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<
// Licensed to the .NET Foundation under one or more agreements.
// The .NET Foundation licenses this file to you under the MIT license.
// See the LICENSE file in the project root for more information.
// =+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+=+
//
// DataflowBlock.cs
//
//
// Common functionality for ITargetBlock, ISourceBlock, and IPropagatorBlock.
//
// =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Diagnostics.CodeAnalysis;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;
using System.Threading.Tasks.Dataflow.Internal;
#if USE_INTERNAL_THREADING
using System.Threading.Tasks.Dataflow.Internal.Threading;
#endif
namespace System.Threading.Tasks.Dataflow
{
/// <summary>
/// Provides a set of static (Shared in Visual Basic) methods for working with dataflow blocks.
/// </summary>
public static class DataflowBlock
{
#region LinkTo
/// <summary>Links the <see cref="ISourceBlock{TOutput}"/> to the specified <see cref="ITargetBlock{TOutput}"/>.</summary>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to link.</param>
/// <param name="target">The <see cref="ITargetBlock{TOutput}"/> to which to connect the source.</param>
/// <returns>An IDisposable that, upon calling Dispose, will unlink the source from the target.</returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="target"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static IDisposable LinkTo<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source,
ITargetBlock<TOutput> target)
{
// Validate arguments
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
// This method exists purely to pass default DataflowLinkOptions
// to increase usability of the "90%" case.
return source.LinkTo(target, DataflowLinkOptions.Default);
}
/// <summary>Links the <see cref="ISourceBlock{TOutput}"/> to the specified <see cref="ITargetBlock{TOutput}"/> using the specified filter.</summary>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to link.</param>
/// <param name="target">The <see cref="ITargetBlock{TOutput}"/> to which to connect the source.</param>
/// <param name="predicate">The filter a message must pass in order for it to propagate from the source to the target.</param>
/// <returns>An IDisposable that, upon calling Dispose, will unlink the source from the target.</returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="target"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="predicate"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static IDisposable LinkTo<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source,
ITargetBlock<TOutput> target,
Predicate<TOutput> predicate)
{
// All argument validation handled by delegated method.
return LinkTo(source, target, DataflowLinkOptions.Default, predicate);
}
/// <summary>Links the <see cref="ISourceBlock{TOutput}"/> to the specified <see cref="ITargetBlock{TOutput}"/> using the specified filter.</summary>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to link.</param>
/// <param name="target">The <see cref="ITargetBlock{TOutput}"/> to which to connect the source.</param>
/// <param name="predicate">The filter a message must pass in order for it to propagate from the source to the target.</param>
/// <param name="linkOptions">The options to use to configure the link.</param>
/// <returns>An IDisposable that, upon calling Dispose, will unlink the source from the target.</returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="target"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="linkOptions"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="predicate"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static IDisposable LinkTo<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source,
ITargetBlock<TOutput> target,
DataflowLinkOptions linkOptions,
Predicate<TOutput> predicate)
{
// Validate arguments
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
if (linkOptions == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(linkOptions));
if (predicate == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(predicate));
// Create the filter, which links to the real target, and then
// link the real source to this intermediate filter.
var filter = new FilteredLinkPropagator<TOutput>(source, target, predicate);
return source.LinkTo(filter, linkOptions);
}
/// <summary>Provides a synchronous filter for use in filtered LinkTos.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T">Specifies the type of data being filtered.</typeparam>
[DebuggerDisplay("{DebuggerDisplayContent,nq}")]
[DebuggerTypeProxy(typeof(FilteredLinkPropagator<>.DebugView))]
private sealed class FilteredLinkPropagator<T> : IPropagatorBlock<T, T>, IDebuggerDisplay
{
/// <summary>The source connected with this filter.</summary>
private readonly ISourceBlock<T> _source;
/// <summary>The target with which this block is associated.</summary>
private readonly ITargetBlock<T> _target;
/// <summary>The predicate provided by the user.</summary>
private readonly Predicate<T> _userProvidedPredicate;
/// <summary>Initializes the filter passthrough.</summary>
/// <param name="source">The source connected to this filter.</param>
/// <param name="target">The target to which filtered messages should be passed.</param>
/// <param name="predicate">The predicate to run for each message.</param>
internal FilteredLinkPropagator(ISourceBlock<T> source, ITargetBlock<T> target, Predicate<T> predicate)
{
Debug.Assert(source != null, "Filtered link requires a source to filter on.");
Debug.Assert(target != null, "Filtered link requires a target to filter to.");
Debug.Assert(predicate != null, "Filtered link requires a predicate to filter with.");
// Store the arguments
_source = source;
_target = target;
_userProvidedPredicate = predicate;
}
/// <summary>Runs the user-provided predicate over an item in the correct execution context.</summary>
/// <param name="item">The item to evaluate.</param>
/// <returns>true if the item passed the filter; otherwise, false.</returns>
private bool RunPredicate(T item)
{
Debug.Assert(_userProvidedPredicate != null, "User-provided predicate is required.");
return _userProvidedPredicate(item);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Targets/Member[@name="OfferMessage"]/*' />
DataflowMessageStatus ITargetBlock<T>.OfferMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, T messageValue, ISourceBlock<T> source, bool consumeToAccept)
{
// Validate arguments. Some targets may have a null source, but FilteredLinkPropagator
// is an internal target that should only ever have source non-null.
if (!messageHeader.IsValid) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_InvalidMessageHeader, nameof(messageHeader));
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
// Run the filter.
bool passedFilter = RunPredicate(messageValue);
// If the predicate matched, pass the message along to the real target.
if (passedFilter)
{
return _target.OfferMessage(messageHeader, messageValue, this, consumeToAccept);
}
// Otherwise, decline.
else return DataflowMessageStatus.Declined;
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="ConsumeMessage"]/*' />
T ISourceBlock<T>.ConsumeMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<T> target, out bool messageConsumed)
{
// This message should have only made it to the target if it passes the filter, so we shouldn't need to check again.
// The real source will also be doing verifications, so we don't need to validate args here.
Debug.Assert(messageHeader.IsValid, "Only valid messages may be consumed.");
return _source.ConsumeMessage(messageHeader, this, out messageConsumed);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="ReserveMessage"]/*' />
bool ISourceBlock<T>.ReserveMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<T> target)
{
// This message should have only made it to the target if it passes the filter, so we shouldn't need to check again.
// The real source will also be doing verifications, so we don't need to validate args here.
Debug.Assert(messageHeader.IsValid, "Only valid messages may be consumed.");
return _source.ReserveMessage(messageHeader, this);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="ReleaseReservation"]/*' />
void ISourceBlock<T>.ReleaseReservation(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<T> target)
{
// This message should have only made it to the target if it passes the filter, so we shouldn't need to check again.
// The real source will also be doing verifications, so we don't need to validate args here.
Debug.Assert(messageHeader.IsValid, "Only valid messages may be consumed.");
_source.ReleaseReservation(messageHeader, this);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Completion"]/*' />
Task IDataflowBlock.Completion { get { return _source.Completion; } }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Complete"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Complete() { _target.Complete(); }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Fault"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Fault(Exception exception) { _target.Fault(exception); }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="LinkTo"]/*' />
IDisposable ISourceBlock<T>.LinkTo(ITargetBlock<T> target, DataflowLinkOptions linkOptions) { throw new NotSupportedException(SR.NotSupported_MemberNotNeeded); }
/// <summary>The data to display in the debugger display attribute.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Globalization", "CA1305:SpecifyIFormatProvider")]
private object DebuggerDisplayContent
{
get
{
var displaySource = _source as IDebuggerDisplay;
var displayTarget = _target as IDebuggerDisplay;
return string.Format("{0} Source=\"{1}\", Target=\"{2}\"",
Common.GetNameForDebugger(this),
displaySource != null ? displaySource.Content : _source,
displayTarget != null ? displayTarget.Content : _target);
}
}
/// <summary>Gets the data to display in the debugger display attribute for this instance.</summary>
object IDebuggerDisplay.Content { get { return DebuggerDisplayContent; } }
/// <summary>Provides a debugger type proxy for a filter.</summary>
private sealed class DebugView
{
/// <summary>The filter.</summary>
private readonly FilteredLinkPropagator<T> _filter;
/// <summary>Initializes the debug view.</summary>
/// <param name="filter">The filter to view.</param>
public DebugView(FilteredLinkPropagator<T> filter)
{
Debug.Assert(filter != null, "Need a filter with which to construct the debug view.");
_filter = filter;
}
/// <summary>The linked target for this filter.</summary>
public ITargetBlock<T> LinkedTarget { get { return _filter._target; } }
}
}
#endregion
#region Post and SendAsync
/// <summary>Posts an item to the <see cref="T:System.Threading.Tasks.Dataflow.ITargetBlock`1"/>.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TInput">Specifies the type of data accepted by the target block.</typeparam>
/// <param name="target">The target block.</param>
/// <param name="item">The item being offered to the target.</param>
/// <returns>true if the item was accepted by the target block; otherwise, false.</returns>
/// <remarks>
/// This method will return once the target block has decided to accept or decline the item,
/// but unless otherwise dictated by special semantics of the target block, it does not wait
/// for the item to actually be processed (for example, <see cref="T:System.Threading.Tasks.Dataflow.ActionBlock`1"/>
/// will return from Post as soon as it has stored the posted item into its input queue). From the perspective
/// of the block's processing, Post is asynchronous. For target blocks that support postponing offered messages,
/// or for blocks that may do more processing in their Post implementation, consider using
/// <see cref="T:System.Threading.Tasks.Dataflow.DataflowBlock.SendAsync">SendAsync</see>,
/// which will return immediately and will enable the target to postpone the posted message and later consume it
/// after SendAsync returns.
/// </remarks>
public static bool Post<TInput>(this ITargetBlock<TInput> target, TInput item)
{
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
return target.OfferMessage(Common.SingleMessageHeader, item, source: null, consumeToAccept: false) == DataflowMessageStatus.Accepted;
}
/// <summary>Asynchronously offers a message to the target message block, allowing for postponement.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TInput">Specifies the type of the data to post to the target.</typeparam>
/// <param name="target">The target to which to post the data.</param>
/// <param name="item">The item being offered to the target.</param>
/// <returns>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}"/> that represents the asynchronous send. If the target
/// accepts and consumes the offered element during the call to SendAsync, upon return
/// from the call the resulting <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}"/> will be completed and its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}.Result">Result</see>
/// property will return true. If the target declines the offered element during the call, upon return from the call the resulting <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}"/> will
/// be completed and its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}.Result">Result</see> property will return false. If the target
/// postpones the offered element, the element will be buffered until such time that the target consumes or releases it, at which
/// point the Task will complete, with its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}.Result"/> indicating whether the message was consumed. If the target
/// never attempts to consume or release the message, the returned task will never complete.
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="target"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static Task<bool> SendAsync<TInput>(this ITargetBlock<TInput> target, TInput item)
{
return SendAsync<TInput>(target, item, CancellationToken.None);
}
/// <summary>Asynchronously offers a message to the target message block, allowing for postponement.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TInput">Specifies the type of the data to post to the target.</typeparam>
/// <param name="target">The target to which to post the data.</param>
/// <param name="item">The item being offered to the target.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The cancellation token with which to request cancellation of the send operation.</param>
/// <returns>
/// <para>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}"/> that represents the asynchronous send. If the target
/// accepts and consumes the offered element during the call to SendAsync, upon return
/// from the call the resulting <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}"/> will be completed and its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}.Result">Result</see>
/// property will return true. If the target declines the offered element during the call, upon return from the call the resulting <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}"/> will
/// be completed and its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}.Result">Result</see> property will return false. If the target
/// postpones the offered element, the element will be buffered until such time that the target consumes or releases it, at which
/// point the Task will complete, with its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}.Result"/> indicating whether the message was consumed. If the target
/// never attempts to consume or release the message, the returned task will never complete.
/// </para>
/// <para>
/// If cancellation is requested before the target has successfully consumed the sent data,
/// the returned task will complete in the Canceled state and the data will no longer be available to the target.
/// </para>
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="target"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
public static Task<bool> SendAsync<TInput>(this ITargetBlock<TInput> target, TInput item, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
// Validate arguments. No validation necessary for item.
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
// Fast path check for cancellation
if (cancellationToken.IsCancellationRequested)
return Common.CreateTaskFromCancellation<Boolean>(cancellationToken);
SendAsyncSource<TInput> source;
// Fast path: try to offer the item synchronously. This first try is done
// without any form of cancellation, and thus consumeToAccept can be the better-performing "false".
try
{
switch (target.OfferMessage(Common.SingleMessageHeader, item, source: null, consumeToAccept: false))
{
// If the message is immediately accepted, return a cached completed task with a true result
case DataflowMessageStatus.Accepted:
return Common.CompletedTaskWithTrueResult;
// If the target is declining permanently, return a cached completed task with a false result
case DataflowMessageStatus.DecliningPermanently:
return Common.CompletedTaskWithFalseResult;
#if DEBUG
case DataflowMessageStatus.Postponed:
Debug.Assert(false, "A message should never be postponed when no source has been provided");
break;
case DataflowMessageStatus.NotAvailable:
Debug.Assert(false, "The message should never be missed, as it's offered to only this one target");
break;
#endif
}
// Slow path: the target did not accept the synchronous post, nor did it decline it.
// Create a source for the send, launch the offering, and return the representative task.
// This ctor attempts to register a cancellation notification which would throw if the
// underlying CTS has been disposed of. Therefore, keep it inside the try/catch block.
source = new SendAsyncSource<TInput>(target, item, cancellationToken);
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
// If the target throws from OfferMessage, return a faulted task
Common.StoreDataflowMessageValueIntoExceptionData(exc, item);
return Common.CreateTaskFromException<Boolean>(exc);
}
Debug.Assert(source != null, "The SendAsyncSource instance must have been constructed.");
source.OfferToTarget(); // synchronous to preserve message ordering
return source.Task;
}
/// <summary>
/// Provides a source used by SendAsync that will buffer a single message and signal when it's been accepted or declined.
/// </summary>
/// <remarks>This source must only be passed to a single target, and must only be used once.</remarks>
[DebuggerDisplay("{DebuggerDisplayContent,nq}")]
[DebuggerTypeProxy(typeof(SendAsyncSource<>.DebugView))]
private sealed class SendAsyncSource<TOutput> : TaskCompletionSource<bool>, ISourceBlock<TOutput>, IDebuggerDisplay
{
/// <summary>The target to offer to.</summary>
private readonly ITargetBlock<TOutput> _target;
/// <summary>The buffered message.</summary>
private readonly TOutput _messageValue;
/// <summary>CancellationToken used to cancel the send.</summary>
private CancellationToken _cancellationToken;
/// <summary>Registration with the cancellation token.</summary>
private CancellationTokenRegistration _cancellationRegistration;
/// <summary>The cancellation/completion state of the source.</summary>
private int _cancellationState; // one of the CANCELLATION_STATE_* constant values, defaulting to NONE
// Cancellation states:
// _cancellationState starts out as NONE, and will remain that way unless a CancellationToken
// is provided in the initial OfferToTarget call. As such, unless a token is provided,
// all synchronization related to cancellation will be avoided. Once a token is provided,
// the state transitions to REGISTERED. If cancellation then is requested or if the target
// calls back to consume the message, the state will transition to COMPLETING prior to
// actually committing the action; if it can't transition to COMPLETING, then the action doesn't
// take effect (e.g. if cancellation raced with the target consuming, such that the cancellation
// action was able to transition to COMPLETING but the consumption wasn't, then ConsumeMessage
// would return false indicating that the message could not be consumed). The only additional
// complication here is around reservations. If a target reserves a message, _cancellationState
// transitions to RESERVED. A subsequent ConsumeMessage call can successfully transition from
// RESERVED to COMPLETING, but cancellation can't; cancellation can only transition from REGISTERED
// to COMPLETING. If the reservation on the message is instead released, _cancellationState
// will transition back to REGISTERED.
/// <summary>No cancellation registration is used.</summary>
private const int CANCELLATION_STATE_NONE = 0;
/// <summary>A cancellation token has been registered.</summary>
private const int CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED = 1;
/// <summary>The message has been reserved. Only used if a cancellation token is in play.</summary>
private const int CANCELLATION_STATE_RESERVED = 2;
/// <summary>Completion is now in progress. Only used if a cancellation token is in play.</summary>
private const int CANCELLATION_STATE_COMPLETING = 3;
/// <summary>Initializes the source.</summary>
/// <param name="target">The target to offer to.</param>
/// <param name="messageValue">The message to offer and buffer.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The cancellation token with which to cancel the send.</param>
internal SendAsyncSource(ITargetBlock<TOutput> target, TOutput messageValue, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
Debug.Assert(target != null, "A valid target to send to is required.");
_target = target;
_messageValue = messageValue;
// If a cancelable CancellationToken is used, update our cancellation state
// and register with the token. Only if CanBeCanceled is true due we want
// to pay the subsequent costs around synchronization between cancellation
// requests and the target coming back to consume the message.
if (cancellationToken.CanBeCanceled)
{
_cancellationToken = cancellationToken;
_cancellationState = CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED;
try
{
_cancellationRegistration = cancellationToken.Register(
_cancellationCallback, new WeakReference<SendAsyncSource<TOutput>>(this));
}
catch
{
// Suppress finalization. Finalization is only required if the target drops a reference
// to the source before the source has completed, and we'll never offer to the target.
GC.SuppressFinalize(this);
// Propagate the exception
throw;
}
}
}
/// <summary>Finalizer that completes the returned task if all references to this source are dropped.</summary>
~SendAsyncSource()
{
// CompleteAsDeclined uses synchronization, which is dangerous for a finalizer
// during shutdown or appdomain unload.
if (!Environment.HasShutdownStarted)
{
CompleteAsDeclined(runAsync: true);
}
}
/// <summary>Completes the source in an "Accepted" state.</summary>
/// <param name="runAsync">true to accept asynchronously; false to accept synchronously.</param>
private void CompleteAsAccepted(bool runAsync)
{
RunCompletionAction(state =>
{
try { ((SendAsyncSource<TOutput>)state).TrySetResult(true); }
catch (ObjectDisposedException) { }
}, this, runAsync);
}
/// <summary>Completes the source in an "Declined" state.</summary>
/// <param name="runAsync">true to decline asynchronously; false to decline synchronously.</param>
private void CompleteAsDeclined(bool runAsync)
{
RunCompletionAction(state =>
{
// The try/catch for ObjectDisposedException handles the case where the
// user disposes of the returned task before we're done with it.
try { ((SendAsyncSource<TOutput>)state).TrySetResult(false); }
catch (ObjectDisposedException) { }
}, this, runAsync);
}
/// <summary>Completes the source in faulted state.</summary>
/// <param name="exception">The exception with which to fault.</param>
/// <param name="runAsync">true to fault asynchronously; false to fault synchronously.</param>
private void CompleteAsFaulted(Exception exception, bool runAsync)
{
RunCompletionAction(state =>
{
var tuple = (Tuple<SendAsyncSource<TOutput>, Exception>)state;
try { tuple.Item1.TrySetException(tuple.Item2); }
catch (ObjectDisposedException) { }
}, Tuple.Create<SendAsyncSource<TOutput>, Exception>(this, exception), runAsync);
}
/// <summary>Completes the source in canceled state.</summary>
/// <param name="runAsync">true to fault asynchronously; false to fault synchronously.</param>
private void CompleteAsCanceled(bool runAsync)
{
RunCompletionAction(state =>
{
try { ((SendAsyncSource<TOutput>)state).TrySetCanceled(); }
catch (ObjectDisposedException) { }
}, this, runAsync);
}
/// <summary>Executes a completion action.</summary>
/// <param name="completionAction">The action to execute, passed the state.</param>
/// <param name="completionActionState">The state to pass into the delegate.</param>
/// <param name="runAsync">true to execute the action asynchronously; false to execute it synchronously.</param>
/// <remarks>
/// async should be true if this is being called on a path that has the target on the stack, e.g.
/// the target is calling to ConsumeMessage. We don't want to block the target indefinitely
/// with any synchronous continuations off of the returned send async task.
/// </remarks>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Usage", "CA1816:CallGCSuppressFinalizeCorrectly")]
private void RunCompletionAction(Action<object> completionAction, object completionActionState, bool runAsync)
{
Debug.Assert(completionAction != null, "Completion action to run is required.");
// Suppress finalization. Finalization is only required if the target drops a reference
// to the source before the source has completed, and here we're completing the source.
GC.SuppressFinalize(this);
// Dispose of the cancellation registration if there is one
if (_cancellationState != CANCELLATION_STATE_NONE)
{
Debug.Assert(_cancellationRegistration != default(CancellationTokenRegistration),
"If we're not in NONE, we must have a cancellation token we've registered with.");
_cancellationRegistration.Dispose();
}
// If we're meant to run asynchronously, launch a task.
if (runAsync)
{
System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Factory.StartNew(
completionAction, completionActionState,
CancellationToken.None, Common.GetCreationOptionsForTask(), TaskScheduler.Default);
}
// Otherwise, execute directly.
else
{
completionAction(completionActionState);
}
}
/// <summary>Offers the message to the target asynchronously.</summary>
private void OfferToTargetAsync()
{
System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Factory.StartNew(
state => ((SendAsyncSource<TOutput>)state).OfferToTarget(), this,
CancellationToken.None, Common.GetCreationOptionsForTask(), TaskScheduler.Default);
}
/// <summary>Cached delegate used to cancel a send in response to a cancellation request.</summary>
private static readonly Action<object> _cancellationCallback = CancellationHandler;
/// <summary>Attempts to cancel the source passed as state in response to a cancellation request.</summary>
/// <param name="state">
/// A weak reference to the SendAsyncSource. A weak reference is used to prevent the source
/// from being rooted in a long-lived token.
/// </param>
private static void CancellationHandler(object state)
{
SendAsyncSource<TOutput> source = Common.UnwrapWeakReference<SendAsyncSource<TOutput>>(state);
if (source != null)
{
Debug.Assert(source._cancellationState != CANCELLATION_STATE_NONE,
"If cancellation is in play, we must have already moved out of the NONE state.");
// Try to reserve completion, and if we can, complete as canceled. Note that we can only
// achieve cancellation when in the REGISTERED state, and not when in the RESERVED state,
// as if a target has reserved the message, we must allow the message to be consumed successfully.
if (source._cancellationState == CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED && // fast check to avoid the interlocked if we can
Interlocked.CompareExchange(ref source._cancellationState, CANCELLATION_STATE_COMPLETING, CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED) == CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED)
{
// We've reserved completion, so proceed to cancel the task.
source.CompleteAsCanceled(true);
}
}
}
/// <summary>Offers the message to the target synchronously.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
internal void OfferToTarget()
{
try
{
// Offer the message to the target. If there's no cancellation in play, we can just allow the target
// to accept the message directly. But if a CancellationToken is in use, the target needs to come
// back to us to get the data; that way, we can ensure we don't race between returning a canceled task but
// successfully completing the send.
bool consumeToAccept = _cancellationState != CANCELLATION_STATE_NONE;
switch (_target.OfferMessage(
Common.SingleMessageHeader, _messageValue, this, consumeToAccept: consumeToAccept))
{
// If the message is immediately accepted, complete the task as accepted
case DataflowMessageStatus.Accepted:
if (!consumeToAccept)
{
// Cancellation wasn't in use, and the target accepted the message directly,
// so complete the task as accepted.
CompleteAsAccepted(runAsync: false);
}
else
{
// If cancellation is in use, then since the target accepted,
// our state better reflect that we're completing.
Debug.Assert(_cancellationState == CANCELLATION_STATE_COMPLETING,
"The message was accepted, so we should have started completion.");
}
break;
// If the message is immediately declined, complete the task as declined
case DataflowMessageStatus.Declined:
case DataflowMessageStatus.DecliningPermanently:
CompleteAsDeclined(runAsync: false);
break;
#if DEBUG
case DataflowMessageStatus.NotAvailable:
Debug.Assert(false, "The message should never be missed, as it's offered to only this one target");
break;
// If the message was postponed, the source may or may not be complete yet. Nothing to validate.
// Treat an improper DataflowMessageStatus as postponed and do nothing.
#endif
}
}
// A faulty target might throw from OfferMessage. If that happens,
// we'll try to fault the returned task. A really faulty target might
// both throw from OfferMessage and call ConsumeMessage,
// in which case it's possible we might not be able to propagate the exception
// out to the caller through the task if ConsumeMessage wins the race,
// which is likely if the exception doesn't occur until after ConsumeMessage is
// called. If that happens, we just eat the exception.
catch (Exception exc)
{
Common.StoreDataflowMessageValueIntoExceptionData(exc, _messageValue);
CompleteAsFaulted(exc, runAsync: false);
}
}
/// <summary>Called by the target to consume the buffered message.</summary>
TOutput ISourceBlock<TOutput>.ConsumeMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<TOutput> target, out bool messageConsumed)
{
// Validate arguments
if (!messageHeader.IsValid) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_InvalidMessageHeader, nameof(messageHeader));
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
// If the task has already completed, there's nothing to consume. This could happen if
// cancellation was already requested and completed the task as a result.
if (Task.IsCompleted)
{
messageConsumed = false;
return default(TOutput);
}
// If the message being asked for is not the same as the one that's buffered,
// something is wrong. Complete as having failed to transfer the message.
bool validMessage = (messageHeader.Id == Common.SINGLE_MESSAGE_ID);
if (validMessage)
{
int curState = _cancellationState;
Debug.Assert(
curState == CANCELLATION_STATE_NONE || curState == CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED ||
curState == CANCELLATION_STATE_RESERVED || curState == CANCELLATION_STATE_COMPLETING,
"The current cancellation state is not valid.");
// If we're not dealing with cancellation, then if we're currently registered or reserved, try to transition
// to completing. If we're able to, allow the message to be consumed, and we're done. At this point, we
// support transitioning out of REGISTERED or RESERVED.
if (curState == CANCELLATION_STATE_NONE || // no synchronization necessary if there's no cancellation
(curState != CANCELLATION_STATE_COMPLETING && // fast check to avoid unnecessary synchronization
Interlocked.CompareExchange(ref _cancellationState, CANCELLATION_STATE_COMPLETING, curState) == curState))
{
CompleteAsAccepted(runAsync: true);
messageConsumed = true;
return _messageValue;
}
}
// Consumption failed
messageConsumed = false;
return default(TOutput);
}
/// <summary>Called by the target to reserve the buffered message.</summary>
bool ISourceBlock<TOutput>.ReserveMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<TOutput> target)
{
// Validate arguments
if (!messageHeader.IsValid) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_InvalidMessageHeader, nameof(messageHeader));
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
// If the task has already completed, such as due to cancellation, there's nothing to reserve.
if (Task.IsCompleted) return false;
// As long as the message is the one being requested and cancellation hasn't been requested, allow it to be reserved.
bool reservable = (messageHeader.Id == Common.SINGLE_MESSAGE_ID);
return reservable &&
(_cancellationState == CANCELLATION_STATE_NONE || // avoid synchronization when cancellation is not in play
Interlocked.CompareExchange(ref _cancellationState, CANCELLATION_STATE_RESERVED, CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED) == CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED);
}
/// <summary>Called by the target to release a reservation on the buffered message.</summary>
void ISourceBlock<TOutput>.ReleaseReservation(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<TOutput> target)
{
// Validate arguments
if (!messageHeader.IsValid) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_InvalidMessageHeader, nameof(messageHeader));
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
// If this is not the message we posted, bail
if (messageHeader.Id != Common.SINGLE_MESSAGE_ID)
throw new InvalidOperationException(SR.InvalidOperation_MessageNotReservedByTarget);
// If the task has already completed, there's nothing to release.
if (Task.IsCompleted) return;
// If a cancellation token is being used, revert our state back to registered. In the meantime
// cancellation could have been requested, so check to see now if cancellation was requested
// and process it if it was.
if (_cancellationState != CANCELLATION_STATE_NONE)
{
if (Interlocked.CompareExchange(ref _cancellationState, CANCELLATION_STATE_REGISTERED, CANCELLATION_STATE_RESERVED) != CANCELLATION_STATE_RESERVED)
throw new InvalidOperationException(SR.InvalidOperation_MessageNotReservedByTarget);
if (_cancellationToken.IsCancellationRequested)
CancellationHandler(new WeakReference<SendAsyncSource<TOutput>>(this)); // same code as registered with the CancellationToken
}
// Start the process over by reoffering the message asynchronously.
OfferToTargetAsync();
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Completion"]/*' />
Task IDataflowBlock.Completion { get { return Task; } }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="LinkTo"]/*' />
IDisposable ISourceBlock<TOutput>.LinkTo(ITargetBlock<TOutput> target, DataflowLinkOptions linkOptions) { throw new NotSupportedException(SR.NotSupported_MemberNotNeeded); }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Complete"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Complete() { throw new NotSupportedException(SR.NotSupported_MemberNotNeeded); }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Fault"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Fault(Exception exception) { throw new NotSupportedException(SR.NotSupported_MemberNotNeeded); }
/// <summary>The data to display in the debugger display attribute.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Globalization", "CA1305:SpecifyIFormatProvider")]
private object DebuggerDisplayContent
{
get
{
var displayTarget = _target as IDebuggerDisplay;
return string.Format("{0} Message={1}, Target=\"{2}\"",
Common.GetNameForDebugger(this),
_messageValue,
displayTarget != null ? displayTarget.Content : _target);
}
}
/// <summary>Gets the data to display in the debugger display attribute for this instance.</summary>
object IDebuggerDisplay.Content { get { return DebuggerDisplayContent; } }
/// <summary>Provides a debugger type proxy for the source.</summary>
private sealed class DebugView
{
/// <summary>The source.</summary>
private readonly SendAsyncSource<TOutput> _source;
/// <summary>Initializes the debug view.</summary>
/// <param name="source">The source to view.</param>
public DebugView(SendAsyncSource<TOutput> source)
{
Debug.Assert(source != null, "Need a source with which to construct the debug view.");
_source = source;
}
/// <summary>The target to which we're linked.</summary>
public ITargetBlock<TOutput> Target { get { return _source._target; } }
/// <summary>The message buffered by the source.</summary>
public TOutput Message { get { return _source._messageValue; } }
/// <summary>The Task represented the posting of the message.</summary>
public Task<bool> Completion { get { return _source.Task; } }
}
}
#endregion
#region TryReceive, ReceiveAsync, and Receive
#region TryReceive
/// <summary>
/// Attempts to synchronously receive an item from the <see cref="T:System.Threading.Tasks.Dataflow.ISourceBlock`1"/>.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to receive.</param>
/// <param name="item">The item received from the source.</param>
/// <returns>true if an item could be received; otherwise, false.</returns>
/// <remarks>
/// This method does not wait until the source has an item to provide.
/// It will return whether or not an element was available.
/// </remarks>
public static bool TryReceive<TOutput>(this IReceivableSourceBlock<TOutput> source, out TOutput item)
{
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
return source.TryReceive(null, out item);
}
#endregion
#region ReceiveAsync
/// <summary>Asynchronously receives a value from the specified source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to asynchronously receive.</param>
/// <returns>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TOutput}"/> that represents the asynchronous receive operation. When an item is successfully received from the source,
/// the returned task will be completed and its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TOutput}.Result">Result</see> will return the received item. If an item cannot be retrieved,
/// because the source is empty and completed, the returned task will be canceled.
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static Task<TOutput> ReceiveAsync<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source)
{
// Argument validation handled by target method
return ReceiveAsync(source, Common.InfiniteTimeSpan, CancellationToken.None);
}
/// <summary>Asynchronously receives a value from the specified source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to asynchronously receive.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The <see cref="System.Threading.CancellationToken"/> which may be used to cancel the receive operation.</param>
/// <returns>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TOutput}"/> that represents the asynchronous receive operation. When an item is successfully received from the source,
/// the returned task will be completed and its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TOutput}.Result">Result</see> will return the received item. If an item cannot be retrieved,
/// either because cancellation is requested or the source is empty and completed, the returned task will be canceled.
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static Task<TOutput> ReceiveAsync<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
// Argument validation handled by target method
return ReceiveAsync(source, Common.InfiniteTimeSpan, cancellationToken);
}
/// <summary>Asynchronously receives a value from the specified source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to asynchronously receive.</param>
/// <param name="timeout">A <see cref="System.TimeSpan"/> that represents the number of milliseconds to wait, or a TimeSpan that represents -1 milliseconds to wait indefinitely.</param>
/// <returns>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TOutput}"/> that represents the asynchronous receive operation. When an item is successfully received from the source,
/// the returned task will be completed and its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TOutput}.Result">Result</see> will return the received item. If an item cannot be retrieved,
/// either because the timeout expires or the source is empty and completed, the returned task will be canceled.
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
/// timeout is a negative number other than -1 milliseconds, which represents an infinite time-out -or- timeout is greater than <see cref="System.Int32.MaxValue"/>.
/// </exception>
public static Task<TOutput> ReceiveAsync<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, TimeSpan timeout)
{
// Argument validation handled by target method
return ReceiveAsync(source, timeout, CancellationToken.None);
}
/// <summary>Asynchronously receives a value from the specified source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to asynchronously receive.</param>
/// <param name="timeout">A <see cref="System.TimeSpan"/> that represents the number of milliseconds to wait, or a TimeSpan that represents -1 milliseconds to wait indefinitely.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The <see cref="System.Threading.CancellationToken"/> which may be used to cancel the receive operation.</param>
/// <returns>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TOutput}"/> that represents the asynchronous receive operation. When an item is successfully received from the source,
/// the returned task will be completed and its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TOutput}.Result">Result</see> will return the received item. If an item cannot be retrieved,
/// either because the timeout expires, cancellation is requested, or the source is empty and completed, the returned task will be canceled.
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
/// timeout is a negative number other than -1 milliseconds, which represents an infinite time-out -or- timeout is greater than <see cref="System.Int32.MaxValue"/>.
/// </exception>
public static Task<TOutput> ReceiveAsync<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, TimeSpan timeout, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
// Validate arguments
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
if (!Common.IsValidTimeout(timeout)) throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(nameof(timeout), SR.ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegOrNegative1);
// Return the task representing the core receive operation
return ReceiveCore(source, true, timeout, cancellationToken);
}
#endregion
#region Receive
/// <summary>Synchronously receives an item from the source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to receive.</param>
/// <returns>The received item.</returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.InvalidOperationException">No item could be received from the source.</exception>
public static TOutput Receive<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source)
{
// Argument validation handled by target method
return Receive(source, Common.InfiniteTimeSpan, CancellationToken.None);
}
/// <summary>Synchronously receives an item from the source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to receive.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The <see cref="System.Threading.CancellationToken"/> which may be used to cancel the receive operation.</param>
/// <returns>The received item.</returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.InvalidOperationException">No item could be received from the source.</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.OperationCanceledException">The operation was canceled before an item was received from the source.</exception>
/// <remarks>
/// If the source successfully offered an item that was received by this operation, it will be returned, even if a concurrent cancellation request occurs.
/// </remarks>
public static TOutput Receive<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
// Argument validation handled by target method
return Receive(source, Common.InfiniteTimeSpan, cancellationToken);
}
/// <summary>Synchronously receives an item from the source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to receive.</param>
/// <param name="timeout">A <see cref="System.TimeSpan"/> that represents the number of milliseconds to wait, or a TimeSpan that represents -1 milliseconds to wait indefinitely.</param>
/// <returns>The received item.</returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
/// timeout is a negative number other than -1 milliseconds, which represents an infinite time-out -or- timeout is greater than <see cref="System.Int32.MaxValue"/>.
/// </exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.InvalidOperationException">No item could be received from the source.</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.TimeoutException">The specified timeout expired before an item was received from the source.</exception>
/// <remarks>
/// If the source successfully offered an item that was received by this operation, it will be returned, even if a concurrent timeout occurs.
/// </remarks>
public static TOutput Receive<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, TimeSpan timeout)
{
// Argument validation handled by target method
return Receive(source, timeout, CancellationToken.None);
}
/// <summary>Synchronously receives an item from the source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to receive.</param>
/// <param name="timeout">A <see cref="System.TimeSpan"/> that represents the number of milliseconds to wait, or a TimeSpan that represents -1 milliseconds to wait indefinitely.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The <see cref="System.Threading.CancellationToken"/> which may be used to cancel the receive operation.</param>
/// <returns>The received item.</returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentOutOfRangeException">
/// timeout is a negative number other than -1 milliseconds, which represents an infinite time-out -or- timeout is greater than <see cref="System.Int32.MaxValue"/>.
/// </exception>
/// <exception cref="System.InvalidOperationException">No item could be received from the source.</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.TimeoutException">The specified timeout expired before an item was received from the source.</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.OperationCanceledException">The operation was canceled before an item was received from the source.</exception>
/// <remarks>
/// If the source successfully offered an item that was received by this operation, it will be returned, even if a concurrent timeout or cancellation request occurs.
/// </remarks>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Usage", "CA2200:RethrowToPreserveStackDetails")]
public static TOutput Receive<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, TimeSpan timeout, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
// Validate arguments
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
if (!Common.IsValidTimeout(timeout)) throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(nameof(timeout), SR.ArgumentOutOfRange_NeedNonNegOrNegative1);
// Do fast path checks for both cancellation and data already existing.
cancellationToken.ThrowIfCancellationRequested();
TOutput fastCheckedItem;
var receivableSource = source as IReceivableSourceBlock<TOutput>;
if (receivableSource != null && receivableSource.TryReceive(null, out fastCheckedItem))
{
return fastCheckedItem;
}
// Get a TCS to represent the receive operation and wait for it to complete.
// If it completes successfully, return the result. Otherwise, throw the
// original inner exception representing the cause. This could be an OCE.
Task<TOutput> task = ReceiveCore(source, false, timeout, cancellationToken);
try
{
return task.GetAwaiter().GetResult(); // block until the result is available
}
catch
{
// Special case cancellation in order to ensure the exception contains the token.
// The public TrySetCanceled, used by ReceiveCore, is parameterless and doesn't
// accept the token to use. Thus the exception that we're catching here
// won't contain the cancellation token we want propagated.
if (task.IsCanceled) cancellationToken.ThrowIfCancellationRequested();
// If we get here, propagate the original exception.
throw;
}
}
#endregion
#region Shared by Receive and ReceiveAsync
/// <summary>Receives an item from the source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to receive.</param>
/// <param name="attemptTryReceive">Whether to first attempt using TryReceive to get a value from the source.</param>
/// <param name="timeout">A <see cref="System.TimeSpan"/> that represents the number of milliseconds to wait, or a TimeSpan that represents -1 milliseconds to wait indefinitely.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The <see cref="System.Threading.CancellationToken"/> which may be used to cancel the receive operation.</param>
/// <returns>A Task for the receive operation.</returns>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
private static Task<TOutput> ReceiveCore<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, bool attemptTryReceive, TimeSpan timeout, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
Debug.Assert(source != null, "Need a source from which to receive.");
// If cancellation has been requested, we're done before we've even started, cancel this receive.
if (cancellationToken.IsCancellationRequested)
{
return Common.CreateTaskFromCancellation<TOutput>(cancellationToken);
}
if (attemptTryReceive)
{
// If we're able to directly and immediately receive an item, use that item to complete the receive.
var receivableSource = source as IReceivableSourceBlock<TOutput>;
if (receivableSource != null)
{
try
{
TOutput fastCheckedItem;
if (receivableSource.TryReceive(null, out fastCheckedItem))
{
return Task.FromResult<TOutput>(fastCheckedItem);
}
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
return Common.CreateTaskFromException<TOutput>(exc);
}
}
}
int millisecondsTimeout = (int)timeout.TotalMilliseconds;
if (millisecondsTimeout == 0)
{
return Common.CreateTaskFromException<TOutput>(ReceiveTarget<TOutput>.CreateExceptionForTimeout());
}
return ReceiveCoreByLinking<TOutput>(source, millisecondsTimeout, cancellationToken);
}
/// <summary>The reason for a ReceiveCoreByLinking call failing.</summary>
private enum ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason
{
/// <summary>The Receive operation completed successfully, obtaining a value from the source.</summary>
Success = 0,
/// <summary>The timer expired before a value could be received.</summary>
Timer = 1,
/// <summary>The cancellation token had cancellation requested before a value could be received.</summary>
Cancellation = 2,
/// <summary>The source completed before a value could be received.</summary>
SourceCompletion = 3,
/// <summary>An error occurred while linking up the target.</summary>
SourceProtocolError = 4,
/// <summary>An error during cleanup after completion for another reason.</summary>
ErrorDuringCleanup = 5
}
/// <summary>Cancels a CancellationTokenSource passed as the object state argument.</summary>
private static readonly Action<object> _cancelCts = state => ((CancellationTokenSource)state).Cancel();
/// <summary>Receives an item from the source by linking a temporary target from it.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to receive.</param>
/// <param name="millisecondsTimeout">The number of milliseconds to wait, or -1 to wait indefinitely.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The <see cref="System.Threading.CancellationToken"/> which may be used to cancel the receive operation.</param>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
private static Task<TOutput> ReceiveCoreByLinking<TOutput>(ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, int millisecondsTimeout, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
// Create a target to link from the source
var target = new ReceiveTarget<TOutput>();
// Keep cancellation registrations inside the try/catch in case the underlying CTS is disposed in which case an exception is thrown
try
{
// Create a cancellation token that will be canceled when either the provided token
// is canceled or the source block completes.
if (cancellationToken.CanBeCanceled)
{
target._externalCancellationToken = cancellationToken;
target._regFromExternalCancellationToken = cancellationToken.Register(_cancelCts, target._cts);
}
// We need to cleanup if one of a few things happens:
// - The target completes successfully due to receiving data.
// - The user-specified timeout occurs, such that we should bail on the receive.
// - The cancellation token has cancellation requested, such that we should bail on the receive.
// - The source completes, since it won't send any more data.
// Note that there's a potential race here, in that the cleanup delegate could be executed
// from the timer before the timer variable is set, but that's ok, because then timer variable
// will just show up as null in the cleanup and there will be nothing to dispose (nor will anything
// need to be disposed, since it's the timer that fired. Timer.Dispose is also thread-safe to be
// called multiple times concurrently.)
if (millisecondsTimeout > 0)
{
target._timer = new Timer(
ReceiveTarget<TOutput>.CachedLinkingTimerCallback, target,
millisecondsTimeout, Timeout.Infinite);
}
if (target._cts.Token.CanBeCanceled)
{
target._cts.Token.Register(
ReceiveTarget<TOutput>.CachedLinkingCancellationCallback, target); // we don't have to cleanup this registration, as this cts is short-lived
}
// Link the target to the source
IDisposable unlink = source.LinkTo(target, DataflowLinkOptions.UnlinkAfterOneAndPropagateCompletion);
target._unlink = unlink;
// If completion has started, there is a chance it started after we linked.
// In that case, we must dispose of the unlinker.
// If completion started before we linked, the cleanup code will try to unlink.
// So we are racing to dispose of the unlinker.
if (Volatile.Read(ref target._cleanupReserved))
{
IDisposable disposableUnlink = Interlocked.CompareExchange(ref target._unlink, null, unlink);
if (disposableUnlink != null) disposableUnlink.Dispose();
}
}
catch (Exception exception)
{
target._receivedException = exception;
target.TryCleanupAndComplete(ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceProtocolError);
// If we lose the race here, we may end up eating this exception.
}
return target.Task;
}
/// <summary>Provides a TaskCompletionSource that is also a dataflow target for use in ReceiveCore.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T">Specifies the type of data offered to the target.</typeparam>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1001:TypesThatOwnDisposableFieldsShouldBeDisposable")]
[DebuggerDisplay("{DebuggerDisplayContent,nq}")]
private sealed class ReceiveTarget<T> : TaskCompletionSource<T>, ITargetBlock<T>, IDebuggerDisplay
{
/// <summary>Cached delegate used in ReceiveCoreByLinking on the created timer. Passed the ReceiveTarget as the argument.</summary>
/// <remarks>The C# compiler will not cache this delegate by default due to it being a generic method on a non-generic class.</remarks>
internal static readonly TimerCallback CachedLinkingTimerCallback = state =>
{
var receiveTarget = (ReceiveTarget<T>)state;
receiveTarget.TryCleanupAndComplete(ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Timer);
};
/// <summary>Cached delegate used in ReceiveCoreByLinking on the cancellation token. Passed the ReceiveTarget as the state argument.</summary>
/// <remarks>The C# compiler will not cache this delegate by default due to it being a generic method on a non-generic class.</remarks>
internal static readonly Action<object> CachedLinkingCancellationCallback = state =>
{
var receiveTarget = (ReceiveTarget<T>)state;
receiveTarget.TryCleanupAndComplete(ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Cancellation);
};
/// <summary>The received value if we accepted a value from the source.</summary>
private T _receivedValue;
/// <summary>The cancellation token source representing both external and internal cancellation.</summary>
internal readonly CancellationTokenSource _cts = new CancellationTokenSource();
/// <summary>Indicates a code path is already on route to complete the target. 0 is false, 1 is true.</summary>
internal bool _cleanupReserved; // must only be accessed under IncomingLock
/// <summary>The external token that cancels the internal token.</summary>
internal CancellationToken _externalCancellationToken;
/// <summary>The registration on the external token that cancels the internal token.</summary>
internal CancellationTokenRegistration _regFromExternalCancellationToken;
/// <summary>The timer that fires when the timeout has been exceeded.</summary>
internal Timer _timer;
/// <summary>The unlinker from removing this target from the source from which we're receiving.</summary>
internal IDisposable _unlink;
/// <summary>The received exception if an error occurred.</summary>
internal Exception _receivedException;
/// <summary>Gets the sync obj used to synchronize all activity on this target.</summary>
internal object IncomingLock { get { return _cts; } }
/// <summary>Initializes the target.</summary>
internal ReceiveTarget() { }
/// <summary>Offers a message to be used to complete the TaskCompletionSource.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
DataflowMessageStatus ITargetBlock<T>.OfferMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, T messageValue, ISourceBlock<T> source, bool consumeToAccept)
{
// Validate arguments
if (!messageHeader.IsValid) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_InvalidMessageHeader, nameof(messageHeader));
if (source == null && consumeToAccept) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_CantConsumeFromANullSource, nameof(consumeToAccept));
DataflowMessageStatus status = DataflowMessageStatus.NotAvailable;
// If we're already one our way to being done, don't accept anything.
// This is a fast-path check prior to taking the incoming lock;
// _cleanupReserved only ever goes from false to true.
if (Volatile.Read(ref _cleanupReserved)) return DataflowMessageStatus.DecliningPermanently;
lock (IncomingLock)
{
// Check again now that we've taken the lock
if (_cleanupReserved) return DataflowMessageStatus.DecliningPermanently;
try
{
// Accept the message if possible and complete this task with the message's value.
bool consumed = true;
T acceptedValue = consumeToAccept ? source.ConsumeMessage(messageHeader, this, out consumed) : messageValue;
if (consumed)
{
status = DataflowMessageStatus.Accepted;
_receivedValue = acceptedValue;
_cleanupReserved = true;
}
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
// An error occurred. Take ourselves out of the game.
status = DataflowMessageStatus.DecliningPermanently;
Common.StoreDataflowMessageValueIntoExceptionData(exc, messageValue);
_receivedException = exc;
_cleanupReserved = true;
}
}
// Do any cleanup outside of the lock. The right to cleanup was reserved above for these cases.
if (status == DataflowMessageStatus.Accepted)
{
CleanupAndComplete(ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Success);
}
else if (status == DataflowMessageStatus.DecliningPermanently) // should only be the case if an error occurred
{
CleanupAndComplete(ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceProtocolError);
}
return status;
}
/// <summary>
/// Attempts to reserve the right to cleanup and complete, and if successfully,
/// continues to cleanup and complete.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="reason">The reason we're completing and cleaning up.</param>
/// <returns>true if successful in completing; otherwise, false.</returns>
internal bool TryCleanupAndComplete(ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason reason)
{
// If cleanup was already reserved, bail.
if (Volatile.Read(ref _cleanupReserved)) return false;
// Atomically using IncomingLock try to reserve the completion routine.
lock (IncomingLock)
{
if (_cleanupReserved) return false;
_cleanupReserved = true;
}
// We've reserved cleanup and completion, so do it.
CleanupAndComplete(reason);
return true;
}
/// <summary>Cleans up the target for completion.</summary>
/// <param name="reason">The reason we're completing and cleaning up.</param>
/// <remarks>This method must only be called once on this instance.</remarks>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Usage", "CA2201:DoNotRaiseReservedExceptionTypes")]
private void CleanupAndComplete(ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason reason)
{
Common.ContractAssertMonitorStatus(IncomingLock, held: false);
Debug.Assert(Volatile.Read(ref _cleanupReserved), "Should only be called once by whomever reserved the right.");
// Unlink from the source. If we're cleaning up because the source
// completed, this is unnecessary, as the source should have already
// emptied out its target registry, or at least be in the process of doing so.
// We are racing with the linking code - only one can dispose of the unlinker.
IDisposable unlink = _unlink;
if (reason != ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceCompletion && unlink != null)
{
IDisposable disposableUnlink = Interlocked.CompareExchange(ref _unlink, null, unlink);
if (disposableUnlink != null)
{
// If an error occurs, fault the target and override the reason to
// continue executing, i.e. do the remaining cleanup without completing
// the target the way we originally intended to.
try
{
disposableUnlink.Dispose(); // must not be holding IncomingLock, or could deadlock
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
_receivedException = exc;
reason = ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceProtocolError;
}
}
}
// Cleanup the timer. (Even if we're here because of the timer firing, we still
// want to aggressively dispose of the timer.)
if (_timer != null) _timer.Dispose();
// Cancel the token everyone is listening to. We also want to unlink
// from the user-provided cancellation token to prevent a leak.
// We do *not* dispose of the cts itself here, as there could be a race
// with the code registering this cleanup delegate with cts; not disposing
// is ok, though, because there's no resources created by the CTS
// that needs to be cleaned up since we're not using the wait handle.
// This is also why we don't use CreateLinkedTokenSource, as that combines
// both disposing of the token source and disposal of the connection link
// into a single dispose operation.
// if we're here because of cancellation, no need to cancel again
if (reason != ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Cancellation)
{
// if the source complete without receiving a value, we check the cancellation one more time
if (reason == ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceCompletion &&
(_externalCancellationToken.IsCancellationRequested || _cts.IsCancellationRequested))
{
reason = ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Cancellation;
}
_cts.Cancel();
}
_regFromExternalCancellationToken.Dispose();
// No need to dispose of the cts, either, as we're not accessing its WaitHandle
// nor was it created as a linked token source. Disposing it could also be dangerous
// if other code tries to access it after we dispose of it... best to leave it available.
// Complete the task based on the reason
switch (reason)
{
// Task final state: RanToCompletion
case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Success:
System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Factory.StartNew(state =>
{
// Complete with the received value
var target = (ReceiveTarget<T>)state;
try { target.TrySetResult(target._receivedValue); }
catch (ObjectDisposedException) { /* benign race if returned task is already disposed */ }
}, this, CancellationToken.None, TaskCreationOptions.None, TaskScheduler.Default);
break;
// Task final state: Canceled
case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Cancellation:
System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Factory.StartNew(state =>
{
// Complete as canceled
var target = (ReceiveTarget<T>)state;
try { target.TrySetCanceled(); }
catch (ObjectDisposedException) { /* benign race if returned task is already disposed */ }
}, this, CancellationToken.None, TaskCreationOptions.None, TaskScheduler.Default);
break;
default:
Debug.Assert(false, "Invalid linking cleanup reason specified.");
goto case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Cancellation;
// Task final state: Faulted
case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceCompletion:
if (_receivedException == null) _receivedException = CreateExceptionForSourceCompletion();
goto case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceProtocolError;
case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.Timer:
if (_receivedException == null) _receivedException = CreateExceptionForTimeout();
goto case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceProtocolError;
case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceProtocolError:
case ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.ErrorDuringCleanup:
System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Factory.StartNew(state =>
{
// Complete with the received exception
var target = (ReceiveTarget<T>)state;
try { target.TrySetException(target._receivedException ?? new InvalidOperationException(SR.InvalidOperation_ErrorDuringCleanup)); }
catch (ObjectDisposedException) { /* benign race if returned task is already disposed */ }
}, this, CancellationToken.None, TaskCreationOptions.None, TaskScheduler.Default);
break;
}
}
/// <summary>Creates an exception to use when a source completed before receiving a value.</summary>
/// <returns>The initialized exception.</returns>
internal static Exception CreateExceptionForSourceCompletion()
{
return Common.InitializeStackTrace(new InvalidOperationException(SR.InvalidOperation_DataNotAvailableForReceive));
}
/// <summary>Creates an exception to use when a timeout occurs before receiving a value.</summary>
/// <returns>The initialized exception.</returns>
internal static Exception CreateExceptionForTimeout()
{
return Common.InitializeStackTrace(new TimeoutException());
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Complete"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Complete()
{
TryCleanupAndComplete(ReceiveCoreByLinkingCleanupReason.SourceCompletion);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Fault"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Fault(Exception exception) { ((IDataflowBlock)this).Complete(); }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Completion"]/*' />
Task IDataflowBlock.Completion { get { throw new NotSupportedException(SR.NotSupported_MemberNotNeeded); } }
/// <summary>The data to display in the debugger display attribute.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Globalization", "CA1305:SpecifyIFormatProvider")]
private object DebuggerDisplayContent
{
get
{
return string.Format("{0} IsCompleted={1}",
Common.GetNameForDebugger(this), base.Task.IsCompleted);
}
}
/// <summary>Gets the data to display in the debugger display attribute for this instance.</summary>
object IDebuggerDisplay.Content { get { return DebuggerDisplayContent; } }
}
#endregion
#endregion
#region OutputAvailableAsync
/// <summary>
/// Provides a <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TResult}"/>
/// that asynchronously monitors the source for available output.
/// </summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source to monitor.</param>
/// <returns>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}"/> that informs of whether and when
/// more output is available. When the task completes, if its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}.Result"/> is true, more output
/// is available in the source (though another consumer of the source may retrieve the data).
/// If it returns false, more output is not and will never be available, due to the source
/// completing prior to output being available.
/// </returns>
public static Task<bool> OutputAvailableAsync<TOutput>(this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source)
{
return OutputAvailableAsync<TOutput>(source, CancellationToken.None);
}
/// <summary>
/// Provides a <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{TResult}"/>
/// that asynchronously monitors the source for available output.
/// </summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source to monitor.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The cancellation token with which to cancel the asynchronous operation.</param>
/// <returns>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}"/> that informs of whether and when
/// more output is available. When the task completes, if its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Boolean}.Result"/> is true, more output
/// is available in the source (though another consumer of the source may retrieve the data).
/// If it returns false, more output is not and will never be available, due to the source
/// completing prior to output being available.
/// </returns>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1011:ConsiderPassingBaseTypesAsParameters")]
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Reliability", "CA2000:DisposeObjectsBeforeLosingScope")]
public static Task<bool> OutputAvailableAsync<TOutput>(
this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
// Validate arguments
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
// Fast path for cancellation
if (cancellationToken.IsCancellationRequested)
return Common.CreateTaskFromCancellation<bool>(cancellationToken);
// In a method like this, normally we would want to check source.Completion.IsCompleted
// and avoid linking completely by simply returning a completed task. However,
// some blocks that are completed still have data available, like WriteOnceBlock,
// which completes as soon as it gets a value and stores that value forever.
// As such, OutputAvailableAsync must link from the source so that the source
// can push data to us if it has it, at which point we can immediately unlink.
// Create a target task that will complete when it's offered a message (but it won't accept the message)
var target = new OutputAvailableAsyncTarget<TOutput>();
try
{
// Link from the source. If the source propagates a message during or immediately after linking
// such that our target is already completed, just return its task.
target._unlinker = source.LinkTo(target, DataflowLinkOptions.UnlinkAfterOneAndPropagateCompletion);
// If the task is already completed (an exception may have occurred, or the source may have propagated
// a message to the target during LinkTo or soon thereafter), just return the task directly.
if (target.Task.IsCompleted)
{
return target.Task;
}
// If cancellation could be requested, hook everything up to be notified of cancellation requests.
if (cancellationToken.CanBeCanceled)
{
// When cancellation is requested, unlink the target from the source and cancel the target.
target._ctr = cancellationToken.Register(OutputAvailableAsyncTarget<TOutput>.s_cancelAndUnlink, target);
}
// We can't return the task directly, as the source block will be completing the task synchronously,
// and thus any synchronous continuations would run as part of the source block's call. We don't have to worry
// about cancellation, as we've coded cancellation to complete the task asynchronously, and with the continuation
// set as NotOnCanceled, so the continuation will be canceled immediately when the antecedent is canceled, which
// will thus be asynchronously from the cancellation token source's cancellation call.
return target.Task.ContinueWith(
OutputAvailableAsyncTarget<TOutput>.s_handleCompletion, target,
CancellationToken.None, Common.GetContinuationOptions() | TaskContinuationOptions.NotOnCanceled, TaskScheduler.Default);
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
// Source.LinkTo could throw, as could cancellationToken.Register if cancellation was already requested
// such that it synchronously invokes the source's unlinker IDisposable, which could throw.
target.TrySetException(exc);
// Undo the link from the source to the target
target.AttemptThreadSafeUnlink();
// Return the now faulted task
return target.Task;
}
}
/// <summary>Provides a target used in OutputAvailableAsync operations.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T">Specifies the type of data in the data source being checked.</typeparam>
[DebuggerDisplay("{DebuggerDisplayContent,nq}")]
private sealed class OutputAvailableAsyncTarget<T> : TaskCompletionSource<bool>, ITargetBlock<T>, IDebuggerDisplay
{
/// <summary>
/// Cached continuation delegate that unregisters from cancellation and
/// marshals the antecedent's result to the return value.
/// </summary>
internal static readonly Func<Task<bool>, object, bool> s_handleCompletion = (antecedent, state) =>
{
var target = state as OutputAvailableAsyncTarget<T>;
Debug.Assert(target != null, "Expected non-null target");
target._ctr.Dispose();
return antecedent.GetAwaiter().GetResult();
};
/// <summary>
/// Cached delegate that cancels the target and unlinks the target from the source.
/// Expects an OutputAvailableAsyncTarget as the state argument.
/// </summary>
internal static readonly Action<object> s_cancelAndUnlink = CancelAndUnlink;
/// <summary>Cancels the target and unlinks the target from the source.</summary>
/// <param name="state">An OutputAvailableAsyncTarget.</param>
private static void CancelAndUnlink(object state)
{
var target = state as OutputAvailableAsyncTarget<T>;
Debug.Assert(target != null, "Expected a non-null target");
// Cancel asynchronously so that we're not completing the task as part of the cts.Cancel() call,
// since synchronous continuations off that task would then run as part of Cancel.
// Take advantage of this task and unlink from there to avoid doing the interlocked operation synchronously.
System.Threading.Tasks.Task.Factory.StartNew(tgt =>
{
var thisTarget = (OutputAvailableAsyncTarget<T>)tgt;
thisTarget.TrySetCanceled();
thisTarget.AttemptThreadSafeUnlink();
},
target, CancellationToken.None, Common.GetCreationOptionsForTask(), TaskScheduler.Default);
}
/// <summary>Disposes of _unlinker if the target has been linked.</summary>
internal void AttemptThreadSafeUnlink()
{
// A race is possible. Therefore use an interlocked operation.
IDisposable cachedUnlinker = _unlinker;
if (cachedUnlinker != null && Interlocked.CompareExchange(ref _unlinker, null, cachedUnlinker) == cachedUnlinker)
{
cachedUnlinker.Dispose();
}
}
/// <summary>The IDisposable used to unlink this target from its source.</summary>
internal IDisposable _unlinker;
/// <summary>The registration used to unregister this target from the cancellation token.</summary>
internal CancellationTokenRegistration _ctr;
/// <summary>Completes the task when offered a message (but doesn't consume the message).</summary>
DataflowMessageStatus ITargetBlock<T>.OfferMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, T messageValue, ISourceBlock<T> source, bool consumeToAccept)
{
if (!messageHeader.IsValid) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_InvalidMessageHeader, nameof(messageHeader));
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
TrySetResult(true);
return DataflowMessageStatus.DecliningPermanently;
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Complete"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Complete()
{
TrySetResult(false);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Fault"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Fault(Exception exception)
{
if (exception == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(exception));
TrySetResult(false);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Completion"]/*' />
Task IDataflowBlock.Completion { get { throw new NotSupportedException(SR.NotSupported_MemberNotNeeded); } }
/// <summary>The data to display in the debugger display attribute.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Globalization", "CA1305:SpecifyIFormatProvider")]
private object DebuggerDisplayContent
{
get
{
return string.Format("{0} IsCompleted={1}",
Common.GetNameForDebugger(this), base.Task.IsCompleted);
}
}
/// <summary>Gets the data to display in the debugger display attribute for this instance.</summary>
object IDebuggerDisplay.Content { get { return DebuggerDisplayContent; } }
}
#endregion
#region Encapsulate
/// <summary>Encapsulates a target and a source into a single propagator.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TInput">Specifies the type of input expected by the target.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of output produced by the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="target">The target to encapsulate.</param>
/// <param name="source">The source to encapsulate.</param>
/// <returns>The encapsulated target and source.</returns>
/// <remarks>
/// This method does not in any way connect the target to the source. It creates a
/// propagator block whose target methods delegate to the specified target and whose
/// source methods delegate to the specified source. Any connection between the target
/// and the source is left for the developer to explicitly provide. The propagator's
/// <see cref="IDataflowBlock"/> implementation delegates to the specified source.
/// </remarks>
public static IPropagatorBlock<TInput, TOutput> Encapsulate<TInput, TOutput>(
ITargetBlock<TInput> target, ISourceBlock<TOutput> source)
{
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
return new EncapsulatingPropagator<TInput, TOutput>(target, source);
}
/// <summary>Provides a dataflow block that encapsulates a target and a source to form a single propagator.</summary>
[DebuggerDisplay("{DebuggerDisplayContent,nq}")]
[DebuggerTypeProxy(typeof(EncapsulatingPropagator<,>.DebugView))]
private sealed class EncapsulatingPropagator<TInput, TOutput> : IPropagatorBlock<TInput, TOutput>, IReceivableSourceBlock<TOutput>, IDebuggerDisplay
{
/// <summary>The target half.</summary>
private ITargetBlock<TInput> _target;
/// <summary>The source half.</summary>
private ISourceBlock<TOutput> _source;
public EncapsulatingPropagator(ITargetBlock<TInput> target, ISourceBlock<TOutput> source)
{
Debug.Assert(target != null, "The target should never be null; this should be checked by all internal usage.");
Debug.Assert(source != null, "The source should never be null; this should be checked by all internal usage.");
_target = target;
_source = source;
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Complete"]/*' />
public void Complete()
{
_target.Complete();
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Fault"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Fault(Exception exception)
{
if (exception == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(exception));
_target.Fault(exception);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Targets/Member[@name="OfferMessage"]/*' />
public DataflowMessageStatus OfferMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, TInput messageValue, ISourceBlock<TInput> source, bool consumeToAccept)
{
return _target.OfferMessage(messageHeader, messageValue, source, consumeToAccept);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Completion"]/*' />
public Task Completion { get { return _source.Completion; } }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="LinkTo"]/*' />
public IDisposable LinkTo(ITargetBlock<TOutput> target, DataflowLinkOptions linkOptions)
{
return _source.LinkTo(target, linkOptions);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="TryReceive"]/*' />
public bool TryReceive(Predicate<TOutput> filter, out TOutput item)
{
var receivableSource = _source as IReceivableSourceBlock<TOutput>;
if (receivableSource != null) return receivableSource.TryReceive(filter, out item);
item = default(TOutput);
return false;
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="TryReceiveAll"]/*' />
public bool TryReceiveAll(out IList<TOutput> items)
{
var receivableSource = _source as IReceivableSourceBlock<TOutput>;
if (receivableSource != null) return receivableSource.TryReceiveAll(out items);
items = default(IList<TOutput>);
return false;
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="ConsumeMessage"]/*' />
public TOutput ConsumeMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<TOutput> target, out bool messageConsumed)
{
return _source.ConsumeMessage(messageHeader, target, out messageConsumed);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="ReserveMessage"]/*' />
public bool ReserveMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<TOutput> target)
{
return _source.ReserveMessage(messageHeader, target);
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Sources/Member[@name="ReleaseReservation"]/*' />
public void ReleaseReservation(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, ITargetBlock<TOutput> target)
{
_source.ReleaseReservation(messageHeader, target);
}
/// <summary>The data to display in the debugger display attribute.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Globalization", "CA1305:SpecifyIFormatProvider")]
private object DebuggerDisplayContent
{
get
{
var displayTarget = _target as IDebuggerDisplay;
var displaySource = _source as IDebuggerDisplay;
return string.Format("{0} Target=\"{1}\", Source=\"{2}\"",
Common.GetNameForDebugger(this),
displayTarget != null ? displayTarget.Content : _target,
displaySource != null ? displaySource.Content : _source);
}
}
/// <summary>Gets the data to display in the debugger display attribute for this instance.</summary>
object IDebuggerDisplay.Content { get { return DebuggerDisplayContent; } }
/// <summary>A debug view for the propagator.</summary>
private sealed class DebugView
{
/// <summary>The propagator being debugged.</summary>
private readonly EncapsulatingPropagator<TInput, TOutput> _propagator;
/// <summary>Initializes the debug view.</summary>
/// <param name="propagator">The propagator being debugged.</param>
public DebugView(EncapsulatingPropagator<TInput, TOutput> propagator)
{
Debug.Assert(propagator != null, "Need a block with which to construct the debug view.");
_propagator = propagator;
}
/// <summary>The target.</summary>
public ITargetBlock<TInput> Target { get { return _propagator._target; } }
/// <summary>The source.</summary>
public ISourceBlock<TOutput> Source { get { return _propagator._source; } }
}
}
#endregion
#region Choose
#region Choose<T1,T2>
/// <summary>Monitors two dataflow sources, invoking the provided handler for whichever source makes data available first.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T1">Specifies type of data contained in the first source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T2">Specifies type of data contained in the second source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source1">The first source.</param>
/// <param name="action1">The handler to execute on data from the first source.</param>
/// <param name="source2">The second source.</param>
/// <param name="action2">The handler to execute on data from the second source.</param>
/// <returns>
/// <para>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Int32}"/> that represents the asynchronous choice.
/// If both sources are completed prior to the choice completing,
/// the resulting task will be canceled. When one of the sources has data available and successfully propagates
/// it to the choice, the resulting task will complete when the handler completes: if the handler throws an exception,
/// the task will end in the <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.TaskStatus.Faulted"/> state containing the unhandled exception, otherwise the task
/// will end with its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Int32}.Result"/> set to either 0 or 1 to
/// represent the first or second source, respectively.
/// </para>
/// <para>
/// This method will only consume an element from one of the two data sources, never both.
/// </para>
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source1"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action1"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source2"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action2"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static Task<int> Choose<T1, T2>(
ISourceBlock<T1> source1, Action<T1> action1,
ISourceBlock<T2> source2, Action<T2> action2)
{
// All argument validation is handled by the delegated method
return Choose(source1, action1, source2, action2, DataflowBlockOptions.Default);
}
/// <summary>Monitors two dataflow sources, invoking the provided handler for whichever source makes data available first.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T1">Specifies type of data contained in the first source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T2">Specifies type of data contained in the second source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source1">The first source.</param>
/// <param name="action1">The handler to execute on data from the first source.</param>
/// <param name="source2">The second source.</param>
/// <param name="action2">The handler to execute on data from the second source.</param>
/// <param name="dataflowBlockOptions">The options with which to configure this choice.</param>
/// <returns>
/// <para>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Int32}"/> that represents the asynchronous choice.
/// If both sources are completed prior to the choice completing, or if the CancellationToken
/// provided as part of <paramref name="dataflowBlockOptions"/> is canceled prior to the choice completing,
/// the resulting task will be canceled. When one of the sources has data available and successfully propagates
/// it to the choice, the resulting task will complete when the handler completes: if the handler throws an exception,
/// the task will end in the <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.TaskStatus.Faulted"/> state containing the unhandled exception, otherwise the task
/// will end with its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Int32}.Result"/> set to either 0 or 1 to
/// represent the first or second source, respectively.
/// </para>
/// <para>
/// This method will only consume an element from one of the two data sources, never both.
/// If cancellation is requested after an element has been received, the cancellation request will be ignored,
/// and the relevant handler will be allowed to execute.
/// </para>
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source1"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action1"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source2"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action2"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="dataflowBlockOptions"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Reliability", "CA2000:DisposeObjectsBeforeLosingScope")]
public static Task<int> Choose<T1, T2>(
ISourceBlock<T1> source1, Action<T1> action1,
ISourceBlock<T2> source2, Action<T2> action2,
DataflowBlockOptions dataflowBlockOptions)
{
// Validate arguments
if (source1 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source1));
if (action1 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(action1));
if (source2 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source2));
if (action2 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(action2));
if (dataflowBlockOptions == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(dataflowBlockOptions));
// Delegate to the shared implementation
return ChooseCore<T1, T2, VoidResult>(source1, action1, source2, action2, null, null, dataflowBlockOptions);
}
#endregion
#region Choose<T1,T2,T3>
/// <summary>Monitors three dataflow sources, invoking the provided handler for whichever source makes data available first.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T1">Specifies type of data contained in the first source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T2">Specifies type of data contained in the second source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T3">Specifies type of data contained in the third source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source1">The first source.</param>
/// <param name="action1">The handler to execute on data from the first source.</param>
/// <param name="source2">The second source.</param>
/// <param name="action2">The handler to execute on data from the second source.</param>
/// <param name="source3">The third source.</param>
/// <param name="action3">The handler to execute on data from the third source.</param>
/// <returns>
/// <para>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Int32}"/> that represents the asynchronous choice.
/// If all sources are completed prior to the choice completing,
/// the resulting task will be canceled. When one of the sources has data available and successfully propagates
/// it to the choice, the resulting task will complete when the handler completes: if the handler throws an exception,
/// the task will end in the <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.TaskStatus.Faulted"/> state containing the unhandled exception, otherwise the task
/// will end with its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Int32}.Result"/> set to the 0-based index of the source.
/// </para>
/// <para>
/// This method will only consume an element from one of the data sources, never more than one.
/// </para>
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source1"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action1"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source2"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action2"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source3"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action3"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static Task<int> Choose<T1, T2, T3>(
ISourceBlock<T1> source1, Action<T1> action1,
ISourceBlock<T2> source2, Action<T2> action2,
ISourceBlock<T3> source3, Action<T3> action3)
{
// All argument validation is handled by the delegated method
return Choose(source1, action1, source2, action2, source3, action3, DataflowBlockOptions.Default);
}
/// <summary>Monitors three dataflow sources, invoking the provided handler for whichever source makes data available first.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T1">Specifies type of data contained in the first source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T2">Specifies type of data contained in the second source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T3">Specifies type of data contained in the third source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source1">The first source.</param>
/// <param name="action1">The handler to execute on data from the first source.</param>
/// <param name="source2">The second source.</param>
/// <param name="action2">The handler to execute on data from the second source.</param>
/// <param name="source3">The third source.</param>
/// <param name="action3">The handler to execute on data from the third source.</param>
/// <param name="dataflowBlockOptions">The options with which to configure this choice.</param>
/// <returns>
/// <para>
/// A <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Int32}"/> that represents the asynchronous choice.
/// If all sources are completed prior to the choice completing, or if the CancellationToken
/// provided as part of <paramref name="dataflowBlockOptions"/> is canceled prior to the choice completing,
/// the resulting task will be canceled. When one of the sources has data available and successfully propagates
/// it to the choice, the resulting task will complete when the handler completes: if the handler throws an exception,
/// the task will end in the <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.TaskStatus.Faulted"/> state containing the unhandled exception, otherwise the task
/// will end with its <see cref="System.Threading.Tasks.Task{Int32}.Result"/> set to the 0-based index of the source.
/// </para>
/// <para>
/// This method will only consume an element from one of the data sources, never more than one.
/// If cancellation is requested after an element has been received, the cancellation request will be ignored,
/// and the relevant handler will be allowed to execute.
/// </para>
/// </returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source1"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action1"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source2"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action2"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source3"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="action3"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="dataflowBlockOptions"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Reliability", "CA2000:DisposeObjectsBeforeLosingScope")]
public static Task<int> Choose<T1, T2, T3>(
ISourceBlock<T1> source1, Action<T1> action1,
ISourceBlock<T2> source2, Action<T2> action2,
ISourceBlock<T3> source3, Action<T3> action3,
DataflowBlockOptions dataflowBlockOptions)
{
// Validate arguments
if (source1 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source1));
if (action1 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(action1));
if (source2 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source2));
if (action2 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(action2));
if (source3 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source3));
if (action3 == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(action3));
if (dataflowBlockOptions == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(dataflowBlockOptions));
// Delegate to the shared implementation
return ChooseCore<T1, T2, T3>(source1, action1, source2, action2, source3, action3, dataflowBlockOptions);
}
#endregion
#region Choose Shared
/// <summary>Monitors dataflow sources, invoking the provided handler for whichever source makes data available first.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T1">Specifies type of data contained in the first source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T2">Specifies type of data contained in the second source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T3">Specifies type of data contained in the third source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source1">The first source.</param>
/// <param name="action1">The handler to execute on data from the first source.</param>
/// <param name="source2">The second source.</param>
/// <param name="action2">The handler to execute on data from the second source.</param>
/// <param name="source3">The third source.</param>
/// <param name="action3">The handler to execute on data from the third source.</param>
/// <param name="dataflowBlockOptions">The options with which to configure this choice.</param>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Reliability", "CA2000:DisposeObjectsBeforeLosingScope")]
private static Task<int> ChooseCore<T1, T2, T3>(
ISourceBlock<T1> source1, Action<T1> action1,
ISourceBlock<T2> source2, Action<T2> action2,
ISourceBlock<T3> source3, Action<T3> action3,
DataflowBlockOptions dataflowBlockOptions)
{
Debug.Assert(source1 != null && action1 != null, "The first source and action should not be null.");
Debug.Assert(source2 != null && action2 != null, "The second source and action should not be null.");
Debug.Assert((source3 == null) == (action3 == null), "The third action should be null iff the third source is null.");
Debug.Assert(dataflowBlockOptions != null, "Options are required.");
bool hasThirdSource = source3 != null; // In the future, if we want higher arities on Choose, we can simply add more such checks on additional arguments
// Early cancellation check and bail out
if (dataflowBlockOptions.CancellationToken.IsCancellationRequested)
return Common.CreateTaskFromCancellation<Int32>(dataflowBlockOptions.CancellationToken);
// Fast path: if any of the sources already has data available that can be received immediately.
Task<int> resultTask;
try
{
TaskScheduler scheduler = dataflowBlockOptions.TaskScheduler;
if (TryChooseFromSource(source1, action1, 0, scheduler, out resultTask) ||
TryChooseFromSource(source2, action2, 1, scheduler, out resultTask) ||
(hasThirdSource && TryChooseFromSource(source3, action3, 2, scheduler, out resultTask)))
{
return resultTask;
}
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
// In case TryReceive in TryChooseFromSource erroneously throws
return Common.CreateTaskFromException<int>(exc);
}
// Slow path: link up to all of the sources. Separated out to avoid a closure on the fast path.
return ChooseCoreByLinking(source1, action1, source2, action2, source3, action3, dataflowBlockOptions);
}
/// <summary>
/// Tries to remove data from a receivable source and schedule an action to process that received item.
/// </summary>
/// <typeparam name="T">Specifies the type of data to process.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source from which to receive the data.</param>
/// <param name="action">The action to run for the received data.</param>
/// <param name="branchId">The branch ID associated with this source/action pair.</param>
/// <param name="scheduler">The scheduler to use to process the action.</param>
/// <param name="task">The task created for processing the received item.</param>
/// <returns>true if this try attempt satisfies the choose operation; otherwise, false.</returns>
private static bool TryChooseFromSource<T>(
ISourceBlock<T> source, Action<T> action, int branchId, TaskScheduler scheduler,
out Task<int> task)
{
// Validate arguments
Debug.Assert(source != null, "Expected a non-null source");
Debug.Assert(action != null, "Expected a non-null action");
Debug.Assert(branchId >= 0, "Expected a valid branch ID (> 0)");
Debug.Assert(scheduler != null, "Expected a non-null scheduler");
// Try to receive from the source. If we can't, bail.
T result;
var receivableSource = source as IReceivableSourceBlock<T>;
if (receivableSource == null || !receivableSource.TryReceive(out result))
{
task = null;
return false;
}
// We successfully received an item. Launch a task to process it.
task = Task.Factory.StartNew(ChooseTarget<T>.s_processBranchFunction,
Tuple.Create<Action<T>, T, int>(action, result, branchId),
CancellationToken.None, Common.GetCreationOptionsForTask(), scheduler);
return true;
}
/// <summary>Monitors dataflow sources, invoking the provided handler for whichever source makes data available first.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T1">Specifies type of data contained in the first source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T2">Specifies type of data contained in the second source.</typeparam>
/// <typeparam name="T3">Specifies type of data contained in the third source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source1">The first source.</param>
/// <param name="action1">The handler to execute on data from the first source.</param>
/// <param name="source2">The second source.</param>
/// <param name="action2">The handler to execute on data from the second source.</param>
/// <param name="source3">The third source.</param>
/// <param name="action3">The handler to execute on data from the third source.</param>
/// <param name="dataflowBlockOptions">The options with which to configure this choice.</param>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Reliability", "CA2000:DisposeObjectsBeforeLosingScope")]
private static Task<int> ChooseCoreByLinking<T1, T2, T3>(
ISourceBlock<T1> source1, Action<T1> action1,
ISourceBlock<T2> source2, Action<T2> action2,
ISourceBlock<T3> source3, Action<T3> action3,
DataflowBlockOptions dataflowBlockOptions)
{
Debug.Assert(source1 != null && action1 != null, "The first source and action should not be null.");
Debug.Assert(source2 != null && action2 != null, "The second source and action should not be null.");
Debug.Assert((source3 == null) == (action3 == null), "The third action should be null iff the third source is null.");
Debug.Assert(dataflowBlockOptions != null, "Options are required.");
bool hasThirdSource = source3 != null; // In the future, if we want higher arities on Choose, we can simply add more such checks on additional arguments
// Create object to act as both completion marker and sync obj for targets.
var boxedCompleted = new StrongBox<Task>();
// Set up teardown cancellation. We will request cancellation when a) the supplied options token
// has cancellation requested or b) when we actually complete somewhere in order to tear down
// the rest of our configured set up.
CancellationTokenSource cts = CancellationTokenSource.CreateLinkedTokenSource(dataflowBlockOptions.CancellationToken, CancellationToken.None);
// Set up the branches.
TaskScheduler scheduler = dataflowBlockOptions.TaskScheduler;
var branchTasks = new Task<int>[hasThirdSource ? 3 : 2];
branchTasks[0] = CreateChooseBranch(boxedCompleted, cts, scheduler, 0, source1, action1);
branchTasks[1] = CreateChooseBranch(boxedCompleted, cts, scheduler, 1, source2, action2);
if (hasThirdSource)
{
branchTasks[2] = CreateChooseBranch(boxedCompleted, cts, scheduler, 2, source3, action3);
}
// Asynchronously wait for all branches to complete, then complete
// a task to be returned to the caller.
var result = new TaskCompletionSource<int>();
Task.Factory.ContinueWhenAll(branchTasks, tasks =>
{
// Process the outcome of all branches. At most one will have completed
// successfully, returning its branch ID. Others may have faulted,
// in which case we need to propagate their exceptions, regardless
// of whether a branch completed successfully. Others may have been
// canceled (or run but found they were not needed), and those
// we just ignore.
List<Exception> exceptions = null;
int successfulBranchId = -1;
foreach (Task<int> task in tasks)
{
switch (task.Status)
{
case TaskStatus.Faulted:
Common.AddException(ref exceptions, task.Exception, unwrapInnerExceptions: true);
break;
case TaskStatus.RanToCompletion:
int resultBranchId = task.Result;
if (resultBranchId >= 0)
{
Debug.Assert(resultBranchId < tasks.Length, "Expected a valid branch ID");
Debug.Assert(successfulBranchId == -1, "There should be at most one successful branch.");
successfulBranchId = resultBranchId;
}
else Debug.Assert(resultBranchId == -1, "Expected -1 as a signal of a non-successful branch");
break;
}
}
// If we found any exceptions, fault the Choose task. Otherwise, if any branch completed
// successfully, store its result, or if cancellation was request
if (exceptions != null)
{
result.TrySetException(exceptions);
}
else if (successfulBranchId >= 0)
{
result.TrySetResult(successfulBranchId);
}
else
{
result.TrySetCanceled();
}
// By now we know that all of the tasks have completed, so there
// can't be any more use of the CancellationTokenSource.
cts.Dispose();
}, CancellationToken.None, Common.GetContinuationOptions(), TaskScheduler.Default);
return result.Task;
}
/// <summary>Creates a target for a branch of a Choose.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T">Specifies the type of data coming through this branch.</typeparam>
/// <param name="boxedCompleted">A strong box around the completed Task from any target. Also sync obj for access to the targets.</param>
/// <param name="cts">The CancellationTokenSource used to issue tear down / cancellation requests.</param>
/// <param name="scheduler">The TaskScheduler on which to scheduler work.</param>
/// <param name="branchId">The ID of this branch, used to complete the resultTask.</param>
/// <param name="source">The source with which this branch is associated.</param>
/// <param name="action">The action to run for a single element received from the source.</param>
/// <returns>A task representing the branch.</returns>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
private static Task<int> CreateChooseBranch<T>(
StrongBox<Task> boxedCompleted, CancellationTokenSource cts,
TaskScheduler scheduler,
int branchId, ISourceBlock<T> source, Action<T> action)
{
// If the cancellation token is already canceled, there is no need to create and link a target.
// Instead, directly return a canceled task.
if (cts.IsCancellationRequested)
return Common.CreateTaskFromCancellation<int>(cts.Token);
// Proceed with creating and linking a hidden target. Also get the source's completion task,
// as we need it to know when the source completes. Both of these operations
// could throw an exception if the block is faulty.
var target = new ChooseTarget<T>(boxedCompleted, cts.Token);
IDisposable unlink;
try
{
unlink = source.LinkTo(target, DataflowLinkOptions.UnlinkAfterOneAndPropagateCompletion);
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
cts.Cancel();
return Common.CreateTaskFromException<int>(exc);
}
// The continuation task below is implicitly capturing the right execution context,
// as CreateChooseBranch is called synchronously from Choose, so we
// don't need to additionally capture and marshal an ExecutionContext.
return target.Task.ContinueWith(completed =>
{
try
{
// If the target ran to completion, i.e. it got a message,
// cancel the other branch(es) and proceed with the user callback.
if (completed.Status == TaskStatus.RanToCompletion)
{
// Cancel the cts to trigger completion of the other branches.
cts.Cancel();
// Proceed with the user callback.
action(completed.Result);
// Return the ID of our branch to indicate.
return branchId;
}
return -1;
}
finally
{
// Unlink from the source. This could throw if the block is faulty,
// in which case our branch's task will fault. If this
// does throw, it'll end up propagating instead of the
// original action's exception if there was one.
unlink.Dispose();
}
}, CancellationToken.None, Common.GetContinuationOptions(), scheduler);
}
/// <summary>Provides a dataflow target used by Choose to receive data from a single source.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="T">Specifies the type of data offered to this target.</typeparam>
[DebuggerDisplay("{DebuggerDisplayContent,nq}")]
private sealed class ChooseTarget<T> : TaskCompletionSource<T>, ITargetBlock<T>, IDebuggerDisplay
{
/// <summary>
/// Delegate used to invoke the action for a branch when that branch is activated
/// on the fast path.
/// </summary>
internal static readonly Func<object, int> s_processBranchFunction = state =>
{
Tuple<Action<T>, T, int> actionResultBranch = (Tuple<Action<T>, T, int>)state;
actionResultBranch.Item1(actionResultBranch.Item2);
return actionResultBranch.Item3;
};
/// <summary>
/// A wrapper for the task that represents the completed branch of this choice.
/// The wrapper is also the sync object used to protect all choice branch's access to shared state.
/// </summary>
private StrongBox<Task> _completed;
/// <summary>Initializes the target.</summary>
/// <param name="completed">The completed wrapper shared between all choice branches.</param>
/// <param name="cancellationToken">The cancellation token used to cancel this target.</param>
internal ChooseTarget(StrongBox<Task> completed, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
{
Debug.Assert(completed != null, "Requires a shared target to complete.");
_completed = completed;
// Handle async cancellation by canceling the target without storing it into _completed.
// _completed must only be set to a RanToCompletion task for a successful branch.
Common.WireCancellationToComplete(cancellationToken, base.Task,
state =>
{
var thisChooseTarget = (ChooseTarget<T>)state;
lock (thisChooseTarget._completed) thisChooseTarget.TrySetCanceled();
}, this);
}
/// <summary>Called when this choice branch is being offered a message.</summary>
public DataflowMessageStatus OfferMessage(DataflowMessageHeader messageHeader, T messageValue, ISourceBlock<T> source, bool consumeToAccept)
{
// Validate arguments
if (!messageHeader.IsValid) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_InvalidMessageHeader, nameof(messageHeader));
if (source == null && consumeToAccept) throw new ArgumentException(SR.Argument_CantConsumeFromANullSource, nameof(consumeToAccept));
lock (_completed)
{
// If we or another participating choice has already completed, we're done.
if (_completed.Value != null || base.Task.IsCompleted) return DataflowMessageStatus.DecliningPermanently;
// Consume the message from the source if necessary
if (consumeToAccept)
{
bool consumed;
messageValue = source.ConsumeMessage(messageHeader, this, out consumed);
if (!consumed) return DataflowMessageStatus.NotAvailable;
}
// Store the result and signal our success
TrySetResult(messageValue);
_completed.Value = Task;
return DataflowMessageStatus.Accepted;
}
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Complete"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Complete()
{
lock (_completed) TrySetCanceled();
}
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Fault"]/*' />
void IDataflowBlock.Fault(Exception exception) { ((IDataflowBlock)this).Complete(); }
/// <include file='XmlDocs/CommonXmlDocComments.xml' path='CommonXmlDocComments/Blocks/Member[@name="Completion"]/*' />
Task IDataflowBlock.Completion { get { throw new NotSupportedException(SR.NotSupported_MemberNotNeeded); } }
/// <summary>The data to display in the debugger display attribute.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Globalization", "CA1305:SpecifyIFormatProvider")]
private object DebuggerDisplayContent
{
get
{
return string.Format("{0} IsCompleted={1}",
Common.GetNameForDebugger(this), base.Task.IsCompleted);
}
}
/// <summary>Gets the data to display in the debugger display attribute for this instance.</summary>
object IDebuggerDisplay.Content { get { return DebuggerDisplayContent; } }
}
#endregion
#endregion
#region AsObservable
/// <summary>Creates a new <see cref="System.IObservable{TOutput}"/> abstraction over the <see cref="ISourceBlock{TOutput}"/>.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TOutput">Specifies the type of data contained in the source.</typeparam>
/// <param name="source">The source to wrap.</param>
/// <returns>An IObservable{TOutput} that enables observers to be subscribed to the source.</returns>
/// <exception cref="System.ArgumentNullException">The <paramref name="source"/> is null (Nothing in Visual Basic).</exception>
public static IObservable<TOutput> AsObservable<TOutput>(this ISourceBlock<TOutput> source)
{
if (source == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
return SourceObservable<TOutput>.From(source);
}
/// <summary>Cached options for non-greedy processing.</summary>
private static readonly ExecutionDataflowBlockOptions _nonGreedyExecutionOptions = new ExecutionDataflowBlockOptions { BoundedCapacity = 1 };
/// <summary>Provides an IObservable veneer over a source block.</summary>
[DebuggerDisplay("{DebuggerDisplayContent,nq}")]
[DebuggerTypeProxy(typeof(SourceObservable<>.DebugView))]
private sealed class SourceObservable<TOutput> : IObservable<TOutput>, IDebuggerDisplay
{
/// <summary>The table that maps source to cached observable.</summary>
/// <remarks>
/// ConditionalWeakTable doesn't do the initialization under a lock, just the publication.
/// This means that if there's a race to create two observables off the same source, we could end
/// up instantiating multiple SourceObservable instances, of which only one will be published.
/// Worst case, we end up with a few additional continuations off of the source's completion task.
/// </remarks>
private static readonly ConditionalWeakTable<ISourceBlock<TOutput>, SourceObservable<TOutput>> _table =
new ConditionalWeakTable<ISourceBlock<TOutput>, SourceObservable<TOutput>>();
/// <summary>Gets an observable to represent the source block.</summary>
/// <param name="source">The source.</param>
/// <returns>The observable.</returns>
internal static IObservable<TOutput> From(ISourceBlock<TOutput> source)
{
Debug.Assert(source != null, "Requires a source for which to retrieve the observable.");
return _table.GetValue(source, s => new SourceObservable<TOutput>(s));
}
/// <summary>Object used to synchronize all subscriptions, unsubscriptions, and propagations.</summary>
private readonly object _SubscriptionLock = new object();
/// <summary>The wrapped source.</summary>
private readonly ISourceBlock<TOutput> _source;
/// <summary>
/// The current target. We use the same target until the number of subscribers
/// drops to 0, at which point we substitute in a new target.
/// </summary>
private ObserversState _observersState;
/// <summary>Initializes the SourceObservable.</summary>
/// <param name="source">The source to wrap.</param>
internal SourceObservable(ISourceBlock<TOutput> source)
{
Debug.Assert(source != null, "The observable requires a source to wrap.");
_source = source;
_observersState = new ObserversState(this);
}
/// <summary>Gets any exceptions from the source block.</summary>
/// <returns>The aggregate exception of all errors, or null if everything completed successfully.</returns>
private AggregateException GetCompletionError()
{
Task sourceCompletionTask = Common.GetPotentiallyNotSupportedCompletionTask(_source);
return sourceCompletionTask != null && sourceCompletionTask.IsFaulted ?
sourceCompletionTask.Exception : null;
}
/// <summary>Subscribes the observer to the source.</summary>
/// <param name="observer">the observer to subscribe.</param>
/// <returns>An IDisposable that may be used to unsubscribe the source.</returns>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Reliability", "CA2000:DisposeObjectsBeforeLosingScope")]
IDisposable IObservable<TOutput>.Subscribe(IObserver<TOutput> observer)
{
// Validate arguments
if (observer == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(observer));
Common.ContractAssertMonitorStatus(_SubscriptionLock, held: false);
Task sourceCompletionTask = Common.GetPotentiallyNotSupportedCompletionTask(_source);
// Synchronize all observers for this source.
Exception error = null;
lock (_SubscriptionLock)
{
// Fast path for if everything is already done. We need to ensure that both
// the source is complete and that the target has finished propagating data to all observers.
// If there was an error, we grab it here and then we'll complete the observer
// outside of the lock.
if (sourceCompletionTask != null && sourceCompletionTask.IsCompleted &&
_observersState.Target.Completion.IsCompleted)
{
error = GetCompletionError();
}
// Otherwise, we need to subscribe this observer.
else
{
// Hook up the observer. If this is the first observer, link the source to the target.
_observersState.Observers = _observersState.Observers.Add(observer);
if (_observersState.Observers.Count == 1)
{
Debug.Assert(_observersState.Unlinker == null, "The source should not be linked to the target.");
_observersState.Unlinker = _source.LinkTo(_observersState.Target);
if (_observersState.Unlinker == null)
{
_observersState.Observers = ImmutableArray<IObserver<TOutput>>.Empty;
return null;
}
}
// Return a disposable that will unlink this observer, and if it's the last
// observer for the source, shut off the pipe to observers.
return Disposables.Create((s, o) => s.Unsubscribe(o), this, observer);
}
}
// Complete the observer.
if (error != null) observer.OnError(error);
else observer.OnCompleted();
return Disposables.Nop;
}
/// <summary>Unsubscribes the observer.</summary>
/// <param name="observer">The observer being unsubscribed.</param>
private void Unsubscribe(IObserver<TOutput> observer)
{
Debug.Assert(observer != null, "Expected an observer.");
Common.ContractAssertMonitorStatus(_SubscriptionLock, held: false);
lock (_SubscriptionLock)
{
ObserversState currentState = _observersState;
Debug.Assert(currentState != null, "Observer state should never be null.");
// If the observer was already unsubscribed (or is otherwise no longer present in our list), bail.
if (!currentState.Observers.Contains(observer)) return;
// If this is the last observer being removed, reset to be ready for future subscribers.
if (currentState.Observers.Count == 1)
{
ResetObserverState();
}
// Otherwise, just remove the observer. Note that we don't remove the observer
// from the current target if this is the last observer. This is done in case the target
// has already taken data from the source: we want that data to end up somewhere,
// and we can't put it back in the source, so we ensure we send it along to the observer.
else
{
currentState.Observers = currentState.Observers.Remove(observer);
}
}
}
/// <summary>Resets the observer state to the original, inactive state.</summary>
/// <returns>The list of active observers prior to the reset.</returns>
private ImmutableArray<IObserver<TOutput>> ResetObserverState()
{
Common.ContractAssertMonitorStatus(_SubscriptionLock, held: true);
ObserversState currentState = _observersState;
Debug.Assert(currentState != null, "Observer state should never be null.");
Debug.Assert(currentState.Unlinker != null, "The target should be linked.");
Debug.Assert(currentState.Canceler != null, "The target should have set up continuations.");
// Replace the target with a clean one, unlink and cancel, and return the previous set of observers
ImmutableArray<IObserver<TOutput>> currentObservers = currentState.Observers;
_observersState = new ObserversState(this);
currentState.Unlinker.Dispose();
currentState.Canceler.Cancel();
return currentObservers;
}
/// <summary>The data to display in the debugger display attribute.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Globalization", "CA1305:SpecifyIFormatProvider")]
private object DebuggerDisplayContent
{
get
{
var displaySource = _source as IDebuggerDisplay;
return string.Format("Observers={0}, Block=\"{1}\"",
_observersState.Observers.Count,
displaySource != null ? displaySource.Content : _source);
}
}
/// <summary>Gets the data to display in the debugger display attribute for this instance.</summary>
object IDebuggerDisplay.Content { get { return DebuggerDisplayContent; } }
/// <summary>Provides a debugger type proxy for the observable.</summary>
private sealed class DebugView
{
/// <summary>The observable being debugged.</summary>
private readonly SourceObservable<TOutput> _observable;
/// <summary>Initializes the debug view.</summary>
/// <param name="observable">The target being debugged.</param>
public DebugView(SourceObservable<TOutput> observable)
{
Debug.Assert(observable != null, "Need a block with which to construct the debug view.");
_observable = observable;
}
/// <summary>Gets an enumerable of the observers.</summary>
[DebuggerBrowsable(DebuggerBrowsableState.RootHidden)]
public IObserver<TOutput>[] Observers { get { return _observable._observersState.Observers.ToArray(); } }
}
/// <summary>State associated with the current target for propagating data to observers.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1001:TypesThatOwnDisposableFieldsShouldBeDisposable")]
private sealed class ObserversState
{
/// <summary>The owning SourceObservable.</summary>
internal readonly SourceObservable<TOutput> Observable;
/// <summary>The ActionBlock that consumes data from a source and offers it to targets.</summary>
internal readonly ActionBlock<TOutput> Target;
/// <summary>Used to cancel continuations when they're no longer necessary.</summary>
internal readonly CancellationTokenSource Canceler = new CancellationTokenSource();
/// <summary>
/// A list of the observers currently registered with this target. The list is immutable
/// to enable iteration through the list while the set of observers may be changing.
/// </summary>
internal ImmutableArray<IObserver<TOutput>> Observers = ImmutableArray<IObserver<TOutput>>.Empty;
/// <summary>Used to unlink the source from this target when the last observer is unsubscribed.</summary>
internal IDisposable Unlinker;
/// <summary>
/// Temporary list to keep track of SendAsync tasks to TargetObservers with back pressure.
/// This field gets instantiated on demand. It gets populated and cleared within an offering cycle.
/// </summary>
private List<Task<bool>> _tempSendAsyncTaskList;
/// <summary>Initializes the target instance.</summary>
/// <param name="observable">The owning observable.</param>
internal ObserversState(SourceObservable<TOutput> observable)
{
Debug.Assert(observable != null, "Observe state must be mapped to a source observable.");
// Set up the target block
Observable = observable;
Target = new ActionBlock<TOutput>((Func<TOutput, Task>)ProcessItemAsync, DataflowBlock._nonGreedyExecutionOptions);
// If the target block fails due to an unexpected exception (e.g. it calls back to the source and the source throws an error),
// we fault currently registered observers and reset the observable.
Target.Completion.ContinueWith(
(t, state) => ((ObserversState)state).NotifyObserversOfCompletion(t.Exception), this,
CancellationToken.None,
Common.GetContinuationOptions(TaskContinuationOptions.OnlyOnFaulted | TaskContinuationOptions.ExecuteSynchronously),
TaskScheduler.Default);
// When the source completes, complete the target. Then when the target completes,
// send completion messages to any observers still registered.
Task sourceCompletionTask = Common.GetPotentiallyNotSupportedCompletionTask(Observable._source);
if (sourceCompletionTask != null)
{
sourceCompletionTask.ContinueWith((_1, state1) =>
{
var ti = (ObserversState)state1;
ti.Target.Complete();
ti.Target.Completion.ContinueWith(
(_2, state2) => ((ObserversState)state2).NotifyObserversOfCompletion(), state1,
CancellationToken.None,
Common.GetContinuationOptions(TaskContinuationOptions.NotOnFaulted | TaskContinuationOptions.ExecuteSynchronously),
TaskScheduler.Default);
}, this, Canceler.Token, Common.GetContinuationOptions(TaskContinuationOptions.ExecuteSynchronously), TaskScheduler.Default);
}
}
/// <summary>Forwards an item to all currently subscribed observers.</summary>
/// <param name="item">The item to forward.</param>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
private Task ProcessItemAsync(TOutput item)
{
Common.ContractAssertMonitorStatus(Observable._SubscriptionLock, held: false);
ImmutableArray<IObserver<TOutput>> currentObservers;
lock (Observable._SubscriptionLock) currentObservers = Observers;
try
{
foreach (IObserver<TOutput> observer in currentObservers)
{
// If the observer is our own TargetObserver, we SendAsync() to it
// rather than going through IObserver.OnNext() which allows us to
// continue offering to the remaining observers without blocking.
var targetObserver = observer as TargetObserver<TOutput>;
if (targetObserver != null)
{
Task<bool> sendAsyncTask = targetObserver.SendAsyncToTarget(item);
if (sendAsyncTask.Status != TaskStatus.RanToCompletion)
{
// Ensure the SendAsyncTaskList is instantiated
if (_tempSendAsyncTaskList == null) _tempSendAsyncTaskList = new List<Task<bool>>();
// Add the task to the list
_tempSendAsyncTaskList.Add(sendAsyncTask);
}
}
else
{
observer.OnNext(item);
}
}
// If there are SendAsync tasks to wait on...
if (_tempSendAsyncTaskList != null && _tempSendAsyncTaskList.Count > 0)
{
// Consolidate all SendAsync tasks into one
Task<bool[]> allSendAsyncTasksConsolidated = Task.WhenAll(_tempSendAsyncTaskList);
// Clear the temp SendAsync task list
_tempSendAsyncTaskList.Clear();
// Return the consolidated task
return allSendAsyncTasksConsolidated;
}
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
// Return a faulted task
return Common.CreateTaskFromException<VoidResult>(exc);
}
// All observers accepted normally.
// Return a completed task.
return Common.CompletedTaskWithTrueResult;
}
/// <summary>Notifies all currently registered observers that they should complete.</summary>
/// <param name="targetException">
/// Non-null when an unexpected exception occurs during processing. Faults
/// all subscribed observers and resets the observable back to its original condition.
/// </param>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Design", "CA1031:DoNotCatchGeneralExceptionTypes")]
private void NotifyObserversOfCompletion(Exception targetException = null)
{
Debug.Assert(Target.Completion.IsCompleted, "The target must have already completed in order to notify of completion.");
Common.ContractAssertMonitorStatus(Observable._SubscriptionLock, held: false);
// Send completion notification to all observers.
ImmutableArray<IObserver<TOutput>> currentObservers;
lock (Observable._SubscriptionLock)
{
// Get the currently registered set of observers. Then, if we're being called due to the target
// block failing from an unexpected exception, reset the observer state so that subsequent
// subscribed observers will get a new target block. Finally clear out our observer list.
currentObservers = Observers;
if (targetException != null) Observable.ResetObserverState();
Observers = ImmutableArray<IObserver<TOutput>>.Empty;
}
// If there are any observers to complete...
if (currentObservers.Count > 0)
{
// Determine if we should fault or complete the observers
Exception error = targetException ?? Observable.GetCompletionError();
try
{
// Do it.
if (error != null)
{
foreach (IObserver<TOutput> observer in currentObservers) observer.OnError(error);
}
else
{
foreach (IObserver<TOutput> observer in currentObservers) observer.OnCompleted();
}
}
catch (Exception exc)
{
// If an observer throws an exception at this point (which it shouldn't do),
// we have little recourse but to let that exception propagate. Since allowing it to
// propagate here would just result in it getting eaten by the owning task,
// we instead have it propagate on the thread pool.
Common.ThrowAsync(exc);
}
}
}
}
}
#endregion
#region AsObserver
/// <summary>Creates a new <see cref="System.IObserver{TInput}"/> abstraction over the <see cref="ITargetBlock{TInput}"/>.</summary>
/// <typeparam name="TInput">Specifies the type of input accepted by the target block.</typeparam>
/// <param name="target">The target to wrap.</param>
/// <returns>An observer that wraps the target block.</returns>
public static IObserver<TInput> AsObserver<TInput>(this ITargetBlock<TInput> target)
{
if (target == null) throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(target));
return new TargetObserver<TInput>(target);
}
/// <summary>Provides an observer wrapper for a target block.</summary>
[DebuggerDisplay("{DebuggerDisplayContent,nq}")]
private sealed class TargetObserver<TInput> : IObserver<TInput>, IDebuggerDisplay
{
/// <summary>The wrapped target.</summary>
private readonly ITargetBlock<TInput> _target;
/// <summary>Initializes the observer.</summary>
/// <param name="target">The target to wrap.</param>
internal TargetObserver(ITargetBlock<TInput> target)
{
Debug.Assert(target != null, "A target to observe is required.");
_target = target;
}
/// <summary>Sends the value to the observer.</summary>
/// <param name="value">The value to send.</param>
void IObserver<TInput>.OnNext(TInput value)
{
// Send the value asynchronously...
Task<bool> task = SendAsyncToTarget(value);
// And block until it's received.
task.GetAwaiter().GetResult(); // propagate original (non-aggregated) exception
}
/// <summary>Completes the target.</summary>
void IObserver<TInput>.OnCompleted()
{
_target.Complete();
}
/// <summary>Forwards the error to the target.</summary>
/// <param name="error">The exception to forward.</param>
void IObserver<TInput>.OnError(Exception error)
{
_target.Fault(error);
}
/// <summary>Sends a value to the underlying target asynchronously.</summary>
/// <param name="value">The value to send.</param>
/// <returns>A Task{bool} to wait on.</returns>
internal Task<bool> SendAsyncToTarget(TInput value)
{
return _target.SendAsync(value);
}
/// <summary>The data to display in the debugger display attribute.</summary>
[SuppressMessage("Microsoft.Globalization", "CA1305:SpecifyIFormatProvider")]
private object DebuggerDisplayContent
{
get
{
var displayTarget = _target as IDebuggerDisplay;