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= eAbbrMacro =

== Description ==

AbbrMacro returns an <abbr> or <acronym> element with a title attribute.

If you've used InlineMacro to create abbreviations or acronyms in your
[WikiFormatting formatted] wiki pages, you probably quickly realized how tedious
it can be. The !AbbrMacro package is designed to alleviate this issue.

It accepts keyword syntax only:

[[Abbr(key=XYZ,title=Xenon Yeti Zulu,<tag=abbr|acronym>)]]

Where `key` is the element content, `title` is required, and the `tag` keyword
is optional. The element type (tag) will default to `acronym` if omitted. Why is
acronym the default? For several reasons. First, most users are after acronyms
(and as far as I know there are no plans for an `initialism` element). Second,
Internet Explorer before version 7.0 does not support the `<abbr>` element. It
won't do any harm to use them with IE 6 and below, but these browsers do not
allow you to style the element with CSS and they don't display the title
attribute as a tooltip.

Many HTML authors mistakenly refer to an element as a "tag." For a review on the
syntax and nomenclature of Web element markup, visit the Wikipedia
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTML_element" HTML Element] article, or this quick
synopsis will help.

Syntactically, HTML elements are constructed with:

 * A `start tag` marking the beginning of an element.
 * Any number of valid `attributes` (and their associated values in quotes).
 * Some amount of `content` (characters and other elements).
 * An `end tag`.


 * In general, empty elements do not have an end tag nor do they contain content.
 * HTML elements that include attributes do so in their start tags, which define additional properties and behavior.
 * The end tag is optional for some elements.
 * These rules vary depending on what `DOCTYPE` you are serving.

There has been a long and sometimes heated discussion on the `<abbr>` and `<acronym>`
elements around the Web. A good article at Juicy Studios was written by my friend
 Pamela Berman: [http://juicystudio.com/article/abbreviations-acronyms.php Abbreviations are a Breeze].

== Dictionary File ==

`AbbrMacro` is designed to be rolled out in phases. The first and simpliest use
case I've already described. But even that can become tedious, especially if you
use the same acronyms over and over. The second phase introduces a user-defined
plain text dictionary file of key/value (content/title) pairs, which permits the
omission of the title keyword. Assuming, that is, there is a matching abbreviation
in the dictionary file. You may also include the title attribute using the macro
even if the element is defined in the dictionary file, the macro title keyword
will take precedence. If you omit the title using the macro, and the element is
''not'' defined in the dictionary, the macro will issue a error message and exit.

To configure the location of the dictionary file, add the following  entry to
your project `trac.ini`:

file = /path/to/your/abbreviations/file

The file must be readable (and eventually writable, see below) by your Web server
in order for this feature to work.

The format of the dictionary file couldn't be simpler:

PEP = Python Enhancement Proposal
PHP = Hypertext Preprocesor
RFC = Request For Comments


Where leading and trailing whitespace are removed. Notice that there is a uncanny
similarity between the dictionary file and trac.ini? This is no accident of course,
each one has sections followed by name=value pairs. Sections other than [abbr] and
[acronym] in the dictionary file are ignored, and there is no rule you must have
both. I tend to only use acronyms for this sort of thing, and to help get you
started here is an example [AbbrMacro/AbbrMap AbbrMap]. Like all Python/Trac files,
strings beginning with a `#` (pound) character are treated as comments and are
ignored. If you're going to use Unicode characters in your dictionary (typically
in the title attribute), open the file, as always, with:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

<div class="system-message">
<img src="/TracHacks/raw-attachment/wiki/WikiStart/bug.gif" class="icon" alt="bug" />
<strong>Warning</strong>: Since abbreviations and acronyms kept in the dictionary
file are stored in memory as unique key=value pairs, duplicates keys will cause a
collision. If this happens, one will overwrite the other. However, since the keys
are case-sensitive, in practice this should not be a issue&mdash;just something to
keep in mind when you are editing your dictionary file.

== !AbbrMapTxt ==

A third and final phase will allow the user to edit this file from within the wiki,
similar to the InterMapTxt page for InterWiki links.

== Installation ==


Download the [/raw-attachment/wiki/AbbrMacro/abbrmacro.zip zipfile], unzip the
archive to a temporary location, visit the `0.11` folder and run:

python setup.py bdist_egg
cp dist/*.egg /trac/env/Project/plugins

== Configuration ==

Enable the macro in:


abbr.* = enabled

See [#DictionaryFile Dictionary File] above if you plan on using this feature.

You may have to restart your Web server.

== Style ==

No sense doing it without style, here's mine.

/* acronyms and abbrs */

acronym {
  border-bottom: none;
  cursor: default;
  color: #309;
acronym:hover {
  border-bottom: 1px dotted #309;

== Example ==

[[Abbr(key=PEP,title=Python Enhancement Proposal)]]

<acronym title="Python Enhancement Proposal">PEP</acronym>

== Source ==

 * Browse the source at: [http://github.com/dwclifton/tracabbrmacro/tree/master GitHub].
 * Public clone URL:
git clone git://github.com/dwclifton/tracabbrmacro.git