Puppet Module for managing sshd
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README.md

Puppet SSH Module

Build Status

This puppet module manages OpenSSH configuration and services.

!! Upgrade Notice (01/2013) !!

This module now uses parameterized classes, where it used global variables before. So please whatch out before pulling, you need to change the class declarations in your manifest !

Dependencies

This module requires puppet => 2.6, and the following modules are required pre-dependencies:

OpenSSH Server

On a node where you wish to have an openssh server installed, you should include

class { 'sshd': }

on that node. If you need to configure any aspects of sshd_config, set the variables before the include. Or you can adjust many parameters:

class { 'sshd':
  ports             => [ 20002 ],
  permit_root_login => 'no',
}

See Configurable Variables below for what you can set.

Nagios

To have nagios checks setup automatically for sshd services, simply set manage_nagios to true for that class. If you want to disable ssh nagios checking for a particular node (such as when ssh is firewalled), then you can set the class parameter nagios_check_ssh to false and that node will not be monitored.

Nagios will automatically check the ports defined in ports, and the hostname specified by nagios_check_ssh_hostname.

NOTE: this requires that you are using the shared-nagios puppet module which supports the nagios native types via nagios::service: git://labs.riseup.net/shared-nagios

Firewall

If you wish to have firewall rules setup automatically for you, using shorewall, you will need to set: use_shorewall => true. The ports that you have specified will automatically be used.

NOTE: This requires that you are using the shared-shorewall puppet module: git://labs.riseup.net/shared-shorewall

Configurable variables

Configuration of sshd is strict, and may not fit all needs, however there are a number of variables that you can consider configuring. The defaults are set to the distribution shipped sshd_config file defaults.

To set any of these variables, simply set them as variables in your manifests, before the class is included, for example:

class {'sshd':
  listen_address => ['10.0.0.1', '192.168.0.1'],
  use_pam        => yes
}

If you need to install a version of the ssh daemon or client package other than the default one that would be installed by ensure => installed, then you can set the following variables:

class {'sshd':
  ensure_version => "1:5.2p2-6"
}

The following is a list of the currently available variables:

  • listen_address specify the addresses sshd should listen on set this to ['10.0.0.1', '192.168.0.1'] to have it listen on both addresses, or leave it unset to listen on all Default: empty -> results in listening on 0.0.0.0
  • allowed_users list of usernames separated by spaces. set this for example to "foobar root" to ensure that only user foobar and root might login. Default: empty -> no restriction is set
  • allowed_groups list of groups separated by spaces. set this for example to "wheel sftponly" to ensure that only users in the groups wheel and sftponly might login. Default: empty -> no restriction is set Note: This is set after allowed_users, take care of the behaviour if you use these 2 options together.
  • use_pam if you want to use pam or not for authenticaton. Values:
    • no (default)
    • yes
  • permit_root_login If you want to allow root logins or not. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no
    • without-password (default)
    • forced-commands-only
  • password_authentication If you want to enable password authentication or not. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • kerberos_authentication If you want the password that is provided by the user to be validated through the Kerberos KDC. To use this option the server needs a Kerberos servtab which allows the verification of the KDC's identity. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • kerberos_orlocalpasswd If password authentication through Kerberos fails, then the password will be validated via any additional local mechanism. Valid values:
    • yes (default)
    • no
  • kerberos_ticketcleanup Destroy the user's ticket cache file on logout? Valid values:
    • yes (default)
    • no
  • gssapi_authentication Authenticate users based on GSSAPI? Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • gssapi_cleanupcredentials Destroy user's credential cache on logout? Valid values:
    • yes (default)
    • no
  • challenge_response_authentication If you want to enable ChallengeResponseAuthentication or not When disabled, s/key passwords are disabled. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • tcp_forwarding If you want to enable TcpForwarding. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • x11_forwarding If you want to enable x11 forwarding. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • agent_forwarding If you want to allow ssh-agent forwarding. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • pubkey_authentication If you want to enable public key authentication. Valid values:
    • yes (default)
    • no
  • rsa_authentication If you want to enable RSA Authentication. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • rhosts_rsa_authentication If you want to enable rhosts RSA Authentication. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • hostbased_authentication If you want to enable HostbasedAuthentication. Valid values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • strict_modes If you want to set StrictModes (check file modes/ownership before accepting login). Valid values:
    • yes (default)
    • no
  • permit_empty_passwords If you want enable PermitEmptyPasswords to allow empty passwords. Valid Values:
    • yes
    • no (default)
  • ports If you want to specify a list of ports other than the default 22; Default: [22]
  • authorized_keys_file Set this to the location of the AuthorizedKeysFile (e.g. /etc/ssh/authorized_keys/%u). Default: AuthorizedKeysFile %h/.ssh/authorized_keys
  • hardened_ssl Use only strong SSL ciphers and MAC. Values:
    • no (default)
    • yes
  • print_motd Show the Message of the day when a user logs in.
  • sftp_subsystem Set a different sftp-subystem than the default one. Might be interesting for sftponly usage. Default: empty -> no change of the default
  • head_additional_options Set this to any additional sshd_options which aren't listed above. Anything set here will be added to the beginning of the sshd_config file. This option might be useful to define complicated Match Blocks. This string is going to be included, like it is defined. So take care! Default: empty -> not added.
  • tail_additional_options Set this to any additional sshd_options which aren't listed above. Anything set here will be added to the end of the sshd_config file. This option might be useful to define complicated Match Blocks. This string is going to be included, like it is defined. So take care! Default: empty -> not added.
  • shared_ip Whether the server uses a shared network IP address. If it does, then we don't want it to export an rsa key for its IP address. Values:
  • no (default)
  • yes

Defines and functions

Deploy authorized_keys file with the define authorized_key.

Generate a public/private keypair with the ssh_keygen function. For example, the following will generate ssh keys and put the different parts of the key into variables:

$ssh_keys = ssh_keygen("${$ssh_key_basepath}/backup/keys/${::fqdn}/${backup_host}")
$public_key = split($ssh_keys[1],' ')
$sshkey_type => $public_key[0]
$sshkey => $public_key[1]

Client

On a node where you wish to have the ssh client managed, you can do:

class{'sshd::client':

}

in the node definition. This will install the appropriate package.

License

  • Copyright 2008-2011, Riseup Labs micah@riseup.net
  • Copyright 2008, admin(at)immerda.ch
  • Copyright 2008, Puzzle ITC GmbH
  • Marcel Härry haerry+puppet(at)puzzle.ch
  • Simon Josi josi+puppet(at)puzzle.ch

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 3 as published by the Free Software Foundation.