Converting Can (Controller Area Network) Database Formats .arxml .dbc .dbf .kcd ...
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Canmatrix is a python package to read and write several CAN (Controller Area Network) database formats.

About

Canmatrix implements a "Python Can Matrix Object" which describes the can-communication and the needed objects (Boardunits, Frames, Signals, Values, ...) Canmatrix also includes two Tools (canconvert and cancompare) for converting and comparing CAN databases.

There are several importers (read) and exporters (write) for this object.

supported file formats for import:

  • .dbc candb / Vector
  • .dbf Busmaster (open source!)
  • .kcd kayak (open source!)
  • .arxml autosar system description
  • .yaml dump of the python object
  • .xls(x) excel xls-import, works with .xls-file generated by this lib
  • .sym peak pcan can description

supported file formats for export:

  • .dbc
  • .dbf
  • .kcd
  • .xls(x)
  • .json Canard (open source!)
  • .arxml (very basic implementation)
  • .yaml (dump of the python object)
  • .sym
  • .xml fibex

Install instructions

Chinese Translation / 安装中文方法解释及注意事项

Install canmatrix with either "pip install canmatrix" or "python setup.py install" and "pip install -r requirements.txt"

This installs the canmatrix package into your python installation.

In addition to the canmatrix package there are 2 scripts installed with this package:

for additional formats [arxml, kcd, fibex, xls, xlsx] use syntax like: pip install git+https://github.com/ebroecker/canmatrix#egg=canmatrix[kcd]

  1. canconvert:

    converts CAN database formats between all supported formats.

    Example: "canconvert someArSystemdescription.arxml file.dbc"

  2. cancompare:

    compares 2 CAN databases (of different or same format).

    Example: "cancompare file1.dbc file2.dbc"

If you are using a *NIX-System, these scripts should be callable from command line

If you are using a Windows system, these scripts are usually installed at the location of your python installation. For example 'C:\python3.4\Scripts' or 'C:\python2.7\Scripts'


Dependencies

Canmatrix depends on:


Examples

There are some example python scripts in the example-folder


Usage

General

canconvert.py -h canconvert.py --help show help message/usage and exits

canconvert.py -v Output verbosity

canconvert.py -s don't print status messages to stdout. (only errors)

canconvert.py -f FORCE_OUTPUT enforce output format, ignoring output file extension (e.g., -f csv)

Conversion of file formats

convert dbc file to xlsx:

canconvert.py source.dbc target.xlsx

convert dbc file to dbf:

canconvert.py source.dbc target.dbf

convert arxml file to dbc:

canconvert.py source.arxml target.dbc

Note: in case of .arxml there can be multiple can databases in. Thus the target target.dbc may in this case be called BUS-NAME-IN-ARXML_target.dbc. There will be one target .dbc for each database in .arxml.

You can even convert to the same format:

convert dbc file to dbc:

canconvert.py source.dbc target.dbc

Multiple charset support:

convert dbc file to dbc with different charset:

canconvert.py --dbcImportEncoding=iso-8859-1 --dbcImportCommentEncoding=cp-1252 --dbcExportEncoding=utf-8 --dbcExportCommentEncoding=utf-8 source.dbc target.dbc

This converts source.dbc where units are coded in iso-8859-1 and comments are coded in cp-1252 in a target.dbc where everything is coded in utf-8. Similar charset conversions are possible or even mandatory for following formats: dbc, dbf and sym.

possible Modifications:

delete zero sized signals:

canconvert.py --deleteZeroSignals source.dbc target.dbc

will delete signals with 0 bit length from matrix

delete unwanted attributes from signals:

convert.py --deleteSignalAttributes GenMsgCycleTime,MyAttrib source.dbc target.dbc

will delete the attributes GenMsgCycleTime and MyAttrib from all signals in source.dbc and save the result in target.dbc

delete unwanted attributes from frames:

convert.py --deleteFrameAttributes GenMsgCycleTime,MyAttrib source.dbc target.dbc

will delete the attributes GenMsgCycleTime and MyAttrib from all frames in source.dbc and save the result in target.dbc

recalculate DLC:

canconvert.py --recalcDLC=max source.dbc target.dbc

this will recalculate DLC for each frame in source.dbc. In target.dlc the same DLC like in source.dbc will be stored, except the calculated DLC is bigger. Than the calculated DLC will be stored.

recalculate DLC:

canconvert.py --recalcDLC=force source.dbc target.dbc

this will recalculate DLC for each frame in source.dbc. In target.dlc the calculated DLC will be stored independently from source.dbc.

delete unneeded/obsolete defines:

canconvert.py --deleteObsoleteDefines source.dbc target.dbc

this will remove all defines which no attribute exist for in source.dbc and store the result in target.dlc.

delete ECU:

canconvert.py --deleteECU=myEcu,myEcu2 source.dbc target.dbc

this will remove ECUs myEcu and myEcu2 in source.dbc and store the result in target.dlc.

rename ECU:

canconvert.py --renameECU=myEcu:myNewEcu,myEcu2:myNewEcu2 source.dbc target.dbc

this will load source.dbc and rename ECU myEcu in myNewEcu and myEcu2 in myNewEcu2. The result is stored in target.dlc.

delete Frame:

canconvert.py --deleteFrame=myFrame,myFrame2 source.dbc target.dbc

this will remove frames myFrame and myFrame2 in source.dbc and store the result in target.dlc.

rename Frame:

canconvert.py --renameFrame=myFrame:myNewFrame,myFrame2:myNewFrame2 source.dbc target.dbc

this will load source.dbc and rename frames myFrame in myNewFrame and myFrame2 in myNewFrame2. The result is stored in target.dlc.

delete Signal:

canconvert.py --deleteSignal=mySignal,mySignal2 source.dbc target.dbc

this will remove signales mySignal and mySignal2 in source.dbc and store the result in target.dlc.

rename Signal:

canconvert.py --renameSignal=mySignal:myNewSignal,mySignal2:myNewSignal2 source.dbc target.dbc

this will load source.dbc and rename signals mySignal in myNewSignal and mySignal2 in myNewSignal2. The result is stored in target.dlc.

canFD:

canconvert.py --setFrameFd=myFrame,myFrame2 source.dbc target.dbc

this will set frame-type of myFrame and myFrame2 in source.dbc to CANFD and store the result in target.dlc list) Syntax: --setFrameFd=myFrame1,mySecondFrame

canconvert.py --unsetFrameFd=myFrame,myFrame2 source.dbc target.dbc

this will set frame-type of myFrame and myFrame2 in source.dbc to normal (not FD) and store the result in target.dlc list) Syntax: --unsetFrameFd=myFrame1,mySecondFrame

Extract and Merge:

extract one ecu out of matrix

canconvert.py --ecus=REAR_ECU source.dbc target.dbc

This generates a target.dbc with all Informations out of source.dbc which are needed for REAR_ECU. All frames which are received or sent by REAR_ECU are extracted. Also all attributes of the frames and the ECU. This is some lite ECU-Extract.

extract multiple ecus out of matrix:

canconvert.py --ecus=FRONT_ECU,REAR_ECU source.dbc target.dbc

extract frame[s] out of matrix:

canconvert.py --frames=REAR_FRAME,FRONT_FRAME source.dbc target.dbc

Extracts the frames REAR_FRAME and FRONT_FRAME with the needed ECUs and attributes.

merge multiple databases:

canconvert.py --merge=second.dbc source.dbc target.dbc

Merges source.dbc and second.dbc in target.dbc.

merge ECU from other database:

canconvert.py --merge=second.dbc:ecu=REAR_ECU source.dbc target.dbc

Merges REAR_ECU out of second.dbc with source.dbc and store result in target.dbc.

merge FRAME from other database:

canconvert.py --merge=second.dbc:frame=REAR_FRAME source.dbc target.dbc

Merges REAR_FRAME out of second.dbc with source.dbc and store result in target.dbc.

combinations and multiple extraction possible:

canconvert.py --merge=second.dbc:ecu=REAR_ECU:ecu=FRONT_ECU:frame=FRAME1:FRAME=FRAME2 source.dbc target.dbc

Merges REAR_ECU and FRONT_ECU and FRAME1 and FRAME2 out of second.dbc with source.dbc and store result in target.dbc.


Commandline

  • all formats support im-/export of signals and frames

    -h, --help

      	show help message and exit
    

    -v

      	Output verbosity
    

    -s

      	don't print status messages to stdout. (only errors)
    

    -f FORCE_OUTPUT

      	enforce output format, ignoring output file extension (e.g., -f csv)
    

    --deleteZeroSignals

      	delete zero length signals (signals with 0 bit length) from matrix default False
    

    --recalcDLC=RECALCDLC

                      recalculate dlc; max: use maximum of stored and calculated dlc; force: force new calculated dlc
    

    --jsonExportCanard

      	Export Canard compatible json format
    

    --ecus=ECUS

      	Copy only given ECUs (comma separated list) to target matrix
    

    --frames=FRAMES

      	Copy only given Framess (comma separated list) to target matrix
    

    --merge=MERGE

      	merge additional can databases. Syntax: --merge filename[:ecu=SOMEECU][:frame=FRAME1][:frame=FRAME2],filename2
    

    --deleteEcu=DELETEECU

                      delete Ecu form databases. (comma separated list) Syntax: --deleteEcu=myEcu,mySecondEcu
    

    --renameEcu=RENAMEECU

                      rename Ecu form databases. (comma separated list) Syntax: --renameEcu=myOldEcu:myNewEcu,mySecondEcu:mySecondNewEcu
    

    --deleteFrame=DELETEFRAME

                      delete Frame form databases. (comma separated list) Syntax: --deleteFrame=myFrame1,mySecondFrame
    

    --renameFrame=RENAMEFRAME

                      rename Frame form databases. (comma separated list) Syntax: --renameFrame=myOldFrame:myNewFrame,mySecondFrame:mySecondNewFrame
    

    --deleteSignal=DELETESIGNAL

                      delete Signal form databases. (comma separated list) Syntax: --deleteSignal=mySignal1,mySecondSignal
    

    --renameSignal=RENAMESIGNAL

                      rename Signal form databases. (comma separated list) Syntax: --renameSignal=myOldSignal:myNewSignal,mySecondSignal:mySecondNewSignal
    
  • dbc:

    --dbcImportEncoding

                      Import charset of dbc (relevant for units), maybe utf-8 default iso-8859-1
    

    --dbcImportCommentEncoding

                      Import charset of Comments in dbc default iso-8859-1
    

    --dbcExportEncoding

                      Export charset of dbc (relevant for units), maybe utf-8 default iso-8859-1
    

    --dbcExportCommentEncoding

                      Export charset of comments in dbc default iso-8859-1
    
  • dbf:

    --dbfImportEncoding

                      Import charset of dbf, maybe utf-8 default iso-8859-1
    

    --dbfExportEncoding

                      Export charset of dbf, maybe utf-8 default iso-8859-1
    
  • sym:

    --symImportEncoding

                      Import charset of sym format, maybe utf-8 default iso-8859-1
    

    --symExportEncoding

                      Export charset of sym format, maybe utf-8 default iso-8859-1
    
  • xls(x):

    --xlsMotorolaBitFormat

                      Excel format for startbit of motorola coded signals. Valid values: msb, lsb, msbreverse default msbreverse. [more about starbits...](https://github.com/ebroecker/canmatrix/wiki/signal-Byteorder)
    
  • csv:

    --csvAdditionalSignalAttributes append additional signal-collums to csv, example: is_signed,attributes["GenSigStartValue"]

  • arxml:

    --arxmlIgnoreClusterInfo

                      Ignore any can cluster info from arxml; Import all frames in one matrix default 0
    
  • yaml

  • json:

--jsonExportCanard

                    Export Canard compatible json format

--jsonMotorolaBitFormat

                    Json format for startbit of motorola coded signals. Valid values: msb, lsb, msbreverse default lsb. [more about starbits...](https://github.com/ebroecker/canmatrix/wiki/signal-Byteorder)
  • kdc
  • csv

Export

Format ECUs Mux S/R of Signal Cycletype Cycletime Baudrate Extended Byteorder scaling min/max attributes value tables signal groups
arxml + + + +
dbc + + + + + + + + + + + +
dbf + + + + + + + + + + +
json +
kcd + + + + + +
sym + + + + + +
xls(x) + + + + + + + + +
csv + + + + + + + + * +
xml + + + + +

Import

Format ECUs Mux S/R of Signal Cycletype Cycletime Baudrate Extended Byteorder scaling min/max attributes value tables signal groups
arxml + + + + + + + + + + + +
dbc + + + + + + + + + + + +
dbf + + + + + + + + + + +
kcd + + + + +
sym + + + + + +
xls(x) + + + + + + p p p

Have Fun,

feel free to contact me for any suggestions

Eduard