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// Licensed to the .NET Foundation under one or more agreements.
// The .NET Foundation licenses this file to you under the MIT license.
// See the LICENSE file in the project root for more information.
/*XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XX XX
XX RegAlloc XX
XX XX
XX Does the register allocation and puts the remaining lclVars on the stack XX
XX XX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
*/
#include "jitpch.h"
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#pragma hdrstop
#endif
#include "regalloc.h"
#if DOUBLE_ALIGN
DWORD Compiler::getCanDoubleAlign()
{
#ifdef DEBUG
if (compStressCompile(STRESS_DBL_ALN, 20))
return MUST_DOUBLE_ALIGN;
return JitConfig.JitDoubleAlign();
#else
return DEFAULT_DOUBLE_ALIGN;
#endif
}
//------------------------------------------------------------------------
// shouldDoubleAlign: Determine whether to double-align the frame
//
// Arguments:
// refCntStk - sum of ref counts for all stack based variables
// refCntEBP - sum of ref counts for EBP enregistered variables
// refCntWtdEBP - sum of wtd ref counts for EBP enregistered variables
// refCntStkParam - sum of ref counts for all stack based parameters
// refCntWtdStkDbl - sum of wtd ref counts for stack based doubles (including structs
// with double fields).
//
// Return Value:
// Returns true if this method estimates that a double-aligned frame would be beneficial
//
// Notes:
// The impact of a double-aligned frame is computed as follows:
// - We save a byte of code for each parameter reference (they are frame-pointer relative)
// - We pay a byte of code for each non-parameter stack reference.
// - We save the misalignment penalty and possible cache-line crossing penalty.
// This is estimated as 0 for SMALL_CODE, 16 for FAST_CODE and 4 otherwise.
// - We pay 7 extra bytes for:
// MOV EBP,ESP,
// LEA ESP,[EBP-offset]
// AND ESP,-8 to double align ESP
// - We pay one extra memory reference for each variable that could have been enregistered in EBP (refCntWtdEBP).
//
// If the misalignment penalty is estimated to be less than the bytes used, we don't double align.
// Otherwise, we compare the weighted ref count of ebp-enregistered variables against double the
// ref count for double-aligned values.
//
bool Compiler::shouldDoubleAlign(
unsigned refCntStk, unsigned refCntEBP, unsigned refCntWtdEBP, unsigned refCntStkParam, unsigned refCntWtdStkDbl)
{
bool doDoubleAlign = false;
const unsigned DBL_ALIGN_SETUP_SIZE = 7;
unsigned bytesUsed = refCntStk + refCntEBP - refCntStkParam + DBL_ALIGN_SETUP_SIZE;
unsigned misaligned_weight = 4;
if (compCodeOpt() == Compiler::SMALL_CODE)
misaligned_weight = 0;
if (compCodeOpt() == Compiler::FAST_CODE)
misaligned_weight *= 4;
JITDUMP("\nDouble alignment:\n");
JITDUMP(" Bytes that could be saved by not using EBP frame: %i\n", bytesUsed);
JITDUMP(" Sum of weighted ref counts for EBP enregistered variables: %i\n", refCntWtdEBP);
JITDUMP(" Sum of weighted ref counts for weighted stack based doubles: %i\n", refCntWtdStkDbl);
if (bytesUsed > ((refCntWtdStkDbl * misaligned_weight) / BB_UNITY_WEIGHT))
{
JITDUMP(" Predicting not to double-align ESP to save %d bytes of code.\n", bytesUsed);
}
else if (refCntWtdEBP > refCntWtdStkDbl * 2)
{
// TODO-CQ: On P4 2 Proc XEON's, SciMark.FFT degrades if SciMark.FFT.transform_internal is
// not double aligned.
// Here are the numbers that make this not double-aligned.
// refCntWtdStkDbl = 0x164
// refCntWtdEBP = 0x1a4
// We think we do need to change the heuristic to be in favor of double-align.
JITDUMP(" Predicting not to double-align ESP to allow EBP to be used to enregister variables.\n");
}
else
{
// OK we passed all of the benefit tests, so we'll predict a double aligned frame.
JITDUMP(" Predicting to create a double-aligned frame\n");
doDoubleAlign = true;
}
return doDoubleAlign;
}
#endif // DOUBLE_ALIGN
// The code to set the regState for each arg is outlined for shared use
// by linear scan. (It is not shared for System V AMD64 platform.)
regNumber Compiler::raUpdateRegStateForArg(RegState* regState, LclVarDsc* argDsc)
{
regNumber inArgReg = argDsc->lvArgReg;
regMaskTP inArgMask = genRegMask(inArgReg);
if (regState->rsIsFloat)
{
noway_assert(inArgMask & RBM_FLTARG_REGS);
}
else // regState is for the integer registers
{
// This might be the fixed return buffer register argument (on ARM64)
// We check and allow inArgReg to be theFixedRetBuffReg
if (hasFixedRetBuffReg() && (inArgReg == theFixedRetBuffReg()))
{
// We should have a TYP_BYREF or TYP_I_IMPL arg and not a TYP_STRUCT arg
noway_assert(argDsc->lvType == TYP_BYREF || argDsc->lvType == TYP_I_IMPL);
// We should have recorded the variable number for the return buffer arg
noway_assert(info.compRetBuffArg != BAD_VAR_NUM);
}
else // we have a regular arg
{
noway_assert(inArgMask & RBM_ARG_REGS);
}
}
regState->rsCalleeRegArgMaskLiveIn |= inArgMask;
#ifdef _TARGET_ARM_
if (argDsc->lvType == TYP_DOUBLE)
{
if (info.compIsVarArgs || opts.compUseSoftFP)
{
assert((inArgReg == REG_R0) || (inArgReg == REG_R2));
assert(!regState->rsIsFloat);
}
else
{
assert(regState->rsIsFloat);
assert(emitter::isDoubleReg(inArgReg));
}
regState->rsCalleeRegArgMaskLiveIn |= genRegMask((regNumber)(inArgReg + 1));
}
else if (argDsc->lvType == TYP_LONG)
{
assert((inArgReg == REG_R0) || (inArgReg == REG_R2));
assert(!regState->rsIsFloat);
regState->rsCalleeRegArgMaskLiveIn |= genRegMask((regNumber)(inArgReg + 1));
}
#endif // _TARGET_ARM_
#if FEATURE_MULTIREG_ARGS
if (varTypeIsStruct(argDsc->lvType))
{
if (argDsc->lvIsHfaRegArg())
{
assert(regState->rsIsFloat);
unsigned cSlots = GetHfaCount(argDsc->lvVerTypeInfo.GetClassHandleForValueClass());
for (unsigned i = 1; i < cSlots; i++)
{
assert(inArgReg + i <= LAST_FP_ARGREG);
regState->rsCalleeRegArgMaskLiveIn |= genRegMask(static_cast<regNumber>(inArgReg + i));
}
}
else
{
unsigned cSlots = argDsc->lvSize() / TARGET_POINTER_SIZE;
for (unsigned i = 1; i < cSlots; i++)
{
regNumber nextArgReg = (regNumber)(inArgReg + i);
if (nextArgReg > REG_ARG_LAST)
{
break;
}
assert(regState->rsIsFloat == false);
regState->rsCalleeRegArgMaskLiveIn |= genRegMask(nextArgReg);
}
}
}
#endif // FEATURE_MULTIREG_ARGS
return inArgReg;
}
/****************************************************************************/
/* Returns true when we must create an EBP frame
This is used to force most managed methods to have EBP based frames
which allows the ETW kernel stackwalker to walk the stacks of managed code
this allows the kernel to perform light weight profiling
*/
bool Compiler::rpMustCreateEBPFrame(INDEBUG(const char** wbReason))
{
bool result = false;
#ifdef DEBUG
const char* reason = nullptr;
#endif
#if ETW_EBP_FRAMED
if (!result && (opts.MinOpts() || opts.compDbgCode))
{
INDEBUG(reason = "Debug Code");
result = true;
}
if (!result && (info.compMethodInfo->ILCodeSize > DEFAULT_MAX_INLINE_SIZE))
{
INDEBUG(reason = "IL Code Size");
result = true;
}
if (!result && (fgBBcount > 3))
{
INDEBUG(reason = "BasicBlock Count");
result = true;
}
if (!result && fgHasLoops)
{
INDEBUG(reason = "Method has Loops");
result = true;
}
if (!result && (optCallCount >= 2))
{
INDEBUG(reason = "Call Count");
result = true;
}
if (!result && (optIndirectCallCount >= 1))
{
INDEBUG(reason = "Indirect Call");
result = true;
}
#endif // ETW_EBP_FRAMED
// VM wants to identify the containing frame of an InlinedCallFrame always
// via the frame register never the stack register so we need a frame.
if (!result && (optNativeCallCount != 0))
{
INDEBUG(reason = "Uses PInvoke");
result = true;
}
#ifdef _TARGET_ARM64_
// TODO-ARM64-NYI: This is temporary: force a frame pointer-based frame until genFnProlog can handle non-frame
// pointer frames.
if (!result)
{
INDEBUG(reason = "Temporary ARM64 force frame pointer");
result = true;
}
#endif // _TARGET_ARM64_
#ifdef DEBUG
if ((result == true) && (wbReason != nullptr))
{
*wbReason = reason;
}
#endif
return result;
}
/*****************************************************************************
*
* Mark all variables as to whether they live on the stack frame
* (part or whole), and if so what the base is (FP or SP).
*/
void Compiler::raMarkStkVars()
{
unsigned lclNum;
LclVarDsc* varDsc;
for (lclNum = 0, varDsc = lvaTable; lclNum < lvaCount; lclNum++, varDsc++)
{
// lvOnFrame is set by LSRA, except in the case of zero-ref, which is set below.
if (lvaIsFieldOfDependentlyPromotedStruct(varDsc))
{
noway_assert(!varDsc->lvRegister);
goto ON_STK;
}
/* Fully enregistered variables don't need any frame space */
if (varDsc->lvRegister)
{
goto NOT_STK;
}
/* Unused variables typically don't get any frame space */
else if (varDsc->lvRefCnt == 0)
{
bool needSlot = false;
bool stkFixedArgInVarArgs =
info.compIsVarArgs && varDsc->lvIsParam && !varDsc->lvIsRegArg && lclNum != lvaVarargsHandleArg;
// If its address has been exposed, ignore lvRefCnt. However, exclude
// fixed arguments in varargs method as lvOnFrame shouldn't be set
// for them as we don't want to explicitly report them to GC.
if (!stkFixedArgInVarArgs)
{
needSlot |= varDsc->lvAddrExposed;
}
#if FEATURE_FIXED_OUT_ARGS
/* Is this the dummy variable representing GT_LCLBLK ? */
needSlot |= (lclNum == lvaOutgoingArgSpaceVar);
#endif // FEATURE_FIXED_OUT_ARGS
#ifdef DEBUG
/* For debugging, note that we have to reserve space even for
unused variables if they are ever in scope. However, this is not
an issue as fgExtendDbgLifetimes() adds an initialization and
variables in scope will not have a zero ref-cnt.
*/
if (opts.compDbgCode && !varDsc->lvIsParam && varDsc->lvTracked)
{
for (unsigned scopeNum = 0; scopeNum < info.compVarScopesCount; scopeNum++)
{
noway_assert(info.compVarScopes[scopeNum].vsdVarNum != lclNum);
}
}
#endif
/*
For Debug Code, we have to reserve space even if the variable is never
in scope. We will also need to initialize it if it is a GC var.
So we set lvMustInit and artifically bump up the ref-cnt.
*/
if (opts.compDbgCode && !stkFixedArgInVarArgs && lclNum < info.compLocalsCount)
{
needSlot |= true;
if (lvaTypeIsGC(lclNum))
{
varDsc->lvRefCnt = 1;
}
if (!varDsc->lvIsParam)
{
varDsc->lvMustInit = true;
}
}
varDsc->lvOnFrame = needSlot;
if (!needSlot)
{
/* Clear the lvMustInit flag in case it is set */
varDsc->lvMustInit = false;
goto NOT_STK;
}
}
if (!varDsc->lvOnFrame)
{
goto NOT_STK;
}
ON_STK:
/* The variable (or part of it) lives on the stack frame */
noway_assert((varDsc->lvType != TYP_UNDEF) && (varDsc->lvType != TYP_VOID) && (varDsc->lvType != TYP_UNKNOWN));
#if FEATURE_FIXED_OUT_ARGS
noway_assert((lclNum == lvaOutgoingArgSpaceVar) || lvaLclSize(lclNum) != 0);
#else // FEATURE_FIXED_OUT_ARGS
noway_assert(lvaLclSize(lclNum) != 0);
#endif // FEATURE_FIXED_OUT_ARGS
varDsc->lvOnFrame = true; // Our prediction is that the final home for this local variable will be in the
// stack frame
NOT_STK:;
varDsc->lvFramePointerBased = codeGen->isFramePointerUsed();
#if DOUBLE_ALIGN
if (codeGen->doDoubleAlign())
{
noway_assert(codeGen->isFramePointerUsed() == false);
/* All arguments are off of EBP with double-aligned frames */
if (varDsc->lvIsParam && !varDsc->lvIsRegArg)
{
varDsc->lvFramePointerBased = true;
}
}
#endif
/* Some basic checks */
// It must be in a register, on frame, or have zero references.
noway_assert(varDsc->lvIsInReg() || varDsc->lvOnFrame || varDsc->lvRefCnt == 0);
// We can't have both lvRegister and lvOnFrame
noway_assert(!varDsc->lvRegister || !varDsc->lvOnFrame);
#ifdef DEBUG
// For varargs functions, there should be no direct references to
// parameter variables except for 'this' (because these were morphed
// in the importer) and the 'arglist' parameter (which is not a GC
// pointer). and the return buffer argument (if we are returning a
// struct).
// This is important because we don't want to try to report them
// to the GC, as the frame offsets in these local varables would
// not be correct.
if (varDsc->lvIsParam && raIsVarargsStackArg(lclNum))
{
if (!varDsc->lvPromoted && !varDsc->lvIsStructField)
{
noway_assert(varDsc->lvRefCnt == 0 && !varDsc->lvRegister && !varDsc->lvOnFrame);
}
}
#endif
}
}