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#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
© Copyright 2015-2016, 3D Robotics.
mission_basic.py: Example demonstrating basic mission operations including creating, clearing and monitoring missions.
Full documentation is provided at http://python.dronekit.io/examples/mission_basic.html
"""
from __future__ import print_function
from dronekit import connect, VehicleMode, LocationGlobalRelative, LocationGlobal, Command
import time
import math
from pymavlink import mavutil
#Set up option parsing to get connection string
import argparse
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Demonstrates basic mission operations.')
parser.add_argument('--connect',
help="vehicle connection target string. If not specified, SITL automatically started and used.")
args = parser.parse_args()
connection_string = args.connect
sitl = None
#Start SITL if no connection string specified
if not connection_string:
import dronekit_sitl
sitl = dronekit_sitl.start_default()
connection_string = sitl.connection_string()
# Connect to the Vehicle
print('Connecting to vehicle on: %s' % connection_string)
vehicle = connect(connection_string, wait_ready=True)
def get_location_metres(original_location, dNorth, dEast):
"""
Returns a LocationGlobal object containing the latitude/longitude `dNorth` and `dEast` metres from the
specified `original_location`. The returned Location has the same `alt` value
as `original_location`.
The function is useful when you want to move the vehicle around specifying locations relative to
the current vehicle position.
The algorithm is relatively accurate over small distances (10m within 1km) except close to the poles.
For more information see:
http://gis.stackexchange.com/questions/2951/algorithm-for-offsetting-a-latitude-longitude-by-some-amount-of-meters
"""
earth_radius=6378137.0 #Radius of "spherical" earth
#Coordinate offsets in radians
dLat = dNorth/earth_radius
dLon = dEast/(earth_radius*math.cos(math.pi*original_location.lat/180))
#New position in decimal degrees
newlat = original_location.lat + (dLat * 180/math.pi)
newlon = original_location.lon + (dLon * 180/math.pi)
return LocationGlobal(newlat, newlon,original_location.alt)
def get_distance_metres(aLocation1, aLocation2):
"""
Returns the ground distance in metres between two LocationGlobal objects.
This method is an approximation, and will not be accurate over large distances and close to the
earth's poles. It comes from the ArduPilot test code:
https://github.com/diydrones/ardupilot/blob/master/Tools/autotest/common.py
"""
dlat = aLocation2.lat - aLocation1.lat
dlong = aLocation2.lon - aLocation1.lon
return math.sqrt((dlat*dlat) + (dlong*dlong)) * 1.113195e5
def distance_to_current_waypoint():
"""
Gets distance in metres to the current waypoint.
It returns None for the first waypoint (Home location).
"""
nextwaypoint = vehicle.commands.next
if nextwaypoint==0:
return None
missionitem=vehicle.commands[nextwaypoint-1] #commands are zero indexed
lat = missionitem.x
lon = missionitem.y
alt = missionitem.z
targetWaypointLocation = LocationGlobalRelative(lat,lon,alt)
distancetopoint = get_distance_metres(vehicle.location.global_frame, targetWaypointLocation)
return distancetopoint
def download_mission():
"""
Download the current mission from the vehicle.
"""
cmds = vehicle.commands
cmds.download()
cmds.wait_ready() # wait until download is complete.
def adds_square_mission(aLocation, aSize):
"""
Adds a takeoff command and four waypoint commands to the current mission.
The waypoints are positioned to form a square of side length 2*aSize around the specified LocationGlobal (aLocation).
The function assumes vehicle.commands matches the vehicle mission state
(you must have called download at least once in the session and after clearing the mission)
"""
cmds = vehicle.commands
print(" Clear any existing commands")
cmds.clear()
print(" Define/add new commands.")
# Add new commands. The meaning/order of the parameters is documented in the Command class.
#Add MAV_CMD_NAV_TAKEOFF command. This is ignored if the vehicle is already in the air.
cmds.add(Command( 0, 0, 0, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_FRAME_GLOBAL_RELATIVE_ALT, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_CMD_NAV_TAKEOFF, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 10))
#Define the four MAV_CMD_NAV_WAYPOINT locations and add the commands
point1 = get_location_metres(aLocation, aSize, -aSize)
point2 = get_location_metres(aLocation, aSize, aSize)
point3 = get_location_metres(aLocation, -aSize, aSize)
point4 = get_location_metres(aLocation, -aSize, -aSize)
cmds.add(Command( 0, 0, 0, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_FRAME_GLOBAL_RELATIVE_ALT, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_CMD_NAV_WAYPOINT, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, point1.lat, point1.lon, 11))
cmds.add(Command( 0, 0, 0, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_FRAME_GLOBAL_RELATIVE_ALT, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_CMD_NAV_WAYPOINT, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, point2.lat, point2.lon, 12))
cmds.add(Command( 0, 0, 0, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_FRAME_GLOBAL_RELATIVE_ALT, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_CMD_NAV_WAYPOINT, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, point3.lat, point3.lon, 13))
cmds.add(Command( 0, 0, 0, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_FRAME_GLOBAL_RELATIVE_ALT, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_CMD_NAV_WAYPOINT, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, point4.lat, point4.lon, 14))
#add dummy waypoint "5" at point 4 (lets us know when have reached destination)
cmds.add(Command( 0, 0, 0, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_FRAME_GLOBAL_RELATIVE_ALT, mavutil.mavlink.MAV_CMD_NAV_WAYPOINT, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, point4.lat, point4.lon, 14))
print(" Upload new commands to vehicle")
cmds.upload()
def arm_and_takeoff(aTargetAltitude):
"""
Arms vehicle and fly to aTargetAltitude.
"""
print("Basic pre-arm checks")
# Don't let the user try to arm until autopilot is ready
while not vehicle.is_armable:
print(" Waiting for vehicle to initialise...")
time.sleep(1)
print("Arming motors")
# Copter should arm in GUIDED mode
vehicle.mode = VehicleMode("GUIDED")
vehicle.armed = True
while not vehicle.armed:
print(" Waiting for arming...")
time.sleep(1)
print("Taking off!")
vehicle.simple_takeoff(aTargetAltitude) # Take off to target altitude
# Wait until the vehicle reaches a safe height before processing the goto (otherwise the command
# after Vehicle.simple_takeoff will execute immediately).
while True:
print(" Altitude: ", vehicle.location.global_relative_frame.alt)
if vehicle.location.global_relative_frame.alt>=aTargetAltitude*0.95: #Trigger just below target alt.
print("Reached target altitude")
break
time.sleep(1)
print('Create a new mission (for current location)')
adds_square_mission(vehicle.location.global_frame,50)
# From Copter 3.3 you will be able to take off using a mission item. Plane must take off using a mission item (currently).
arm_and_takeoff(10)
print("Starting mission")
# Reset mission set to first (0) waypoint
vehicle.commands.next=0
# Set mode to AUTO to start mission
vehicle.mode = VehicleMode("AUTO")
# Monitor mission.
# Demonstrates getting and setting the command number
# Uses distance_to_current_waypoint(), a convenience function for finding the
# distance to the next waypoint.
while True:
nextwaypoint=vehicle.commands.next
print('Distance to waypoint (%s): %s' % (nextwaypoint, distance_to_current_waypoint()))
if nextwaypoint==3: #Skip to next waypoint
print('Skipping to Waypoint 5 when reach waypoint 3')
vehicle.commands.next = 5
if nextwaypoint==5: #Dummy waypoint - as soon as we reach waypoint 4 this is true and we exit.
print("Exit 'standard' mission when start heading to final waypoint (5)")
break;
time.sleep(1)
print('Return to launch')
vehicle.mode = VehicleMode("RTL")
#Close vehicle object before exiting script
print("Close vehicle object")
vehicle.close()
# Shut down simulator if it was started.
if sitl is not None:
sitl.stop()