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API

The following methods are available both in JavaScript and on the command line.

You can try all the examples below:

All methods (except type()) throw an exception if the permission argument is invalid. Please see the permission types documentation.

convert.octal|number|stat|symbolic|object(permission)

Returns permission converted to another type.

Note that symbolic and object distinguish between:

  • leaving permissions as is (omitting them or using undefined)
  • unsetting them (using - or false).

number and stat do not make this distinction. If you convert between them, you might lose this information as we assume 0 in number and - in stat mean "unset permissions". However you can use positive() to overcome this issue.

console.log(convert.symbolic('111')) // 'a=x'

console.log(positive(convert.symbolic('111'))) // 'a+x'

console.log(convert.octal('o+x')) // '+0001'

console.log(convert.octal('o=x')) // '0001'

try {
  convert.octal('z+x') // Throws an exception (permission syntax is invalid)
} catch (error) {
  console.log(error.message)
}

type(permission)

Returns the permission's type or 'invalid'.

console.log(type('1')) // 'octal'

console.log(type(1)) // 'number'

console.log(type('a+x')) // 'symbolic'

console.log(type('a+i')) // 'invalid'

normalize(permission)

Normalizes a permission to its canonical shape.

Throws an exception if permission is invalid.

console.log(normalize('1')) // '0001'

console.log(normalize('g+x,o+x')) // 'go+x'

console.log(normalize('d--- --- ---')) // '---------'

console.log(normalize({ user: { read: undefined, write: true } }))
// { user: { write: true } }

try {
  normalize('z+x') // Throws an exception (permission syntax is invalid)
} catch (error) {
  console.log(error.message)
}

positive(permission)

Removes all negative permissions. See convert() for more explanation.

console.log(positive('o+x,o-rw')) // 'o+x'

console.log(positive('o=x')) // 'o+x'

console.log(positive('660')) // '+0660'

console.log(invert('660')) // '0117'

console.log(invert(positive('660'))) // '-0660'

contain(permission, permissions...)

Tests whether permission includes permissions.

Returns true or false or (on the CLI) use the exit code 0 or 1.

console.log(contain('--x--x--x', 'a=x')) // `true`

console.log(contain('--x--x--x', 'a+x')) // `true`

console.log(contain('--x--x--x', 'a-x')) // `false`

console.log(contain('--x--x--x', 'a-w')) // `true`

console.log(contain('o+x', 'o+x')) // `true`

console.log(contain('o+x', 'o+x,o+x')) // `true`

console.log(contain('o+x', 'o=w')) // `false`

console.log(contain('o+x,o-w', 'o-w,o+x')) // `true`

console.log(contain('o+x,o-w', 'o-w')) // `true`

console.log(contain('o+x,o-w', 'o+x', 'o-w')) // `true`

equal(permission, permissions...)

Tests whether permission equals exactly permissions.

Returns true or false or (on the CLI) use the exit code 0 or 1.

console.log(equal('--x--x--x', 'a=x')) // `true`

console.log(equal('--x--x--x', 'a+x')) // `false`

console.log(equal('--x--x--x', 'a-x')) // `false`

console.log(equal('--x--x--x', 'a-w')) // `false`

console.log(equal('o+x', 'o+x')) // `true`

console.log(equal('o+x', 'o+x,o+x')) // `true`

console.log(equal('o+x', 'o=w')) // `false`

console.log(equal('o+x,o-w', 'o-w,o+x')) // `true`

console.log(equal('o+x,o-w', 'o-w')) // `false`

console.log(equal('o+x,o-w', 'o+x', 'o-w')) // `false`

set(permission, permissions...)

Returns the result of setting permissions on permission.

This is useful to avoid error-prone bitwise operations (|, &, ^, ~).

This can also be used to remove special permissions using set(permission, 'a-st') since some functions like umask do not allow them.

console.log(set('---------', 'a+x')) // '--x--x--x'

console.log(set('---------', 'a+x', 'a+r')) // 'r-xr-xr-x'

console.log(set('--x--x--x', 'o-x')) // '--x--x---'

console.log(set('a+x', 'a+r')) // 'a+rx'

console.log(set('4660', 'a-st')) // '0660'

not(permission)

Inverts permission including special permissions.

This can be used in combination with set() to unset permissions instead of setting them.

console.log(not('u+xs')) // 'u-xs'

console.log(not('u-xs')) // 'u+xs'

console.log(not('u=x')) // 'u=rws'

console.log(not('a=x')) // 'ug=rws,o=rwt'

console.log(not('rws-ws-w-')) // '---r--r-t'

console.log(not('0660')) // '7117'

console.log(not('1660')) // '6117'

console.log(set('rwxrwxrwx', not('a+x'))) // 'rw-rw-rw-'

console.log(set('---------', not('a-x'))) // '--x--x--x'

console.log(set('a+xr', not('a+r'))) // 'a+x,a-r'

invert(permission)

Inverts permission and removes special permissions.

For example a umask of 117 means new files will be created with 661 permissions.

console.log(invert('u+xs')) // 'u-x'

console.log(invert('u-xs')) // 'u+x'

console.log(invert('u=x')) // 'u+rw,u-x'

console.log(invert('a=x')) // 'a+rw,a-x'

console.log(invert('rws-ws-w-')) // '---r--r-x'

console.log(invert('0660')) // '0117'

console.log(invert('1660')) // '0117'

min(permissions...)

Retrieves the lowest permissions among all arguments.

This does not return the lowest argument. Instead it returns a combination of the lowest bits of all arguments.

This can be useful if you are looking for the lowest permission of a several files, e.g. during a directory recursion.

console.log(min('404', '440', '402')) // '0400'

max(permissions...)

Inverse of min().

console.log(max('404', '440', '402')) // '0446'
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