Testing the README markdown formatting for HBASE-14877
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##Overview The hbase-archetypes subproject of hbase provides an infrastructure for creation and maintenance of Maven archetypes1 pertinent to HBase. Upon deployment to the archetype catalog2 of the central Maven repository3, these archetypes may be used by end-user developers to autogenerate completely configured Maven projects (including fully-functioning sample code) through invocation of the archetype:generate goal of the maven-archetype-plugin4.

##Notes for contributors and committers to the HBase project

####The structure of hbase-archetypes The hbase-archetypes project contains a separate subproject for each archetype. The top level components of such a subproject comprise a complete, standalone exemplar Maven project containing:

  • a src directory with sample, fully-functioning code in the ./main and ./test subdirectories,
  • a pom.xml file defining all required dependencies, and
  • any additional resources required by the exemplar project.

For example, the components of the hbase-client-project consist of (a) sample code ./src/main/.../HelloHBase.java and ./src/test/.../TestHelloHBase.java, (b) a pom.xml file establishing dependency upon hbase-client and test-scope dependency upon hbase-testing-util, and (c) a log4j.properties resource file.

####How archetypes are created during the hbase install process During the mvn install process, all standalone exemplar projects in the hbase-archetypes subdirectory are first packaged/tested/installed, and then the following steps are executed in hbase-archetypes/hbase-archetype-builder (via the pom.xml, bash scripts, and xsl templates in that subdirectory):

  1. For each exemplar project, resources are copied (via maven-resources-plugin) and transformed (via xml-maven-plugin xslt functionality) to the exemplar project's ./target/build-archetype subdirectory5.
  2. The script createArchetypes.sh is executed to invoke the maven-archetype-plugin's create-from-project goal within each exemplar project's ./target/build-archetype subdirectory. For each exemplar project, this creates a corresponding Maven archetype in the ./target/build-archetype/target/generate-sources/archetype subdirectory. (Note that this step always issues two platform-encoding warnings per archetype, due to hard-wired behavior of the maven-archetype-plugin6.)
  3. The pom.xml file of each newly-created archetype is copied (via maven-resources-plugin) and transformed (via xml-maven-plugin xslt functionality)7.
  4. The script installArchetypes.sh is executed to install each archetype into the local Maven repository, ready for deployment to the central Maven repository. (Note that installation of an archetype automatically includes invocation of integration-testing prior to install, which performs a test generation of a project from the archetype.)

####How to add a new archetype to the hbase-archetypes collection

  1. Create a new subdirectory in hbase-archetypes, populated with a completely configured Maven project, which will serve as the exemplar project of the new archetype. (It may be most straightforward to simply copy the src and pom.xml components from one of the existing exemplar projects, replace the src/main and src/test code, and modify the pom.xml file's <dependencies>, <artifactId>,<name>, and <description> elements.)
  2. Modify the hbase-archetypes/pom.xml file: add a new <module> subelement to the <modules> element, with the new exemplar project's subdirectory name as its value.
  3. Modify the hbase-archetype-builder/pom.xml file: (a) add a new <*.dir> subelement to the <properties> element, with the new exemplar project's subdirectory name as its value, and (b) add appropriate <execution> elements and <transformationSet> elements within the <plugin> elements (using the existing entries from already-existing exemplar projects as a guide).
  4. Add appropriate entries for the new exemplar project to the createArchetypes.sh and installArchetypes.sh scripts in the hbase-archetype-builder subdirectory (using the existing entries as a guide).

####How to do additional testing/inspection of an archetype in this collection Although integration-testing (which is automatically performed for each archetype during the install process) already performs test generation of a project from an archetype, it may often be advisable to do further manual testing of a newly built and installed archetype, particularly to examine and test a project generated from the archetype (emulating the end-user experience of utilizing the archetype). Upon completion of the install process outlined above, all archetypes will have been installed in the local Maven repository and can be tested locally by executing the following: mvn archetype:generate -DarchetypeCatalog=local This displays a numbered list of all locally-installed archetypes for the user to choose from for generation of a new Maven project.

##Footnotes: 1 -- Maven Archetype ("About" page). --

2 -- Maven Archetype Catalog (4MB+ xml file). --

3 -- Maven Central Repository (search engine). --

4 -- Maven Archetype Plugin - archetype:generate . --

5 -- Prior to archetype creation, each exemplar project's pom.xml is transformed as follows to make it into a standalone project: RESOURCE FILTERING (a) replaces ${project.version} with the literal value of the current project.version and (b) replaces ${compileSource} with the literal value of the version of Java that is being used for compilation; XSLT TRANSFORMATION (a) copies <groupId> and <version> subelements of <parent> to make them child elements of the root element, and (b) removes the <parent> and <description> elements. --

6 -- For an explanation of the platform-encoding warning issued during maven-archetype-plugin processing, see the first answer to this stackoverflow posting. --

7 -- Prior to archetype installation, each archetype's pom.xml is transformed as follows: a <project.build.sourceEncoding> subelement with value 'UTF-8' is added to the <properties> element. This prevents platform-encoding warnings from being issued when an end-user generates a project from the archetype. --