Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
tree: 618921506c
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

246 lines (179 sloc) 5.773 kb

Jastor

Jastor is an Objective-C base class that is initialized with a dictionary (probably from your JSON response), and assigns dictionary values to all its (derived class's) typed @properties.

It supports nested types, arrays, NSString, NSNumber, NSDate and more.

Jastor is NOT a JSON parser. For that, you have JSONKit, yajl and many others.

The name sounds like JSON to Objecter. Or something.

Examples

You have the following JSON:

{
    "name": "Foo",
    "amount": 13
}

and the following class:

@interface Product
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *name;
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSNumber *amount;
@end

@implementation Product
@synthesize name, amount;
@end

with Jastor, you can just inherit from Jastor class, and use initWithDictionary:

// Product.h
@interface Product : Jastor
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *name;
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSNumber *amount;
@end

// Product.m
@implementation Product
@synthesize name, amount;
@end

// Some other code
NSDictionary *dictionary = /* parse the JSON response to a dictionary */;
Product *product = [[Product alloc] initWithDictionary:dictionary];

// Log
product.name // => Foo
product.amount // => 13

Nested Objects

Jastor also converts nested objects to their destination type:

// JSON
{
    "name": "Foo",
    "category": {
        "name": "Bar Category"
    }
}

// ProductCategory.h
@interface ProductCategory : Jastor
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *name;
@end

// ProductCategory.m
@implementation ProductCategory
@synthesize name;
@end

// Product.h
@interface Product : Jastor
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *name;
@property (nonatomic, copy) ProductCategory *category;
@end

// Product.m
@implementation Product
@synthesize name, category;
@end


// Code
NSDictionary *dictionary = /* parse the JSON response to a dictionary */;
Product *product = [[Product alloc] initWithDictionary:dictionary];

// Log
product.name // => Foo
product.category // => <ProductCategory>
product.category.name // => Bar Category

Arrays

Having fun so far?

Jastor also supports arrays of a certain type:

// JSON
{
    "name": "Foo",
    "categories": [
        { "name": "Bar Category 1" },
        { "name": "Bar Category 2" },
        { "name": "Bar Category 3" }
    ]
}

// ProductCategory.h
@interface ProductCategory : Jastor
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *name;
@end

// ProductCategory.m
@implementation ProductCategory
@synthesize name;
@end

// Product.h
@interface Product : Jastor
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *name;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSArray *categories;
@end

// Product.m
@implementation Product
@synthesize name, categories;

+ (Class)categories_class {
    return [ProductCategory class];
}
@end


// Code
NSDictionary *dictionary = /* parse the JSON response to a dictionary */;
Product *product = [[Product alloc] initWithDictionary:dictionary];

// Log
product.name // => Foo
product.categories // => <NSArray>
[product.categories count] // => 3
[product.categories objectAtIndex:1] // => <ProductCategory>
[[product.categories objectAtIndex:1] name] // => Bar Category 2

Notice the declaration of

+ (Class)categories_class {
    return [ProductCategory class];
}

it tells Jastor what class of items the array holds.

Nested + Arrays = Trees

Jastor can handle trees of data:

// JSON
{
    "name": "1",
    "children": [
        { "name": "1.1" },
        { "name": "1.2",
          children: [
            { "name": "1.2.1",
              children: [
                { "name": "1.2.1.1" },
                { "name": "1.2.1.2" },
              ]
            },
            { "name": "1.2.2" },
          ]
        },
        { "name": "1.3" }
    ]
}

// ProductCategory.h
@interface ProductCategory : Jastor
@property (nonatomic, copy) NSString *name;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSArray *children;
@end

// ProductCategory.m
@implementation ProductCategory
@synthesize name, children;

+ (Class)children_class {
    return [ProductCategory class];
}
@end


// Code
NSDictionary *dictionary = /* parse the JSON response to a dictionary */;
ProductCategory *category = [[ProductCategory alloc] initWithDictionary:dictionary];

// Log
category.name // => 1
category.children // => <NSArray>
[category.children count] // => 3
[category.children objectAtIndex:1] // => <ProductCategory>
[[category.categories objectAtIndex:1] name] // => 1.2

[[[category.children objectAtIndex:1] children] objectAtIndex:0] // => <ProductCategory>
[[[[category.children objectAtIndex:1] children] objectAtIndex:0] name] // => 1.2.1.2

How does it work?

Runtime API. The class's properties are read in runtime and assigns all values from dictionary to these properties with NSObject setValue:forKey:. For Dictionaries, Jastor instantiates a new class, based on the property type, and issues another initWithDictionary. Arrays are only a list of items such as strings (which are not converted) or dictionaries (which are treated the same as other dictionaries).

Installation

Just copy Jastor.m+.h and JastorRuntimeHelper.m+.h to your project, create a class, inherit, use the initWithDictionary and enjoy!

REALLY Good to know

Where's the dealloc in the inheritor classes?

dealloc is implemented in the base class and it nilifies all properties.

What about properties that are reserved words?

As for now, id is converted to objectId automatically. Maybe someday Jastor will have ability to map server and obj-c fields.

Jastor classes also conforms to NSCoding protocol

So you get initWithCoder/encodeWithCoder for free.

You can look at the tests for real samples.

Created by @elado

Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.