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Please ensure that pre-requisites are installed for a successful build of the repo.

Build ILCompiler

Build your repo by issuing the following command at repo root:

build[.cmd|.sh] clean [Debug|Release]

This will result in the following:

  • Restore nuget packages required for building
  • Build native and managed components of ILCompiler. The final binaries are placed to <repo_root>\bin\<OS>.<arch>.<Config>\tools.
  • Build and run tests

Install .NET Core 2.1 SDK

  • Download .NET Core 2.1 SDK from https://www.microsoft.com/net/download/core
  • On windows ensure you are using the 'x64 Native Tools Command Prompt for VS 2017' (This is distinct from the 'Developer Command Prompt for VS 2017')

You should now be able to use the dotnet commands of the CLI tools.

Compiling source to native code using the ILCompiler you built

  • Ensure that you have done a repo build per the instructions above.
  • Create a new folder and switch into it.
  • Run dotnet new console on the command/shell prompt. This will add a project template. If you get an error, please ensure the pre-requisites are installed.
  • Modify .csproj file that is part of your project. A few lines at the top and at the bottom are different from the default template.
<Project>
  <Import Project="$(MSBuildSDKsPath)\Microsoft.NET.Sdk\Sdk\Sdk.props" />

  <PropertyGroup>
    <OutputType>Exe</OutputType>
    <TargetFramework>netcoreapp2.1</TargetFramework>
  </PropertyGroup>

  <Import Project="$(MSBuildSDKsPath)\Microsoft.NET.Sdk\Sdk\Sdk.targets" />
  <Import Project="$(IlcPath)\build\Microsoft.NETCore.Native.targets" />
</Project>
  • Set IlcPath environment variable to point to the built binaries. Alternatively, pass an extra /p:IlcPath=<repo_root>\bin\Windows_NT.x64.Debug argument to all dotnet commands below.

    • Unix: export IlcPath=<repo_root>/bin/Linux.x64.Debug

    • Windows: set IlcPath=<repo_root>\bin\Windows_NT.x64.Debug

  • Please open an issue if these instructions do not work anymore.

Using RyuJIT

This approach uses the same code-generator (RyuJIT), as CoreCLR, for compiling the application. Linking is done using the platform specific linker.

From the shell/command prompt, issue the following commands, from the folder containing your project, to generate the native executable

    dotnet publish -r win-x64|linux-x64|osx-x64 

Native executable will be dropped in ./bin/x64/[configuration]/netcoreapp2.1/publish/ folder and will have the same name as the folder in which your source file is present.

Using CPP Code Generator

This approach uses transpiler to convert IL to C++, and then uses platform specific C++ compiler and linker for compiling/linking the application. The transpiler is a lot less mature than the RyuJIT path. If you came here to give CoreRT a try on your .NET Core program, use the RyuJIT option above.

From the shell/command prompt, issue the following commands to generate the native executable:

    dotnet publish /p:NativeCodeGen=cpp -r win-x64|linux-x64|osx-x64 

For CoreRT debug build on Windows, add an extra /p:AdditionalCppCompilerFlags=/MTd argument.

Disabling Native Compilation

Native compilation can be disabled during publishing by adding an extra /p:NativeCompilationDuringPublish=false argument.

Workarounds for build errors on Windows

If you are seeing errors such as:

    LNK2038: mismatch detected for 'RuntimeLibrary': value 'MTd_StaticDebug' doesn't match value 'MT_StaticRelease'
  • Make sure to use release build, or pass the extra /p:AdditionalCppCompilerFlags=/MTd argument above.

If you are seeing errors such as:

libcpmtd.lib(nothrow.obj) : fatal error LNK1112: module machine type 'X86' conflicts with target machine type 'x64' [C:\Users\[omitted]\nativetest\app\app.csproj]
C:\Users\[omitted]\nativetest\bin\Windows_NT.x64.Debug\build\Microsoft.NETCore.Native.targets(151,5): error MSB3073: The command "link  @"obj\Debug\netcoreapp2.1\native\link.rsp"" exited with code 1112. [C:\Users\[omitted]\nativetest\app\app.csproj]

or

Microsoft.NETCore.Native.targets(150,5): error MSB3073: The command "link  @"native\link.rsp"" exited with code 1.

or

Microsoft.NETCore.Native.targets(132,5): error MSB3073: The command "cl @"native\cl.rsp"" exited with code 9009.

Make sure you run these commands from the x64 Native Tools Command Prompt for VS 2017 instead of a vanilla command prompt

For more details see discussion in issue #2679