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/*
Title: 11.Range.go
Author: OpenSource
Date: 2017-05-21
Description: For Study
range iterates over elements in a variety of data structures.
Let’s see how to use range with some of the data structures we’ve already learned.
*/
package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
fmt.Println("11.Range.go--------Start-----------")
nums := []int{1, 2, 3}
sum := 0
// Here we use range to sum the numbers in a slice. Arrays work like this too.
for _, num := range nums {
sum += num
}
fmt.Println("sum: ", sum)
// range on arrays and slices provides both the index and value for each entry.
// Above we didn’t need the index, so we ignored it with the blank identifier _.
// Sometimes we actually want the indexes though.
for i, num := range nums {
if num == 3 {
fmt.Println("index: ",i)
fmt.Println("num: ",num)
}
}
// range on map iterates over key/value pairs.
kvs := map[string]string{"a": "apple", "b": "banana"}
for k, v := range kvs {
fmt.Println("%s -> %s\n => (k, v) :", k, v)
}
// range can also iterate over just the keys of a map.
for k := range kvs {
fmt.Println("key :", k)
}
// range on strings iterates over Unicode code points.
// The first value is the starting byte index of the rune and the second the rune itself.
for i, c := range "go"{
fmt.Println(i, c)
}
fmt.Println("11.Range.go---------End------------")
}
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