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LEAF PyPI version Supported versions License

LEAF is a simulator for analytical modeling of energy consumption in cloud, fog, or edge computing environments. It enables the modeling of simple tasks running on a single node as well as complex application graphs in distributed, heterogeneous, and resource-constrained infrastructures. LEAF is based on SimPy for discrete-event simulation and NetworkX for modeling infrastructure or application graphs.

Please have a look at out examples and visit the official documentation for more information on this project.

This Python implementation was ported from the original Java protoype. All future development will take place in this repository.

βš™οΈ Installation

You can install the latest release of LEAF via pip:

$ pip install leafsim

Alternatively, you can also clone the repository (including all examples) and set up your environment via:

$ pip install -e .

πŸš€ Getting started

LEAF uses SimPy for process-based discrete-event simulation and adheres to their API. To understand how to develop scenarios in LEAF, it makes sense to familiarize yourself with SimPy first.

import simpy
from leaf.application import Task
from leaf.infrastructure import Node
from leaf.power import PowerModelNode, PowerMeter

# Processes modify the model during the simulation
def place_task_after_2_seconds(env, node, task):
    """Waits for 2 seconds and places a task on a node."""
    yield env.timeout(2)

node = Node("node1", cu=100, power_model=PowerModelNode(max_power=30, static_power=10))
task = Task(cu=100)
power_meter = PowerMeter(node, callback=lambda m: print(f"{}: Node consumes {int(m)}W"))

env = simpy.Environment()  
# register our task placement process
env.process(place_task_after_2_seconds(env, node, task))
# register power metering process (provided by LEAF)

Which will result in the output:

0: Node consumes 10W
1: Node consumes 10W
2: Node consumes 30W
3: Node consumes 30W
4: Node consumes 30W

For other examples, please refer to the examples folder.

πŸƒ What can I do with LEAF?

LEAF enables high-level simulation of computing scenarios, where experiments are easy to create and easy to analyze. Besides allowing research on scheduling and placement algorithms on resource-constrained environments, LEAF puts a special focus on:

  • Dynamic networks: Simulate mobile nodes which can join or leave the network during the simulation.
  • Power consumption modeling: Model the power usage of individual compute nodes, network traffic, and applications.
  • Energy-aware algorithms: Implement dynamically adapting task placement strategies, routing policies, and other energy-saving mechanisms.
  • Scalability: Model the execution of thousands of compute nodes and applications in magnitudes faster than real time.

Please visit the official documentation for more information and examples on this project.

πŸ“– Publications

If you use LEAF in your research, please cite our paper:

Philipp Wiesner and Lauritz Thamsen. "LEAF: Simulating Large Energy-Aware Fog Computing Environments" In the Proceedings of the 2021 5th IEEE International Conference on Fog and Edge Computing (ICFEC). IEEE. 2021 [arXiv preprint] [video]


  author={Wiesner, Philipp and Thamsen, Lauritz},
  booktitle={2021 IEEE 5th International Conference on Fog and Edge Computing (ICFEC)}, 
  title={{LEAF}: Simulating Large Energy-Aware Fog Computing Environments}, 

πŸ’š Projects using LEAF