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/*
Title: 9.Slices.go
Author: OpenSource
Date: 2017-05-20
Description: For Study
Slices are a key data type in Go, giving a more powerful interface to sequences than arrays.
*/
package main
import "fmt"
func main() {
fmt.Println("9.Slices.go--------Start-----------")
s := make([]string, 3)
// Unlike arrays, slices are typed only by the elements they contain
// (not the number of elements).
// To create an empty slice with non-zero length, use the builtin make.
// Here we make a slice of strings of length 3 (initially zero-valued).
fmt.Println("s := make([]string,3) =>", s)
fmt.Println(s)
// We can set and get just like with arrays.
s[0] = "a"
s[1] = "b"
s[2] = "c"
fmt.Println("s[0] =\"a\", s[1]=\"b\",s[2]=\"c\" => ",s)
fmt.Println("len(s) => ", len(s))
// len returns the length of the slice as expected.
s = append(s, "d")
s = append(s, "e","f")
fmt.Println("s = append(s, \"d\",\"e\",\"f\" => ", s)
// In addition to these basic operations,
// slices support several more that make them richer than arrays.
// One is the builtin append, which returns a slice containing one or more new values.
// Note that we need to accept a return value from append as we may get a new slice value.
c := make([]string, len(s))
fmt.Println("c := make([]string, len(s)) =>", c)
// Slices can also be copy’d.
// Here we create an empty slice c of the same length as s and copy into c from s.
copy(c, s)
fmt.Println("s =>", s)
fmt.Println("after copy(c,s) => c ", c)
// Slices support a “slice” operator with the syntax slice[low:high].
// For example, this gets a slice of the elements s[2], s[3], and s[4].
l := s[2:5]
fmt.Println("l := s[2:5] =>", l)
// This slices up to (but excluding) s[5].
l = s[:5]
fmt.Println("l = s[:5] =>", l)
// And this slices up from (and including) s[2].
l = s[2:]
fmt.Println("l = s[2:] =>", l)
// We can declare and initialize a variable for slice in a single line as well.
t := []string{"g","h","i"}
fmt.Println("t := []string{\"g\",\"h\",\"i\"} =>", t)
// Slices can be composed into multi-dimensional data structures.
// The length of the inner slices can vary, unlike with multi-dimensional arrays.
twoD := make([][]int, 3)
for i := 0; i < 3; i ++ {
innerLen := i + 1
twoD[i] = make([]int, innerLen)
for j:= 0; j < innerLen; j++ {
twoD[i][j] = i + j
}
}
fmt.Println("twoD := make([][]int,3) =>", twoD)
// Note that while slices are different types than arrays,
// they are rendered similarly by fmt.Println.
// Check this blog that https://blog.golang.org/go-slices-usage-and-internals
// It's really awesome
fmt.Println("9.Slices.go---------End------------")
}
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