A minimalistic framework for building static website using Vue.js
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README.md

Saber.js

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Saber.js is a minimalistic framework for building static websites using Vue.js.

πŸ”₯You may also like Ream which is a Nuxt.js alternative.

Table of Contents

How to use

Setup

Install it in your project:

# cd into your project
yarn add saber --dev

Configure npm scripts:

{
  "scripts": {
    "dev": "saber dev",
    "build": "saber build"
  }
}

By default it uses . as base directory, to use another directory you can change it to saber dev path/to/directory and saber build path/to/directory.

After that, the file-system is the main API. Every .vue file becomes a route that gets automatically processed and rendered.

Populate ./pages/index.vue inside your project:

<template>
  <div>Welcome to saber.js</div>
</template>

And then just run npm run dev or yarn dev and go to http://localhost:4000.

To generate a static website for production, run npm run build or yarn build and you're all set. The generated website will be available at .saber/website directory which can be directly deployed to GitHub pages or Netlify et al.

So far you got:

  • Automatic assets transforms
  • Hot reloading for Vue components
  • Static files inside ./static are mapped to /

Transforms

Most common transforms and transpilers are supported out-of-the-box.

  • postcss: Enabled when you have a postcss config file like postcss.config.js
  • babel: Enabled by default with a sensible default preset, you can override it by populating a babel config file at project root.
  • sass scss less stylus: Supported by default but you need to install relevant dependencies, e.g. for sass you need to install node-sass and sass-loader in your project.
  • pug: Support pug lang in Vue SFC, you need to install pug and pug-plain-loader in your project.
  • Images and fonts.

Customize babel config

You can populate a babel config file at your project root, like .babelrc.js:

module.exports = {
  presets: [
    // It's highly recommended to add our default preset
    require.resolve('saber/babel')
  ]
}

Check out our default babel preset.

Customize webpack config

You can always customize webpack config if you want. Inside the saber.config.js, use the chainWebpack option:

module.exports = {
  chainWebpack(config, { type }) {
    // config: webpack-chain instance
    // type: either `client` or `server`
  }
}

Check out the docs for webpack-chain.

Serve static files

Files inside ./static folder will be mapped to root path /, e.g. ./static/favicon.ico is served at /favicon.ico.

Fetching data

You can pre-fetch data at compile time and use it in route components, this is achieved by using custom block <saber> in Vue single-file component.

πŸ“ pages/index.vue:

<template>
  <div>{{ post.title }}</div>
</template>

<saber>
import axios from 'axios'

export default {
  async data() {
    const { data: post } = await axios
      .get('https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts/1')

    return {
      post
    }
  }
}
</saber>

The data method exported from <saber> block should return an object or a Promise which resolves to an object. Then the resolved value will be merged with your component's own data.

For syntax higlighting of the custom block, vetur comes to the rescue if you're using VSCode.

Routing

.vue components inside ./pages directory will be automatically loaded as route components, e.g. ./pages/index.vue is used for /, ./pages/user/[user].vue is used for /user/:user.

Note that all files and directories starting with an underscore _ will be ignored.

Dynamic route

It's common to use route like /user/:id to map routes with the given pattern to the same component, URLs like /user/foo and /user/bar will both map to the same route.

When it comes to statically generated website, we need to know the actual URLs instead of path patterns like /user/:id.

In Saber.js, a file path like user/[id].vue will be mapped to path pattern /user/:id, then you can again use <saber> block to provide the value you want for :id:

πŸ“ pages/user/[id].vue:

<template>
  <div>Hi {{ $route.params.id }}</div>
</template>

<saber>
export default {
  params() {
    return [
      { id: 'egoist' },
      { id: 'chelly' }
    ]

    // Or just a single page
    // return { id: 'egoist' }
  }
}
</saber>

Nested routes

To generate nested routes, try following structure:

└── pages
    β”œβ”€β”€ index.vue
    β”œβ”€β”€ users
    β”‚   β”œβ”€β”€ [name].vue
    β”‚   └── index.vue # required
    └── users.vue     # required

It generates routes as follows:

[
  {
    path: '/',
    component: () => import('#pages/index.vue')
  },
  {
    path: '/users',
    children: [
      {
        path: ':name',
        component: () => import('#pages/users/[name].vue')
      },
      {
        path: '',
        component: () => import('#pages/users/index.vue')
      }
    ],

    component: () => import('#pages/users.vue')
  }
]

Components inside ./users directory will only be used as child routes when there're both ./users/index.vue and ./users.vue.

Adding routes programmatically

You can use router.addRoutes to add routes programmatically, the router is a vue-router instance:

πŸ“ saber.app.js:

export default ({ router }) => {
  router.addRoutes([
    {
      path: '/user',
      // Don't put components inside ./pages folder
      // Since they will be automatically loaded as routes
      component: () => import('./views/user.vue')
    }
  ])
}

Read more about saber.app.js.

Manipulating <head>

You can use head option in all Vue components to control tags inside <head> and attributes for <html> <body> tags:

πŸ“ any-component.vue:

<script>
export default {
  head: {
    title: 'My Website'
  }
}
</script>

It's actually using vue-meta under the hood.

App-level enhancement

You may want to inject some global stylesheets or modify options for root Vue instance, create a saber.app.js in root directory and it will automatically be picked up:

import Vue from 'vue'
import './styles/global.css'

// Maybe add some Vue plugin?
// Vue.use(YourPlugin)

// Optionally export a function
// To handle stuffs like rootOptions, router
export default ({ rootOptions, router }) => {
  // Do something...
}

Development server

Use proxy

Inside the saber.config.js, use the proxy option:

module.exports = {
  proxy: {
    "/api": {
      target: "http://localhost:3000",
      pathRewrite: {'^/api' : ''}
    }
  }
}

Customize dev server

Inside the saber.config.js, use the configureServer option:

module.exports = {
  configureServer(app) {
    // app: Express instance
  }
}

Plugins

Use a plugin

Inside the saber.config.js:

module.exports = {
  plugins: {
    // Use saber-plugin-foo with options: {}
    'foo': {},
    // Or full package name
    'saber-plugin-bar': {}
    // Or a local plugin
    './my-plugin': {}
  }
}

Write a plugin

module.exports = opts => {
  return {
    name: 'plugin-name',
    apply(api) {
      // Handle Plugin API
    }
  }
}

Check out existing plugins for references.

Recipes

Writing client-only code

Client-only components

Wrap non SSR friendly components inside <client-only> component:

<template>
  <div>
    <client-only>
      <some-client-only-component />
    </client-only>
  </div>
</template>

Client-only logic

Using process.browser for client-only logic:

if (process.browser) {
  console.log('you see me on the client-side only')
}

Adding a progress bar

Populate a saber.app.js in project root:

// Don't forget to install `nprogress`
import progress from 'nprogress'
import 'nprogress/nprogress.css'

export default ({ router }) => {
  router.beforeEach((to, from, next) => {
    progress.start()
    next()
  })

  router.afterEach(() => {
    progress.done()
  })
}

Progressive web app

Currently all generated files are cached by service worker by default, you can use set pwa in saber.config.js to disable it:

module.exports = {
  pwa: false
}

More improvements for better PWA support are coming soon, PR welcome too :)

Google analytics

Set googleAnalytics to your track id in saber.config.js to enable it:

module.exports = {
  googleAnalytics: 'UA-XXX-XX'
}

FAQ

How does it compare to Nuxt.js/VuePress/Peco?

See #1.

Contributing

  1. Fork it!
  2. Create your feature branch: git checkout -b my-new-feature
  3. Commit your changes: git commit -am 'Add some feature'
  4. Push to the branch: git push origin my-new-feature
  5. Submit a pull request :D

Author

saber Β© EGOIST, Released under the MIT License.
Authored and maintained by EGOIST with help from contributors (list).

egoist.moe Β· GitHub @EGOIST Β· Twitter @_egoistlily