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Really Awesome New Cisco confIg Differ with git extensions and support for colorized emails!

Merge pull request #35 from dsx/feature/jrancid-show-configuration-di…

…splay-set

Added show configuration | display set command
latest commit 8238d57b09
Matthew Walster authored
bin Added show configuration | display set command
debian Fix a small typo in the Debian changelog.
etc Use variable for log directory
include Bump version to 2.3.9
man MANUAL: Fix some typos from the man pages
rel-eng Automatic commit of package [rancid-git] release [2.3.8-0].
share MAKEFILE: Mailing bug
.gitignore Add ucsrancid for Cisco UCS devices
BUGS Imported from rancid-2.2.tar.gz.
CHANGES Bump release, add changes to chagelog
COPYING Import RANCID version 2.3.6
FAQ Update to rancid 2.3.8
INSTALL remove small typo in bash script
Makefile.am Started outline for README.git, added to Makefile.am
README Readme instructions for initial git remote setup
README.git Readme instructions for initial git remote setup
README.lg Imported from rancid-2.3.1.tar.gz.
Todo Import RANCID version 2.3.6
UPGRADING Import RANCID version 2.3.6
acinclude.m4 Imported from rancid-2.0.tar.gz.
cloginrc.sample Imported from rancid-2.3.6.tar.gz
configure.ac Add ucsrancid for Cisco UCS devices
depcomp Import RANCID version 2.3.6
install-sh Import RANCID version 2.3.6
missing Import RANCID version 2.3.6
mkinstalldirs Import RANCID version 2.3.6
rancid-git.spec Bump release, add changes to chagelog
update-spec.sh Bump release, add changes to chagelog
README
Rancid is a "Really Awesome New Cisco confIg Differ" developed to
maintain CVS controlled copies of router configs.

**** The Following Information is Very Important ****
Rancid 2.3 introduces a new directory layout.  It has been changed to more
closely follow the standard path hierarchy, which is defined by the FHS
standard and autoconf, and/or make these locations more easily configurable
within rancid.

The obvious advantage of this is making rancid more easily packagable; i.e.:
NetBSD pkgsrc, FreeBSD port, Linux RPM, etc.

Please please please please read the UPGRADING file for more information.
**********

The following is the packing list for Rancid, excluding files supporting
configure (autoconf) and make.  .in is stripped from the files below by
configure as substitutions are completed:

README		This file.
README.git	Information about using Git support for Rancid, along with some
		use scenarios
README.lg	Information about the Looking Glass.
BUGS		Bug list.
CHANGES		List of changes to Rancid.
COPYING		RANCID license.
FAQ		Frequently Asked Questions
Todo		Partial list of what needs to be done.
UPGRADING	Notes on upgrading rancid to a new version.
cloginrc.sample	TCL commands to set passwords, usernames etc. used by clogin
		and jlogin.  See cloginrc(5)
etc/
	lg.conf.sample		Sample Looking Glass configuration
	rancid.conf.sample	Sample RANCID configuration
bin/
	clogin.in	Expect script that logs into routers and either presents
			an interactive shell, runs a set of commands, or runs
			another expect script.  It handles Cisco, Extreme,
			Force10, Juniper E-series, Procket, Redback, Zebra/MRT.
	control_rancid.in
			Builds router list, calls rancid on each router and
			handles version control routines.
	hpuifilter.c	HP procurve login filter - see hlogin(1).
	par.in		Parallel processing of commands - any commands.
	rancid-cvs.in	Creates all of the version control and config directories.
	rancid-run.in	Script designed to be run from cron.
	rancid-fe.in	Chooses between rancid/[abefhjrx]rancid/cat5rancid.
	rancid.in	Runs commands on cisco routers and processes the output.

	agmrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Cisco Anomaly Guard Module (AGM)
	arancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Alteon switches.
	brancid.in	Version of rancid.in for baynet/nortel routers.
	cat5rancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Cisco Catalyst switches.
	cssrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Cisco CSS switches.
	erancid.in	Version of rancid.in for ADC EZ-T3 muxes.
	f10rancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Force10 routers.
	f5rancid.in	Version of rancid.in for F5 BigIPs.
	fnrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Fortinet Firewalls.
	francid.in	Version of rancid.in for Foundry switches.
	hrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for HP Procurve switches.
	htrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Hitatchi routers.
	jerancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Juniper E-series routers.
	jrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Juniper routers.
	mrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for MRT daemons.
	nrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Netscreen firewalls.
	nsrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Netscalars.
	prancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Procket routers.
	rivancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Riverstone routers.
	rrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Redback routers.
	srancid.in	Version of rancid.in for SMC switches.
	tntrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for TNT access servers.
	xrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Extreme switches.
	zrancid.in	Version of rancid.in for Zebra routers.

	alogin.in	Version of clogin.in for Alteon switches.
	blogin.in	Version of clogin.in for baynet/Nortel routers.
	elogin.in	Version of clogin.in for ADC EZ-T3 muxes.
	flogin.in	Version of clogin.in for Foundry switches.  If foundry
			cleaned-up their bloody UI, clogin should do the job.
	hlogin.in	Version of clogin.in for HP procurve switches.
	htlogin.in	Version of clogin.in for Hitatchi routers.
	jlogin.in	Version of clogin.in for Juniper routers.
	nlogin.in	Version of clogin.in for Netscreen firewalls.
	nslogin.in	Version of clogin.in for Netscalars.
	rivlogin.in	Version of clogin.in for Riverstone routers.
	tntlogin.in	Version of clogin.in for TNT access servers.
man/		man pages
share/		Readmes, samples, utilities, contribs, etc
include/	Include files and rancid version.h

Also see rancid_intro(1), rancid(1), and clogin(1).

The following (non-exhaustive list) are included as part of the installation
and configuration tools:

Makefile.am	processed by automake to produce Makefile.in
Makefile.in	processed by configure to produce Makefile
acinclude.m4	sets some GNU autoconf options
aclocal.m4	Output of GNU autoconf script
configure	GNU autoconf script
configure.in	Input file for autoconf to procide configure
depcomp		part of GNU autoconf
install-sh	GNU autoconf shell script to simulate BSD style install
missing		part of GNU autoconf
mkinstalldirs	GNU autoconf shell script to make installation directories

rancid will also need to have the following packages:
cvs		Code revision system available from prep.ai.mit.edu:/pub/gnu
gnudiff		gnudiff provides the uni-diff (-u) option.  If you do not have
		a diff that supports -u, configure will set-up rancid to use
		'diff -c' or 'diff -C'.
perl5		perl version 5 or greater available from www.cpan.org
expect		http://expect.nist.gov/  We highly suggest that you stick to
		expect 5.24.1 (or so).  This seems to work best.  Note that
		you need to have the accompanying tcl &/ tk.
svn		Code revision system, an alternative to cvs or git.  Available from
		http://subversion.tigris.org/tarballs/.  Use the configure
		option --with-svn to configure for Subversion.
git		Distributed version control system, an alternative to cvs or svn
		Available from http://git-scm.com/downloads.  Use the configure
		option --with-git to configure for Git.
tcl		Required by expect.

Bill Fenner (now maintained by others) has a cgi script for interacting
with CVS repositories via a web interface.  This provides a great way to
view rancid diffs and full configs, especially for those unfamiliar with
cvs.  The package is not included, but can be found here:

	http://www.freebsd.org/projects/cvsweb.html


Quick Installation Guide (an example):

1) ./configure [--prefix=<basedir>]
   By default, rancid will be installed under /usr/local/rancid (the default
   "prefix").  This can be overridden with the --prefix option.  E.g.:

	./configure --prefix=/home/rancid

   Rancid uses autoconf's "localstatedir" as the location of it's logs,
   CVS or Subversion respository, and directories where it's groups are
   placed.  The user who will run rancid (from cron, etc) will need write
   access to these directories.  By default, this is <prefix>/var, or
   /home/rancid/var following the example above.

   We realize that this is not optimal, but it follows the standards.  We
   suggest that this be altered to include the package name, like so:

	./configure --prefix=/home/rancid \
			--localstatedir=/home/rancid/var/rancid

   The user who will run rancid must have write permission in "localstatedir".

   See ./configure --help for other configure options.

2) make install

3) Modify <sysconfdir>/rancid.conf (e.g.: <basedir>/etc/rancid.conf).  The
   variable LIST_OF_GROUPS is a space delimited list of router "groups".
   E.g.:
	LIST_OF_GROUPS="backbone aggregation switches"

4) Put .cloginrc in the home directory of the user who will run rancid.
   .cloginrc must be not be readable/writable/executable by "others",
   i.e.: .cloginrc must be mode 0600 or 0640.

5) Modify .cloginrc.

   Test to make sure that you can log into every router.

   Note: the juniper user you use *must* log into a cli shell (which
   is the default on a juniper).

   See the file cloginrc.sample, located in <datadir> (<basedir>/share/rancid),
   for examples and good starting point.  Also take a look at the cloginrc
   manual page, 'man -M <basedir>/man cloginrc'.

6) Modify /etc/aliases
   Rancid sends the diffs and other administrative emails to rancid-<GROUP>
   and problems to rancid-admin-<GROUP>, where <GROUP> is the "GROUP" of
   routers.  This way you can separate your backbone routers from your
   access routers or separate based upon network etc...  Different router
   uses forced different people being interested in router "groups" -
   thus this setup.  Make sure email to rancid-<GROUP> works.  /etc/aliases
   can be maintainable by Majordomo stuff, but make sure the user that
   runs rancid can post to the list.

   The Precedence header set to bulk or junk *hopefully* avoids replies from
   auto-responders and vacation type mail filters.

   The --enable-mail-plus option to configure will set each of the "rancid-"
   addresses mentioned above to "rancid+".  See sendmail's operation manual
   for more information on handling of '+'.

   The --enable-adminmail-plus configure option will set each of the
   "rancid-admin-" addresses mentioned above to "rancid-admin+".  If this
   option is not used, the value of --enable-mail-plus is assumed.  That is,
   the addresses will be "rancid+", if it is specified.

7) Run rancid-cvs.
   This creates all of the necessary directories and config files for
   each of the groups in LIST_OF_GROUPS and imports them into version control
   (CVS, Subversion or Git).  This will also be run each time a new group is
   added.  Do not create the directories or version control repository manually,
   allow rancid-cvs to do it.  Also see 'man -M <basedir>/man rancid-cvs'.

8) For each "group", modify the router.db file in the group directory.
   The file is of the form "router:mfg:state" where "router" is
   the name (we use FQDN) of the router, mfg is the manufacturer
   from the set of (cat5|cisco|juniper) (see router.db.5 for a complete
   list and description), and "state" is either up or down.  Each router
   listed as "up" will have the configuration grabbed.  Note: manufacturer
   cat5 is intended only for cisco catalyst switches running catalyst (not
   IOS) code.

   e.g.: <localstatedir>/<group>/router.db:
	cisco-router.domain.com:cisco:up
	adc-mux.domain.com:ezt3:up
	foundry-switch-router.domain.com:foundry:up
	juniper-router.domain.com:juniper:up
	redback-dsl-router.domain.com:redback:down
	extreme-switch.domain.com:extreme:down

    NOTE: If using git-remote, see README.git before running bin/rancid-run

9) For first-time users or new installations, run bin/rancid-run (with no
   arguments) and check the resulting log file(s) (in logs/*) for errors.
   Repeat until there are no errors.

10) Put rancid-run in cron to be called however often you want it to
   run for each group (rancid-run [<GROUP>]).  If you run it less
   often than once/hour, check the setting of OLDTIME in etc/rancid.conf.
   E.g.:
	# run config differ hourly
	1 * * * * <BASEDIR>/bin/rancid-run
	# clean out config differ logs
	50 23 * * * /usr/bin/find <localstatedir>/logs -type f -mtime +2 -exec rm {} \;

11) Note: If you are using any of these programs (other than
    rancid-run) out of cron, make sure that you set your $PATH
    correctly so that they work.  E.g.: if you are using clogin,
    it can call id, telnet, ssh, and/or rsh.

    configure already makes sure that $PATH is set correctly in
    etc/rancid.conf for rancid-run, so you could use the $PATH from there. e.g.:

	50 23 * * * . <sysconfdir>/rancid.conf; clogin -c 'sh vers' router

12) Send any bugs, suggestions or updates to rancid@shrubbery.net.
    See the web page at http://www.shrubbery.net/rancid.  We have
    created the standard mailing lists for those interested;
    rancid-announce@shrubbery.net and rancid-discuss@shrubbery.net.
    Subscribe by sending an email whose body contains "subscribe
    rancid-<announce or discuss>" to majordomo@shrubbery.net.

    If you are reporting problems, please include the version of rancid,
    expect, and your OS in the email.


Problem with clogin/telnet hanging within rancid or scripts?

If you have experienced rancid (or more precisely, telnet) hanging on a
solaris 2.6 box; check to be sure you have the following two o/s patches
installed (see showrev -p).  There may be more recent versions of these
patches and they are likely included with 2.7 and 2.8:

Patch-ID# 105529-08
Keywords: security tcp rlogin TCP ACK FIN packet listen
Synopsis: SunOS 5.6: /kernel/drv/tcp patch

Patch-ID# 105786-11
Keywords: security ip tcp_priv_stream routing ip_enable_group_ifs ndd
Synopsis: SunOS 5.6: /kernel/drv/ip patch

Another contributor to rancid "hanging", with or without the o/s patches
mentioned above, is a bug in expect/tcl.  We've noticed that expect (from
5.24.1 forward), and whatever tcl happens to compile with it, exhibits a
problem on Linux and Solaris where rancid's scripts hang waiting for input
from the device.  Patches to expect are available on the rancid web page.

Also, for rancid 2.3 and later, changes were made to the login scripts
which use some more elaborate regexes that have failed with expect versions
prior to 5.40.  While 5.40 works, it still seems to need the patch offered
on the rancid web page for Linux and Solaris.

See www.shrubbery.net/rancid for additional notes on this.
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