Permalink
Browse files

Started actual work on Chapter 5

  • Loading branch information...
1 parent 1af95eb commit b53846a6aee9b6c93a877a8375c2d5fcfd2cf887 @duairc committed Jul 8, 2009
Showing with 48 additions and 58 deletions.
  1. BIN book.pdf
  2. +48 −58 chapters/chapter5.tex
View
BIN book.pdf
Binary file not shown.
View
@@ -117,8 +117,8 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
component is called the \q{tertau}.
The most important rule for use in interpreting tanru is
- that the tertau carries the primary meaning. A ``pelnimre
- tricu'' is primarily a tree, and only secondarily is it
+ that the tertau carries the primary meaning. A \q{pelnimre
+ tricu} is primarily a tree, and only secondarily is it
connected with lemons in some way. For this reason, an
alternative translation of \exref{5.2.1}
would be:
@@ -132,8 +132,7 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
We may also say that the seltau modifies the meaning of the
tertau:
\begin{example}
-That is a tree which is lemon-ish\n
-\T (in the way appropriate to trees)
+That is a tree which is lemon-ish (in the way appropriate to trees)
\end{example}
{\noindent}would be another possible translation of \exref{5.2.1}. In the same way, a more explicit
@@ -154,9 +153,12 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
\end{example}
{\noindent}include:
-\begin{description}
-\item[] That is a table which goes (a wheeled table, perhaps). That is a table owned by one who goes. That is a table used by those who go (a sports doctor's table?). That is a table when it goes (otherwise it is a chair?).
-\end{description}
+\begin{itemize}
+\item That is a table which goes (a wheeled table, perhaps).
+\item That is a table owned by one who goes.
+\item That is a table used by those who go (a sports doctor's table?).
+\item That is a table when it goes (otherwise it is a chair?).
+\end{itemize}
In each case the object referred to is a ``goer type of
table'', but the ambiguous \q{type of} relationship can mean
@@ -187,10 +189,9 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
\sect{Three-part tanru grouping with \q{bo}}
-The following cmavo is discussed in this section:
-\begin{verbatim}
- bo BO closest scope grouping
-\end{verbatim}
+\begin{description}[The following cmavo is discussed in this section]
+\item[bo] closest scope grouping (selma'o BO)
+\end{description}
Consider the English sentence:
\begin{example}
That's a little girls' school.
@@ -376,13 +377,11 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
-\sect{Complex tanru with \q{ke}
-and \q{ke'e}
-}The following cmavo are discussed in this section:
-\begin{verbatim}
- ke KE start grouping
- ke'e KEhE end grouping
-\end{verbatim}
+\sect{Complex tanru with \q{ke} and \q{ke'e}}
+\begin{description}[The following cmavo are discussed in this section]
+\item[ke] start grouping (selma'o KE)
+\item[ke'e] end grouping (selma'o KEhE)
+\end{description}
There is, in fact, a fifth grouping of ``pretty little girls'
school'' that cannot be expressed with the resources explained
so far. To handle it, we must introduce the grouping
@@ -467,14 +466,13 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
\sect{Logical connection within tanru}
-The following cmavo are discussed in this section:
-\begin{verbatim}
- je JA tanru logical \q{and}
- ja JA tanru logical \q{or}
- joi JOI mixed mass \q{and}
- gu'e GUhA tanru forethought logical \q{and}
- gi GI forethought connection separator
-\end{verbatim}
+\begin{description}[The following cmavo are discussed in this section]
+\item[je] tanru logical \q{and} (selma'o JA)
+\item[ja] tanru logical \q{or} (selma'o JA)
+\item[joi] mixed mass \q{and} (selma'o JOI)
+\item[gu'e] tanru forethought logical \q{and} (selma'o GUhA)
+\item[gi] forethought connection separator (selma'o GI)
+\end{description}
Consider the English phrase \q{big red dog}. How shall this be
rendered as a Lojban tanru? The naive attempt:
\begin{example}
@@ -717,15 +715,12 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
-\sect{Linked sumti: \q{be--bei--be'o}
-}
-
-The following cmavo are discussed in this section:
-\begin{verbatim}
- be BE linked sumti marker
- bei BEI linked sumti separator
- be'o BEhO linked sumti terminator
-\end{verbatim}
+\sect{Linked sumti: \q{be--bei--be'o}}
+\begin{description}[The following cmavo are discussed in this section]
+\item[be] linked sumti marker (selma'o BE)
+\item[bei] linked sumti separator (selma'o BEI)
+\item[be'o] linked sumti terminator (selma'o BEhO)
+\end{description}
The question of the place structures of selbri has been
glossed over so far. This chapter does not attempt to treat
@@ -903,13 +898,10 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
-\sect{Inversion of tanru: \q{co}
-}
-
-The following cmavo is discussed in this section:
-\begin{verbatim}
- co CO tanru inversion marker
-\end{verbatim}
+\sect{Inversion of tanru: \q{co}}
+\begin{description}[The following cmavo is discussed in this section]
+\item[co] tanru inversion marker (selma'o CO)
+\end{description}
The standard order of Lojban tanru, whereby the modifier
precedes what it modifies, is very natural to English-speakers:
we talk of \q{blue houses}, not of \q{houses blue}. In other
@@ -1066,16 +1058,15 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
\sect{Other kinds of simple selbri}
-The following cmavo are discussed in this section:
-\begin{verbatim}
- go'i GOhA repeats the previous bridi
- du GOhA equality
- nu'a NUhA math operator to selbri
- moi MOI changes number to ordinal selbri
- mei MOI changes number to cardinal selbri
- nu NU event abstraction
- kei KEI terminator for \q{nu}
-\end{verbatim}
+\begin{description}[The following cmavo are discussed in this section]
+\item[go'i] repeats the previous bridi (selma'o GOhA)
+\item[du] equality (selma'o GOhA)
+\item[nu'a] math operator to selbri (selma'o NUhA)
+\item[moi] changes number to ordinal selbri (selma'o MOI)
+\item[mei] changes number to cardinal selbri (selma'o MOI)
+\item[nu] event abstraction (selma'o NU)
+\item[kei] terminator for \q{nu} (selma'o KEI)
+\end{description}
So far we have only discussed brivla and tanru built up from
brivla as possible selbri. In fact, there are a few other
constructions in Lojban which are grammatically equivalent to
@@ -1183,12 +1174,11 @@ \chapter{\q{Pretty Little Girls' School}: The Structure of Lojban selbri}
-\sect{selbri based on sumti: \q{me}
-}The following cmavo are discussed in this section:
-\begin{verbatim}
- me ME changes sumti to simple selbri
- me'u MEhU terminator for \q{me}
-\end{verbatim}
+\sect{selbri based on sumti: \q{me}}
+\begin{description}[The following cmavo are discussed in this section]
+\item[me] changes sumti to simple selbri (selma'o ME)
+\item[me'u] terminator for \q{me} (selma'o MEhU)
+\end{description}
A sumti can be made into a simple selbri by preceding it with
\q{me} (of selma'o ME) and following it with the elidable
terminator \q{me'u} (of selma'o MEhU). This makes a selbri with

0 comments on commit b53846a

Please sign in to comment.