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vim-syntax-bind-named

Highlights your Bind9 named.conf (and zones and its include files) in vim editor session.

Uses 4-bit (16-color) Vim color scheme. Supports light/dark theme too.

To quickly see nearly all permutation of Bind9 named.conf configuration settings , run:

vim test/example-9.16-named.conf

This is where most of my animated GIF came from.

This project aims to replace the stock Vim syntax highlighting for ISC Bind (named.vim), by updating it to recognize the new RRs that came out in the last few decade and also to highlight more clauses/statements/keywords that ISC Bind9 has incorporated as of late.

Example

As comment lines throughout this bind-named.vim syntax file, I incorporate nearly all the revised psuedo-BNF syntax for every named.conf statement keywords encountered. These psuedo-BNF syntax may (often) not match the official ISC Bind documentation because its C source code takes final precedence here.

FEATURES

October 16, 2021

  • v9.16 supported
  • many filespec arguments are now forced double-quote syntax.

Original release

  • new named.conf keywords supported
  • All 3 comment styles supported: C++, C, bash.
  • IPv6 syntax checking
  • link-local IPv6 addresses with zone numeric and name index
  • IPv4-mapped IPv6 addresses and IPv4-translated addresses
  • IPv4-Embedded IPv6 Address
  • a comprehensive test named.conf file for later tweaking of this syntax file.
  • Bold-Highlighting TODO, FIXME, and XXX in comment lines.
  • Supports many include statements for large enterprise (or whitelabs).
  • New filetype detections
  • rndc.conf Filetype detection
  • supports rndc.key
  • Still supports named.conf
  • Filetype detection, both expanded (and constrained)
  • Constrained to named-*.conf from named*.conf
  • Constrained to named_*.conf from named*.conf
  • Constrained to named.*.conf from named*.conf
  • Expanded to *-named.conf
  • Expanded to *_named.conf
  • Expanded to *.named.conf
  • Expanded to rndc_*.conf
  • Expanded to rndc-*.conf
  • Expanded to rndc.*.conf
  • Expanded to *_rndc.conf
  • Expanded to *-rndc.conf
  • Expanded to *.rndc.conf
  • support for Array-type ACL names.

Filetype Constraints/Expansion

The rndc.conf is now supported (along with its filename variants, as long as as the filename portion begins with rndcX or ends with Xrndc and the letter X signifies a period, an underscore, or a dash/minus symbol.

There's a namedXXXXX.conf out there being used by a database so I figured we constrained it a bit with a dash, an underscore, or a period symbol.

In my huge internal whitelab bastion server, I run two separate named daemon and its configuration files, they all get included into their respective named-XXXX.conf:

/etc/bind/named-public.conf
/etc/bind/public/acl-named.conf
/etc/bind/public/channels-named.conf
/etc/bind/public/controls-named.conf
/etc/bind/public/dnssec-keys-named.conf
/etc/bind/public/masters-named.conf
/etc/bind/public/options-named.conf
/etc/bind/public/servers-named.conf
/etc/bind/public/statistics-named.conf
/etc/bind/public/view.red
/etc/bind/rndc-public.conf

/etc/bind/named-internal.conf
/etc/bind/internal/options-named.conf
/etc/bind/internal/acl-named.conf
/etc/bind/internal/channels-named.conf
/etc/bind/internal/controls-named.conf
/etc/bind/internal/masters-named.conf
/etc/bind/internal/view.red
/etc/bind/internal/view.dmz
/etc/bind/internal/view.yellow
/etc/bind/internal/view.green
/etc/bind/rndc-internal.conf

Array-Type ACL Names

Imagine my surprise in the current Bind version that ACL names can support some form of Python/C/C++ language array naming convention.

Yeah, ACL names like:

acl my_firewall[red][zoom] { acl_conference_rooms; };
acl my_firewall[red][facetime] { acl_conference_rooms; };
acl my_firewall[red][signal] { acl_conference_rooms; };

Pretty cool, uh?

IPv6 Patterns Supported

The following patterns for IPv6 addresses are supported:

  • 1:2:3:4:5:6:7:8
  • 1:: 1:2:3:4:5:6:7::
  • 1::8 1:2:3:4:5:6::8 1:2:3:4:5:6::8
  • 1::7:8 1:2:3:4:5::7:8 1:2:3:4:5::8
  • 1::6:7:8 1:2:3:4::6:7:8 1:2:3:4::8
  • 1::5:6:7:8 1:2:3::5:6:7:8 1:2:3::8
  • 1::4:5:6:7:8 1:2::4:5:6:7:8 1:2::8
  • 1::3:4:5:6:7:8 1::3:4:5:6:7:8 1::8
  • ::2:3:4:5:6:7:8 ::2:3:4:5:6:7:8 ::8 ::
  • fe80::7:8%eth0 fe80::7:8%1
  • ::255.255.255.255 ::ffff:255.255.255.255 ::ffff:0:255.255.255.255
  • 2001:db8:3:4::192.0.2.33 64:ff9b::192.0.2.33

PLANS

I plan to:

  • replace the stock Vim bindzone.vim, but that is something that I would welcome anyone to submit ... easily. Instead, I'm focused on doing this hard problem of creating these syntaxes for bind-named.vim (Bind named configuration file).

  • make this work steadily across ALL versions of Bind, but in starting with the current v9.16 and then OUTWARD toward v4 and v10: I managed to do this mostly.

  • NOT to make a Vim bundle zip file (for remote upgrading/downloading): I work offline and my whitelab is offline, so someone else is more than welcome to do the bunzip'ing.

  • make the FINAL CALL here for this syntax development using its C source code. Mistakes will be made: I'm human too. ISC Bind9 documentation project is not something to rely on when devising this VIM syntax for its named configuration file. I do have ALL released (and some minor) versions of Bind4, Bind8, Bind9, and Bind10 documentation as well as its source code.

I maintain those lifetime of keywords for named.conf and its many characteristics into my Pythonized ISC Bind keyword dictionary maintained over at egberts' repo at Github.
Some Python database characteristics for each keywords are:

  • statement occurance count
  • occurs multiple times
  • default value
  • validity of value methods
  • found-within which other statement
  • multi-line-ordering ID
  • user-defined indices
  • top-level statement flag
  • output ordering ID
  • introduced in which version
  • obsoleted by which version
  • keyword topic
  • server-type
  • required statement flag
  • subordering matter flag
  • Python dictionary indice by name

Bug Reporting

If you have any issues with this syntax file, see if you can:

  • pay attention to the closing semicolon and ensure that it is highlighted as soft or light green. If the semicolon is dark-cyan, then that is the point of syntax failure.

  • keep narrowing down the offending line until it stopped offending, hopefully it is just to just one (or few) lines. No need to expose your entire named.conf Don't forget to change all IP addresses (unless that breaks too) for your privacy sake.

  • post/file the offending line over at my Github issue.

  • detail the wrong highlight and state what you think is to be its correct highlight, if applicable.

Debugging Vim Syntax

If you are bold enough to try your hand on debugging Vim syntax file, see my DEBUG.md on how to debug a Vim syntax file.

Install

See INSTALL.md on how to install this Vim syntax to your local Vim settings.

To Vim Developers

Note to Vim developers: During the prototyping of my IPv6 address syntax matching, I noticed that vim 8.1 can only support a maximum of 9 groupings of parenthesis, even if I used the "%( ... )" notation (instead of "( ...)").

As a result of this Vim limitation, I've had to duplicate IPv6 match patterns through this syntax file to get around this vim 8.1 limitation. But it works and faster so.