Skip to content
A tiny, full-featured, flexible client / server library for the Twitter API
JavaScript
Branch: master
Clone or download
Permalink
Type Name Latest commit message Commit time
Failed to load latest commit information.
.idea 🚀 v0.9 release + upgrade packages to current versions (except microb… Jan 6, 2019
.vscode Drop Node versions from Travis because Twitter rate limits it Dec 21, 2018
test
.eslintignore v0.9.4: fix broken 0.9.3 build; cosmetic changes Mar 26, 2019
.eslintrc.js v0.9.4: fix broken 0.9.3 build; cosmetic changes Mar 26, 2019
.gitignore 🚀 v0.7: reject on errors; add rate limit test Jul 26, 2018
.travis.yml Drop Node versions from Travis because Twitter rate limits it Dec 21, 2018
CHANGELOG.md v0.9.3: return _headers in stream creation error Mar 25, 2019
LICENSE add license Feb 16, 2018
README.md v0.9.4: fix broken 0.9.3 build; cosmetic changes Mar 26, 2019
package.json v0.9.4: fix broken 0.9.3 build; cosmetic changes Mar 26, 2019
stream.js Switch code style to to eslint:recommended Mar 25, 2019
twitter.js

README.md

Twitter Lite

A tiny, full-featured, modern client / server library for the Twitter API.

npm travis

Features

  • Promise driven via Async / Await
  • REST and Stream support
  • Works both in Node and in browsers
  • Rate limiting support
  • Under 1kb
  • Minimal dependencies
  • Test suite

Why

We have built this library because existing ones have not been recently maintained, or depend on outdated libraries.

Installation

yarn add twitter-lite
npm install twitter-lite

Usage

  • Create an app on https://apps.twitter.com/
  • Grab the Consumer Key (API Key) and Consumer Secret (API Secret) from Keys and Access Tokens
  • Make sure you set the right access level for your app
  • If you want to use user-based authentication, grab the access token key and secret as well

App vs. User authentication

Twitter has two different authentication options:

  • App: higher rate limits. Great for building your own Twitter App.
  • User: lower rate limits. Great for making requests on behalf of a User.

User authentication requires:

  • consumer_key
  • consumer_secret
  • access_token_key
  • access_token_secret

App authentication requires:

  • bearer_token

App authentication is a simple header behind the scenes:

headers: {
  Authorization: `Bearer ${bearer_token}`;
}

You can get the bearer token by calling .getBearerToken().

Verifying credentials example (user auth)

const client = new Twitter({
  subdomain: "api",
  consumer_key: "abc", // from Twitter.
  consumer_secret: "def", // from Twitter.
  access_token_key: "uvw", // from your User (oauth_token)
  access_token_secret: "xyz" // from your User (oauth_token_secret)
});

client
  .get("account/verify_credentials")
  .then(results => {
    console.log("results", results);
  })
  .catch(console.error);

App authentication example

const user = new Twitter({
  consumer_key: "abc",
  consumer_secret: "def"
});

const response = await user.getBearerToken();
const app = new Twitter({
  bearer_token: response.access_token
});

Oauth authentication

According to the docs this helps you get access token from your users.

const client = new Twitter({
  consumer_key: "xyz",
  consumer_secret: "xyz"
});

client
  .getRequestToken("http://callbackurl.com")
  .then(res =>
    console.log({
      reqTkn: res.oauth_token,
      reqTknSecret: res.oauth_token_secret
    })
  )
  .catch(console.error);

Then you redirect your user to https://api.twitter.com/oauth/authenticate?oauth_token=xyz123abc, and once you get the verifier and the token, you pass them on to the next stage of the authentication.

const client = new Twitter({
  consumer_key: "xyz",
  consumer_secret: "xyz"
});

client
  .getAccessToken({
    key: requestToken,
    secret: requestTokenSecret,
    verifier: oauthVerifier
  })
  .then(res =>
    console.log({
      accTkn: res.oauth_token,
      accTknSecret: res.oauth_token_secret,
      userId: res.user_id,
      screenName: res.screen_name
    })
  )
  .catch(console.error);

And this will return you your access_token and access_token_secret.

Streams

To learn more about the streaming API visit the Twitter Docs. The streaming API works only in Node.

const client = new Twitter({
  consumer_key: "xyz" // from Twitter.
  consumer_secret: "xyz" // from Twitter.
  access_token_key: "abc" // from your User (oauth_token)
  access_token_secret: "abc" // from your User (oauth_token_secret)
});

const parameters = {
  track: "#bitcoin,#litecoin,#monero",
  follow: "422297024,873788249839370240",  // @OrchardAI, @tylerbuchea
  locations: "-122.75,36.8,-121.75,37.8",  // Bounding box -	San Francisco
};

const stream = client.stream("statuses/filter", parameters)
  .on("start", response => console.log("start"))
  .on("data", tweet => console.log("data", tweet.text))
  .on("ping", () => console.log("ping"))
  .on("error", error => console.log("error", error))
  .on("end", response => console.log("end"));

// To stop the stream:
process.nextTick(() => stream.destroy());  // emits "end" and "error" events

To stop a stream, call stream.destroy(). That might take a while though, if the stream receives a lot of traffic. Also, if you attempt to destroy a stream from an on handler, you may get an error about writing to a destroyed stream. In that case, try to defer the destroy() call:

process.nextTick(() => stream.destroy());

After calling stream.destroy(), you can recreate the stream, if you wait long enough - see the "should reuse stream N times" test. Note that Twitter may return a "420 Enhance your calm" error if you switch streams too fast. There are no response headers specifying how long to wait, and the error, as well as streaming limits in general, are poorly documented. Trial and error has shown that for tracked keywords, waiting 20 to 30 seconds between re-creating streams was enough. Remember to also set up the .on() handlers again for the new stream.

Methods

.get(endpoint, parameters)

Returns a Promise resolving to the API response object, or rejecting on error. The response and error objects also contain the HTTP response code and headers, under the _headers key. These are useful to check for rate limit information.

const client = new Twitter({
  consumer_key: "xyz",
  consumer_secret: "xyz",
  access_token_key: "abc",
  access_token_secret: "abc"
});

const rateLimits = await app.get("statuses/show", {
  id: "1016078154497048576"
});

.post(endpoint, parameters)

Same return as .get().

Use the .post method for actions that change state, or when the total size of the parameters might be too long for a GET request. For example, to follow a user:

const client = new Twitter({
  consumer_key: "xyz",
  consumer_secret: "xyz",
  access_token_key: "abc",
  access_token_secret: "abc"
});

await client.post("friendships/create", {
  screen_name: "dandv"
});

The second use case for POST is when you need to pass more parameters than suitable for the length of a URL, such as when looking up a larger number of user ids or screen names:

const users = await client.post("users/lookup", {
  screen_name: "longScreenName1,longerScreeName2,...,veryLongScreenName100"
});

.getBearerToken()

See the app authentication example.

.getRequestToken(twitterCallbackUrl)

See the OAuth example.

.getAccessToken(options)

See the OAuth example.

Examples

You can find many more examples for various resources/endpoints in the tests.

Troubleshooting

API errors

.get and .post reject on error, so you can use try/catch to handle errors. The error object contains an errors property with the error code and message, and a _headers property with the the HTTP response code and Headers object returned by the Twitter API. Note that each _headers property is an array, usually of length 1.

try {
  const response = await client.get("some/endpoint");
  // ... use response here ...
} catch (e) {
  if ('errors' in e) {
    // Twitter API error
    if (e.errors[0].code === 88)
      // rate limit exceeded
      console.log("Rate limit will reset on", new Date(e._headers["x-rate-limit-reset"] * 1000));
    else
      // some other kind of error, e.g. read-only API trying to POST
  } else {
    // non-API error, e.g. network problem or invalid JSON in response
  }
}

Rate limiting

A particular case of errors is exceeding the rate limits. See the example immediately above for detecting rate limit errors, and read Twitter's documentation on rate limiting.

Numeric vs. string IDs

Twitter uses numeric IDs that in practice can be up to 18 characters long. Due to rounding errors, it's unsafe to use numeric IDs in JavaScript. Always set stringify_ids: true when possible, so that Twitter will return strings instead of numbers, and rely on the id_str field, rather than on the id field.

Contributing

With the library nearing v1.0, contributions are welcome! Areas especially in need of help involve multimedia (see #33 for example), and adding tests (see these for reference).

Development

  1. Fork/clone the repo
  2. yarn/npm install
  3. Go to https://apps.twitter.com and create an app for testing this module. Make sure it has read/write permissions.
  4. Grab the consumer key/secret, and the access token/secret and place them in a .env file in the project's root directory, under the following variables:
    TWITTER_CONSUMER_KEY=...
    TWITTER_CONSUMER_SECRET=...
    ACCESS_TOKEN=...
    ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET=...
    
  5. yarn/npm test and make sure all tests pass
  6. Add your contribution, along with test case(s). Note: feel free to skip the "should DM user" test during development by changing that it() call to it.skip(), but remember to revert that change before committing. This will prevent your account from being flagged as abusing the API to send too many DMs.
  7. Make sure all tests pass. NOTE: tests will take over 10 minutes to finish.
  8. Commit using a descriptive message (please squash commits into one per fix/improvement!)
  9. git push and submit your PR!

Credits

Authors:

Over the years, thanks to:

You can’t perform that action at this time.