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nvexeca logo

Node TypeScript Codecov Mastodon Medium

nvm + execa = nvexeca.

Execa improves child processes execution with a promise interface, cross-platform support, local binaries, interleaved output, and more.

nvexeca is a thin wrapper around Execa to run any file or command using any Node.js version.

Unlike nvm exec it:

  • is run programmatically
  • does not need a separate installation step for each Node version
  • can run the major release's latest minor/patch version automatically
  • does not require Bash
  • is installed as a Node module
  • works on Windows. No need to run as Administrator.

nvexeca executes a single file or command. It does not change the node nor npm global binaries. To run a specific Node.js version for an entire project or shell session, please use nvm, nvm-windows, n or nvs instead.

Hire me

Please reach out if you're looking for a Node.js API or CLI engineer (10 years of experience). Most recently I have been Netlify Build's and Netlify Plugins' technical lead for 2.5 years. I am available for full-time remote positions in either US or EU time zones.

Example

import nvexeca from 'nvexeca'

const { childProcess, versionRange, version } = await nvexeca('8', 'node', [
  '--version',
])
console.log(`Node ${versionRange} (${version})`) // Node 8 (8.16.2)
const { exitCode, stdout, stderr } = await childProcess
console.log(`Exit code: ${exitCode}`) // 0
console.log(stdout) // v8.16.2

Install

npm install nvexeca

node >=14.18.0 must be installed. However the command run by nvexeca can use any Node version (providing it is compatible with it).

This package is an ES module and must be loaded using an import or import() statement, not require(). If TypeScript is used, it must be configured to output ES modules, not CommonJS.

To use this as a CLI instead, please check nve.

Usage

nvexeca(versionRange, command, args?, options?)

Executes command ...args with a specific Node.js versionRange.

Arguments

versionRange

Type: string

Any version range such as 12, 12.6.0 or <12, or one of the following aliases:

command

Type: string

File or command to execute. Both global and local binaries can be executed.

Must be compatible with the specific Node versionRange. For example npm is only compatible with Node >=6.

args

Type: string[]?

Arguments to pass to the command.

Options

Type: object?

All Execa options are available. Please refer to Execa for the list of possible options.

The preferLocal option is always true.

The following options are also available.

dry

Type: boolean
Default: false

Do not execute the command. This can be used to cache the initial Node.js binary download.

progress

Type: boolean
Default: false

Whether to show a progress bar when the Node binary is downloading.

mirror

Type: string
Default: https://nodejs.org/dist

Base URL to retrieve Node binaries. Can be overridden (for example https://npmmirror.com/mirrors/node).

The following environment variables can also be used: NODE_MIRROR, NVM_NODEJS_ORG_MIRROR, N_NODE_MIRROR or NODIST_NODE_MIRROR.

fetch

Type: boolean
Default: undefined

The list of available Node.js versions is cached for one hour by default. If the fetch option is:

  • true: the cache will not be used
  • false: the cache will be used even if it's older than one hour

arch

Type: string
Default: process.arch

Node.js binary's CPU architecture. This is useful for example when you're on x64 but would like to run Node.js x32.

All the values from process.arch are allowed except mips and mipsel.

cwd

Type: string | URL
Default: process.cwd()

Current working directory of the child process.

When using the local alias, this also starts looking for a Node.js version file from this directory.

Return value

Type: Promise<object>

Promise resolved after the Node.js version has been cached locally (if it has not been cached yet).

If you want to wait for the command to complete as well, you should await the returned childProcess.

const { childProcess } = await nvexeca('8', 'node', ['--version'])
const { exitCode, stdout, stderr } = await childProcess

childProcess

Type: ExecaChildProcess?

childProcess instance. It is also a Promise resolving or rejecting with a childProcessResult. The Promise should be awaited if you want to wait for the process to complete.

This is undefined when the dry option is true.

versionRange

Type: string

Node.js version passed as input, such as "v10".

version

Type: string

Normalized Node.js version. For example if "v10" was passed as input, version will be "10.17.0".

command

Type: string

File or command that was executed.

args

Type: string[]

Arguments that were passed to the command.

execaOptions

Type: object

Options that were passed to Execa.

Initial download

The first time nvexeca is run with a new VERSION, the Node binary is downloaded under the hood. This initially takes few seconds. However subsequent runs are almost instantaneous.

Native modules

If your code is using native modules, nvexeca works providing:

  • they are built with N-API
  • the target Node.js version is >=8.12.0 (since N-API was not available or stable before that)

Otherwise the following error message is shown: Error: The module was compiled against a different Node.js version.

See also

Support

For any question, don't hesitate to submit an issue on GitHub.

Everyone is welcome regardless of personal background. We enforce a Code of conduct in order to promote a positive and inclusive environment.

Contributing

This project was made with ❤️. The simplest way to give back is by starring and sharing it online.

If the documentation is unclear or has a typo, please click on the page's Edit button (pencil icon) and suggest a correction.

If you would like to help us fix a bug or add a new feature, please check our guidelines. Pull requests are welcome!


ehmicky

💻 🎨 🤔 📖

Nicolas Goudry

📖

Pedro Augusto de Paula Barbosa

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