Embedded Dev Box Maker (64-bit)
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README.md
Vagrantfile

README.md

Embedded Dev Box Maker (64-bit)

This are the steps to create a development environment suited for cross-platform embedded development.

Box specs

  • VirtualBox
  • Ubuntu GNU/Linux Precise 12.04 Server 64-bit
  • 512MB of RAM
  • 1 CPU core
  • 8MB ram
  • 80GB disk space

Vagrant file

    # -*- mode: ruby -*-
    # vi: set ft=ruby :

    VAGRANTFILE_API_VERSION = "2"

    Vagrant.configure(VAGRANTFILE_API_VERSION) do |config|
      config.vm.box = "precise64"
      config.vm.network :private_network, :ip => "192.168.50.4"
      config.ssh.forward_agent = true
      config.vbguest.auto_update = true

      config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |v|
        v.name = "Embedded Dev Box Maker (64-bit)"
        v.memory = 512
      end
    end

Steps to generate box

Download Vagrant VirtualBox box file precise64 in your host. Ubuntu 12.04 64 bits Precise LTS:

vagrant box add precise64 http://files.vagrantup.com/precise64.box virtualbox

Run Vagrant in this directory or any directory that has the Vagrant listed in this document and let the provisioning run:

vagrant up

SSH to the VM:

vagrant ssh

Add the following at the top of /etc/apt/sources.list, it makes apt select the closest mirror:

deb mirror://mirrors.ubuntu.com/mirrors.txt precise main restricted universe multiverse
deb mirror://mirrors.ubuntu.com/mirrors.txt precise-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb mirror://mirrors.ubuntu.com/mirrors.txt precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb mirror://mirrors.ubuntu.com/mirrors.txt precise-security main restricted universe multiverse

Configure the correct timezone:

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

Update/upgrade all packages:

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade

You may need to specifically install your kernel and headers in order to upgrade them:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-server linux-image-server linux-server

Disconnect from your ssh session and shutdown your machine in the host:

vagrant halt

Open VirtualBox and go to the machine (Embedded Dev Box Maker (64-bit)) settings and go to Ports->USB and click on "Enable USB Controller" Click on "Add a new USB filter" and add the USB filter for your COM/Serial cable. Typical vendors are Prolific or FTDI.

Turn on your VM again and connect to it:

vagrant up; vagrant ssh

Install the compilers and build tools:

sudo apt-get install build-essential

Install the nfs server and client tools.

sudo apt-get install nfs-kernel-server nfs-common portmap

Install the python-software-properties package:

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties

Add the PPA for the gcc-arm-embedded toolchain:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:terry.guo/gcc-arm-embedded ; sudo apt-get update

Install the tools for ARM embedded development:

sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-none-eabi

Install the tools ARM embedded linux development:

sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-linux-gnueabi

Install the tools for AVR embedded development:

sudo apt-get install avrdude avrdude-doc binutils-avr avr-libc gcc-avr gdb-avr

Install multistrap and related cross-architecture package development tools:

sudo apt-get install multistrap dpkg-dev dpkg-cross

Install qemu and tools for cross-architecture binaries:

sudo apt-get install qemu qemu-user-static binfmt-support debootstrap

Install tftp support:

sudo apt-get install xinetd tftpd tftp

Install miscellaneous tools:

sudo apt-get install git subversion curl wget

Install tools for serial port communications:

sudo apt-get install screen picocom

Clean apt:

sudo apt-get clean ; sudo apt-get autoclean ; sudo apt-get autoremove

Download Arduino 1.5.5+ for Linux 64-bits into /usr/local:

cd /usr/local ; sudo wget http://downloads.arduino.cc/arduino-1.5.5-linux64.tgz
sudo tar xfz arduino-1.5.5-linux64.tgz
sudo mv arduino-1.5.5 arduino
sudo rm arduino-1.5.5-linux64.tgz

Add the following lines to the default user's profile (~/.profile):

PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/arduino/hardware/tools"
PS1="[\[\033[0;31m\]\u\[\033[0m\]@\h:\[\033[1;37m\]\w\[\033[0m\]]\$ "

Create tftpd configuration file on /etc/xinetd.d/tftp with the following:

service tftp
{
protocol        = udp
port            = 69
socket_type     = dgram
wait            = yes
user            = nobody
server          = /usr/sbin/in.tftpd
server_args     = /tftpboot
disable         = no
}

Configure tftpd:

sudo mkdir /tftpboot
sudo chmod -R 777 /tftpboot
sudo chown -R nobody /tftpboot

Set the hostname to embedded-dev64:

sudoedit /etc/hostname

Change precise64 to embedded-dev64 (or whatever you set has hostname) in the hosts file:

sudoedit /etc/hosts

Create a folder for nfs exports in the default user home directory:

cd ; mkdir exports
chmod go+w exports

Disconnect from your ssh session and shutdown your machine in the host:

vagrant halt

Repackage your freshly created embedded development environment into a new box:

vagrant package --output embedded-dev64.box

Add your new box to vagrant so it can be used in your future endeavors:

vagrant box add embedded-dev64 embedded-dev64.box virtualbox

Now you can use your embedded development environment under the name 'embedded-dev64'!