Simple table data structure and functions to work with them. Specially useful to play around with tabular data files (like csv or tsv).
Common Lisp
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README.md
cl-simple-table.asd
importers.lisp
packages.lisp
query.lisp
table.lisp
utils.lisp

README.md

cl-simple-table - A Common Lisp simple in-memory table.

cl-simple-table is a set of functions to create rows and tables of rows and run some queries in them. Also included are simple functions to create tables from tabular data files, such as CSV (comma separated values) or TSV (tab separated values). This makes this library very useful to work with these files.

Internally, tables are just arrays of arrays (not multidimensional, actual array of arrays) although simple wrappers functions are provided to keep the context inside the problem space, you care about tabular data, not arrays.

Dependencies

None.

Usage

Table and row handling.

(make-table ())

Creates a new empty table and returns it.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:make-table)
#()

(make-row ())

Creates a new empty table and returns it.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:make-row)
#()

(add-to-table (row table))

Appends the row to the table and returns the table.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:add-to-table
          (simple-table:add-to-row "Hello" (simple-table:make-row))
          (simple-table:make-table))
#(#("Hello"))

(add-to-row (value row))

Appends the value as a new column in the given row and returns the row.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:add-to-row "Hello" (simple-table:make-row))
#("Hello")
CL-USER> (simple-table:add-to-row
          ", world!"
          (simple-table:add-to-row "Hello" (simple-table:make-row)))
#("Hello" ", world!")

(get-row (index table))

Gets the row at the given index from the table. The first row is index 0.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:get-row 0 *data*)
#("Year" "Make" "Model")
CL-USER> (simple-table:get-row 1 *data*)
#("1997" "Ford" "E350")

(get-row-column (column row))

Gets the value in the given column from row. The first column is 0.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:get-row-column 0 (simple-table:get-row 1 *data*))
"1997"
CL-USER> (simple-table:get-row-column 1 (simple-table:get-row 1 *data*))
"Ford"

(set-row-column (column value row))

Sets the value in the given column of row and returns the row. The first column is 0.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:set-row-column
          2 "Mustang"
          (simple-table:set-row-column 0 "1967" (simple-table:get-row 1 *data*)))
#("1967" "Ford" "Mustang")

(num-rows (table))

Returns the number of rows in the given table.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:num-rows (simple-table:make-table))
0
CL-USER> (simple-table:num-rows (simple-table:add-to-table
                                 (simple-table:make-row)
                                 (simple-table:make-table)))
1

(num-cols (row))

Returns the number of values in the given row.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:num-cols (simple-table:make-row))
0
CL-USER> (simple-table:num-cols (simple-table:add-to-row
                                 "Hello, world!"
                                 (simple-table:make-row)))
1

(rectangular-table-p (table))

Returns true if all the rows in the table have the same number of elements.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:rectangular-table-p (simple-table:make-table))
T
CL-USER> (simple-table:rectangular-table-p (simple-table:add-to-table
                                            (simple-table:make-row)
                                            (simple-table:make-table)))
T
CL-USER> (simple-table:rectangular-table-p (simple-table:add-to-table
                                            (simple-table:add-to-row
                                             "Oops!"
                                             (simple-table:make-row))
                                            (simple-table:add-to-table
                                             (simple-table:make-row)
                                             (simple-table:make-table))))
NIL

(sequence->row (elements))

Converts a sequence of elements into a table row.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:sequence->row (list 1 2 3))
#(1 2 3)
CL-USER> (simple-table:sequence->row "Hello") ; Strings are sequence of characters!
#(#\H #\e #\l #\l #\o)

(row-sequence->table (rows))

Converts a sequence of rows into a table.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:row-sequence->table (list
                                            (simple-table:sequence->row (list "Col1" "Col2"))
                                            (simple-table:sequence->row (list 1 2))
                                            (simple-table:sequence->row (list 2 3))))
#(#("Col1" "Col2") #(1 2) #(2 3))

(with-rows ((table row-var &optional return-expression) &body body)

with-rows is a macro to help you iterate the rows on a given table and with a reference to each row in row-var, optionally returning return-expression.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:with-rows (*data* row)
           (print row))

#("Year" "Make" "Model")
#("1967" "Ford" "Mustang")
#("2000" "Mercury" "Cougar")
NIL

CL-USER> (let ((new-table (simple-table:make-table)))
           (simple-table:with-rows (*data* row new-table)
             (simple-table:add-to-table (simple-table:add-to-row
                                         (simple-table:get-row-column 1 row)
                                         (simple-table:make-row))
                                        new-table)))
#(#("Make") #("Ford") #("Mercury"))

Data importing.

(table-from-file (filename &key (separator #\tab) parse-elements))

Reads a tabular data file pointed by filename with columns separated by separator, if parse-elements is not NIL then READ will be applied to each element and parsed into Lisp objects, otherwise it creates only strings. It returns the table with the data read.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:table-from-file #P"example.csv" :separator #\, :parse-elements t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR))

CL-USER> (simple-table:table-from-file #P"example.csv" :separator #\,)
#(#("Year" "Make" "Model") #("1997" "Ford" "E350") #("2000" "Mercury" "Cougar"))

(read-csv (filename &optional parse-elements))

Reads a csv (comma separated values) file into a table, optionally parsing the elements into Lisp objects. This is a wrapper for table-from-file.

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-csv #P"example.csv" t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR))

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-csv #P"example.csv")
#(#("Year" "Make" "Model") #("1997" "Ford" "E350") #("2000" "Mercury" "Cougar"))

(read-tsv (filename &optional parse-elements))

Reads a tsv (table separated values) file into a table, optionally parsing the elements into Lisp objects. This is a wrapper for table-from-file.

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR))

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv")
#(#("Year" "Make" "Model") #("1997" "Ford" "E350") #("2000" "Mercury" "Cougar"))

Querying

These are designed to query the data inside tables with SQL-like functions. They all work with tables and rows and return tables and rows so you can chain them together to build complex queries.

(select (table &rest columns))

Selects the given columns from the table and returns them as a new table.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR)
  #(2008 VOLKWSWAGEN POINTER) #(1967 FORD MUSTANG) #(2013 MASERATI GRAN))

CL-USER> (simple-table:select (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t) 1)
#(#(MAKE) #(FORD) #(MERCURY) #(VOLKWSWAGEN) #(FORD) #(MASERATI))

CL-USER> (simple-table:select (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t) 0 2)
#(#(YEAR MODEL) #(1997 E350) #(2000 COUGAR) #(2008 POINTER) #(1967 MUSTANG)
  #(2013 GRAN))

(distinct (table column))

Returns the unique elements from the given column in the given table as a new table.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR)
  #(2008 VOLKWSWAGEN POINTER) #(1967 FORD MUSTANG) #(2013 MASERATI GRAN)
  #(2013 CHEVY CAMARO) #(2013 DODGE CHARGER) #(2013 DODGE CHALLENGER))

CL-USER> (simple-table:distinct (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t) 0)
#(#(YEAR) #(1997) #(2000) #(2008) #(1967) #(2013))

CL-USER> (simple-table:distinct (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t) 1)
#(#(MAKE) #(FORD) #(MERCURY) #(VOLKWSWAGEN) #(MASERATI) #(CHEVY) #(DODGE))

(top (table n))

Returns a new table with the top n rows from the given table.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR)
  #(2008 VOLKWSWAGEN POINTER) #(1967 FORD MUSTANG) #(2013 MASERATI GRAN)
  #(2013 CHEVY CAMARO) #(2013 DODGE CHARGER) #(2013 DODGE CHALLENGER))

CL-USER> (simple-table:top (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t) 1)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL))

CL-USER> (simple-table:top (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t) 2)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350))

(order-by (table col op))

Returns a new table sorted by the value in the given column and table using op.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv")
#(#("Year" "Make" "Model") #("1997" "Ford" "E350") #("2000" "Mercury" "Cougar")
  #("2008" "Volkwswagen" "Pointer") #("1967" "Ford" "Mustang")
  #("2013" "Maserati" "Gran Turismo") #("2013" "Chevy" "Camaro")
  #("2013" "Dodge" "Charger") #("2013" "Dodge" "Challenger"))

CL-USER> (simple-table:order-by (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv") 0 #'string<)
#(#("1967" "Ford" "Mustang") #("1997" "Ford" "E350")
  #("2000" "Mercury" "Cougar") #("2008" "Volkwswagen" "Pointer")
  #("2013" "Maserati" "Gran Turismo") #("2013" "Chevy" "Camaro")
  #("2013" "Dodge" "Challenger") #("2013" "Dodge" "Charger")
  #("Year" "Make" "Model"))

(where (table filter))

Filters the result of the table using the given filter, returns a new table. Filter should be a predicate that takes a row and decides whether to include it in the result or not. Although the filter can be created by hand it is easier to use where-filter, where-and and where-or.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:where (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
                             (lambda (row)
                               (let ((value (simple-table:get-row-column 0 row)))
                                 (and (numberp value) (= value 2013)))))
#(#(2013 MASERATI GRAN) #(2013 CHEVY CAMARO) #(2013 DODGE CHARGER)
  #(2013 DODGE CHALLENGER))

(where-filter (op column value))

Returns a filter applicable for where, it calls op to compare the given value and the value stored in column for every row. Besides calling op the filter returned will also check the type of the values are the same before being compared.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR)
  #(2008 VOLKWSWAGEN POINTER) #(1967 FORD MUSTANG) #(2013 MASERATI GRAN)
  #(2013 CHEVY CAMARO) #(2013 DODGE CHARGER) #(2013 DODGE CHALLENGER))

CL-USER> (simple-table:where (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
                             (simple-table:where-filter #'= 0 2013))
#(#(2013 MASERATI GRAN) #(2013 CHEVY CAMARO) #(2013 DODGE CHARGER)
  #(2013 DODGE CHALLENGER))

(where-or (&rest filters))

Given a list of filters created by where-filter this returns true if any of them is true.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR)
  #(2008 VOLKWSWAGEN POINTER) #(1967 FORD MUSTANG) #(2013 MASERATI GRAN)
  #(2013 CHEVY CAMARO) #(2013 DODGE CHARGER) #(2013 DODGE CHALLENGER))

CL-USER> (simple-table:where (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
                             (simple-table:where-or (simple-table:where-filter #'= 0 2013)
                                                    (simple-table:where-filter #'eq 1 'FORD)))
#(#(1997 FORD E350) #(1967 FORD MUSTANG) #(2013 MASERATI GRAN)
  #(2013 CHEVY CAMARO) #(2013 DODGE CHARGER) #(2013 DODGE CHALLENGER))

(where-and (&rest filters))

Given a list of filters created by where-filter this returns true if all of them are true.

Example:

CL-USER> (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
#(#(YEAR MAKE MODEL) #(1997 FORD E350) #(2000 MERCURY COUGAR)
  #(2008 VOLKWSWAGEN POINTER) #(1967 FORD MUSTANG) #(2013 MASERATI GRAN)
  #(2013 CHEVY CAMARO) #(2013 DODGE CHARGER) #(2013 DODGE CHALLENGER))

CL-USER> (simple-table:where (simple-table:read-tsv #P"example.tsv" t)
                             (simple-table:where-and (simple-table:where-filter #'= 0 1967)
                                                     (simple-table:where-filter #'eq 1 'FORD)))
#(#(1967 FORD MUSTANG))

Final remarks

I hope this code is useful to you in any sense, either for learning, reading or maybe actual practical use, I will be very glad if you can even modify it to suit your needs. If you have suggestions please send them my way. Be sure to read COPYING file as well.