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A basic framework for a fuzzy rule based systems in Python.
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This is a framework for a configurable fuzzy inference system (FIS) influenced by the Tsukamoto model for fuzzy-rule-based systems, but has been adapted to support non-monotonic membership functions.


PyPelt models a simple FIS in three phases:

  1. File Parsing and Data Representation
  2. Fuzzification of input data
  3. Translation to Solution Domain
  4. De-fuzzification of fuzzy solution values

Step 1: File Parsing and Instantiation

First, PyPelt uses the InputParser class to read a text file that specifies the structure of the FIS. The InputParser will have the following formatted data structures pulled from the file after successful initialization:

  • A two-layer dictionary called fuzzy_vars_dict. The outer layer of the dictionary maps each linguistic variable name to an inner dictionary. This inner dictionary maps the name of each fuzzy set the variable's domain to its respective membership function (MF).
  • A simple dictionary called input_vals mapping the names of linguistic variables to input values quantifying each variable.
  • A list of stacks called rule_stacks. Each stack is a rule that has been reformatted from the original structure to a new structure that resembles reverse polish notation.

After the parser is instantiated with the input file, the next step is to generate an instance of the FuzzyKB class. The FuzzyKB class will be a singleton used to keep all linguistic variables accessible throughout the process.

Step 2: Fuzzification

Now that everything has been parsed and loaded, we take the inputs in the input_vals dictionary and map them convert them to fuzzy values (hence the name pelt) in the domains of their respective variables. In practice, this is roughly the equivalent of plugging the inputs into every membership function in the domain of the variable.

Step 3: Inference into Consequent Domain

This is where the rules actually fire. In the fuzzification process, we mapped our crisp inputs into fuzzy degrees of membership. Now we take those fuzzy degrees of membership and perform some fuzzy logic operations to map from the domain of the antecedent to the domain of the consequent. In simpler terms, we've turned hard numbers into abstract "judgements" about our input, and now we need to know what to do with those "judgements" based on our rules.

In PyPelt, rules can use the following operations:

  • and: take the minimum membership value from antecedent variables
  • or: take the maximum of all the antecedent variables, cannot be combined with AND
  • then: begins consequent
  • is: used to specify which set is being used for the fuzzy variable in the rule
  • if: begins antecedent

The mapping process takes the calculated weight of the fired rule, truncates the consequent membership function, and calculates the midpoint between the values on the membership function that produce the weight.

Step 4: De-fuzzification

There are a lot of different ways to "de-fuzzify" values, and at the end of the day, research has yet to prove there's a single design that suits every need perfectly. In PyPelt, I use a weighted average that in my opinion does a fair job of letting every part of the rule affect the output in a manner that's relatively intuitive. Rules that fired with little weight will have little impact on the outcome, and consequent sets that resemble discrete sets will express less variance in their output.


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