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README.md

EdgeX Foundry Core Snap

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This folder contains snap packaging for the EdgeX Foundry reference implementation.

The snap contains Consul, MongoDB, all of the EdgeX Go-based micro services from this repository, device-virtual, as well as Vault, Kong, Cassandra, and the two go-based security micro services. The snap also contains a single OpenJDK JRE used to run device-virtual.

The project maintains a rolling release of the snap on the edge channel that is rebuilt and published at least once daily through the jenkins jobs setup for the EdgeX project. You can see the jobs run here specifically looking at the edgex-go-snap-{branch}-stage-snap.

The snap currently supports running on both amd64 and arm64 platforms. Once the project no longer depends on MongoDB as it's primary database, the snap should start working on armhf platforms that support snaps as well.

Installation

Installing snapd

The snap can be installed on any system that supports snaps. You can see how to install snaps on your system here.

However for full security confinement, the snap should be installed on an Ubuntu 16.04 LTS or later Desktop or Server, or a system running Ubuntu Core 16 or later.

Installing EdgeX Foundry as a snap

The snap is published in the snap store at https://snapcraft.io/edgexfoundry. You can see the current revisions available for your machine's architecture by running the command:

$ snap info edgexfoundry

The snap can be installed using snap install. To install the snap from the edge channel:

$ sudo snap install edgexfoundry --edge

You can specify install specific releases using the --channel option. For example to install the Delhi release of the snap:

$ sudo snap install edgexfoundry --channel=delhi

Lastly, on a system supporting it, the snap may be installed using GNOME (or Ubuntu) Software Center by searching for edgexfoundry.

Note - the snap has only been tested on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Desktop/Server and Ubuntu Core 16.

WARNING - don't install the EdgeX snap on a system which is already running mongoDB or Consul.

Using the EdgeX snap

Upon installation, the following EdgeX services are automatically and immediately started:

  • consul
  • mongod
  • mongo-worker
  • core-data
  • core-command
  • core-metadata
  • core-config-seed
  • security-services (see note below)

The following services are disabled by default:

  • support-notifications
  • support-logging
  • support-scheduler
  • export-client
  • export-distro
  • device-virtual

Any disabled services can be enabled and started up using snap set:

$ sudo snap set edgexfoundry support-notifications=on

To turn a service off (thereby disabling and immediately stopping it) set the service to off:

$ sudo snap set edgexfoundry support-notifications=off

All services which are installed on the system as systemd units, which if enabled will automatically start running when the system boots or reboots.

Configuring individual services

All default configuration files are shipped with the snap inside $SNAP/config, however because $SNAP isn't writable, all of the config files are copied during snap installation (specifically during the install hook, see snap/hooks/install in this repository) to $SNAP_DATA/config. The configuration files in $SNAP_DATA may then be modified. You may wish to restart the snap to take configuration into account with:

$ sudo snap restart edgexfoundry

Viewing logs

Currently, all log files for the snap's can be found inside $SNAP_COMMON, which is usually /var/snap/edgexfoundry/common. Once all the services are supported as daemons, you can also use sudo snap logs edgexfoundry to view logs.

Additionally, logs can be viewed using the system journal or snap logs. To view the logs for all services in the edgexfoundry snap use:

$ sudo snap logs edgexfoundry

Individual service logs may be viewed by specifying the service name:

$ sudo snap logs edgexfoundry.consul

Or by using the systemd unit name and journalctl:

$ journalctl -u snap.edgexfoundry.consul.service

Security services

Currently, the security services are enabled by default. The security services consitute the following components:

All services are currently bundled in the singular service, security-services (see issue #485 for more details on why).

When security is enabled, Consul is secured using Vault for secret management, and Kong is used as an HTTPS proxy for all the services. The HTTPS keys for Kong and Vault are placed in $SNAP_DATA/vault/pki. Kong needs a database to manage itself, and can use either Postgres or Cassandra. Because Postgres cannot run inside of a snap due to issues running as root (currently all snap services must run as root, see this post for details), we use Cassandra.

To turn off security, use snap set:

$ sudo snap set edgexfoundry security-services=off

Limitations

See the GitHub issues with label snap for current issues.

Building

The source for the snap is inside this repo (the edgex-go repo), so the first step for all build methods involves cloning this repository:

$ git clone https://github.com/edgexfoundry/edgex-go
$ cd edgex-go

The snapcraft tool is used to actually build the snap. There are a few different ways to use it, depending on what OS you are building on.

Note - currently the snap doesn't support cross-compilation, and must be built natively on the target architecture. Specifically, to support cross-compilation the kong/lua parts must be modified to support cross-compilation. The openresty part uses non-standard flags for handling cross-compiling so all the flags would have to manually passed to build that part. Also luarocks doesn't seem to easily support cross-compilation, so that would need to be figured out as well.

Building on Ubuntu 16.04

The easiest way to build the snap is on an Ubuntu 16.04 Classic installation where you can use snapcraft directly:

$ snapcraft

Building with LXD containers

Alternatively, you can use snapcraft with it's own container/build VM using cleanbuild. This requires installing LXD as documented (here)[https://docs.snapcraft.io/t/clean-build-using-lxc].

$ snapcraft cleanbuild

Building using docker

Lastly, you can use docker with the snapcraft docker image to build the snap. You will build the snap inside a container, using the repository on your host filesystem as a volume mapped into the container. This lets us access the build artifacts and makes it easier to iterate on builds by sharing the intermediate contents of the build between runs of snapcraft.

$ docker run -it -v"$PWD":/build snapcore/snapcraft:stable bash -c "apt update && cd /build && snapcraft"

If the build fails and you need to make changes and re-build, you can use snapcraft commands such as snapcraft clean, etc. inside the container like so:

$ docker run -it -v"$PWD":/build snapcore/snapcraft:stable bash -c "apt update && cd /build && snapcraft clean && snapcraft"

Developing the snap

After building the snap from one of the above methods, you will have a binary snap package called edgexfoundry_<latest version>_<arch>.snap, which can be installed locally with the --devmode flag:

$ sudo snap install --devmode edgexfoundry*.snap

Note You can try installing a locally built snap with the --dangerous flag (instead of the --devmode flag), but there is a race condition with this method. Specifically Cassandra, MongoDB, and other services require accesses not provided by default to the snap, and these are provided by connecting the interfaces detailed below. The race condition occurs because if the services fail to start because the accesses were denied (because the interfaces weren't connected soon enough), the installation may be entirely aborted by snapd. If you do install with --dangerous, it is recommended to perform the connections detailed below in the same shell command to minimize the time between the installation (and hence service startup) and granting of accesses from interface connection. Note this race condition doesn't happen when installing the snap from the store because the interface connection automatically happens before starting the services.

Interfaces

After installing the snap, you will need to connect interfaces and restart the snap. The snap needs the hardware-observe, mount-observe, and system-observe interfaces connected. These are automatically connected using snap store assertions when installing from the store, but when developing the snap and installing a revision locally, use the following commands to connect the interfaces:

$ sudo snap connect edgexfoundry:hardware-observe
$ sudo snap connect edgexfoundry:system-observe
$ sudo snap connect edgexfoundry:mount-observe

After connecting these restart the services in the snap with:

$ sudo snap restart edgexfoundry
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