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A spec-compliant implementation & polyfill for Intl.PluralRules, including the selectRange(start, end) method introduced in Intl.NumberFormat v3. Also useful if you need proper support for minimumFractionDigits, which are only supported in Chrome 77 & later.

For a polyfill without selectRange() and with IE 11 support, please use intl-pluralrules@1.


npm install intl-pluralrules


To use as a polyfill, just import it to ensure that Intl.PluralRules is available in your environment:

import 'intl-pluralrules'

If Intl.PluralRules already exists, includes a selectRange() method, and supports multiple locales, the polyfill will not be loaded.


A complete implementation of PluralRules is available as intl-pluralrules/plural-rules, if you'd prefer using it without modifying your Intl object, or if you wish to use it rather than your environment's own:

import PluralRules from 'intl-pluralrules/plural-rules'

new PluralRules('en').select(1) // 'one'
new PluralRules('en', { minimumSignificantDigits: 3 }).select(1) // 'other'
new PluralRules('en').selectRange(0, 1) // 'other'
new PluralRules('fr').selectRange(0, 1) // 'one'


In order to support all available locales, their data needs to be included in the package. This means that when minified and gzipped, the above-documented usage adds about 7kB to your application's production size. If this is a concern, you can use intl-pluralrules/factory and make-plural to build a PluralRules class with locale support limited to only what you actually use.

Thanks to tree-shaking, this example that only supports English and French minifies & gzips to 1472 bytes. Do note that this size difference is only apparent with minified production builds.

import getPluralRules from 'intl-pluralrules/factory'
import { en, fr } from 'make-plural/plurals'
import { en as enCat, fr as frCat } from 'make-plural/pluralCategories'
import { en as enRange, fr as frRange } from 'make-plural/ranges'

const sel = { en, fr }
const getSelector = lc => sel[lc]

const cat = { en: enCat, fr: frCat }
const getCategories = (lc, ord) => cat[lc][ord ? 'ordinal' : 'cardinal']

const range = { en: enRange, fr: frRange }
const getRangeSelector = lc => range[lc]

const PluralRules = getPluralRules(
  Intl.NumberFormat, // Not available in IE 10
export default PluralRules

All arguments of getPluralRules(NumberFormat, getSelector, getCategories, getRangeSelector) are required.

  • NumberFormat should be Intl.NumberFormat, or an implementation which supports at least the "en" locale and all of the min/max digit count options.
  • getSelector(lc) should return a function(n, ord) returning the plural category of n, using cardinal plural rules (by default), or ordinal rules if ord is true. n may be a number, or the formatted string representation of a number. This may be called with any user-provided string lc, and should return undefined for invalid or unsupported locales.
  • getCategories(lc, ord) should return the set of available plural categories for the locale, either for cardinals (by default), or ordinals if ord is true. This function will be called only with values for which getSelector returns a function.
  • getRangeSelector(lc) should return a function(start, end) returning the plural category of the range. start and end are the plural categories of the corresponding values.