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Use Vagrant to manage Rackspace Cloud instances.
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Vagrant RackSpace Cloud Provider

This is a Vagrant 1.1+ plugin that adds a RackSpace Cloud provider to Vagrant, allowing Vagrant to control and provision machines within RackSpace cloud.

Note: This plugin requires Vagrant 1.1+.


  • Boot Rackspace Cloud instances.
  • SSH into the instances.
  • Provision the instances with any built-in Vagrant provisioner.
  • Minimal synced folder support via rsync.


Install using standard Vagrant 1.1+ plugin installation methods. After installing, vagrant up and specify the rackspace provider. An example is shown below.

$ vagrant plugin install vagrant-rackspace
$ vagrant up --provider=rackspace

Of course prior to doing this, you'll need to obtain an Rackspace-compatible box file for Vagrant.

CentOS / RHEL (sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo)

The default configuration of the RHEL family of Linux distributions requires a tty in order to run sudo. Vagrant does not connect with a tty by default, so you may experience the error:

sudo: sorry, you must have a tty to run sudo

The best way to take deal with this error is to upgrade to Vagrant 1.4 or later, and enable:

config.ssh.pty = true

Quick Start

After installing the plugin (instructions above), the quickest way to get started is to actually use a dummy Rackspace box and specify all the details manually within a config.vm.provider block. So first, add the dummy box using any name you want:

$ vagrant box add dummy

And then make a Vagrantfile that looks like the following, filling in your information where necessary.

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| = "dummy"

  config.vm.provider :rackspace do |rs|
    rs.username = "YOUR USERNAME"
    rs.api_key  = "YOUR API KEY"
    rs.flavor   = /1 GB Performance/
    rs.image    = /Ubuntu/
    rs.metadata = {"key" => "value"}       # optional

And then run vagrant up --provider=rackspace.

This will start an Ubuntu 12.04 instance in the DFW datacenter region within your account. And assuming your SSH information was filled in properly within your Vagrantfile, SSH and provisioning will work as well.

Note that normally a lot of this boilerplate is encoded within the box file, but the box file used for the quick start, the "dummy" box, has no preconfigured defaults.

Box Format

Every provider in Vagrant must introduce a custom box format. This provider introduces rackspace boxes. You can view an example box in the example_box/ directory. That directory also contains instructions on how to build a box.

The box format is basically just the required metadata.json file along with a Vagrantfile that does default settings for the provider-specific configuration for this provider.


This provider exposes quite a few provider-specific configuration options:

  • api_key - The API key for accessing Rackspace.
  • flavor - The server flavor to boot. This can be a string matching the exact ID or name of the server, or this can be a regular expression to partially match some server flavor. Flavors are listed here.
  • image - The server image to boot. This can be a string matching the exact ID or name of the image, or this can be a regular expression to partially match some image.
  • rackspace_region - The region to hit. By default this is :dfw. Valid options are: :dfw, :ord, :lon, :iad, :syd. Users should preference using this setting over rackspace_compute_url setting.
  • rackspace_compute_url - The compute_url to hit. This is good for custom endpoints.
  • rackspace_auth_url - The endpoint to authentication against. By default, vagrant will use the global rackspace authentication endpoint for all regions with the exception of :lon. IF :lon region is specified vagrant will authenticate against the UK authentication endpoint.
  • public_key_path - The path to a public key to initialize with the remote server. This should be the matching pair for the private key configured with config.ssh.private_key_path on Vagrant.
  • key_name - If a public key has been uploaded to the account already, the uploaded key can be used to initialize the remote server by providing its name. The uploaded public key should be the matching pair for the private key configured with config.ssh.private_key_path on Vagrant.
  • server_name - The name of the server within RackSpace Cloud. This defaults to the name of the Vagrant machine (via config.vm.define), but can be overridden with this.
  • username - The username with which to access Rackspace.
  • disk_config - Disk Configuration 'AUTO' or 'MANUAL'
  • metadata - A set of key pair values that will be passed to the instance for configuration.

These can be set like typical provider-specific configuration:

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  # ... other stuff

  config.vm.provider :rackspace do |rs|
    rs.username = "mitchellh"
    rs.api_key  = "foobarbaz"


As of February 2, 2014, the available flavor names are:

  • 512MB Standard Instance
  • 1GB Standard Instance
  • 2GB Standard Instance
  • 4GB Standard Instance
  • 8GB Standard Instance
  • 15GB Standard Instance
  • 30GB Standard Instance
  • 1 GB Performance
  • 2 GB Performance
  • 4 GB Performance
  • 8 GB Performance
  • 120 GB Performance
  • 15 GB Performance
  • 30 GB Performance
  • 60 GB Performance
  • 90 GB Performance

Please note that the standard instances are deprecated in favor of our performance flavors.


Networking features in the form of are not supported with vagrant-rackspace, currently. If any of these are specified, Vagrant will emit a warning, but will otherwise boot the Rackspace server.

However, you may attach a VM to an isolated Cloud Network (or Networks) using the network configuration option. Here's an example which adds two Cloud Networks and disables ServiceNet with the :attach => false option:

config.vm.provider :rackspace do |rs|
  rs.username = "mitchellh"
  rs.api_key  = "foobarbaz" '443aff42-be57-effb-ad30-c097c1e4503f' '5e738e11-def2-4a75-ad1e-05bbe3b49efe' :service_net, :attached => false

Synced Folders

There is minimal support for synced folders. Upon vagrant up, vagrant reload, and vagrant provision, the Rackspace provider will use rsync (if available) to uni-directionally sync the folder to the remote machine over SSH.

This is good enough for all built-in Vagrant provisioners (shell, chef, and puppet) to work!


To work on the vagrant-rackspace plugin, clone this repository out, and use Bundler to get the dependencies:

$ bundle

Once you have the dependencies, verify the unit tests pass with rake:

$ bundle exec rake

If those pass, you're ready to start developing the plugin. You can test the plugin without installing it into your Vagrant environment by just creating a Vagrantfile in the top level of this directory (it is gitignored) that uses it, and uses bundler to execute Vagrant:

$ bundle exec vagrant up --provider=rackspace
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