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helping smart-http/stateless-rpc fetch race

A request to fetch from a client over smart HTTP protocol is served in
multiple steps. In the first round, the server side shows the set of refs
it has and their values, and the client picks from them and sends "I want
to fetch the history leading to these commits".

When the server tries to respond to this second request, its refs may have
progressed by a push from elsewhere. By design, we do not allow fetching
objects that are not at the tip of an advertised ref, and the server
rejects such a request. The client needs to try again, which is not ideal
especially for a busy server.

Teach upload-pack (which is the workhorse driven by git-daemon and smart
http server interface) that it is OK for a smart-http client to ask for
commits that are not at the tip of any advertised ref, as long as they are
reachable from advertised refs.

Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
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1 parent e9e0643 commit 051e4005a37c4ebe8b8855e415e6c6969d68e1a3 @gitster gitster committed Aug 5, 2011
Showing with 98 additions and 9 deletions.
  1. +98 −9 upload-pack.c
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107 upload-pack.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include "revision.h"
#include "list-objects.h"
#include "run-command.h"
+#include "sigchain.h"
static const char upload_pack_usage[] = "git upload-pack [--strict] [--timeout=<n>] <dir>";
@@ -498,11 +499,95 @@ static int get_common_commits(void)
}
}
+static void check_non_tip(void)
+{
+ static const char *argv[] = {
+ "rev-list", "--stdin", NULL,
+ };
+ static struct child_process cmd;
+ struct object *o;
+ char namebuf[42]; /* ^ + SHA-1 + LF */
+ int i;
+
+ /* In the normal in-process case non-tip request can never happen */
+ if (!stateless_rpc)
+ goto error;
+
+ cmd.argv = argv;
+ cmd.git_cmd = 1;
+ cmd.no_stderr = 1;
+ cmd.in = -1;
+ cmd.out = -1;
+
+ if (start_command(&cmd))
+ goto error;
+
+ /*
+ * If rev-list --stdin encounters an unknown commit, it
+ * terminates, which will cause SIGPIPE in the write loop
+ * below.
+ */
+ sigchain_push(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
+
+ namebuf[0] = '^';
+ namebuf[41] = '\n';
+ for (i = get_max_object_index(); 0 < i; ) {
+ o = get_indexed_object(--i);
+ if (!(o->flags & OUR_REF))
+ continue;
+ memcpy(namebuf + 1, sha1_to_hex(o->sha1), 40);
+ if (write_in_full(cmd.in, namebuf, 42) < 0)
+ goto error;
+ }
+ namebuf[40] = '\n';
+ for (i = 0; i < want_obj.nr; i++) {
+ o = want_obj.objects[i].item;
+ if (o->flags & OUR_REF)
+ continue;
+ memcpy(namebuf, sha1_to_hex(o->sha1), 40);
+ if (write_in_full(cmd.in, namebuf, 41) < 0)
+ goto error;
+ }
+ close(cmd.in);
+
+ sigchain_pop(SIGPIPE);
+
+ /*
+ * The commits out of the rev-list are not ancestors of
+ * our ref.
+ */
+ i = read_in_full(cmd.out, namebuf, 1);
+ if (i)
+ goto error;
+ close(cmd.out);
+
+ /*
+ * rev-list may have died by encountering a bad commit
+ * in the history, in which case we do want to bail out
+ * even when it showed no commit.
+ */
+ if (finish_command(&cmd))
+ goto error;
+
+ /* All the non-tip ones are ancestors of what we advertised */
+ return;
+
+error:
+ /* Pick one of them (we know there at least is one) */
+ for (i = 0; i < want_obj.nr; i++) {
+ o = want_obj.objects[i].item;
+ if (!(o->flags & OUR_REF))
+ die("git upload-pack: not our ref %s",
+ sha1_to_hex(o->sha1));
+ }
+}
+
static void receive_needs(void)
{
struct object_array shallows = OBJECT_ARRAY_INIT;
static char line[1000];
int len, depth = 0;
+ int has_non_tip = 0;
shallow_nr = 0;
if (debug_fd)
@@ -559,26 +644,30 @@ static void receive_needs(void)
if (strstr(line+45, "include-tag"))
use_include_tag = 1;
- /* We have sent all our refs already, and the other end
- * should have chosen out of them; otherwise they are
- * asking for nonsense.
- *
- * Hmph. We may later want to allow "want" line that
- * asks for something like "master~10" (symbolic)...
- * would it make sense? I don't know.
- */
o = lookup_object(sha1_buf);
- if (!o || !(o->flags & OUR_REF))
+ if (!o)
die("git upload-pack: not our ref %s",
sha1_to_hex(sha1_buf));
if (!(o->flags & WANTED)) {
o->flags |= WANTED;
+ if (!(o->flags & OUR_REF))
+ has_non_tip = 1;
add_object_array(o, NULL, &want_obj);
}
}
if (debug_fd)
write_str_in_full(debug_fd, "#E\n");
+ /*
+ * We have sent all our refs already, and the other end
+ * should have chosen out of them. When we are operating
+ * in the stateless RPC mode, however, their choice may
+ * have been based on the set of older refs advertised
+ * by another process that handled the initial request.
+ */
+ if (has_non_tip)
+ check_non_tip();
+
if (!use_sideband && daemon_mode)
no_progress = 1;

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