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# Zones that go back beyond the scope of the tz database
# This file is in the public domain.
# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know
# better, go ahead and edit it (and please send any changes to
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31):
# This file contains data outside the normal scope of the tz database,
# in that its zones do not differ from normal tz zones after 1970.
# Links in this file point to zones in this file, superseding links in
# the file 'backward'.
# Although zones in this file may be of some use for analyzing
# pre-1970 timestamps, they are less reliable, cover only a tiny
# sliver of the pre-1970 era, and cannot feasibly be improved to cover
# most of the era. Because the zones are out of normal scope for the
# database, less effort is put into maintaining this file. Many of
# the zones were formerly in other source files, but were removed or
# replaced by links as their data entries were questionable and/or they
# differed from other zones only in pre-1970 timestamps.
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
# This file is not intended to be compiled standalone, as it
# assumes rules from other files. In the tz distribution, use
# 'make PACKRATDATA=backzone zones' to compile and install this file.
# Zones are sorted by zone name. Each zone is preceded by the
# name of the country that the zone is in, along with any other
# commentary and rules associated with the entry.
#
# As explained in the zic man page, the zone columns are:
# Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Ethiopia
# From Paul Eggert (2014-07-31):
# Like the Swahili of Kenya and Tanzania, many Ethiopians keep a
# 12-hour clock starting at our 06:00, so their "8 o'clock" is our
# 02:00 or 14:00. Keep this in mind when you ask the time in Amharic.
#
# Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time
# zones between 1870 and 1890, that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in
# 1890, and that they switched to 3:00 on 1936-05-05. Perhaps 38E50
# was for Adis Dera. Quite likely the Shanks data entries are wrong
# anyway.
Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
3:00 - EAT
# Eritrea
Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
3:00 - EAT
Link Africa/Asmara Africa/Asmera
# Mali (southern)
Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
-1:00 - -01 1960 Jun 20
0:00 - GMT
# Central African Republic
Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
1:00 - WAT
# Gambia
Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
-1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
-1:00 - -01 1964
0:00 - GMT
# Malawi
Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
2:00 - CAT
# Republic of the Congo
Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912
1:00 - WAT
# Burundi
Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
2:00 - CAT
# Guinea
Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
-1:00 - -01 1960
0:00 - GMT
# Senegal
Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
-1:00 - -01 1941 Jun
0:00 - GMT
# Tanzania
Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
3:00 - EAT 1948
2:45 - +0245 1961
3:00 - EAT
# Djibouti
Zone Africa/Djibouti 2:52:36 - LMT 1911 Jul
3:00 - EAT
# Cameroon
# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
1:00 - WAT
# Sierra Leone
# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-12):
# The following table is from Shanks & Pottenger, but it can't be right.
# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on.
# The International Hydrographic Bulletin, 1932-33, p 63 says that
# Sierra Leone would advance its clocks by 20 minutes on 1933-10-01.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 -0020
Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -01
Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 +01
Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
-0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
-1:00 SL %s 1957
0:00 SL GMT/+01
# Botswana
# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
# Milne says they were regulated by the Cape Town Signal in 1899;
# assume they switched to 2:00 when Cape Town did.
Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
2:00 - CAT
# Zimbabwe
Zone Africa/Harare 2:04:12 - LMT 1903 Mar
2:00 - CAT
# Uganda
Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
3:00 - EAT 1930
2:30 - +0230 1948
2:45 - +0245 1957
3:00 - EAT
# Rwanda
Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
2:00 - CAT
# Democratic Republic of the Congo (west)
Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
1:00 - WAT
# Gabon
Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
1:00 - WAT
# Togo
Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
0:00 - GMT
# Angola
#
# From Paul Eggert (2018-02-16):
# Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
# evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
# (see Europe/Lisbon) with the date that it took effect.
#
Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
0:52:04 - LMT 1911 Dec 31 23:00u # Luanda MT?
1:00 - WAT
# Democratic Republic of the Congo (east)
Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
2:00 - CAT
# Zambia
Zone Africa/Lusaka 1:53:08 - LMT 1903 Mar
2:00 - CAT
# Equatorial Guinea
#
# Although Shanks says that Malabo switched from UT +00 to +01 on 1963-12-15,
# a Google Books search says that London Calling, Issues 432-465 (1948), p 19,
# says that Spanish Guinea was at +01 back then. The Shanks data entries
# are most likely wrong, but we have nothing better; use them here for now.
#
Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
1:00 - WAT
# Lesotho
Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
2:00 - SAST
# Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)
Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
2:00 - SAST
# Somalia
Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
3:00 - EAT 1931
2:30 - +0230 1957
3:00 - EAT
# Niger
Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
-1:00 - -01 1934 Feb 26
0:00 - GMT 1960
1:00 - WAT
# Mauritania
Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
-1:00 - -01 1960 Nov 28
0:00 - GMT
# Burkina Faso
Zone Africa/Ouagadougou -0:06:04 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT
# Benin
# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
1:00 - WAT
# Mali (northern)
Zone Africa/Timbuktu -0:12:04 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT
# Anguilla
Zone America/Anguilla -4:12:16 - LMT 1912 Mar 2
-4:00 - AST
# Antigua and Barbuda
Zone America/Antigua -4:07:12 - LMT 1912 Mar 2
-5:00 - EST 1951
-4:00 - AST
# Chubut, Argentina
# The name "Comodoro Rivadavia" exceeds the 14-byte POSIX limit.
Zone America/Argentina/ComodRivadavia -4:30:00 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
-4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
-4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
-3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Mar 3
-4:00 - -04 1991 Oct 20
-3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
-4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
-3:00 - -03 2004 Jun 1
-4:00 - -04 2004 Jun 20
-3:00 - -03
# Aruba
Zone America/Aruba -4:40:24 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Oranjestad
-4:30 - -0430 1965
-4:00 - AST
# Cayman Is
Zone America/Cayman -5:25:32 - LMT 1890 # Georgetown
-5:07:10 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time
-5:00 - EST
# United States
#
# From Paul Eggert (2018-03-18):
# America/Chillicothe would be tricky, as it was a city of two-timers:
# "To prevent a constant mixup at Chillicothe, caused by the courthouse
# clock running on central time and the city running on 'daylight saving'
# time, a third hand was added to the dial of the courthouse clock."
# -- Ohio news in brief. The Cedarville Herald. 1920-05-21;43(21):1 (col. 5)
# https://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/cedarville_herald/794
# Canada
Zone America/Coral_Harbour -5:32:40 - LMT 1884
-5:00 NT_YK E%sT 1946
-5:00 - EST
# Dominica
Zone America/Dominica -4:05:36 - LMT 1911 Jul 1 0:01 # Roseau
-4:00 - AST
# Baja California
# See 'northamerica' for why this entry is here rather than there.
Zone America/Ensenada -7:46:28 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:13:32
-8:00 - PST 1927 Jun 10 23:00
-7:00 - MST 1930 Nov 16
-8:00 - PST 1942 Apr
-7:00 - MST 1949 Jan 14
-8:00 - PST 1996
-8:00 Mexico P%sT
# Grenada
Zone America/Grenada -4:07:00 - LMT 1911 Jul # St George's
-4:00 - AST
# Guadeloupe
Zone America/Guadeloupe -4:06:08 - LMT 1911 Jun 8 # Pointe-à-Pitre
-4:00 - AST
# Canada
#
# From Paul Eggert (2015-03-24):
# Since 1970 most of Quebec has been like Toronto; see
# America/Toronto. However, earlier versions of the tz database
# mistakenly relied on data from Shanks & Pottenger saying that Quebec
# differed from Ontario after 1970, and the following rules and zone
# were created for most of Quebec from the incorrect Shanks &
# Pottenger data. The post-1970 entries have been corrected, but the
# pre-1970 entries are unchecked and probably have errors.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Mont 1917 only - Mar 25 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1917 only - Apr 24 0:00 0 S
Rule Mont 1919 only - Mar 31 2:30 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1919 only - Oct 25 2:30 0 S
Rule Mont 1920 only - May 2 2:30 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1920 1922 - Oct Sun>=1 2:30 0 S
Rule Mont 1921 only - May 1 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1922 only - Apr 30 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1924 only - May 17 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1924 1926 - Sep lastSun 2:30 0 S
Rule Mont 1925 1926 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1927 1937 - Apr lastSat 24:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1927 1937 - Sep lastSat 24:00 0 S
Rule Mont 1938 1940 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1938 1939 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 S
Rule Mont 1946 1973 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1945 1948 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Mont 1949 1950 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Mont 1951 1956 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Mont 1957 1973 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Zone America/Montreal -4:54:16 - LMT 1884
-5:00 Mont E%sT 1918
-5:00 Canada E%sT 1919
-5:00 Mont E%sT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
-5:00 Canada E%sT 1946
-5:00 Mont E%sT 1974
-5:00 Canada E%sT
# Montserrat
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# In 1995 volcanic eruptions forced evacuation of Plymouth, the capital.
# world.gazetteer.com says Cork Hill is the most populous location now.
Zone America/Montserrat -4:08:52 - LMT 1911 Jul 1 0:01 # Cork Hill
-4:00 - AST
# United States
#
# From Paul Eggert (2018-03-18):
# America/Palm_Springs would be tricky, as it kept two sets of clocks
# in 1946/7. See the following notes.
#
# From Steve Allen (2018-01-19):
# The shadow of Mt. San Jacinto brings darkness very early in the winter
# months. In 1946 the chamber of commerce decided to put the clocks of Palm
# Springs forward by an hour in the winter.
# https://www.desertsun.com/story/life/2017/12/27/palm-springs-struggle-daylight-savings-time-and-idea-sun-time/984416001/
# Desert Sun, Number 18, 1 November 1946
# https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=DS19461101
# has proposal for meeting on front page and page 21.
# Desert Sun, Number 19, 5 November 1946
# https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=DS19461105
# reports that Sun Time won at the meeting on front page and page 5.
# Desert Sun, Number 37, 7 January 1947
# https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=DS19470107.2.12
# front page reports request to abandon Sun Time and page 7 notes a "class war".
# Desert Sun, Number 38, 10 January 1947
# https://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=DS19470110
# front page reports on end.
# Argentina
# This entry was intended for the following areas, but has been superseded by
# more detailed zones.
# Santa Fe (SF), Entre Ríos (ER), Corrientes (CN), Misiones (MN), Chaco (CC),
# Formosa (FM), La Pampa (LP), Chubut (CH)
Zone America/Rosario -4:02:40 - LMT 1894 Nov
-4:16:44 - CMT 1920 May
-4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
-4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
-3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Jul
-3:00 - -03 1999 Oct 3 0:00
-4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3 0:00
-3:00 - -03
# St Kitts-Nevis
Zone America/St_Kitts -4:10:52 - LMT 1912 Mar 2 # Basseterre
-4:00 - AST
# St Lucia
Zone America/St_Lucia -4:04:00 - LMT 1890 # Castries
-4:04:00 - CMT 1912 # Castries Mean Time
-4:00 - AST
# Virgin Is
Zone America/St_Thomas -4:19:44 - LMT 1911 Jul # Charlotte Amalie
-4:00 - AST
# St Vincent and the Grenadines
Zone America/St_Vincent -4:04:56 - LMT 1890 # Kingstown
-4:04:56 - KMT 1912 # Kingstown Mean Time
-4:00 - AST
# British Virgin Is
Zone America/Tortola -4:18:28 - LMT 1911 Jul # Road Town
-4:00 - AST
# McMurdo, Ross Island, since 1955-12
Zone Antarctica/McMurdo 0 - -00 1956
12:00 NZ NZ%sT
Link Antarctica/McMurdo Antarctica/South_Pole
# Yemen
# Milne says 2:59:54 was the meridian of the saluting battery at Aden,
# and that Yemen was at 1:55:56, the meridian of the Hagia Sophia.
Zone Asia/Aden 2:59:54 - LMT 1950
3:00 - +03
# Bahrain
Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Manamah
4:00 - +04 1972 Jun
3:00 - +03
# India
#
# From Paul Eggert (2014-09-06):
# The 1876 Report of the Secretary of the [US] Navy, p 305 says that Madras
# civil time was 5:20:57.3.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-21):
# In tomorrow's The Hindu, Nitya Menon reports that India had two civil time
# zones starting in 1884, one in Bombay and one in Calcutta, and that railways
# used a third time zone based on Madras time (80° 18' 30" E). Also,
# in 1881 Bombay briefly switched to Madras time, but switched back. See:
# http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/madras-375-when-madras-clocked-the-time/article6339393.ece
#Zone Asia/Chennai [not enough info to complete]
# China
# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area)
# Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan;
# most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong
# counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,
# Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.
Zone Asia/Chongqing 7:06:20 - LMT 1928 # or Chungking
7:00 - +07 1980 May
8:00 PRC C%sT
Link Asia/Chongqing Asia/Chungking
# Vietnam
# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-13):
# See Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh for the source for this data.
# Trần's book says the 1954-55 transition to 07:00 in Hanoi was in
# October 1954, with exact date and time unspecified.
Zone Asia/Hanoi 7:03:24 - LMT 1906 Jul 1
7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1
7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00
8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00
9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2
7:00 - +07 1947 Apr 1
8:00 - +08 1954 Oct
7:00 - +07
# China
# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area)
# Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin
Zone Asia/Harbin 8:26:44 - LMT 1928 # or Haerbin
8:30 - +0830 1932 Mar
8:00 - CST 1940
9:00 - +09 1966 May
8:30 - +0830 1980 May
8:00 PRC C%sT
# far west China
Zone Asia/Kashgar 5:03:56 - LMT 1928 # or Kashi or Kaxgar
5:30 - +0530 1940
5:00 - +05 1980 May
8:00 PRC C%sT
# Kuwait
Zone Asia/Kuwait 3:11:56 - LMT 1950
3:00 - +03
# Oman
# Milne says 3:54:24 was the meridian of the Muscat Tidal Observatory.
Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:24 - LMT 1920
4:00 - +04
# India
# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-11), after a heads-up from Stephen Colebourne:
# According to a Portuguese decree (1911-05-26)
# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
# Portuguese India switched to UT +05 on 1912-01-01.
#Zone Asia/Panaji [not enough info to complete]
# Cambodia
# From an adoptive daughter of the late Cambodian ruler Prince Sihanouk,
# via Alois Treindl (2019-08-08):
#
# King Sihanouk said that, during the Japanese occupation, starting with
# what historians refer to as "le coup de force du 9 mars 1945", Cambodia,
# like the entire French Indochina, used Tokyo time zone. After Japan
# surrendered, 2 September 1945, Cambodia fell under French rule again and
# adopted Hanoi time zone again.
#
# However, on 7 January 1946, Sihanouk and Tioulong managed to obtain a
# status of "internal autonomy" from the government of Charles de Gaulle.
# Although many fields remained under the administration of the French
# (customs, taxes, justice, defence, foreign affairs, etc.), the Cambodian
# administration was responsible for religious matters and traditional
# celebrations, which included our calendar and time. The time zone was GMT
# + 7 and _no_ DST was applied.
#
# After Sihanouk and Tioulong achieved full independence, on 9 November 1953,
# GMT + 7 was maintained.
# From Paul Eggert (2019-08-26):
# See Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh for the source for most of rest of this data.
Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jul 1
7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1
7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00
8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00
9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2
7:00 - +07
# Israel
Zone Asia/Tel_Aviv 2:19:04 - LMT 1880
2:21 - JMT 1918
2:00 Zion I%sT
# Laos
# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-11):
# See Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh for the source for most of this data.
# Trần's book says that Laos reverted to UT +07 on 1955-04-15.
# Also, guess that Laos reverted to +07 on 1945-09-02, when Vietnam did;
# this is probably wrong but it's better than guessing no transition.
Zone Asia/Vientiane 6:50:24 - LMT 1906 Jul 1
7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1
7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00
8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00
9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2
7:00 - +07 1947 Apr 1
8:00 - +08 1955 Apr 15
7:00 - +07
# Jan Mayen
# From Whitman:
Zone Atlantic/Jan_Mayen -1:00 - -01
# St Helena
Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
-0:22:48 - JMT 1951 # Jamestown Mean Time
0:00 - GMT
# Northern Ireland
Zone Europe/Belfast -0:23:40 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
-0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00
# DMT = Dublin/Dunsink MT
-0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s
# IST = Irish Summer Time
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
0:00 EU GMT/BST
# Guernsey
# Data from Joseph S. Myers
# https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2013-September/019883.html
# References to be added
# LMT is for Town Church, St. Peter Port, 49° 27' 17" N, 2° 32' 10" W.
Zone Europe/Guernsey -0:10:09 - LMT 1913 Jun 18
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1940 Jul 2
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 8
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
0:00 EU GMT/BST
# Isle of Man
#
# From Lester Caine (2013-09-04):
# The Isle of Man legislation is now on-line at
# <https://www.legislation.gov.im>, starting with the original Statutory
# Time Act in 1883 and including additional confirmation of some of
# the dates of the 'Summer Time' orders originating at
# Westminster. There is a little uncertainty as to the starting date
# of the first summer time in 1916 which may have been announced a
# couple of days late. There is still a substantial number of
# documents to work through, but it is thought that every GB change
# was also implemented on the island.
#
# AT4 of 1883 - The Statutory Time et cetera Act 1883 -
# LMT Location - 54.1508N -4.4814E - Tynwald Hill ( Manx parliament )
Zone Europe/Isle_of_Man -0:17:55 - LMT 1883 Mar 30 0:00s
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
0:00 EU GMT/BST
# Jersey
# Data from Joseph S. Myers
# https://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2013-September/019883.html
# References to be added
# LMT is for Parish Church, St. Helier, 49° 11' 0.57" N, 2° 6' 24.33" W.
Zone Europe/Jersey -0:08:26 - LMT 1898 Jun 11 16:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1940 Jul 2
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 8
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
0:00 EU GMT/BST
# Slovenia
Zone Europe/Ljubljana 0:58:04 - LMT 1884
1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - CET 1982 Nov 27
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Bosnia and Herzegovina
Zone Europe/Sarajevo 1:13:40 - LMT 1884
1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - CET 1982 Nov 27
1:00 EU CE%sT
# North Macedonia
Zone Europe/Skopje 1:25:44 - LMT 1884
1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - CET 1982 Nov 27
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Moldova / Transnistria
Zone Europe/Tiraspol 1:58:32 - LMT 1880
1:55 - CMT 1918 Feb 15 # Chisinau MT
1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT
2:00 Romania EE%sT 1940 Aug 15
2:00 1:00 EEST 1941 Jul 17
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug 24
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00
2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD
# Liechtenstein
Zone Europe/Vaduz 0:38:04 - LMT 1894 Jun
1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Croatia
Zone Europe/Zagreb 1:03:52 - LMT 1884
1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
1:00 - CET 1982 Nov 27
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Madagascar
Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
3:00 - EAT 1954 Feb 27 23:00s
3:00 1:00 EAST 1954 May 29 23:00s
3:00 - EAT
# Comoros
Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
3:00 - EAT
# Mayotte
Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
3:00 - EAT
# US minor outlying islands
Zone Pacific/Johnston -10:00 - HST
# US minor outlying islands
#
# From Mark Brader (2005-01-23):
# [Fallacies and Fantasies of Air Transport History, by R.E.G. Davies,
# published 1994 by Paladwr Press, McLean, VA, USA; ISBN 0-9626483-5-3]
# reproduced a Pan American Airways timetable from 1936, for their weekly
# "Orient Express" flights between San Francisco and Manila, and connecting
# flights to Chicago and the US East Coast. As it uses some time zone
# designations that I've never seen before:....
# Fri. 6:30A Lv. HONOLOLU (Pearl Harbor), H.I. H.L.T. Ar. 5:30P Sun.
# " 3:00P Ar. MIDWAY ISLAND . . . . . . . . . M.L.T. Lv. 6:00A "
#
Zone Pacific/Midway -11:49:28 - LMT 1901
-11:00 - -11 1956 Jun 3
-11:00 1:00 -10 1956 Sep 2
-11:00 - -11
# N Mariana Is
Zone Pacific/Saipan -14:17:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
9:43:00 - LMT 1901
9:00 - +09 1969 Oct
10:00 - +10 2000 Dec 23
10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time
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