A websocket Protocol for django
Clone or download
duanhongyi
duanhongyi fix timeout bug
Latest commit d3441f4 Oct 15, 2018
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
dwebsocket fix timeout bug Oct 15, 2018
examples use django1.9 Aug 5, 2016
.gitignore add examples Nov 3, 2014
CHANGES.rst add examples Nov 3, 2014
LICENSE add examples Nov 3, 2014
MANIFEST.in change MANIFEST.in Nov 4, 2014
README.rst add is_closed method Sep 24, 2018
setup.py fix timeout bug Oct 15, 2018

README.rst

dwebsocket

The dwebsocket module provides an implementation of the WebSocket Protocol for django.

This module implements the final version of the WebSocket protocol as defined in RFC 6455. Certain browser versions (notably Safari 5.x) implemented an earlier draft of the protocol (known as "draft 76") and are not compatible with this module.

The dwebsocket module based django-websocket development, django-websocket module in https://github.com/gregmuellegger/django-websocket. Thank you Gregor Müllegger.

Usage

You can use the accept_websocket decorator if you want to handle websocket connections just for a single view - it will route standard HTTP requests to the view as well. Use require_websocket to only allow WebSocket connections but reject normal HTTP requests.

You can use a middleware if you want to have WebSockets available for all URLs in your application. Add dwebsocket.middleware.WebSocketMiddleware to your MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES setting. This will still reject websockets for normal views. You have to set the accept_websocket attribute on a view to allow websockets.

To allow websockets for every single view, set the WEBSOCKET_ACCEPT_ALL setting to True.

The request objects passed to a view, decorated with accept_websocket or require_websocket will have the following attributes/methods attached. These attributes are always available if you use the middleware.

request.is_websocket()

Returns either True if the request has a valid websocket or False if its a normal HTTP request. Use this method in views that can accept both types of requests to distinguish between them.

request.websocket

After a websocket is established, the request will have a websocket attribute which provides a simple API to communicate with the client. This attribute will be None if request.is_websocket() returns False.

It has the following public methods:

WebSocket.wait(timeout=-1)

This will return exactly one message sent by the client. It will not return before a message is received or the conection is closed by the client. In this case the method will return None.

WebSocket.read()

The read method will return either a new message if available or None if no new message was received from the client. It is a non-blocking alternative to the wait() method.

WebSocket.count_messages()

Returns the number of queued messages.

WebSocket.has_messages()

Returns True if new messages are available, else False.

WebSocket.send(message)

This will send a single message to the client.

WebSocket.__iter__()

You can use the websocket as iterator. It will yield every new message sent by the client and stop iteration after the client has closed the connection.

WebSocket.is_closed()

Return to True if websocket is closed, else False.

Error handling

The library will return a Http 400 error (Bad Request) if the client requests a WebSocket connection, but the request is malformed or not supported by dwebsocket.

Examples

Receive one message from the client, send that message back to the client and close the connection (by returning from the view):

from dwebsocket import require_websocket

@require_websocket
def echo_once(request):
    message = request.websocket.wait()
    request.websocket.send(message)

Send websocket messages from the client as lowercase and provide same functionallity for normal GET requests:

from django.http import HttpResponse
from dwebsocket import accept_websocket

def modify_message(message):
    return message.lower()

@accept_websocket
def lower_case(request):
    if not request.is_websocket():
        message = request.GET['message']
        message = modify_message(message)
        return HttpResponse(message)
    else:
        for message in request.websocket:
            message = modify_message(message)
            request.websocket.send(message)

Change websocket backends

Currently supports two kinds of backends, they are default and uwsgi.

Django develop server, eventlent, gevent, gunicore are supported by default.

If you want to use the uwsgi backend, add WEBSOCKET_FACTORY_CLASS in the settings.py file:

WEBSOCKET_FACTORY_CLASS = 'dwebsocket.backends.uwsgi.factory.uWsgiWebSocketFactory'

Run uwsgi:

uwsgi --http :8080 --http-websockets --processes 1 \
--wsgi-file wsgi.py--async 30 --ugreen --http-timeout 300

Using in production

Currently there is a cluster of two machines being used dwebsocket, it uses gevent wsgi deployed, each machine around 150,000 concurrent connections.

Contribute

Every contribution in any form is welcome. Ask questions, report bugs, request new features, make rants or tell me any other critique you may have.

One of the biggest contributions you can make is giving me a quick Thank you if you like this library or if it has saved you a bunch of time.

But if you want to get your hands dirty: