Verb declention for Sanskrit
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Verb declension for Sanskrit

Table of Contents

Online Demos

Code Structure

To understand how the code is organized, please read

Running the Code Locally with XAMPP (Windows)

This is a one time exercise. Once you have completed the steps below, you should only open your browser (Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, etc.) and browse to localhost/SanskritVerb/tiGanta.html to access a frontend that will allow you to interact with the machine.

  1. Download the latest version of XAMPP
  2. Install XAMPP
  3. Install Git from
  4. Locate XAMPP directory (usually c://xampp)
  5. Right-click on xampp-control.exe and select 'Run As Administrator' (For steps 5-8, if in doubt, please see this)
  6. In the right-top corner, click on 'Config'
  7. Tick Apache, FileZilla, Tomcat, MySQL and Mercury in 'Autostart of modules' section
  8. Click 'Save'
  9. Close 'XAMPP Control Panel'
  10. Go to xampp/htdocs directory
  11. Copy in that directory
  12. Click on (this will fetch the latest code and data for local usage)

Running the Code Locally with Docker (MacOS / Linux)

  1. Install Docker (can also be done through Homebrew)
  2. Clone this repo and cd into it
  3. docker build -t sanskrit-verb .
  4. docker run -p 3333:80 -v `pwd`/:/var/www/html/ sanskrit-verb
  5. Open the browser to http://localhost:3333


A research paper on the subanta generator which was presented at 16th World Sanskrit Conference can be found here.


v1.0.0 (2 August 2015)
  • Initial release
v1.0.1 (5 October 2015)
  • Major bug fixes
v1.1.0 (17 October 2015)
  • Time optimization
v1.1.1 (26 October 2015)
  • Noted all inline issues from tiGanta.php and function.php as Github issues for easier tracking
v1.1.2 (7 November 2015)
  • Separated code into Data, Documentations, scripts, testing and output folders
  • Made necessary corrections to the code
v1.2.0 (12 January 2016)
  • Merged the code from drdhaval2785/SanskritSubanta (for subanta generation) into SanskritVerb
  • There is now only one file panini.php which gives subanta / tiṅanta / sandhi etc depending on the input HTML file
v1.3.0 (22 January 2016)
  • Added commentaries available for local viewing
v1.4.0 (3 February 2016)
  • Added the option to deactivate some sūtras of Paninian grammar (to understand its importance in the structure of Aṣṭādhyāyī)
v1.5.0 (21 February 2016)
  • Tested the code for representative verbs and corrected suspect verb forms
v1.6.0 (21 February 2016)
  • Made three commentaries available for offline viewing:
    • Mādhavīyadhātuvtti
    • Kṣīrataraṅgiṇī
    • Dhātupradīpa
v1.6.1 (12 March 2016)
  • Tested the code for representative verbs from Siddhāntakaumudī (round 2) and corrected suspect verb forms
v1.7.0 (13 March 2016)
  • Defined which sūtras bars which sūtras
v1.8.0 (20 March 2016)
  • Added the following forms:
    • bhāvavācya
    • karmavācya
    • karmakartvācya
    • ṇijanta
    • yaṅanta
v1.9.0 (26 March 2016)
  • Added the following forms:
    • yaṅluganta
    • sannanta
v1.10.0 (19 June 2016)
  • Tested the output against UoHyd and INRIA databases and accounted for all differences
v1.10.1 (06 September 2016)
  • Readjusted the sandhi.html and subanta.html frontends with panini.php (After changes for optimization in tiṅanta generation, it stopped working)