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/* Convert a broken-down time stamp to a string. */
/* Copyright 1989 The Regents of the University of California.
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
are met:
1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
without specific prior written permission.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
SUCH DAMAGE. */
/*
** Based on the UCB version with the copyright notice appearing above.
**
** This is ANSIish only when "multibyte character == plain character".
*/
#include "private.h"
#include "tzfile.h"
#include "fcntl.h"
#include "locale.h"
struct lc_time_T {
const char * mon[MONSPERYEAR];
const char * month[MONSPERYEAR];
const char * wday[DAYSPERWEEK];
const char * weekday[DAYSPERWEEK];
const char * X_fmt;
const char * x_fmt;
const char * c_fmt;
const char * am;
const char * pm;
const char * date_fmt;
};
#define Locale (&C_time_locale)
static const struct lc_time_T C_time_locale = {
{
"Jan", "Feb", "Mar", "Apr", "May", "Jun",
"Jul", "Aug", "Sep", "Oct", "Nov", "Dec"
}, {
"January", "February", "March", "April", "May", "June",
"July", "August", "September", "October", "November", "December"
}, {
"Sun", "Mon", "Tue", "Wed",
"Thu", "Fri", "Sat"
}, {
"Sunday", "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday",
"Thursday", "Friday", "Saturday"
},
/* X_fmt */
"%H:%M:%S",
/*
** x_fmt
** C99 requires this format.
** Using just numbers (as here) makes Quakers happier;
** it's also compatible with SVR4.
*/
"%m/%d/%y",
/*
** c_fmt
** C99 requires this format.
** Previously this code used "%D %X", but we now conform to C99.
** Note that
** "%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y"
** is used by Solaris 2.3.
*/
"%a %b %e %T %Y",
/* am */
"AM",
/* pm */
"PM",
/* date_fmt */
"%a %b %e %H:%M:%S %Z %Y"
};
static char * _add(const char *, char *, const char *);
static char * _conv(int, const char *, char *, const char *);
static char * _fmt(const char *, const struct tm *, char *, const char *,
int *);
static char * _yconv(int, int, bool, bool, char *, char const *);
#if !HAVE_POSIX_DECLS
extern char * tzname[];
#endif
#ifndef YEAR_2000_NAME
#define YEAR_2000_NAME "CHECK_STRFTIME_FORMATS_FOR_TWO_DIGIT_YEARS"
#endif /* !defined YEAR_2000_NAME */
#define IN_NONE 0
#define IN_SOME 1
#define IN_THIS 2
#define IN_ALL 3
#if HAVE_STRFTIME_L
size_t
strftime_l(char *s, size_t maxsize, char const *format, struct tm const *t,
locale_t locale)
{
/* Just call strftime, as only the C locale is supported. */
return strftime(s, maxsize, format, t);
}
#endif
size_t
strftime(char *s, size_t maxsize, const char *format, const struct tm *t)
{
char * p;
int warn;
tzset();
warn = IN_NONE;
p = _fmt(((format == NULL) ? "%c" : format), t, s, s + maxsize, &warn);
#ifndef NO_RUN_TIME_WARNINGS_ABOUT_YEAR_2000_PROBLEMS_THANK_YOU
if (warn != IN_NONE && getenv(YEAR_2000_NAME) != NULL) {
fprintf(stderr, "\n");
if (format == NULL)
fprintf(stderr, "NULL strftime format ");
else fprintf(stderr, "strftime format \"%s\" ",
format);
fprintf(stderr, "yields only two digits of years in ");
if (warn == IN_SOME)
fprintf(stderr, "some locales");
else if (warn == IN_THIS)
fprintf(stderr, "the current locale");
else fprintf(stderr, "all locales");
fprintf(stderr, "\n");
}
#endif /* !defined NO_RUN_TIME_WARNINGS_ABOUT_YEAR_2000_PROBLEMS_THANK_YOU */
if (p == s + maxsize)
return 0;
*p = '\0';
return p - s;
}
static char *
_fmt(const char *format, const struct tm *t, char *pt,
const char *ptlim, int *warnp)
{
for ( ; *format; ++format) {
if (*format == '%') {
label:
switch (*++format) {
case '\0':
--format;
break;
case 'A':
pt = _add((t->tm_wday < 0 ||
t->tm_wday >= DAYSPERWEEK) ?
"?" : Locale->weekday[t->tm_wday],
pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'a':
pt = _add((t->tm_wday < 0 ||
t->tm_wday >= DAYSPERWEEK) ?
"?" : Locale->wday[t->tm_wday],
pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'B':
pt = _add((t->tm_mon < 0 ||
t->tm_mon >= MONSPERYEAR) ?
"?" : Locale->month[t->tm_mon],
pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'b':
case 'h':
pt = _add((t->tm_mon < 0 ||
t->tm_mon >= MONSPERYEAR) ?
"?" : Locale->mon[t->tm_mon],
pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'C':
/*
** %C used to do a...
** _fmt("%a %b %e %X %Y", t);
** ...whereas now POSIX 1003.2 calls for
** something completely different.
** (ado, 1993-05-24)
*/
pt = _yconv(t->tm_year, TM_YEAR_BASE,
true, false, pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'c':
{
int warn2 = IN_SOME;
pt = _fmt(Locale->c_fmt, t, pt, ptlim, &warn2);
if (warn2 == IN_ALL)
warn2 = IN_THIS;
if (warn2 > *warnp)
*warnp = warn2;
}
continue;
case 'D':
pt = _fmt("%m/%d/%y", t, pt, ptlim, warnp);
continue;
case 'd':
pt = _conv(t->tm_mday, "%02d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'E':
case 'O':
/*
** C99 locale modifiers.
** The sequences
** %Ec %EC %Ex %EX %Ey %EY
** %Od %oe %OH %OI %Om %OM
** %OS %Ou %OU %OV %Ow %OW %Oy
** are supposed to provide alternate
** representations.
*/
goto label;
case 'e':
pt = _conv(t->tm_mday, "%2d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'F':
pt = _fmt("%Y-%m-%d", t, pt, ptlim, warnp);
continue;
case 'H':
pt = _conv(t->tm_hour, "%02d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'I':
pt = _conv((t->tm_hour % 12) ?
(t->tm_hour % 12) : 12,
"%02d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'j':
pt = _conv(t->tm_yday + 1, "%03d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'k':
/*
** This used to be...
** _conv(t->tm_hour % 12 ?
** t->tm_hour % 12 : 12, 2, ' ');
** ...and has been changed to the below to
** match SunOS 4.1.1 and Arnold Robbins'
** strftime version 3.0. That is, "%k" and
** "%l" have been swapped.
** (ado, 1993-05-24)
*/
pt = _conv(t->tm_hour, "%2d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
#ifdef KITCHEN_SINK
case 'K':
/*
** After all this time, still unclaimed!
*/
pt = _add("kitchen sink", pt, ptlim);
continue;
#endif /* defined KITCHEN_SINK */
case 'l':
/*
** This used to be...
** _conv(t->tm_hour, 2, ' ');
** ...and has been changed to the below to
** match SunOS 4.1.1 and Arnold Robbin's
** strftime version 3.0. That is, "%k" and
** "%l" have been swapped.
** (ado, 1993-05-24)
*/
pt = _conv((t->tm_hour % 12) ?
(t->tm_hour % 12) : 12,
"%2d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'M':
pt = _conv(t->tm_min, "%02d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'm':
pt = _conv(t->tm_mon + 1, "%02d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'n':
pt = _add("\n", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'p':
pt = _add((t->tm_hour >= (HOURSPERDAY / 2)) ?
Locale->pm :
Locale->am,
pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'R':
pt = _fmt("%H:%M", t, pt, ptlim, warnp);
continue;
case 'r':
pt = _fmt("%I:%M:%S %p", t, pt, ptlim, warnp);
continue;
case 'S':
pt = _conv(t->tm_sec, "%02d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 's':
{
struct tm tm;
char buf[INT_STRLEN_MAXIMUM(
time_t) + 1];
time_t mkt;
tm = *t;
mkt = mktime(&tm);
if (TYPE_SIGNED(time_t))
sprintf(buf, "%"PRIdMAX,
(intmax_t) mkt);
else sprintf(buf, "%"PRIuMAX,
(uintmax_t) mkt);
pt = _add(buf, pt, ptlim);
}
continue;
case 'T':
pt = _fmt("%H:%M:%S", t, pt, ptlim, warnp);
continue;
case 't':
pt = _add("\t", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'U':
pt = _conv((t->tm_yday + DAYSPERWEEK -
t->tm_wday) / DAYSPERWEEK,
"%02d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'u':
/*
** From Arnold Robbins' strftime version 3.0:
** "ISO 8601: Weekday as a decimal number
** [1 (Monday) - 7]"
** (ado, 1993-05-24)
*/
pt = _conv((t->tm_wday == 0) ?
DAYSPERWEEK : t->tm_wday,
"%d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'V': /* ISO 8601 week number */
case 'G': /* ISO 8601 year (four digits) */
case 'g': /* ISO 8601 year (two digits) */
/*
** From Arnold Robbins' strftime version 3.0: "the week number of the
** year (the first Monday as the first day of week 1) as a decimal number
** (01-53)."
** (ado, 1993-05-24)
**
** From <http://www.ft.uni-erlangen.de/~mskuhn/iso-time.html> by Markus Kuhn:
** "Week 01 of a year is per definition the first week which has the
** Thursday in this year, which is equivalent to the week which contains
** the fourth day of January. In other words, the first week of a new year
** is the week which has the majority of its days in the new year. Week 01
** might also contain days from the previous year and the week before week
** 01 of a year is the last week (52 or 53) of the previous year even if
** it contains days from the new year. A week starts with Monday (day 1)
** and ends with Sunday (day 7). For example, the first week of the year
** 1997 lasts from 1996-12-30 to 1997-01-05..."
** (ado, 1996-01-02)
*/
{
int year;
int base;
int yday;
int wday;
int w;
year = t->tm_year;
base = TM_YEAR_BASE;
yday = t->tm_yday;
wday = t->tm_wday;
for ( ; ; ) {
int len;
int bot;
int top;
len = isleap_sum(year, base) ?
DAYSPERLYEAR :
DAYSPERNYEAR;
/*
** What yday (-3 ... 3) does
** the ISO year begin on?
*/
bot = ((yday + 11 - wday) %
DAYSPERWEEK) - 3;
/*
** What yday does the NEXT
** ISO year begin on?
*/
top = bot -
(len % DAYSPERWEEK);
if (top < -3)
top += DAYSPERWEEK;
top += len;
if (yday >= top) {
++base;
w = 1;
break;
}
if (yday >= bot) {
w = 1 + ((yday - bot) /
DAYSPERWEEK);
break;
}
--base;
yday += isleap_sum(year, base) ?
DAYSPERLYEAR :
DAYSPERNYEAR;
}
#ifdef XPG4_1994_04_09
if ((w == 52 &&
t->tm_mon == TM_JANUARY) ||
(w == 1 &&
t->tm_mon == TM_DECEMBER))
w = 53;
#endif /* defined XPG4_1994_04_09 */
if (*format == 'V')
pt = _conv(w, "%02d",
pt, ptlim);
else if (*format == 'g') {
*warnp = IN_ALL;
pt = _yconv(year, base,
false, true,
pt, ptlim);
} else pt = _yconv(year, base,
true, true,
pt, ptlim);
}
continue;
case 'v':
/*
** From Arnold Robbins' strftime version 3.0:
** "date as dd-bbb-YYYY"
** (ado, 1993-05-24)
*/
pt = _fmt("%e-%b-%Y", t, pt, ptlim, warnp);
continue;
case 'W':
pt = _conv((t->tm_yday + DAYSPERWEEK -
(t->tm_wday ?
(t->tm_wday - 1) :
(DAYSPERWEEK - 1))) / DAYSPERWEEK,
"%02d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'w':
pt = _conv(t->tm_wday, "%d", pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'X':
pt = _fmt(Locale->X_fmt, t, pt, ptlim, warnp);
continue;
case 'x':
{
int warn2 = IN_SOME;
pt = _fmt(Locale->x_fmt, t, pt, ptlim, &warn2);
if (warn2 == IN_ALL)
warn2 = IN_THIS;
if (warn2 > *warnp)
*warnp = warn2;
}
continue;
case 'y':
*warnp = IN_ALL;
pt = _yconv(t->tm_year, TM_YEAR_BASE,
false, true,
pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'Y':
pt = _yconv(t->tm_year, TM_YEAR_BASE,
true, true,
pt, ptlim);
continue;
case 'Z':
#ifdef TM_ZONE
pt = _add(t->TM_ZONE, pt, ptlim);
#else
if (t->tm_isdst >= 0)
pt = _add(tzname[t->tm_isdst != 0],
pt, ptlim);
#endif
/*
** C99 says that %Z must be replaced by the
** empty string if the time zone is not
** determinable.
*/
continue;
case 'z':
{
long diff;
char const * sign;
if (t->tm_isdst < 0)
continue;
#ifdef TM_GMTOFF
diff = t->TM_GMTOFF;
#else /* !defined TM_GMTOFF */
/*
** C99 says that the UT offset must
** be computed by looking only at
** tm_isdst. This requirement is
** incorrect, since it means the code
** must rely on magic (in this case
** altzone and timezone), and the
** magic might not have the correct
** offset. Doing things correctly is
** tricky and requires disobeying C99;
** see GNU C strftime for details.
** For now, punt and conform to the
** standard, even though it's incorrect.
**
** C99 says that %z must be replaced by the
** empty string if the time zone is not
** determinable, so output nothing if the
** appropriate variables are not available.
*/
if (t->tm_isdst == 0)
#ifdef USG_COMPAT
diff = -timezone;
#else /* !defined USG_COMPAT */
continue;
#endif /* !defined USG_COMPAT */
else
#ifdef ALTZONE
diff = -altzone;
#else /* !defined ALTZONE */
continue;
#endif /* !defined ALTZONE */
#endif /* !defined TM_GMTOFF */
if (diff < 0) {
sign = "-";
diff = -diff;
} else sign = "+";
pt = _add(sign, pt, ptlim);
diff /= SECSPERMIN;
diff = (diff / MINSPERHOUR) * 100 +
(diff % MINSPERHOUR);
pt = _conv(diff, "%04d", pt, ptlim);
}
continue;
case '+':
pt = _fmt(Locale->date_fmt, t, pt, ptlim,
warnp);
continue;
case '%':
/*
** X311J/88-090 (4.12.3.5): if conversion char is
** undefined, behavior is undefined. Print out the
** character itself as printf(3) also does.
*/
default:
break;
}
}
if (pt == ptlim)
break;
*pt++ = *format;
}
return pt;
}
static char *
_conv(int n, const char *format, char *pt, const char *ptlim)
{
char buf[INT_STRLEN_MAXIMUM(int) + 1];
sprintf(buf, format, n);
return _add(buf, pt, ptlim);
}
static char *
_add(const char *str, char *pt, const char *ptlim)
{
while (pt < ptlim && (*pt = *str++) != '\0')
++pt;
return pt;
}
/*
** POSIX and the C Standard are unclear or inconsistent about
** what %C and %y do if the year is negative or exceeds 9999.
** Use the convention that %C concatenated with %y yields the
** same output as %Y, and that %Y contains at least 4 bytes,
** with more only if necessary.
*/
static char *
_yconv(int a, int b, bool convert_top, bool convert_yy,
char *pt, const char *ptlim)
{
register int lead;
register int trail;
#define DIVISOR 100
trail = a % DIVISOR + b % DIVISOR;
lead = a / DIVISOR + b / DIVISOR + trail / DIVISOR;
trail %= DIVISOR;
if (trail < 0 && lead > 0) {
trail += DIVISOR;
--lead;
} else if (lead < 0 && trail > 0) {
trail -= DIVISOR;
++lead;
}
if (convert_top) {
if (lead == 0 && trail < 0)
pt = _add("-0", pt, ptlim);
else pt = _conv(lead, "%02d", pt, ptlim);
}
if (convert_yy)
pt = _conv(((trail < 0) ? -trail : trail), "%02d", pt, ptlim);
return pt;
}
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