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/*
#
# File : hough_transform2d.cpp
# ( C++ source file )
#
# Description : Implementation of the Hough transform.
# This file is a part of the CImg Library project.
# ( http://cimg.eu )
#
# Copyright : David Tschumperle
# ( http://tschumperle.users.greyc.fr/ )
#
# License : CeCILL v2.0
# ( http://www.cecill.info/licences/Licence_CeCILL_V2-en.html )
#
# This software is governed by the CeCILL license under French law and
# abiding by the rules of distribution of free software. You can use,
# modify and/ or redistribute the software under the terms of the CeCILL
# license as circulated by CEA, CNRS and INRIA at the following URL
# "http://www.cecill.info".
#
# As a counterpart to the access to the source code and rights to copy,
# modify and redistribute granted by the license, users are provided only
# with a limited warranty and the software's author, the holder of the
# economic rights, and the successive licensors have only limited
# liability.
#
# In this respect, the user's attention is drawn to the risks associated
# with loading, using, modifying and/or developing or reproducing the
# software by the user in light of its specific status of free software,
# that may mean that it is complicated to manipulate, and that also
# therefore means that it is reserved for developers and experienced
# professionals having in-depth computer knowledge. Users are therefore
# encouraged to load and test the software's suitability as regards their
# requirements in conditions enabling the security of their systems and/or
# data to be ensured and, more generally, to use and operate it in the
# same conditions as regards security.
#
# The fact that you are presently reading this means that you have had
# knowledge of the CeCILL license and that you accept its terms.
#
*/
#include "CImg.h"
using namespace cimg_library;
#ifndef cimg_imagepath
#define cimg_imagepath "img/"
#endif
// Main procedure
//----------------
int main(int argc,char **argv) {
cimg_usage("Illustration of the Hough transform");
CImg<unsigned char> src(cimg_option("-i",cimg_imagepath "parrot.ppm","Input image"));
CImg<> vote(500,400,1,1,0), img = src.get_norm().normalize(0,255).resize(-100,-100,1,2,2);
CImgDisplay disp(src,"Image"), dispvote(vote,"Hough Transform");
const unsigned char col1[3]={255,255,255}, col2[3]={0,0,0};
const double
alpha = cimg_option("-a",1.5,"Gradient smoothing"),
sigma = cimg_option("-s",0.5,"Hough Transform smoothing"),
rhomax = std::sqrt((double)(img.width()*img.width() + img.height()*img.height()))/2,
thetamax = 2*cimg::PI;
if (cimg::dialog(cimg::basename(argv[0]),
"Instructions : \n"
"----------------\n\n"
"(1) When clicking on the color image, all lines crossing the selected point\n"
"will be voted in the Hough buffer.\n\n"
"(2) When clicking on the Hough buffer, the corresponding line is drawn\n"
"on the color image.\n\n"
"(3) When pressing the space bar, lines in the color image are detected from the\n"
"image gradients through votes in the Hough buffer.\n\n"
"Note that a logarithmic scaling is performed for displayin the vote image.\n"
"See also the available options (option '-h')\n","Start !","Quit",0,0,0,0,
src.get_resize(100,100,1,3),true)) std::exit(0);
while (!disp.is_closed() && !dispvote.is_closed() &&
!disp.is_keyQ() && !dispvote.is_keyQ() && !disp.is_keyESC() && !dispvote.is_keyESC()) {
CImgDisplay::wait(disp,dispvote);
// When pressing space bar, the vote is performed from the image gradients.
if (dispvote.is_keySPACE() || disp.is_keySPACE()) {
CImgList<> grad = img.get_gradient();
cimglist_for(grad,l) grad[l].blur((float)alpha);
vote.fill(0);
cimg_forXY(img,x,y) {
const double
X = (double)x - img.width()/2,
Y = (double)y - img.height()/2,
gx = grad[0](x,y),
gy = grad[1](x,y);
double
theta = std::atan2(gy,gx),
rho = std::sqrt(X*X + Y*Y)*std::cos(std::atan2(Y,X) - theta);
if (rho<0) { rho=-rho; theta+=cimg::PI; }
theta = cimg::mod(theta,thetamax);
vote((int)(theta*dispvote.width()/thetamax),(int)(rho*dispvote.height()/rhomax))+=
(float)std::sqrt(gx*gx + gy*gy);
}
vote.blur((float)sigma);
CImg<> vote2(vote); cimg_forXY(vote2,x,y) vote2(x,y) = (float)std::log(1 + vote(x,y)); vote2.display(dispvote);
}
// When clicking on the vote window.
if (dispvote.button()) {
const double
rho = dispvote.mouse_y()*rhomax/dispvote.height(),
theta = dispvote.mouse_x()*thetamax/dispvote.width(),
x = img.width()/2 + rho*std::cos(theta),
y = img.height()/2 + rho*std::sin(theta);
const int
x0 = (int)(x + 1000*std::sin(theta)),
y0 = (int)(y - 1000*std::cos(theta)),
x1 = (int)(x - 1000*std::sin(theta)),
y1 = (int)(y + 1000*std::cos(theta));
CImg<unsigned char>(src).
draw_line(x0,y0,x1,y1,col1,1.0f,0xF0F0F0F0).draw_line(x0,y0,x1,y1,col2,1.0f,0x0F0F0F0F).
draw_line(x0 + 1,y0,x1 + 1,y1,col1,1.0f,0xF0F0F0F0).draw_line(x0 + 1,y0,x1 + 1,y1,col2,1.0f,0x0F0F0F0F).
draw_line(x0,y0 + 1,x1,y1 + 1,col1,1.0f,0xF0F0F0F0).draw_line(x0,y0 + 1,x1,y1 + 1,col2,1.0f,0x0F0F0F0F).
display(disp);
}
// When clicking on the image.
if (disp.button() && disp.mouse_x()>=0) {
const double
x0 = (double)disp.mouse_x() - disp.width()/2,
y0 = (double)disp.mouse_y() - disp.height()/2,
rho0 = std::sqrt(x0*x0 + y0*y0),
theta0 = std::atan2(y0,x0);
for (double t=0; t<thetamax; t+=0.001) {
double theta = t, rho = rho0*std::cos(theta0 - t);
if (rho<0) { rho=-rho; theta=cimg::mod(theta + cimg::PI,thetamax); }
vote((int)(theta*vote.width()/thetamax),(int)(rho*vote.height()/rhomax))+=1;
}
CImg<> vote2(vote); cimg_forXY(vote2,x,y) vote2(x,y) = (float)std::log(1 + vote(x,y)); vote2.display(dispvote);
}
dispvote.resize(dispvote);
disp.resize(disp);
}
std::exit(0);
return 0;
}