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An experiment to cut logs in preparation for processing elsewhere.
Go Ruby Shell Makefile
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lib/lumberjack Set file encoding on all ruby files to UTF-8
pkg Tell the human who installs the package where to find logs
spec Set file encoding on all ruby files to UTF-8
.gitignore Add maintainer scripts to packages
.travis.yml don't run the long test on travis
CHANGELOG Add note about test passing
CONTRIBUTING.md Update old references to jira/lumberjack
DESIGN - move
Gemfile Make rpm and deb packaging happen again
Gemfile.lock Update Gemfile.lock via 'bundle update'
LICENSE - Add apache 2 license
Makefile Label the config file as such in the rpm+deb packages
PROTOCOL.md clarify questions asked in #125
README.md Add more description of the ssl cert gen example
config.go Config file handling improvements:
config_test.go Config file handling improvements:
emitter.go gofmt -tabs=false -tabwidth=2
event.go gofmt -tabs=false -tabwidth=2
filecompare.go Prospector now detects file rotation while it is not running
filecompare_windows.go Prospector now detects file rotation while it is not running
fileinfo_darwin.go Add missing files for OpenBSD support
fileinfo_linux.go - move platform-specific stuff to specific separate files and functions.
fileinfo_openbsd.go Add missing files for OpenBSD support
fileinfo_windows.go - move platform-specific stuff to specific separate files and functions.
filestate_darwin.go gofmt -tabs=false -tabwidth=2
filestate_linux.go
filestate_openbsd.go Add missing files for OpenBSD support
filestate_windows.go
harvester.go FIX bug in harvester offset updates
jls-lumberjack.gemspec Version bump of jls-lumberjack
logstash-forwarder.conf.example Copy example from the README but commented most things out.
logstash-forwarder.go Add -version flag to query version.
prospector.go MOD WIP various longstanding TODOs
publisher1.go Set TLS min version to TLS 1.0
publisher1_test.go FIX the connect test timing issue.
registrar.go Fixed typo in registrar logging: precessing -> processing
registrar_other.go MOD new options and various cleanups
registrar_windows.go MOD new options and various cleanups
spooler.go gofmt -tabs=false -tabwidth=2
syslog.go gofmt -tabs=false -tabwidth=2
syslog_windows.go gofmt -tabs=false -tabwidth=2
version.go Add -version flag to query version.

README.md

logstash-forwarder

♫ I'm a lumberjack and I'm ok! I sleep when idle, then I ship logs all day! I parse your logs, I eat the JVM agent for lunch! ♫

(This project was recently renamed from 'lumberjack' to 'logstash-forwarder' to make its intended use clear. The 'lumberjack' name now remains as the network protocol, and 'logstash-forwarder' is the name of the program. It's still the same lovely log forwarding program you love.)

Questions and support

If you have questions and cannot find answers, please join the #logstash irc channel on freenode irc or ask on the logstash-users@googlegroups.com mailing list.

What is this?

A tool to collect logs locally in preparation for processing elsewhere!

Resource Usage Concerns

Perceived Problems: Some users view logstash releases as "large" or have a generalized fear of Java.

Actual Problems: Logstash, for right now, runs with a footprint that is not friendly to underprovisioned systems such as EC2 micro instances; on other systems it is fine. This project will exist until that is resolved.

Transport Problems

Few log transport mechanisms provide security, low latency, and reliability.

The lumberjack protocol used by this project exists to provide a network protocol for transmission that is secure, low latency, low resource usage, and reliable.

Configuring

logstash-forwarder is configured with a json file you specify with the -config flag:

logstash-forwarder -config yourstuff.json

Here's a sample, with comments in-line to describe the settings. Comments are invalid in JSON, but logstash-forwarder will strip them out for you if they're the only thing on the line:

{
  # The network section covers network configuration :)
  "network": {
    # A list of downstream servers listening for our messages.
    # logstash-forwarder will pick one at random and only switch if
    # the selected one appears to be dead or unresponsive
    "servers": [ "localhost:5043" ],

    # The path to your client ssl certificate (optional)
    "ssl certificate": "./logstash-forwarder.crt",
    # The path to your client ssl key (optional)
    "ssl key": "./logstash-forwarder.key",

    # The path to your trusted ssl CA file. This is used
    # to authenticate your downstream server.
    "ssl ca": "./logstash-forwarder.crt",

    # Network timeout in seconds. This is most important for
    # logstash-forwarder determining whether to stop waiting for an
    # acknowledgement from the downstream server. If an timeout is reached,
    # logstash-forwarder will assume the connection or server is bad and
    # will connect to a server chosen at random from the servers list.
    "timeout": 15
  },

  # The list of files configurations
  "files": [
    # An array of hashes. Each hash tells what paths to watch and
    # what fields to annotate on events from those paths.
    {
      "paths": [
        # single paths are fine
        "/var/log/messages",
        # globs are fine too, they will be periodically evaluated
        # to see if any new files match the wildcard.
        "/var/log/*.log"
      ],

      # A dictionary of fields to annotate on each event.
      "fields": { "type": "syslog" }
    }, {
      # A path of "-" means stdin.
      "paths": [ "-" ],
      "fields": { "type": "stdin" }
    }, {
      "paths": [
        "/var/log/apache/httpd-*.log"
      ],
      "fields": { "type": "apache" }
    }
  ]
}

You can also read an entire directory of JSON configs by specifying a directory instead of a file with the -config option.

IMPORTANT TLS/SSL CERTIFICATE NOTES

This program will reject SSL/TLS certificates which have a subject which does not match the servers value, for any given connection. For example, if you have "servers": [ "foobar:12345" ] then the 'foobar' server MUST use a certificate with subject or subject-alternative that includes CN=foobar. Wildcards are supported also for things like CN=*.example.com. If you use an IP address, such as "servers": [ "1.2.3.4:12345" ], your ssl certificate MUST use an IP SAN with value "1.2.3.4". If you do not, the TLS handshake will FAIL and the lumberjack connection will close due to trust problems.

Creating a correct SSL/TLS infrastructure is outside the scope of this document.

As a very poor example (largely due unpredictability in your system's defaults for openssl), you can try the following command as an example for creating a self-signed certificate/key pair for use with a server named "logstash.example.com":

openssl req -x509  -batch -nodes -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout lumberjack.key -out lumberjack.crt -subj /CN=logstash.example.com

The above example will create an SSL cert for the host 'logstash.example.com'. You cannot use /CN=1.2.3.4 to create an SSL certificate for an IP address. In order to do a certificate with an IP address, you must create a certificate with an "IP Subject Alternative" or often called "IP SAN". Creating a certificate with an IP SAN is difficult and annoying, so I highly recommend you use hostnames only. If you have no DNS available to you, it is still often easier to set hostnames in /etc/hosts than it is to create a certificate with an IP SAN.

logstash-forwarder needs the .crt file, and logstash will need both .key and .crt files.

Again, creating a correct SSL/TLS certificate authority or generally doing certificate management is outside the scope of this document.

If you see an error like this:

x509: cannot validate certificate for 1.2.3.4 because it doesn't contain any IP SANs

It means you are telling logstash-forwarder to connect to a host by IP address, and therefore you must include an IP SAN in your certificate. Generating an SSL certificate with an IP SAN is quite annoying, so I HIGHLY recommend you use dns names and set the CN in your cert to your dns name.

Goals

  • Minimize resource usage where possible (CPU, memory, network).
  • Secure transmission of logs.
  • Configurable event data.
  • Easy to deploy with minimal moving parts.
  • Simple inputs only:
    • Follows files and respects rename/truncation conditions.
    • Accepts STDIN, useful for things like varnishlog | logstash-forwarder....

Building it

  1. Install go

  2. Compile logstash-forwarder

Note: Do not use gccgo for this project. If you don't know what that means, you're probably OK to ignore this.

    git clone git://github.com/elasticsearch/logstash-forwarder.git
    cd logstash-forwarder
    go build -o logstash-forwarder

gccgo note: Using gccgo is not recommended because it produces a binary with a runtime dependency on libgo. With the normal go compiler, this dependency doesn't exist and, as a result, makes it easier to deploy. You can check if you are using gccgo by running go version and if it outputs something like go version xgcc, you're probably not using gccgo, and I recommend you don't. You can also check the resulting binary by doing ldd ./logstash-forwarder and seeing if libgo appears in the output; if it appears, then you are using gccgo, and I recommend you don't.

Packaging it (optional)

You can make native packages of logstash-forwarder.

To do this, a recent version of Ruby is required. At least version 2.0.0 or newer. If you are using your OS distribution's version of Ruby, especially on Red Hat- or Debian-derived systems (Ubuntu, CentOS, etc), you will need to install ruby and whatever the "ruby development" package is called for your system. On Red Hat systems, you probably want yum install ruby-devel. On Debian systems, you probably want apt-get install ruby-dev.

Prerequisite steps to prepare ruby to build your packages are:

gem install bundler
bundle install

The bundle install will install any Ruby library dependencies that are used in building packages.

Now build an rpm:

    make rpm

Or:

    make deb

Installing it (via packages only)

If you don't use rpm or deb make targets as above, you can skip this section.

Packages install to /opt/logstash-forwarder.

There are no run-time dependencies.

Running it

Generally:

logstash-forwarder -config logstash-forwarder.conf

See logstash-forwarder -help for all the flags. The -config option is required and logstash-forwrder will not run without it.

The config file is documented further up in this file.

And also note that logstash-forwarder runs quietly when all is a-ok. If you want informational feedback, use the verbose flag to enable log emits to stdout.

Fatal errors are always sent to stderr regardless of the -quiet command-line option and process exits with a non-zero status.

Key points

  • You'll need an SSL CA to verify the server (host) with.
  • You can specify custom fields for each set of paths in the config file. Any number of these may be specified. I use them to set fields like type and other custom attributes relevant to each log.

Generating an ssl certificate

Logstash supports all certificates, including self-signed certificates. To generate a certificate, you can run the following command:

$ openssl req -x509 -batch -nodes -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout logstash-forwarder.key -out logstash-forwarder.crt -days 365

This will generate a key at logstash-forwarder.key and the 1-year valid certificate at logstash-forwarder.crt. Both the server that is running logstash-forwarder as well as the logstash instances receiving logs will require these files on disk to verify the authenticity of messages.

Recommended file locations:

  • certificates: /etc/pki/tls/certs/logstash-forwarder/
  • keys: /etc/pki/tls/private/logstash-forwarder/

Use with logstash

In logstash, you'll want to use the lumberjack input, something like:

input {
  lumberjack {
    # The port to listen on
    port => 12345

    # The paths to your ssl cert and key
    ssl_certificate => "path/to/ssl.crt"
    ssl_key => "path/to/ssl.key"

    # Set this to whatever you want.
    type => "somelogs"
  }
}

Implementation details

Below is valid as of 2012/09/19

Minimize resource usage

  • Sets small resource limits (memory, open files) on start up based on the number of files being watched.
  • CPU: sleeps when there is nothing to do.
  • Network/CPU: sleeps if there is a network failure.
  • Network: uses zlib for compression.

Secure transmission

  • Uses OpenSSL to verify the server certificates (so you know who you are sending to).
  • Uses OpenSSL to transport logs.

Configurable event data

  • The protocol supports sending a string:string map.

License

See LICENSE file.

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