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<title>Time and the Arts</title>
<h1>Time and the Arts</h1>
"<a href="">Daylight
Saving Time Explained</a>" (2011; 6:39) lightly covers daylight saving
time's theory, history, pros and cons. Among other things, it explains
Arizona's daylight-saving enclaves quite well.</li>
"<a href="">The Problem
with Time &amp; Timezones &ndash; Computerphile</a>" (2013; 10:12) delves
into problems that programmers have with timekeeping.</li>
"About Time" (1962; 53 minutes) is part of the the
Bell Science extravaganza, with Frank Baxter, Richard Deacon, and Les Tremayne.
(<a href="">IMDb entry</a>.)</li>
In the 1946 movie <em>A Matter of Life and Death</em>
(U.S. title <em>Stairway to Heaven</em>)
there is a reference to British Double Summer Time.
The time does not play a large part in the plot;
it's just a passing reference to the time when one of the
characters was supposed to have died (but didn't).
The IMDb page is at
<a href="">
</a>. (Dave Cantor)
The 1953 railway comedy movie <em>The Titfield Thunderbolt</em> includes a
play on words on British Double Summer Time. Valentine's wife wants
him to leave the pub and asks him, "Do you know what time it is?"
And he, happy where he is, replies: "Yes, my love. Summer double time."
IMDb page:
<a href="">
</a>. (Mark Brader, 2009-10-02)
The premise of the 1999 caper movie <em>Entrapment</em> involves computers
in an international banking network being shut down briefly at
midnight in each time zone to avoid any problems at the transition
from the year 1999 to 2000 in that zone. (Hmmmm.) If this shutdown
is extended by 10 seconds, it will create a one-time opportunity for
a gigantic computerized theft. To achieve this, at one location the
crooks interfere with the microwave system supplying time signals to
the computer, advancing the time by 0.1 second each minute over the
last hour of 1999. (So this movie teaches us that 0.1 &times; 60 = 10.)
IMDb page:
<a href="">
</a>. (Mark Brader, 2009-10-02)
One mustn't forget the
<a href="">trailer</a>
(2014; 2:23) for the movie <em>Daylight Saving</em>.
<h2>TV episodes</h2>
An episode of <em>The Adventures of Superman</em> entitled "The Mysterious
Cube," first aired 1958-02-24, had Superman convincing the controllers
of the Arlington Time Signal to broadcast ahead of actual time;
doing so got a crook trying to be declared dead to
emerge a bit too early from the titular enclosure.
The 1960s ITC television series <em>The Prisoner</em> included an episode
entitled "The Chimes of Big Ben" in which our protagonist tumbled to
the fraudulent nature of a Poland-to-England escape upon hearing "Big
Ben" chiming on Polish local time.
The series <em>Seinfeld</em> included an episode entitled "The Susie," first
broadcast 1997-02-13, in which Kramer decides that daylight saving time
isn't coming fast enough, so he sets his watch ahead an hour.
The "20 Hours in America" episode of <em>The West Wing</em>,
first aired 2002-09-25, contained a <a
href="">scene</a> that
saw White House staffers stranded in Indiana; they thought they had time to
catch Air Force One but were done in by intra-Indiana local time changes.
"In what time zone would you find New York City?" was a $200 question on
the 1999-11-13 United States airing of <em>Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?</em>,
and "In 1883, what industry led the movement to divide the U.S. into four time
zones?" was a $32,000 question on the 2001-05-23 United States airing of
the same show. At this rate, the million-dollar time-zone
question should have been asked 2002-06-04.
A private jet's mid-flight change of time zones distorts Alison Dubois'
premonition in the "We Had a Dream" episode of <em>Medium</em>
(originally aired 2007-02-28).
In the <em>30 Rock</em> episode "Anna Howard Shaw Day"
(first broadcast 2010-02-11),
Jack Donaghy's date realizes that a Geneva-to-New-York business phone call
received in the evening must be fake given the difference in local times.
In the "Run by the Monkeys" episode of <em>Da Vinci's Inquest</em>
(first broadcast 2002-11-17),
a witness in a five-year-old fire case realizes they may not have set
their clock back when daylight saving ended on the day of the fire,
introducing the possibility of an hour when arson might have occurred.
In "The Todd Couple" episode of <em>Outsourced</em> (first aired 2011-02-10),
Manmeet sets up Valentine's Day teledates for 6:00 and 9:00pm;
since one is with a New Yorker and the other with a San Franciscan,
hilarity ensues.
(Never mind that this should be 7:30am in Mumbai, yet for some reason the show
proceeds as though it's also mid-evening there.)
In the "14 Days to Go"/"T Minus..." episode of
<em>You, Me and the Apocalypse</em>
(first aired 2015-11-11 in the UK, 2016-03-10 in the US),
the success of a mission to deal with a comet
hinges on whether or not Russia observes daylight saving time.
(In the US, the episode first aired in the week before the switch to DST.)
"The Lost Hour", <em>Eerie, Indiana</em>, episode 10, NBC, 1991-12-01.
Despite Indiana's then-lack of DST, Marshall changes his clock with
unusual consequences.
"Time Tunnel", <em>The Adventures of Pete &amp; Pete</em>, season 2, episode 5,
Nickelodeon, 1994-10-23.
The two Petes travel back in time an hour on the day that DST ends.
"King-Size Homer", <em>The Simpsons</em>, episode 135, Fox, 1995-11-05.
Homer, working from home, remarks "8:58, first
time I've ever been early for work. Except for all those daylight
savings days. Lousy farmers."
"Tracks", <em>The Good Wife</em>, season 7, episode 12,
CBS, 2016-01-17.
The applicability of a contract hinges on the
time zone associated with a video time stamp.
<h2>Books, plays, and magazines</h2>
Jules Verne, <em>Around the World in Eighty Days</em>
(<em>Le tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours</em>).
Wall-clock time plays a central role in the plot.
European readers of the 1870s clearly held the U.S. press in
deep contempt; the protagonists cross the U.S. without once
reading a paper.
Available versions include
<a href="">an English
translation</a>, and
<a href="">the original French</a>
"with illustrations from the original 1873 French-language edition".
Nick Enright, <em>Daylight Saving</em>, 1989.
A fast-paced comedy about love and loneliness as the clocks turn back.
Umberto Eco, <em>The Island of the Day Before</em>
(<em>L'isola del giorno prima</em>), 1994.
"...the story of a 17th century Italian nobleman trapped near an island
on the International Date Line. Time and time zones play an integral
part in the novel." (Paul Eggert, 2006-04-22)
John Dunning, <a
O'Clock, Eastern Wartime</em></a>, 2001.
Mystery, history, daylight saving time, and old-time radio.
Surrealist artist Guy Billout's work "Date Line" appeared on page 103
of the 1999-11 <em>Atlantic Monthly</em>.
"Gloom, Gloom, Go Away" by Walter Kirn appeared on page 106 of <em>Time</em>
magazine's 2002-11-11 issue; among other things, it proposed
year-round DST as a way of lessening wintertime despair.
Data on recordings of "Save That Time," Russ Long, Serrob Publishing, BMI:</p>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Karrin Allyson</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>I Didn't Know About You</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1993</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>Concord Jazz, Inc.</td></tr>
<tr><td>Track Time</td><td>3:44</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Karrin Allyson, vocal;
Russ Long, piano;
Gerald Spaits, bass;
Todd Strait, drums</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>CD notes "additional lyric by Karrin Allyson;
arranged by Russ Long and Karrin Allyson"</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>1 star</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>4 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Penguin Rating</td><td>3.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Kevin Mahogany</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Double Rainbow</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1993</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>Enja Records</td></tr>
<tr><td>ID</td><td>ENJ-7097 2</td></tr>
<tr><td>Track Time</td><td>6:27</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Kevin Mahogany, vocal;
Kenny Barron, piano;
Ray Drummond, bass;
Ralph Moore, tenor saxophone;
Lewis Nash, drums</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>1.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>3 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Penguin Rating</td><td>3 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Joe Williams</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Here's to Life</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1994</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>Telarc International Corporation</td></tr>
<tr><td>Track Time</td><td>3:58</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Joe Williams, vocal
The Robert Farnon [39 piece] Orchestra</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>This CD is also available as part of a 3-CD package from
Telarc, "Triple Play" (CD-83461)</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>black dot</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>2 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Penguin Rating</td><td>3 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Charles Fambrough</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Keeper of the Spirit</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1995</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>AudioQuest Music</td></tr>
<tr><td>Track Time</td><td>7:07</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Charles Fambrough, bass;
Joel Levine, tenor recorder;
Edward Simon, piano;
Lenny White, drums;
Marion Simon, percussion</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>2 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>unrated</td></tr>
<tr><td>Penguin Rating</td><td>3 stars</td></tr>
<p>Also of note:</p>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Holly Cole Trio</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Blame It On My Youth</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1992</td></tr>
<tr><td>ID</td><td>CDP 7 97349 2</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>37:45</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Holly Cole, voice;
Aaron Davis, piano;
David Piltch, string bass</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>Lyrical reference to "Eastern Standard Time" in
Tom Waits' "Purple Avenue"</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>2.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>3 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Penguin Rating</td><td>unrated</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Milt Hinton</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Old Man Time</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1990</td></tr>
<tr><td>ID</td><td>CR(D) 310</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>149:38 (two CDs)</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Milt Hinton, bass;
Doc Cheatham, Dizzy Gillespie, Clark Terry, trumpet;
Al Grey, trombone;
Eddie Barefield, Joe Camel (Flip Phillips), Buddy Tate,
clarinet and saxophone;
John Bunch, Red Richards, Norman Simmons, Derek Smith,
Ralph Sutton, piano;
Danny Barker, Al Casey, guitar;
Gus Johnson, Gerryck King, Bob Rosengarden, Jackie Williams,
Lionel Hampton, vibraphone;
Cab Calloway, Joe Williams, vocal;
Buck Clayton, arrangements</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>tunes include Old Man Time, Time After Time,
Sometimes I'm Happy,
A Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight,
Four or Five Times, Now's the Time,
Time on My Hands, This Time It's Us,
and Good Time Charlie.
<a href="">Album info</a>
is available.</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>3 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>4.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Penguin Rating</td><td>3 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Alan Broadbent</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Pacific Standard Time</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1995</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>Concord Jazz, Inc.</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>62:42</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Alan Broadbent, piano;
Putter Smith, Bass;
Frank Gibson, Jr., drums</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>The CD cover features an analemma for equation-of-time fans</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>1 star</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>4 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Penguin Rating</td><td>3.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Anthony Braxton/Richard Teitelbaum</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Silence/Time Zones</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1996</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>Black Lion</td></tr>
<tr><td>ID</td><td>BLCD 760221</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>72:58</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Anthony Braxton, sopranino and alto saxophones,
contrebasse clarinet, miscellaneous instruments;
Leo Smith, trumpet and miscellaneous instruments;
Leroy Jenkins, violin and miscellaneous instruments;
Richard Teitelbaum, modular moog and micromoog synthesizer</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>black dot</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>4 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Charles Gayle</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Time Zones</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>2006</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>Tompkins Square</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>49:06</td></tr>
<tr><td>Personnel</td><td>Charles Gayle, piano</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>1 star</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>4.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>The Get Up Kids</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>2001</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>65:12</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>Includes the song "Central Standard Time." Thanks to Colin Bowern for this information.</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>2.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>2003</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>Capitol Records</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>4:13</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>Won the 2004 Record of the Year honor at the
Grammy Awards. Co-written and performed by Chris Martin,
great-great-grandson of DST inventor William Willett. The song's first
line is "Lights go out and I can't be saved".</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Irving Kahal and Harry Richman</td></tr>
<tr><td>Song</td><td>There Ought to be a Moonlight Saving Time</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1931</td>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>This musical standard was a No. 1 hit for Guy Lombardo
in 1931, and was also performed by Maurice Chevalier, Blossom Dearie
and many others. The phrase "Moonlight saving time" also appears in
the 1995 country song "Not Enough Hours in the Night" written by Aaron
Barker, Kim Williams and Rob Harbin and performed by Doug
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>The Microscopic Septet</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>Lobster Leaps In</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>2008</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>73:05</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>Includes the song "Twilight Time Zone."</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>3.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>2 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Bob Dylan</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>The Times They Are a-Changin'</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>1964</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>45:36</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>4.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>1.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes<td>The title song is also available on "Bob Dylan's Greatest Hits" and "The Essential Bob Dylan."</td></tr>
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Luciana Souza</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>2009</td></tr>
<tr><td>Label</td><td>Universal Jazz France</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>42:31</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>3.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>2.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes<td>Includes the song "Fire and Wood" with the lyric
"The clocks were turned back you remember/Think it's still November."
<tr><td>Artist</td><td>Ken Nordine</td></tr>
<tr><td>CD</td><td>You're Getting Better: The Word Jazz Dot Masters</td></tr>
<tr><td>Copyright Date</td><td>2005</td></tr>
<tr><td>Total Time</td><td>156:22</td></tr>
<tr><td>ADO Rating</td><td>1 star</td></tr>
<tr><td><a href="">AMG Rating</a></td><td>4.5 stars</td></tr>
<tr><td>Notes</td><td>Includes the piece "What Time Is It"
("He knew what time it was everywhere...that counted").</td></tr>
The webcomic <em>xkcd</em> has the strip
"<a href=''>The Sun</a>" (2009-12-09) and the panels
"<a href=''>Backward in Time</a>" (2012-02-14),
"<a href=''>EST</a>" (2012-05-28),
"<a href=''>ISO 8601</a>" (2013-02-27),
"<a href=''>Now</a>" (2014-02-26), and
"<a href=''>Doomsday Clock</a>" (2016-03-14).
The related book <em>What If?</em> has an entry
"<a href=''>Leap Seconds</a>" (2012-12-31).
Pig kills time in <a
Before Swine</em> (2016-11-06)</a>.
The syndicated comic strip <em>Dilbert</em> featured an
<a href=''>example of
time zone humor</a> on 1998-03-14.
Peppermint Patty: "What if the world comes to an end tonight, Marcie?"
Marcie: "I promise there'll be a tomorrow, sir ... in fact,
it's already tomorrow in Australia!"
(Charles M. Schulz, <a href=''><em>Peanuts</em>, 1980-06-13</a>)
"We've been using the five-cent nickel in this country since 1492.
Now that's pretty near 100 years, daylight saving."
(Groucho Marx as Captain Spaulding in <em>Animal Crackers</em>, 1930,
as noted by Will Fitzgerald)
BRADY. ...[Bishop Usher] determined that the Lord began the Creation
on the 23rd of October in the Year 4,004 B.C. at &ndash; uh, 9 A.M.!
DRUMMOND. That Eastern Standard Time? (<em>Laughter.</em>) Or Rocky Mountain
Time? (<em>More laughter.</em>) It wasn't daylight-saving time, was it? Because
the Lord didn't make the sun until the fourth day!
(From the play <em>Inherit the Wind</em> by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee,
filmed in 1960 with Spencer Tracy as Drummond and Fredric March as
Brady, and several other times. Thanks to Mark Brader.)
"Good news."
"What did they do? Extend Daylight Saving Time year round?"
(Professional tanner George Hamilton, in dialog from a
May, 1999 episode of the syndicated television series <em>Baywatch</em>)
"A fundamental belief held by Americans is that if you are on land, you
cannot be killed by a fish...So most Americans remain on land, believing
they're safe. Unfortunately, this belief &ndash; like so many myths, such as that
there's a reason for 'Daylight Saving Time' &ndash; is false."
(Dave Barry column, 2000-07-02)
"I once had sex for an hour and five minutes, but that was on the day
when you turn the clocks ahead."
(Garry Shandling, 52nd Annual Emmys, 2000-09-10)
"Would it impress you if I told you I invented Daylight Savings Time?"
("Sahjhan" to "Lilah" in dialog from the "Loyalty" episode of <em>Angel</em>,
originally aired 2002-02-25)
"I thought you said Tulsa was a three-hour flight."
"Well, you're forgetting about the time difference."
("Joey" and "Chandler" in dialog from the episode of <em>Friends</em>
entitled "The One With Rachel's Phone Number," originally aired 2002-12-05)
"Is that a pertinent fact,
or are you just trying to dazzle me with your command of time zones?"
(Kelsey Grammer as "Frasier Crane" to "Roz" from the episode of <em>Frasier</em>
entitled "The Kid," originally aired 1997-11-04)
"I put myself and my staff through this crazy, huge ordeal, all because
I refused to go on at midnight, okay? And so I work, you know, and
then I get this job at eleven, supposed to be a big deal. Then
yesterday daylight [saving] time ended. Right now it's basically
midnight." (Conan O'Brien on the 2010-11-08 premiere of <em>Conan</em>.)
"Well, in my time zone that's all the time I have,
but maybe in your time zone I haven't finished yet. So stay tuned!"
(Goldie Hawn, <em>Rowan &amp; Martin's Laugh-In</em> No. 65, 1970-03-09)
<h2>See also</h2>
<li><a href="tz-link.htm">Sources for Time Zone and Daylight Saving
Time Data</a></li>
This web page is in the public domain, so clarified as of
2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
Please send corrections to this web page to the
<a href="">time zone mailing list</a>.