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AppFolder

Swift Platform Build Status

AppFolder is a lightweight framework that lets you design a friendly, strongly-typed representation of a directories inside your app's container. All the system directories like "Caches/" and "Application Support/" are already present, and you can add yours using just a few lines of code.

AppFolder has a simple and beautiful interface which was made possible with the help of Swift's dark magic: inheritance 😱

If you want to learn more about the idea, check out Introducing AppFolder on Medium.

Usage

import AppFolder

let documents = AppFolder.Documents
let caches = AppFolder.Library.Caches
let cachesURL = caches.url

extension Library.Caches {
    
    class Images: Directory { }
    
    var Images: Images {
        return subdirectory()
    }
    
}

let imageCache = AppFolder.Library.Caches.Images
let imageCacheURL = imageCache.url

Guide

Your app's folder

let documents = AppFolder.Documents
let tmp = AppFolder.tmp
let applicationSupport = AppFolder.Library.Application_Support
let caches = AppFolder.Library.Caches

caches.url // full URL
caches.folderName // "Caches"
caches.subpath // "Library/Caches"

caches.baseURL
// the same as
AppFolder.baseURL

let fileURL = caches.url.appendingPathComponent("cached-file.json")

AppFolder represents a file structure of your app's container and gives you a better understanding of where your files are stored. AppFolder is a main entrance point to your folders. Inside you can find:

  • Documents (AppFolder.Documents). Inside this directory you should store "only documents and other data that is user-generated, or that cannot otherwise be recreated by your application." - iOS Data Storage Guidelines
  • Library/Application Support (AppFolder.Library.Application_Support). "The Application Support directory is a good place to store files that might be in your Documents directory but that shouldn't be seen by users. For example, a database that your app needs but that the user would never open manually." - iOS Storage Best Practices
  • Library/Caches (AppFolder.Library.Caches). Caches directory is the place for "...data that can be downloaded again or regenerated. ...Examples of files you should put in the Caches directory include database cache files and downloadable content, such as that used by magazine, newspaper, and map applications." - iOS Data Storage Guidelines
  • tmp (AppFolder.tmp). "Use this directory to write temporary files that do not need to persist between launches of your app. Your app should remove files from this directory when they are no longer needed; however, the system may purge this directory when your app is not running." - File System Programming Guide

Adding your own folders

Let's assume that we want to declare a "Files" folder inside our "Application Support" directory.

Turns out that each folder in AppFolder is represented by a concrete Directory sublcass. For example, "Application Support is of type Library.Application_Support. To declare our own folder, we need to create a new Directory subclass:

final class Files : Directory { }

By default, folder name will be automatically generated from the class name.

Now we can access our new folder in a very straightforward way:

let filesFolder = AppFolder.Library.Application_Support.appending(Files.self)

But if we want to get a little bit more type-safety, we should put this whole logic into an extension:

extension Library.Application_Support {
    
    final class Files : Directory { }
    
    var Files: Files {
        return subdirectory()
    }
    
}

Now, you may wonder: since var Files is a property, why is var Files... capitalized?

Well, it's an intentional AppFolder design decision. In order to represent a folder structure as accurate as possible, all properties must be written according to their real world names (with spaces substituted by _). So, for example, "Documents" is AppFolder.Documents, and "tmp" is AppFolder.tmp - just as in the "real world".

Naming your classes with _ (for example, class User_Files : Directory) will automically generate folder name with a space ("User Files" in this case)

So, this part should be clear. Now we can use our folder completely intuitively:

let files = AppFolder.Library.Application_Support.Files
let filesURL = files.url

IMPORTANT: Describing folders doesn't automatically create them. AppFolder provides a way to organize your folder structure in code, not to actively manage it on disk. In order to be used, all non-system directories should be explicitly created with FileManager.default.createDirectory(at:) or similar APIs.

Using AppFolder with app groups

AppFolder also supports containers shared with app groups via AppGroupContainer:

enum MyAppGroup : AppGroup {
    static var groupIdentifier: String {
        return "group.com.my-app.my-app-group"
    }
}

let sharedCaches = AppGroupContainer<MyAppGroup>.Library.Caches

This way you can, for example, simplify a creation of a shared Core Data stack without losing control over the process:

let applicationSupportURL = AppGroupContainer<MyAppGroup>.Library.Application_Support.url
let sqliteFileURL = applicationSupportURL.appendingPathComponent("db.sql")
let model = NSManagedObjectModel(contentsOf: sqliteFileURL)
let container = NSPersistentContainer(name: "my-app-db", managedObjectModel: model!)

To learn more about app groups, check out the App Extension Programming Guide: Handling Common Scenarios (section "Sharing Data with Your Containing App").

Customizing folder name

If you're not happy with automatically generated name, you can provide your own:

final class CustomNamedFolder : Directory {
    override var folderName: String {
        return "Custom"
    }
}

Using AppFolder on macOS

AppFolder uses NSHomeDirectory() under the hood, so, depending on your macOS app, it might just locate you to the user's home directory, as documentation states:

In macOS, it is the application’s sandbox directory or the current user’s home directory (if the application is not in a sandbox)

NSHomeDirectory() reference

AppFolder.tmp is also deprecated on macOS because it may give results different from NSTemporaryDirectory(). To use temporary directory on macOS, we recommend using FileManager.default.temporaryDirectory.

Disclaimer

AppFolder is in a very early stage. Some stuff will probably be broken at some point.

Installation

AppFolder is available through Carthage. To install, just write into your Cartfile:

github "dreymonde/AppFolder" ~> 0.2.0

AppFolder is also available through Cocoapods:

pod 'AppFolder', '~> 0.2.0'

And Swift Package Manager:

dependencies: [
    .Package(url: "https://github.com/dreymonde/AppFolder.git", majorVersion: 0, minor: 2),
]