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The official Airbrake library for Ruby on Rails. Links to other Airbrake libraries are in the ReadMe.

README.rdoc

HoptoadNotifier

This is the notifier gem for integrating apps with Hoptoad.

When an uncaught exception occurs, HoptoadNotifier will POST the relevant data to the Hoptoad server specified in your environment.

Help

Rails Installation

Remove exception_notifier

in your ApplicationController, REMOVE this line:

include ExceptionNotifiable

In your config/environment* files, remove all references to ExceptionNotifier

Remove the vendor/plugins/exception_notifier directory.

Remove hoptoad_notifier plugin

Remove the vendor/plugins/hoptoad_notifier directory before installing the gem, or run:

script/plugin remove hoptoad_notifier

Rails 2.x

Add the hoptoad_notifier gem to your app. In config/environment.rb:

config.gem 'hoptoad_notifier'

Then from your project's RAILS_ROOT, run:

rake gems:install
script/generate hoptoad --api-key your_key_here

Once installed, you should vendor the hoptoad_notifier gem.

rake gems:unpack GEM=hoptoad_notifier

As always, if you choose not to vendor the hoptoad_notifier gem, make sure every server you deploy to has the gem installed or your application won't start.

Rails 1.2.6

Install the hoptoad_notifier gem:

gem install hoptoad_notifier

Once installed, you should vendor the hoptoad_notifier gem:

mkdir vendor/gems
cd vendor/gems
gem unpack hoptoad_notifier

And then add the following to the Rails::Initializer.run do |config| block in environment.rb so that the vendored gem is loaded.

# Add the vendor/gems/*/lib directories to the LOAD_PATH
config.load_paths += Dir.glob(File.join(RAILS_ROOT, 'vendor', 'gems', '*', 'lib'))

Next add something like this at the bottom of your config/environment.rb:

require 'hoptoad_notifier'
require 'hoptoad_notifier/rails'
HoptoadNotifier.configure do |config|
  config.api_key = 'your_key_here'
end

You will also need to copy the hoptoad_notifier_tasks.rake file into your RAILS_ROOT/lib/tasks directory in order for the rake hoptoad:test task to work:

cp vendor/gems/hoptoad_notifier-2.1.3/generators/hoptoad/templates/hoptoad_notifier_tasks.rake lib/tasks

As always, if you choose not to vendor the hoptoad_notifier gem, make sure every server you deploy to has the gem installed or your application won't start.

Testing it out

You can test that Hoptoad is working in your production environment by using this rake task (from RAILS_ROOT):

rake hoptoad:test

If everything is configured properly, that task will send a notice to Hoptoad which will be visible immediately.

Rack

In order to use hoptoad_notifier in a non-Rails rack app, just load the hoptoad_notifier, configure your API key, and use the HoptoadNotifier::Rack middleware:

require 'rack'
require 'hoptoad_notifier'

HoptoadNotifier.configure do |config|
  config.api_key = 'my_api_key'
end

app = Rack::Builder.app do
  use HoptoadNotifier::Rack
  run lambda { |env| raise "Rack down" }
end

Sinatra

Using hoptoad_notifier in a Sinatra app is just like a Rack app, but you have to disable Sinatra's error rescuing functionality:

require 'sinatra/base'
require 'hoptoad_notifier'

HoptoadNotifier.configure do |config|
  config.api_key = 'my_api_key'
end

class MyApp < Sinatra::Default
  use HoptoadNotifier::Rack
  enable :raise_errors

  get "/" do
    raise "Sinatra has left the building"
  end
end

Usage

For the most part, Hoptoad works for itself. Once you've included the notifier in your ApplicationController (which is now done automatically by the gem), all errors will be rescued by the #rescue_action_in_public provided by the gem.

If you want to log arbitrary things which you've rescued yourself from a controller, you can do something like this:

...
rescue => ex
  notify_hoptoad(ex)
  flash[:failure] = 'Encryptions could not be rerouted, try again.'
end
...

The #notify_hoptoad call will send the notice over to Hoptoad for later analysis. While in your controllers you use the notify_hoptoad method, anywhere else in your code, use HoptoadNotifier.notify.

To perform custom error processing after Hoptoad has been notified, define the instance method #rescue_action_in_public_without_hoptoad(exception) in your controller.

Tracking deployments in Hoptoad

Paying Hoptoad plans support the ability to track deployments of your application in Hoptoad. By notifying Hoptoad of your application deployments, all errors are resolved when a deploy occurs, so that you'll be notified again about any errors that reoccur after a deployment.

Additionally, it's possible to review the errors in Hoptoad that occurred before and after a deploy.

When Hoptoad is installed as a gem, you need to add

require 'hoptoad_notifier/capistrano'

to your deploy.rb

Going beyond exceptions

You can also pass a hash to notify_hoptoad method and store whatever you want, not just an exception. And you can also use it anywhere, not just in controllers:

begin
  params = {
    # params that you pass to a method that can throw an exception 
  }
  my_unpredicable_method(params)
rescue => e
  HoptoadNotifier.notify(
    :error_class   => "Special Error",
    :error_message => "Special Error: #{e.message}",
    :parameters    => params
  )
end

While in your controllers you use the notify_hoptoad method, anywhere else in your code, use HoptoadNotifier.notify. Hoptoad will get all the information about the error itself. As for a hash, these are the keys you should pass:

  • :error_class - Use this to group similar errors together. When Hoptoad catches an exception it sends the class name of that exception object.

  • :error_message - This is the title of the error you see in the errors list. For exceptions it is “#{exception.class.name}: #{exception.message}”

  • :parameters - While there are several ways to send additional data to Hoptoad, passing a Hash as :parameters as in the example above is the most common use case. When Hoptoad catches an exception in a controller, the actual HTTP client request parameters are sent using this key.

Hoptoad merges the hash you pass with these default options:

{
  :api_key       => HoptoadNotifier.api_key,
  :error_message => 'Notification',
  :backtrace     => caller,
  :parameters    => {},
  :session       => {}
}

You can override any of those parameters.

Filtering

You can specify a whitelist of errors, that Hoptoad will not report on. Use this feature when you are so apathetic to certain errors that you don't want them even logged.

This filter will only be applied to automatic notifications, not manual notifications (when #notify is called directly).

Hoptoad ignores the following exceptions by default:

ActiveRecord::RecordNotFound
ActionController::RoutingError
ActionController::InvalidAuthenticityToken
ActionController::UnknownAction
CGI::Session::CookieStore::TamperedWithCookie

To ignore errors in addition to those, specify their names in your Hoptoad configuration block.

HoptoadNotifier.configure do |config|
  config.api_key      = '1234567890abcdef'
  config.ignore       << ActiveRecord::IgnoreThisError
end

To ignore only certain errors (and override the defaults), use the #ignore_only attribute.

HoptoadNotifier.configure do |config|
  config.api_key      = '1234567890abcdef'
  config.ignore_only  = [ActiveRecord::IgnoreThisError]
end

To ignore certain user agents, add in the #ignore_user_agent attribute as a string or regexp:

HoptoadNotifier.configure do |config|
  config.api_key      = '1234567890abcdef'
  config.ignore_user_agent  << /Ignored/
  config.ignore_user_agent << 'IgnoredUserAgent'
end

To ignore exceptions based on other conditions, use #ignore_by_filter:

HoptoadNotifier.configure do |config|
  config.api_key      = '1234567890abcdef'
  config.ignore_by_filter do |exception_data|
    true if exception_data[:error_class] == "RuntimeError"
  end
end

To replace sensitive information sent to the Hoptoad service with [FILTERED] use #params_filters:

HoptoadNotifier.configure do |config|
  config.api_key      = '1234567890abcdef'
  config.params_filters << "credit_card_number"
end

Note that, when rescuing exceptions within an ActionController method, hoptoad_notifier will reuse filters specified by #filter_params_logging.

Testing

When you run your tests, you might notice that the Hoptoad service is recording notices generated using #notify when you don't expect it to. You can use code like this in your test_helper.rb to redefine that method so those errors are not reported while running tests.

module HoptoadNotifier
  def self.notify(thing)
    # do nothing.
  end
end

Supported Rails versions

See SUPPORTED_RAILS_VERSIONS for a list of official supported versions of Rails.

Please open up a support ticket on Tender ( help.hoptoadapp.com ) if you're using a version of Rails that is not listed above and the notifier is not working properly.

Thanks

Thanks to Eugene Bolshakov for the excellent write-up on GOING BEYOND EXCEPTIONS, which we have included above.

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