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NWSAPI

Fast CSS Selectors API Engine

NWSAPI is the development progress of NWMATCHER aiming at Selectors Level 4 conformance. It has been completely reworked to be easily extended and maintained. It is a right-to-left selector parser and compiler written in pure Javascript with no external dependencies. It was initially thought as a cross browser library to improve event delegation and web page scraping in various frameworks but it has become a popular replacement of the native CSS selection and matching functionality in newer browsers and headless environments.

It uses regular expressions to parse CSS selector strings and metaprogramming to transforms these selector strings into Javascript function resolvers. This process is executed only once for each selector string allowing memoization of the function resolvers and achieving unmatched performances.

Installation

To include NWSAPI in a standard web page:

<script type="text/javascript" src="nwsapi.js"></script>

To include NWSAPI in a standard web page and automatically replace the native QSA:

<script type="text/javascript" src="nwsapi.js" onload="NW.Dom.install()"></script>

To use NWSAPI with Node.js:

$ npm install nwsapi

NWSAPI currently supports browsers (as a global, NW.Dom) and headless environments (as a CommonJS module).

Supported Selectors

Here is a list of all the CSS2/CSS3/CSS4 Supported selectors.

Features and Compliance

You can read more about NWSAPI features and compliance on the wiki.

API

DOM Selection

ancestor( selector, context, callback )

Returns a reference to the nearest ancestor element matching selector, starting at context. Returns null if no element is found. If callback is provided, it is invoked for the matched element.

first( selector, context, callback )

Returns a reference to the first element matching selector, starting at context. Returns null if no element matches. If callback is provided, it is invoked for the matched element.

match( selector, element, callback )

Returns true if element matches selector, starting at context; returns false otherwise. If callback is provided, it is invoked for the matched element.

select( selector, context, callback )

Returns an array of all the elements matching selector, starting at context; returns empty Array otherwise. If callback is provided, it is invoked for each matching element.

DOM Helpers

byId( id, from )

Returns a reference to the first element with ID id, optionally filtered to descendants of the element from.

byTag( tag, from )

Returns an array of elements having the specified tag name tag, optionally filtered to descendants of the element from.

byClass( class, from )

Returns an array of elements having the specified class name class, optionally filtered to descendants of the element from.

Engine Configuration

configure( options )

The following is the list of currently available configuration options, their default values and descriptions, they are boolean flags that can be set to true or false:

  • IDS_DUPES: true - true to allow using multiple elements having the same id, false to disallow
  • LIVECACHE: true - true for caching both results and resolvers, false for caching only resolvers
  • MIXEDCASE: true - true to match tag names case insensitive, false to match using case sensitive
  • LOGERRORS: true - true to print errors and warnings to the console, false to mute both of them

Examples on extending the basic functionalities

configure( { <configuration-flag>: [ true | false ] } )

Disable logging errors/warnings to console, disallow duplicate ids. Example:

NW.Dom.configure( { LOGERRORS: false, IDS_DUPES: false } );

NOTE: NW.Dom.configure() without parameters return the current configuration.

registerCombinator( symbol, resolver )

Registers a new symbol and its matching resolver in the combinators table. Example:

NW.Dom.registerCombinator( '^', 'e.parentElement' );

registerOperator( symbol, resolver )

Registers a new symbol and its matching resolver in the attribute operators table. Example:

NW.Dom.registerOperator( '!=', { p1: '^', p2: '$', p3: 'false' } );

registerSelector( name, rexp, func )

Registers a new selector, the matching RE and the resolver function, in the selectors table. Example:

NW.Dom.registerSelector('Controls', /^\:(control)(.*)/i,
  (function(global) {
    return function(match, source, mode, callback) {
      var status = true;
      source = 'if(/^(button|input|select|textarea)/i.test(e.nodeName)){' + source + '}';
      return { 'source': source, 'status': status };
    };
  })(this));