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Copyright 1988, 1989 Hans-J. Boehm, Alan J. Demers
Copyright (c) 1991-1995 by Xerox Corporation. All rights reserved.
Copyright (c) 1996-1999 by Silicon Graphics. All rights reserved.
Copyright (c) 1999-2001 by Hewlett-Packard. All rights reserved.
Permission is hereby granted to use or copy this program
for any purpose, provided the above notices are retained on all copies.
Permission to modify the code and to distribute modified code is granted,
provided the above notices are retained, and a notice that the code was
modified is included with the above copyright notice.
A few files have other copyright holders. A few of the files needed
to use the GNU-style build procedure come with a modified GPL license
that appears not to significantly restrict use of the collector, though
use of those files for a purpose other than building the collector may
require the resulting code to be covered by the GPL.
For more details and the names of other contributors, see the,
doc/README.*, AUTHORS and include/gc.h files. These files describe typical
use of the collector on a machine that is already supported.
For the version number, see or include/gc_version.h files.
Under UN*X, Linux:
Alternative 1 (the old way): type "make test" in this directory.
Link against gc.a. With the most recent GC distributions
you may have to type "make -f test" or
copy to Makefile first.
Alternative 2 (the new way): type
"./configure --prefix=<dir>; make; make check; make install".
Link against <dir>/lib/libgc.a or <dir>/lib/
See doc/README.autoconf for details
Under Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, or 2000:
copy the appropriate makefile to MAKEFILE, read it, and type "nmake test".
(Under Windows, this assumes you have Microsoft command-line tools
installed, and suitably configured.)
Read the machine specific README.XXX in the doc directory if one exists.
If you need thread support, you will need to follow the special
platform-dependent instructions (win32), or define GC_THREADS
as described in doc/README.macros, or possibly use
--enable-threads=posix when running the configure script.
If you wish to use the cord (structured string) library with the stand-alone, type "make cords", after copying to "Makefile".
(This requires an ANSI C compiler. You may
need to redefine CC in the Makefile. The CORD_printf implementation in
cordprnt.c is known to be less than perfectly portable. The rest of the
package should still work.)
If you wish to use the collector from C++, type "make c++", or use
--enable-cplusplus with the configure script. With,
these ones add further files to gc.a and to the include subdirectory.
With the alternate build process,this generates libgccpp.
See cord/cord.h and include/gc_cpp.h.
Include "gc.h" from the include subdirectory. Link against the
appropriate library ("gc.a" under UN*X). Replace calls to malloc
by calls to GC_MALLOC, and calls to realloc by calls to GC_REALLOC.
If the object is known to never contain pointers, use GC_MALLOC_ATOMIC
instead of GC_MALLOC.
Define GC_DEBUG before including gc.h for additional checking.
More documentation on the collector interface can be found at,
in and other files in the doc directory, and in include/gc.h file.
Do not store the only pointer to an object in memory allocated
with system malloc, since the collector usually does not scan
memory allocated in this way.
Use with threads may be supported on your system, but requires the
collector to be built with thread support. See Makefile. The collector
does not guarantee to scan thread-local storage (e.g. of the kind
accessed with pthread_getspecific()). The collector does scan
thread stacks though, so generally the best solution is to ensure that
any pointers stored in thread-local storage are also stored on the
thread's stack for the duration of their lifetime.