through the
    "parse" factory method. You can either pass it a filelike thing or a set
    of parameters. *Filelike thing* is either a filename, "GLOB" reference,
    "SCALAR" reference or "ARRAY" reference of scalars. If the filelike
    thing is passed alone, its type will be detected using File::MMagic. To
    tune this behaviour, use the parameters:

        This is equivalent to $file.

        If you know that the document you're opening has a header, set this
        flag to a true value and it will be consumed for use in "as_hash" in
        Data::Grid::Row. If there is more than one table in the document,
        set this value to an "ARRAY" reference of flags. This object will be
        treated as a ring, meaning that, for instance, if the header
        designation is "[1, 0]", the third table in the document will be
        treated as having a header, fourth will not, the fifth will, and so

        Specify a list of columns in lieu of a header, or otherwise override
        any header, which is thrown away. A single "ARRAY" reference of
        strings will be duplicated to each table in the document. An array
        of arrays will be applied to each table with the same wrapping
        behaviour as "header".

        Set a row offset, i.e, a number of rows to skip *before* any header.
        Since this is an offset, it starts with zero. Same rule applies for
        multiple tables in the document.

        Set a number of rows to skip *after* the header, defaulting, of
        course, to zero. Same multi-table rule applies.

        This "HASH" reference will be passed as-is to the driver.

        Specify a driver and bypass type detection. Modules under the
        Data::Grid namespace can be handed in as CSV, Excel, and
        Excel::XLSX. Prefix with a "+" for other package namespaces.

        Specify either MMagic or MimeInfo to detect the type of file. MMagic
        is the default. In lieu of the class name

    Generate and return the array of tables.

    Retrieve the document's file handle embedded in the grid object.

    Take a look at Data::Grid::CSV or Data::Grid::Excel for clues on how to
    extend this package.

    Returns the class to use for instantiating tables. Defaults to
    Data::Grid::Table, which is an abstract class. Override this accessor
    and its neighbours with your own values for extensions.

    Returns the class to use for instantiating rows. Defaults to

    Returns the class to use for instantiating cells. Defaults to
    Data::Grid::Cell, again an abstract class.

  table_params $POSITION
    Generate a set of parameters suitable for passing in as a constructor,
    either as a hash or "HASH" reference, depending on calling context.

    Dorian Taylor, "<dorian at>"

    Please report bugs to GitHub issues

    You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

        perldoc Data::Grid

    Alternatively, you can read the documentation on MetaCPAN

    *   Text::CSV

    *   Spreadsheet::ParseExcel

    *   Spreadsheet::ParseXLSX

    *   Data::Table

    Copyright 2010-2018 Dorian Taylor.

    Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
    not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain
    a copy of the License at <>.

    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
    distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
    WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
    See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
    limitations under the License.