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🀠 Object property paths with wildcards and regexps. 🌡

Get/set object properties using:

Install

npm install wild-wild-path

This package is an ES module and must be loaded using an import or import() statement, not require().

API

Methods

get(target, query, options?)

target: Target
query: Query
options: Options?
Return value: any | undefined

Return the first property matching the query.

const target = { settings: { colors: ['red', 'blue'] } }

get(target, 'settings.colors.0') // 'red'
get(target, ['settings', 'colors', 0]) // 'red'

has(target, query, options?)

target: Target
query: Query
options: Options?
Return value: boolean

Return whether the query matches any property.

const target = { settings: { lastName: undefined, colors: ['red', 'blue'] } }

has(target, 'settings.firstName') // false
has(target, ['settings', 'firstName']) // false
has(target, 'settings.lastName') // true

list(target, query, options?)

target: Target
query: Query
options: Options?
Return value: any[]

Return all properties matching the query, as an array.

const target = {
  userOne: { firstName: 'John', lastName: 'Doe', age: 72 },
  userTwo: { firstName: 'Alice', colors: ['red', 'blue', 'yellow'] },
}

list(target, 'userOne.firstName userTwo.colors.0') // ['John', 'red']
list(target, [
  ['userOne', 'firstName'],
  ['userTwo', 'colors', 0],
]) // ['John', 'red']

list(target, 'userOne./Name/') // ['John', 'Doe']
list(target, ['userOne', /Name/]) // ['John', 'Doe']

list(target, 'userTwo.colors.*') // ['red', 'blue', 'yellow']
list(target, 'userTwo.colors.0:2') // ['red', 'blue']
list(target, '**.firstName') // ['John', 'Alice']
list(target, 'userOne.*', { entries: true })
// [
//   { value: 'John', path: ['userOne', 'firstName'], missing: false },
//   { value: 'Doe', path: ['userOne', 'lastName'], missing: false },
//   { value: 72, path: ['userOne', 'age'], missing: false },
// ]

iterate(target, query, options?)

target: Target
query: Query
options: Options?
Return value: Iterable<any>

Return all properties matching the query, as an iterable. This is slower than list() but uses less memory.

const target = { settings: { colors: ['red', 'blue'] } }

for (const color of iterate(target, 'settings.colors.*')) {
  console.log(color) // 'red', 'blue'
}

set(target, query, value, options?)

target: Target
query: Query
value: any
options: Options?
Return value: Target

Sets all properties matching the query. The return value is a deep clone unless the mutate option is true.

const target = { colors: ['red', 'blue'] }

set(target, 'colors.0', 'yellow') // ['yellow', 'blue']
set(target, ['colors', 0], 'yellow') // ['yellow', 'blue']
set(target, 'colors.-1', 'yellow') // ['red', 'yellow']
set(target, 'colors.-0', 'yellow') // ['red', 'blue', 'yellow']
set(target, 'colors.*', 'yellow') // ['yellow', 'yellow']
set({}, 'user.0.color', 'red') // { user: [{ color: 'red' }] }
set({}, 'user.0.color', 'red', { missing: false }) // {}

remove(target, query, options?)

target: Target
query: Query
options: Options?
Return value: Target

Delete all properties matching the query. The return value is a deep clone unless the mutate option is true.

const target = { user: { firstName: 'John', lastName: 'Doe', age: 72 } }

remove(target, 'user.lastName') // { user: { firstName: 'John', age: 72 } }
remove(target, 'user./Name/') // { user: { age: 72 } }
remove(target, ['user', /Name/]) // { user: { age: 72 } }

Functional utilities

wild-wild-utils is a separate library which provides with additional, higher-level methods: map(), merge(), push(), unshift(), find(), pick(), include(), exclude().

Target

The target value must be an object or an array.

Queries

There are two equivalent formats for queries: strings and arrays.

  • Query strings are friendlier to CLI usage, more expressive, and easier to serialize.
  • Query arrays are friendlier to programmatic usage, and faster. Also, they do not require escaping, so they should be used when the input is dynamic or user-provided to prevent injection attacks.

Query strings

⛏️ Deep properties

# Deep properties of objects or arrays.
# Dots are used for array indices, not brackets.
# Symbol properties are always ignored.
user.colors.0

πŸš‚ Unions

# Unions ("or") of queries are space-delimited.
# The string must not be empty.
colors name age

⭐ Wildcards

# Shallow wildcards target all properties/items of a single object/array
user.*

# Deep wildcards target all properties/items of 0, 1 or many objects/arrays
user.**
**.colors

πŸ—ΊοΈ Regexps

# Regexps match property names
user./name/

# Flags can be used, e.g. to make it case-insensitive
user./name/i

# ^ $ must be used to match from the beginning or until the end
user./^name$/i

🌡 Arrays indices

# Array indices are integers
user.colors.0

# Array indices can be negative.
# -1 is the last item.
# -0 is the item after it, which can be used to append.
user.colors.-1

🏜️ Array slices

# Array slices. Goes from the start (included) to the end index (excluded).
user.colors.0:2

# The start index defaults to 0, i.e. the beginning
user.colors.:2

# The end index defaults to -0, i.e. the end
user.colors.0:
user.colors.:

πŸͺ¨ Escaping

# Dots, spaces and backslashes in property names must be escaped
name\\ with\\ spaces
name\\.with\\.dots
name\\\\with\\\\backslashes

# Ambiguous property names must be escaped with a backslash at the beginning.
# This includes properties that:
#  - Are integers but are not array elements
#  - Have multiple slashes and start with one
name.\\0
name.\\/not_a_regexp/

🏨 Root and empty strings

# A leading dot can optionally be used. It is ignored.
user.colors
.user.colors

# Root value
.

# Empty string properties
user..colors

Query arrays

⛏️ Deep properties

// Deep properties of objects or arrays.
// Symbol properties are always ignored.
['user', 'colors', 0]

πŸš‚ Unions

// Unions ("or") of queries are arrays of arrays.
// There must be at least one item.
[['colors'], ['name'], ['age']]

⭐ Wildcards

// Shallow wildcards target all properties/items of a single object/array
['user', { type: 'any' }]

// Deep wildcards target all properties/items of 0, 1 or many objects/arrays
['user', { type: 'anyDeep' }]
[{ type: 'anyDeep' }, 'colors']

🀠 Regexps

// Regexps match property names
['user', /name/]

// Flags can be used, e.g. to make it case-insensitive
['user', /name/i]

// ^ $ must be used to match from the beginning or until the end
['user', /^name$/i]

🌡 Arrays indices

// Array indices are integers, not strings
['user', 'colors', 0]

// Array indices can be negative.
// -1 is the last item.
// -0 is the item after it, which can be used to append.
['user', 'colors', -1]

🏜️ Array slices

// Array slices. Goes from the start (included) to the end index (excluded).
['user', 'colors', { type: 'slice', from: 0, to: 2 }]

// The start index defaults to 0, i.e. the beginning
['user', 'colors', { type: 'slice', to: 2 }]

// The end index defaults to -0, i.e. the end
['user', 'colors', { type: 'slice', from: 0 }]
['user', 'colors', { type: 'slice' }]

πŸͺ¨ Escaping

// Escaping is not necessary with query arrays
['name with spaces']
['name.with.dots']
['name\\with\\backslashes']
['name', '0']
['name', '/not_a_regexp/']

🏨 Root and empty strings

// Root value
[]

// Empty string properties
['user', '', 'colors']

Paths

A "path" is any query using only property names and positive array indices. This excludes negative indices, slices, wildcards, regexps and unions.

Paths are returned by the entries option.

# Path string
user.colors.0
// Path array
['user', 'colors', 0]

Conversions and comparisons

wild-wild-parser can be used to convert between both formats, or to compare queries.

Undefined values

Object properties with a defined key but an undefined value are not ignored. However, object properties without any defined key are ignored. The has() method, missing option and entries option can be used to distinguish those.

const target = { name: undefined }

has(target, 'name') // true
has(target, 'colors') // false

get(target, 'name') // undefined
get(target, 'colors') // undefined
get(target, 'name', { entries: true, missing: true })
// { value: undefined, path: ['name'], missing: false }
get(target, 'colors', { entries: true, missing: true })
// { value: undefined, path: ['colors'], missing: true }

list(target, '*') // [undefined]
list(target, '*', { entries: true })
// [{ value: undefined, path: ['name'], missing: false }]

Options

Options are optional plain objects.

mutate

Methods: set(), remove()
Type: boolean
Default: false

By default, the target is deeply cloned.
When true, it is directly mutated instead, which is faster but has side effects.

const target = {}
console.log(set(target, 'name', 'Alice')) // { name: 'Alice' }
console.log(target) // {}
console.log(set(target, 'name', 'Alice', { mutate: true })) // { name: 'Alice' }
console.log(target) // { name: 'Alice' }

entries

Methods: get(), list(), iterate()
Type: boolean
Default: false

By default, properties' values are returned.
When true, objects with the following shape are returned instead:

  • value any: property's value
  • path Path: property's full path
  • missing boolean: whether the property is missing from the target
const target = { firstName: 'Alice', lastName: 'Smith' }
list(target, '*') // ['Alice', 'Smith']
list(target, '*', { entries: true })
// [
//   { value: 'Alice', path: ['firstName'], missing: false },
//   { value: 'Smith', path: ['lastName'], missing: false },
// ]

missing

Methods: all except has() and remove()
Type: boolean
Default: false with list|iterate(), true with set()

When false, properties not defined in the target are ignored.

const target = {}

set(target, 'name', 'Alice') // { name: 'Alice' }
set(target, 'name', 'Alice', { missing: false }) // {}

list(target, 'name') // []
list(target, 'name', { missing: true, entries: true })
// [{ value: undefined, path: ['name'], missing: true }]

sort

Methods: get(), list(), iterate()
Type: boolean
Default: false

When returning sibling object properties, sort them by the lexigographic order of their names (not values).

const target = { lastName: 'Doe', firstName: 'John' }
list(target, '*') // ['Doe', 'John']
list(target, '*', { sort: true }) // ['John', 'Doe']

childFirst

Methods: get(), list(), iterate()
Type: boolean
Default: false

When using unions or deep wildcards, a query might match both a property and some of its children.

This option decides whether the returned properties should be sorted from children to parents, or the reverse.

const target = { user: { name: 'Alice' } }
list(target, 'user.**') // [{ name: 'Alice' }, 'Alice']
list(target, 'user.**', { childFirst: true }) // ['Alice', { name: 'Alice' }]

leaves

Methods: all except has()
Type: boolean
Default: false

When using unions or deep wildcards, a query might match both a property and some of its children.

When true, only leaves are matched. In other words, a matching property is ignored if one of its children also matches.

const target = { user: { name: 'Alice' } }
list(target, 'user.**') // [{ name: 'Alice' }, 'Alice']
list(target, 'user.**', { leaves: true }) // ['Alice']

roots

Methods: get(), list(), iterate()
Type: boolean
Default: false

When using unions or deep wildcards, a query might match both a property and some of its children.

When true, only roots are matched. In other words, a matching property is ignored if one of its parents also matches.

const target = { user: { name: 'Alice' } }
list(target, 'user.**') // [{ name: 'Alice' }, 'Alice']
list(target, 'user.**', { roots: true }) // [{ name: 'Alice' }]

classes

Methods: all
Type: boolean
Default: false

Unless true, wildcards and regexps ignore properties of objects that are not plain objects (like class instances, errors or functions). Those can still be matched by using their property name.

const target = { user: new User({ name: 'Alice' }) }
list(target, 'user.*') // []
list(target, 'user.*', { classes: true }) // ['Alice']

inherited

Methods: all
Type: boolean
Default: false

By default, wildcards and regexps ignore properties that are either inherited or not enumerable. Those can still be matched by using their property name.

When true, inherited properties are not ignored, but not enumerable ones still are.

Related projects

Support

For any question, don't hesitate to submit an issue on GitHub.

Everyone is welcome regardless of personal background. We enforce a Code of conduct in order to promote a positive and inclusive environment.

Contributing

This project was made with ❀️. The simplest way to give back is by starring and sharing it online.

If the documentation is unclear or has a typo, please click on the page's Edit button (pencil icon) and suggest a correction.

If you would like to help us fix a bug or add a new feature, please check our guidelines. Pull requests are welcome!