A set of Dockerfiles for running asterisk (and a FastAGI, one for PHP as it stands)
Also checkout my blog article @ dougbtv.com.
You can pull the image from dockerhub.
Which is as simple as running:
Security fix only EOL # Asterisk 16.8 Certified LTS 2022-10-09 2023-10-09 docker pull dougbtv/asterisk16 # Asterisk 13 LTS 2020-10-24 2021-10-24 docker pull dougbtv/asterisk13 # Asterisk 11 LTS 2016-10-25 2017-10-25 docker pull dougbtv/asterisk
What is it based on?
Generally this is based on:
- Centos 7 base images
- Latest current available version of Asterisk certified branch (for LTS releases)
Dockerfile in the root directory is Asterisk 11 and available with
docker pull dougbtv/asterisk
Looking for Asterisk 13 or 16?
- The Dockerfile is in
Check out the latest build!
The image is backed by bowline (a Docker build server, which I wrote) which watches for the latest tarball from downloads.asterisk.org, builds it into this docker image and then automatically pushes it to dockerhub.
Whenever a new build of Asterisk is created, the bot creates a pull request here, you can check out the latest merged pull requests. You'll see the results and logs of the image builds that are available via
docker pull @ bowline.io
Bowline is under-work, but, was inspired by my Asterisk dockerfiles, seeing, it takes a while to compile Asterisk. (which is why it's nice to have an up-to-date image available)
Verified with CI using Travis
Check out the info on the latest build @ Travis-CI, it should give you a little confidence that the latest Dockerfile is building properly, and give you a little information about the build (for example, you can check out what modules are compiled in, a la
module show). In short the Travis build has tests that ensure two instances of this Docker image can make a call between the two.
Don't be shy! Check out the
.travis.yml file in the root and learn how to do it for yourself (it's not rocket science!)
Asterisk with SIP tends to use a wide range of UDP ports (for RTP), so we have chosen to run the main aster container with
--net=host option. We can now expose a range of ports with
--expose=10000-20000, however, it can be very slow for a large number of ports.
We publish the port for the FastAGI container (which is running xinetd), and then we call the loopback address from AGI. You could separate these and run them on different hosts, should you choose.
An important function is that we need to access the CLI, which we use
nsenter for, a shortcut script you'll run from the host is included here as
This gist of how we get it going (and also memorialized in the
tools/run.sh script) is:
NAME_ASTERISK=asterisk NAME_FASTAGI=fastagi # Run the fastagi container. docker run \ -p 4573:4573 \ --name $NAME_FASTAGI \ -d -t dougbtv/fastagi # Run the main asterisk container. docker run \ --name $NAME_ASTERISK \ --net=host \ -d -t dougbtv/asterisk
However, this will run without any configuration what-so-ever, so you'll want to mount a volume with your configurations, a sample configuration is provided in this clone. So if your current working directory is this clone, you could mount the example configurations in
/etc/asterisk however, I recommend you create your own configurations.
docker run \ --name $NAME_ASTERISK \ --net=host \ -v $(pwd)/test/example/:/etc/asterisk/ \ -d -t dougbtv/asterisk
Just issue, with your current-working-dir as the clone:
docker build -t dougbtv/asterisk . docker build -t dougbtv/fastagi fastagi/.
Let's inspect the important files in the clone
. |-- Dockerfile |-- extensions.conf |-- fastagi/ | |-- agiLaunch.sh | |-- agi.php | |-- Dockerfile | `-- xinetd_agi |-- iax.conf |-- modules.conf |-- README.md `-- tools/ |-- asterisk-cli.sh |-- clean.sh `-- run.sh
In the root dir:
Dockerfilewhat makes the dockerhub image
extensions.confa very simple dialplan
iax.confa sample iax.conf which sets up an IAX2 client (for testing, really)
Dockerfilecreates a Docker image that runs xinetd
xinetd_agithe configuration for xinetd to run
agiLaunch.sha shell script to kick off our xinetd process (a php script)
agi.phpa sample AGI script, replace this with your main AGI php processes
tools/ dir are some utilities I find myself using over and over:
nsentercommand (note: image name must contain "asterisk" for it to detect it, easy enough to modify to fit your needs)
clean.shkills all containers, and removes them.
run.sha suggested way to run the Docker container.
...Not listed is the
asterisk/ dir, where there's a sample build for Asterisk 13 beta. This Dockerfile works. Just getting the ducks in a row for when it's released.
This bot is backed by bowline, which is a Docker build server / application, that I also wrote. It's actually while making these files I was inspired to build this.
This ensures there's a fresh image built and available on Dockerhub. There used to be a prototype here, alas, I have removed it -- I recommend checking out bowline if you're interested.