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Python bindings to the OpenStack Keystone API

This is a client for the OpenStack Keystone API. There's a Python API (the keystoneclient module), and a command-line script (keystone). The Keystone 2.0 API is still a moving target, so this module will remain in "Beta" status until the API is finalized and fully implemented.

Development takes place via the usual OpenStack processes as outlined in the `OpenStack wiki`_. The master repository is on GitHub__.

This code a fork of `Rackspace's python-novaclient`__ which is in turn a fork of `Jacobian's python-cloudservers`__. The python-keystoneclient is licensed under the Apache License like the rest of OpenStack.

Python API

By way of a quick-start:

# use v2.0 auth with")
>>> from keystoneclient.v2_0 import client
>>> keystone = client.Client(username=USERNAME, password=PASSWORD, tenant_name=TENANT, auth_url=AUTH_URL)
>>> keystone.tenants.list()
>>> tenant = keystone.tenants.create(tenant_name="test", description="My new tenant!", enabled=True)
>>> tenant.delete()

Command-line API

Installing this package gets you a shell command, keystone, that you can use to interact with Keystone's Identity API.

You'll need to provide your OpenStack tenant, username and password. You can do this with the --os_tenant_name, --os_username and --os_password params, but it's easier to just set them as environment variables:

export OS_TENANT_NAME=project
export OS_USERNAME=user
export OS_PASSWORD=pass

You will also need to define the authentication url with --os_auth_url and the version of the API with --identity_api_version. Or set them as an environment variables as well:

export OS_AUTH_URL=

Alternatively, to authenticate to Keystone without a username/password, such as when there are no users in the database yet, use the service token and endpoint arguemnts. The service token is set in keystone.conf as admin_token; set it with service_token. Note: keep the service token secret as it allows total access to Keystone's database. The admin endpoint is set with --endpoint or SERVICE_ENDPOINT:

export SERVICE_TOKEN=thequickbrownfox-jumpsover-thelazydog

Since Keystone can return multiple regions in the Service Catalog, you can specify the one you want with --region_name (or export OS_REGION_NAME). It defaults to the first in the list returned.

You'll find complete documentation on the shell by running keystone help:

usage: keystone [--os_username OS_USERNAME] [--os_password OS_PASSWORD]
                [--os_tenant_name OS_TENANT_NAME]
                [--os_tenant_id OS_TENANT_ID] [--os_auth_url OS_AUTH_URL]
                [--os_region_name OS_REGION_NAME]
                [--identity_api_version IDENTITY_API_VERSION] [--token TOKEN]
                [--endpoint ENDPOINT]
                <subcommand> ...

Command-line interface to the OpenStack Identity API.

Positional arguments:
    catalog             List service catalog, possibly filtered by service.
                        Create EC2-compatibile credentials for user per tenant
                        Delete EC2-compatibile credentials
                        Display EC2-compatibile credentials
                        List EC2-compatibile credentials for a user
    endpoint-create     Create a new endpoint associated with a service
    endpoint-delete     Delete a service endpoint
    endpoint-get        Find endpoint filtered by a specific attribute or
                        service type
    endpoint-list       List configured service endpoints
    role-create         Create new role
    role-delete         Delete role
    role-get            Display role details
    role-list           List all available roles
    service-create      Add service to Service Catalog
    service-delete      Delete service from Service Catalog
    service-get         Display service from Service Catalog
    service-list        List all services in Service Catalog
    tenant-create       Create new tenant
    tenant-delete       Delete tenant
    tenant-get          Display tenant details
    tenant-list         List all tenants
    tenant-update       Update tenant name, description, enabled status
    token-get           Display the current user token
    user-create         Create new user
    user-delete         Delete user
    user-list           List users
                        Update user password
    user-role-add       Add role to user
    user-role-remove    Remove role from user
    user-role-list      List roles for user
    user-update         Update user's name, email, and enabled status
    discover            Discover Keystone servers and show authentication
                        protocols and
    help                Display help about this program or one of its

Optional arguments:
  --os_username OS_USERNAME
                        Defaults to env[OS_USERNAME]
  --os_password OS_PASSWORD
                        Defaults to env[OS_PASSWORD]
  --os_tenant_name OS_TENANT_NAME
                        Defaults to env[OS_TENANT_NAME]
  --os_tenant_id OS_TENANT_ID
                        Defaults to env[OS_TENANT_ID]
  --os_auth_url OS_AUTH_URL
                        Defaults to env[OS_AUTH_URL]
  --os_region_name OS_REGION_NAME
                        Defaults to env[OS_REGION_NAME]
  --identity_api_version IDENTITY_API_VERSION
                        Defaults to env[OS_IDENTITY_API_VERSION] or 2.0
  --token TOKEN         Defaults to env[SERVICE_TOKEN]
  --endpoint ENDPOINT   Defaults to env[SERVICE_ENDPOINT]

See "keystone help COMMAND" for help on a specific command.